Throughout history, there have been many American women astronauts who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great American female astronauts such as Sally Ride, Sunita Williams, Mae Jemison, Kalpana Chawla, Christa McAuliffe.

Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
10 May 1963, American
Naval flight officer, Astronaut, Engineer, Test
Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
02 September 1948, American
Astronaut, Teacher

Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
10 May 1958, American
Astronaut, Engineer

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
12 September 1966, American
American-Iranian engineer

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
24 August 1949, American
Astronaut
Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
10 March 1961, American
Officer, Astronaut, Physician, Submariner

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
28 November 1951, American
Astronaut, Teacher
Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
19 November 1956, American
Officer, Astronaut

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
14 August 1969, American
Astronaut

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
14 January 1943, American
Astronaut, Chemist
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
14 December 1960, American
Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer

Susan HelmsSusan Helms
26 February 1958, American
Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer
Marsha IvinsMarsha Ivins
15 April 1951, American
Astronaut, Engineer

Kathleen RubinsKathleen Rubins
14 October 1978, American
Astronaut, Biologist

Karen L. NybergKaren L. Nyberg
07 October 1969, American
Astronaut, Engineer