Throughout history, there have been many American women astronauts who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great American female astronauts such as Sally Ride, Sunita Williams, Mae Jemison, Kalpana Chawla, Christa McAuliffe.
Kalpana ChawlaKalpana Chawla
17 March 1962, American
Astronaut
Sally RideSally Ride
26 May 1951, American
Physicist, Astronaut

Sunita WilliamsSunita Williams
19 September 1965, American
Astronaut

Mae JemisonMae Jemison
17 October 1956, American
First African American Woman To Travel To Space

Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson
09 February 1960, American
Astronaut, Biochemist

Lisa NowakLisa Nowak
10 May 1963, American
Naval flight officer, Astronaut, Engineer, Test
Christa McAuliffeChrista McAuliffe
02 September 1948, American
Astronaut, Teacher

Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
03 October 1951, American
Geologist

Judith ResnikJudith Resnik
05 April 1949, American
Engineer
Anousheh AnsariAnousheh Ansari
12 September 1966, American
American-Iranian engineer

Kathleen RubinsKathleen Rubins
14 October 1978, American
Astronaut, Biologist
Laurel ClarkLaurel Clark
10 March 1961, American
Medical Doctor

Anna Lee FisherAnna Lee Fisher
24 August 1949, American
Astronaut

Eileen CollinsEileen Collins
19 November 1956, American
Officer, Astronaut

Barbara MorganBarbara Morgan
28 November 1951, American
Astronaut, Teacher

Jan DavisJan Davis
01 November 1953, American
Astronaut
Ellen OchoaEllen Ochoa
10 May 1958, American
Engineer

Tracy Caldwell DysonTracy Caldwell Dyson
14 August 1969, American
Astronaut

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
14 December 1960, American
Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
14 January 1943, American
Biochemist
Susan HelmsSusan Helms
26 February 1958, American
Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer

Marsha IvinsMarsha Ivins
15 April 1951, American
Astronaut, Engineer
Karen L. NybergKaren L. Nyberg
07 October 1969, American
Astronaut, Engineer

Kathryn P. HireKathryn P. Hire
26 August 1959, American
Astronaut