Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Historians, including H. G. Wells, Friedrich Hayek, Alexis de Tocqueville, Stefan Zweig and Alfred Thayer Mahan.
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Alexis de TocquevilleAlexis de Tocqueville
29 July 1805, French
 

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Philosopher

Will DurantWill Durant
05 November 1885, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher

Stamford RafflesStamford Raffles
06 July 1781, Jamaican, British
Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies

Helmuth von Moltke the ElderHelmuth von Moltke the Elder
26 October 1800, German
General, Historian
Henry AdamsHenry Adams
16 February 1838, American
Historian

Mahadev Govind RanadeMahadev Govind Ranade
18 January 1842, Indian
Judge, Social Reformer

V. Gordon ChildeV. Gordon Childe
14 April 1892, Australian
Archaeologist and Philologist
Bernard BerensonBernard Berenson
26 June 1865, American
Art Historian

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834, German, Italian, British
 
Franjo RačkiFranjo Rački
25 November 1828, Croatian
Historian

Thomas Babington MacaulayThomas Babington Macaulay
25 October 1800, British
Historian

Carter G. WoodsonCarter G. Woodson
19 December 1875, American
Journalist, Historian

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,

Charles Francis Adams Sr.Charles Francis Adams Sr.
18 August 1807, American
Writer
Karl PolanyiKarl Polanyi
25 October 1886, Hungarian
Economist, Anthropologist, Economic historian,

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841, French
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,

Samuel Eliot MorisonSamuel Eliot Morison
09 July 1887, American
Officer, Military historian, Historian, University

Lothrop StoddardLothrop Stoddard
29 June 1883, American
Anthropologist, Political scientist, Historian,
John BuchanJohn Buchan
26 August 1875, Scottish
Novelist

Madison GrantMadison Grant
19 November 1865, American
Lawyer, Anthropologist, Racial theorist,
Archibald Gracie IVArchibald Gracie IV
17 January 1859, American
historian, writer

François-René de ChateaubriandFrançois-René de Chateaubriand
04 September 1768, French
Author

George Washington WilliamsGeorge Washington Williams
16 October 1849, American
Soldier, Historian, Diplomat, Writer, Minister,
Lewis MumfordLewis Mumford
19 October 1895, American
Architect, Historian of technology, Historian,

Romain RollandRomain Rolland
29 January 1866, French
Writer, Playwright, Essayist, Historian, Novelist,
Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers
15 April 1797, French
Politician

B. H. Liddell HartB. H. Liddell Hart
31 October 1895, British
Journalist, Military historian, Historian, Writer

Ernest RenanErnest Renan
27 February 1823, French
Philosopher
Ananda CoomaraswamyAnanda Coomaraswamy
22 August 1877, Sri Lankan, American
Philosopher

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Marc BlochMarc Bloch
06 July 1886, French
Historian, Medievalist, University teacher, Writer
E. H. CarrE. H. Carr
28 June 1892, British
Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
12 June 1802, British
Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian,

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
09 April 1893, Indian
Linguist, Author, Autobiographer, Biographer

Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795, German
Historian, Academic, University teacher, Writer
Lionel GroulxLionel Groulx
13 January 1878, Canadian
Historian
James George FrazerJames George Frazer
01 January 1854, British
Anthropologist, Writer, Historian, Mythographer

Beatrice WebbBeatrice Webb
22 January 1858, British
Sociologist

Charles A. BeardCharles A. Beard
27 November 1874, American
Historian of the modern age, Historian, University

Gershom ScholemGershom Scholem
05 December 1897, Israeli
Philosopher, Librarian, Historian, Educationist,
Jacob BurckhardtJacob Burckhardt
25 May 1818, Swiss
Art historian, Historian of the modern age,

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
22 February 1889, British
Philosopher

Jules MicheletJules Michelet
21 August 1798, French
Historian, Archivist, Writer, Diarist, Professor,

Douglas Southall FreemanDouglas Southall Freeman
16 May 1886, American
Historian

Wilhelm DiltheyWilhelm Dilthey
19 November 1833, German
Philosopher, Historian, Psychologist, Theologian,
Frederick Jackson TurnerFrederick Jackson Turner
14 November 1861, American
Historian, Writer

George BancroftGeorge Bancroft
03 October 1800, American
Diplomat, Historian of the modern age, Historian,
Bruno BauerBruno Bauer
06 September 1809, German
Philosopher, Theologian, Historian

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
28 September 1803, French
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Historian,

Yitzhak Ben-ZviYitzhak Ben-Zvi
24 November 1884, Israeli, Ukrainian
Politician
William Graham SumnerWilliam Graham Sumner
30 October 1840, American
Anthropologist, Political scientist, Historian,

François GuizotFrançois Guizot
04 October 1787, French
Politician, Diplomat, Historian, Translator,
Johan HuizingaJohan Huizinga
07 December 1872, Dutch
Cultural historian, Historian, University teacher,

Ariel DurantAriel Durant
10 May 1898, American, Russian
Researcher

Louis BlancLouis Blanc
29 October 1811, Spanish, French
Journalist, Politician, Historian, Writer

Erwin PanofskyErwin Panofsky
30 March 1892, German, American
Art historian

Domingo Faustino SarmientoDomingo Faustino Sarmiento
15 February 1811, Argentinian
Politician, Writer, Journalist, Soldier, Diplomat,
Brooks AdamsBrooks Adams
24 June 1848, American
Geopolitician, Historian, Author, University

Theodor FontaneTheodor Fontane
30 December 1819, German
Pharmacist, Writer, Poet, Historian, Translator,

K. M. PanikkarK. M. Panikkar
03 June 1895, Indian
Diplomat

Liang QichaoLiang Qichao
23 February 1873, Chinese
Historian
James Truslow AdamsJames Truslow Adams
18 October 1878, American
Historian of the modern age, Historian, Biographer

William Wells BrownWilliam Wells Brown
06 November 1814, American
Writer, Historian, Novelist
James Bryce, 1st Viscount BryceJames Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce
10 May 1838, Northern Irish
Historian

Robert E. SherwoodRobert E. Sherwood
04 April 1896, American
Playwright

Andrew Dickson WhiteAndrew Dickson White
07 November 1832, American
Historian
Francis ParkmanFrancis Parkman
16 September 1823, American
Horticulturist, Historian, Writer

Joseph JacobsJoseph Jacobs
29 August 1854, Australian
Literary critic, Literary historian, Folklorist,
Henry NewboltHenry Newbolt
06 June 1862, British
Poet

G. M. TrevelyanG. M. Trevelyan
16 February 1876, British
Historian

Harold InnisHarold Innis
05 November 1894, Canadian
Economist, Historian, Philosopher, University
Austen Henry LayardAusten Henry Layard
05 March 1817, British
Archaeologist

James RennellJames Rennell
03 December 1742, British
Geographer
Jadunath SarkarJadunath Sarkar
10 December 1870, Indian
Historian

Thomas ArnoldThomas Arnold
13 June 1795, British
Educator

Owen WisterOwen Wister
14 July 1860, American
Novelist

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
26 June 1821, Argentinian
Soldier, Linguist, Journalist, Historian,
Frances YatesFrances Yates
28 November 1899, British
Historian
Whina CooperWhina Cooper
09 December 1895, New Zealander
Activist

Adolf von HarnackAdolf von Harnack
07 May 1851, Estonian
Theologian

Pierre DuhemPierre Duhem
09 June 1861, French
Historian

C. H. DouglasC. H. Douglas
20 January 1879, British
Engineer
Étienne GilsonÉtienne Gilson
13 June 1884, French
Philosopher, Historian, Politician, Professor,

Eliza R. SnowEliza R. Snow
21 January 1804, American
Poet

Pavel MilyukovPavel Milyukov
27 January 1859, Russian
Historian

Otto Wille KuusinenOtto Wille Kuusinen
04 October 1881, Finnish
Politician

Mountstuart ElphinstoneMountstuart Elphinstone
06 October 1779, British, Scottish
Statesman
Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835, Italian
Astronomer

John Addington SymondsJohn Addington Symonds
05 October 1840, British
Poet
Heinrich von TreitschkeHeinrich von Treitschke
15 September 1834, German
Historian of the modern age, Historian, University

Harriot Stanton BlatchHarriot Stanton Blatch
20 January 1856, American
Writer
Franz RosenzweigFranz Rosenzweig
25 December 1886, German
Philosopher, Translator, Historian, Bible
Sidney Webb, 1st Baron PassfieldSidney Webb, 1st Baron Passfield
13 July 1859, British
Economist