Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Historians, including H. G. Wells, Friedrich Hayek, Alexis de Tocqueville, Stefan Zweig and Alfred Thayer Mahan.
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Alexis de TocquevilleAlexis de Tocqueville
29 July 1805, French
 

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Philosopher

Stamford RafflesStamford Raffles
06 July 1781, Jamaican, British
Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies

Will DurantWill Durant
05 November 1885, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher

Helmuth von Moltke the ElderHelmuth von Moltke the Elder
26 October 1800, German
General, Historian
Mahadev Govind RanadeMahadev Govind Ranade
18 January 1842, Indian
Judge, Social Reformer

Henry AdamsHenry Adams
16 February 1838, American
Historian

V. Gordon ChildeV. Gordon Childe
14 April 1892, Australian
Archaeologist and Philologist
Bernard BerensonBernard Berenson
26 June 1865, American
Art Historian

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834, German, Italian, British
 
Franjo RačkiFranjo Rački
25 November 1828, Croatian
Historian

Carter G. WoodsonCarter G. Woodson
19 December 1875, American
Journalist, Historian

Thomas Babington MacaulayThomas Babington Macaulay
25 October 1800, British
Historian

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,

Arnold J. ToynbeeArnold J. Toynbee
14 April 1889, British
Historian, Professor, Diplomat
Karl PolanyiKarl Polanyi
25 October 1886, Hungarian
Economist, Anthropologist, Economic historian,

Archibald Gracie IVArchibald Gracie IV
17 January 1859, American
historian, writer

Samuel Eliot MorisonSamuel Eliot Morison
09 July 1887, American
Officer, Military historian, Historian, University

John BuchanJohn Buchan
26 August 1875, Scottish
Novelist
Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841, French
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
12 June 1802, British
Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian,
Ernest RenanErnest Renan
27 February 1823, French
Philosopher

Lewis MumfordLewis Mumford
19 October 1895, American
Architect, Historian of technology, Historian,

Eugène Viollet-le-DucEugène Viollet-le-Duc
27 January 1814, French
architectural historian, art historian,
Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795, German
Historian, Academic, University teacher, Writer

E. H. CarrE. H. Carr
28 June 1892, British
Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political
Romain RollandRomain Rolland
29 January 1866, French
Writer, Playwright, Essayist, Historian, Novelist,

Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers
15 April 1797, French
Politician

William Graham SumnerWilliam Graham Sumner
30 October 1840, American
Anthropologist, Political scientist, Historian,
B. H. Liddell HartB. H. Liddell Hart
31 October 1895, British
Journalist, Military historian, Historian, Writer

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Frederick Jackson TurnerFrederick Jackson Turner
14 November 1861, American
Historian, Writer
James George FrazerJames George Frazer
01 January 1854, British
Anthropologist, Writer, Historian, Mythographer

George Washington WilliamsGeorge Washington Williams
16 October 1849, American
Soldier, Historian, Diplomat, Writer, Minister,

Marc BlochMarc Bloch
06 July 1886, French
Historian, Medievalist, University teacher, Writer

Jules MicheletJules Michelet
21 August 1798, French
Historian, Archivist, Writer, Diarist, Professor,
Madison GrantMadison Grant
19 November 1865, American
Lawyer, Anthropologist, Racial theorist,
R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
22 February 1889, British
Philosopher, Historian, Archaeologist

Lothrop StoddardLothrop Stoddard
29 June 1883, American
Anthropologist, Political scientist, Historian,

Wilhelm DiltheyWilhelm Dilthey
19 November 1833, German
Philosopher, Historian, Psychologist, Theologian,

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
09 April 1893, Indian
Linguist, Author, Autobiographer, Biographer
Charles A. BeardCharles A. Beard
27 November 1874, American
Historian of the modern age, Historian, University

Erwin PanofskyErwin Panofsky
30 March 1892, German, American
Art historian

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
28 September 1803, French
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Historian,

Jacob BurckhardtJacob Burckhardt
25 May 1818, Swiss
Art historian, Historian of the modern age,

Domingo Faustino SarmientoDomingo Faustino Sarmiento
15 February 1811, Argentinian
Politician, Writer, Journalist, Soldier, Diplomat,
Theodor FontaneTheodor Fontane
30 December 1819, German
Pharmacist, Writer, Poet, Historian, Translator,

François GuizotFrançois Guizot
04 October 1787, French
Politician, Diplomat, Historian, Translator,
Gershom ScholemGershom Scholem
05 December 1897, Israeli
Philosopher, Librarian, Historian, Educationist,

George BancroftGeorge Bancroft
03 October 1800, American
Diplomat, Historian of the modern age, Historian,

Harold InnisHarold Innis
05 November 1894, Canadian
Economist, Historian, Philosopher, University
Louis BlancLouis Blanc
29 October 1811, Spanish, French
Journalist, Politician, Historian, Writer

Johan HuizingaJohan Huizinga
07 December 1872, Dutch
Cultural historian, Historian, University teacher,
Yitzhak Ben-ZviYitzhak Ben-Zvi
24 November 1884, Israeli, Ukrainian
Politician, Historian, Writer

James Truslow AdamsJames Truslow Adams
18 October 1878, American
Historian of the modern age, Historian, Biographer

Liang QichaoLiang Qichao
23 February 1873, Chinese
Historian

William Wells BrownWilliam Wells Brown
06 November 1814, American
Writer, Historian, Novelist

Jadunath SarkarJadunath Sarkar
10 December 1870, Indian
Historian
Andrew Dickson WhiteAndrew Dickson White
07 November 1832, American
Historian

Robert E. SherwoodRobert E. Sherwood
04 April 1896, American
Playwright

Francis ParkmanFrancis Parkman
16 September 1823, American
Horticulturist, Historian, Writer

Bruno BauerBruno Bauer
06 September 1809, German
Philosopher, Theologian, Historian
James Bryce, 1st Viscount BryceJames Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce
10 May 1838, Northern Irish
Historian

Joseph JacobsJoseph Jacobs
29 August 1854, Australian
Literary critic, Literary historian, Folklorist,
Thomas ArnoldThomas Arnold
13 June 1795, British
Educator

Pierre DuhemPierre Duhem
10 June 1861, French
Historian

K. M. PanikkarK. M. Panikkar
03 June 1895, Indian
Diplomat
Austen Henry LayardAusten Henry Layard
05 March 1817, British
Archaeologist

Owen WisterOwen Wister
14 July 1860, American
Novelist
G. M. TrevelyanG. M. Trevelyan
16 February 1876, British
Historian

Brooks AdamsBrooks Adams
24 June 1848, American
Geopolitician, Historian, Author, University

Albert J. BeveridgeAlbert J. Beveridge
06 October 1862, American
Politician
Henry NewboltHenry Newbolt
06 June 1862, British
Poet

Étienne GilsonÉtienne Gilson
13 June 1884, French
Philosopher, Historian, Politician, Professor,
Adolf von HarnackAdolf von Harnack
07 May 1851, Estonian
Theologian

Allan NevinsAllan Nevins
20 May 1890, American
Historian

John Addington SymondsJohn Addington Symonds
05 October 1840, British
Poet

Lucien FebvreLucien Febvre
22 July 1878, French
Historian, Professor, Writer
Ludwig UhlandLudwig Uhland
26 April 1787, German
Poet
Mountstuart ElphinstoneMountstuart Elphinstone
06 October 1779, British, Scottish
Statesman

Pavel MilyukovPavel Milyukov
27 January 1859
Diplomat, Historian, Politician, Journalist

Jean Charles Léonard de SismondiJean Charles Léonard de Sismondi
09 May 1773, Swiss
Historian

Guo MoruoGuo Moruo
16 November 1892, Chinese
Archaeologist
Whina CooperWhina Cooper
09 December 1895, New Zealander
Activist

John Lothrop MotleyJohn Lothrop Motley
15 April 1814, American
Author

Otto Wille KuusinenOtto Wille Kuusinen
04 October 1881, Finnish
Politician

Salvador de MadariagaSalvador de Madariaga
23 July 1886, Spanish
Diplomat

Henri PirenneHenri Pirenne
23 December 1862, Belgian
medievalist, historian, university teacher
James Henry BreastedJames Henry Breasted
27 August 1865, American
Archaeologist

Heinrich WölfflinHeinrich Wölfflin
21 June 1864, Swiss
Art Historian
Abraham GeigerAbraham Geiger
24 May 1810, German
Historian, Rabbi, University teacher

William H. PrescottWilliam H. Prescott
04 May 1796, American
Historian
Heinrich von TreitschkeHeinrich von Treitschke
15 September 1834, German
Historian of the modern age, Historian, University
Franz RosenzweigFranz Rosenzweig
25 December 1886, German
Philosopher, Translator, Historian, Bible