Famous Ancient Roman Philosophers

Find out more about the greatest Ancient Roman Philosophers, including Cicero, Pliny the Elder, Hypatia, Seneca the Younger and Plutarch.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 St. Augustine

St. Augustine.
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: November 13, 0354
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Thagaste, Numidia (now Souk Ahras, Algeria)
Died: August 28, 0430

Saint Augustine was a philosopher, theologian, and the bishop of Hippo Regius in Roman North Africa. His writings are often credited with influencing the growth of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. He is also regarded as one of the Latin Church's most important Church Fathers in the Patristic Period. Among his many important works are Confessions and On Christian Doctrine.

 2 Lucius Annaeus Seneca

Lucius Annaeus Seneca.
Famous As: Roman Philosopher & Statesman
Birthdate: 0004 BC
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: 0065 AD
Roman Stoic philosopher and dramatist Seneca the Younger is remembered for his tragic plays such as Medea and Phaedra. He was exiled to Corsica by emperor Claudius but later returned as a tutor to Nero. He became Nero’s advisor later but committed suicide for being part of the Pisonian conspiracy.
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 3 Hypatia

Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer
Birthdate: 0360 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0415 AD
Hypatia was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer who lived during the 4th and 5th centuries. She also taught and served as a counselor. She is remembered for her commentary on Diophantus's Arithmetica. She was later murdered and became a symbol of feminism and of opposition to Catholic ideals.

 4 Pliny the Elder

Pliny the Elder.
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0023 AD
Died: 0079 AD

Pliny the Elder was a Roman natural philosopher, author, and army and naval commander of the Roman Empire. His work Naturalis Historia became an editorial model for the present-day encyclopedias. Today, his statue greets the visitors of Cathedral of S. Maria Maggiore in his hometown, Como.

 5 Plotinus

Famous As: Founder of Neo-Platonism
Birthdate: 0204 AD
Birthplace: Lycopolis
Died: 0270 AD

Plotinus was a Hellenistic philosopher whose writings on metaphysics have inspired centuries of Jewish, Christian, Pagan, and Gnostic mystics and metaphysicians. His philosophy also had a major influence on the evolution of Christian theology. Plotinus' ideas influenced medieval Islam as well as a group of philosophers and theologians at the University of Cambridge which was known as the Cambridge Platonists

 6 Lucretius

Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 15, 0099
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Pompeii
Died: 0055 BC

Lucretius was a Roman philosopher and poet. He is credited with originating the three-age system, which was formalized by C. J. Thomsen in 1836. His only known work De rerum natura, a philosophical poem, influenced several Augustan poets, including Virgil. The poem also played a prominent role in the development of atomism.

 7 Julian

Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0331 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Roman Empire
Died: June 26, 0363
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 8 Philo

Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0025 BC
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0045 AD

Jewish philosopher Philo of Alexandria was perhaps the first to use allegory to fuse Jewish scriptures with Greek philosophy. Though not much is known about his life, it is believed Philo was a lover of theater, boxing contests, and lavish dinners. His written works showcase the development of Hellenistic Judaism.

 9 Pelagius

Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: 0354 AD
Birthplace: Britannia
Died: 0418 AD

 10 Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite

Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 11 Atticus

Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0175 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 31, 0032

 12 Apuleius

Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: 0125 AD
Birthplace: M’Daourouch, Algeria
Died: 0170 AD

 13 Sextus Empiricus

Sextus Empiricus
Famous As: Physician ,Philosopher
Birthdate: 0160 AD
Died: 0210 AD

 14 John Argyropoulos

John Argyropoulos
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1415 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: June 26, 1487

 15 Antiochus Of Ascalon

Antiochus Of Ascalon
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0125 AD
Birthplace: Ashkelon, Israel
Died: 0068 AD

 16 Peregrinus Proteus

Peregrinus Proteus
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0095 AD
Birthplace: Kemer, Turkey
Died: 0165 AD

 17 Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus

Publius Clodius Thrasea Paetus
Famous As: Political figure
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Padua, Italy
Died: 0066 AD

 18 Lucius Annaeus Cornutus

Lucius Annaeus Cornutus
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Leptis Magna, Libya
Died: 0065 AD

 19 Nigidius Figulus

Nigidius Figulus
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: 0098 AD
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0045 AD

 20 Troilus

Birthdate: 0000 AD

 21 Priscus

Famous As: Diplomat, Historian
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Panion