Throughout history, there have been many American women astronauts who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great American female astronauts such as Sally Ride, Sunita Williams, Mae Jemison, Kalpana Chawla, Christa McAuliffe.
Kalpana ChawlaKalpana Chawla
17 March 1962, American
Astronaut
Sunita WilliamsSunita Williams
19 September 1965, American
Astronaut

Sally RideSally Ride
26 May 1951, American
Physicist, Astronaut

Mae JemisonMae Jemison
17 October 1956, American
First African American Woman To Travel To Space

Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson
09 February 1960, American
Astronaut, Biochemist

Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
02 September 1948, American
Astronaut, Teacher
Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
10 May 1963, American
Naval flight officer, Astronaut, Engineer, Test

Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
12 September 1966, American
American-Iranian engineer

Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
10 May 1958, American
Astronaut, Engineer

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
28 November 1951, American
Astronaut, Teacher
Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
10 March 1961, American
Officer, Astronaut, Physician, Submariner

Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
19 November 1956, American
Officer, Astronaut
Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
03 October 1951, American
Geologist

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
24 August 1949, American
Astronaut

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
14 August 1969, American
Astronaut
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
14 December 1960, American
Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
14 January 1943, American
Astronaut, Chemist
Susan HelmsSusan Helms
26 February 1958, American
Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer

Marsha IvinsMarsha Ivins
15 April 1951, American
Astronaut, Engineer

Kathleen RubinsKathleen Rubins
14 October 1978, American
Astronaut, Biologist
Karen L. NybergKaren L. Nyberg
07 October 1969, American
Astronaut, Engineer