Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Historians, including H. G. Wells, Friedrich Hayek, Alexis de Tocqueville, Stefan Zweig and Alfred Thayer Mahan.
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Alexis de TocquevilleAlexis de Tocqueville
29 July 1805, French
 

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Philosopher

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834, German, Italian, British
 

Will DurantWill Durant
05 November 1885, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher

Helmuth von Moltke the ElderHelmuth von Moltke the Elder
26 October 1800, German
General, Historian
Stamford RafflesStamford Raffles
06 July 1781, Jamaican, British
Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies

Mahadev Govind RanadeMahadev Govind Ranade
18 January 1842, Indian
Judge, Social Reformer

Henry AdamsHenry Adams
16 February 1838, American
Historian
V. Gordon ChildeV. Gordon Childe
14 April 1892, Australian
Archaeologist and Philologist

Bernard BerensonBernard Berenson
26 June 1865, American
Art Historian
Franjo RačkiFranjo Rački
25 November 1828, Croatian
Historian

Thomas Babington MacaulayThomas Babington Macaulay
25 October 1800, British
Historian

Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers
15 April 1797, French
Politician

Archibald Gracie IVArchibald Gracie IV
17 January 1859, American
historian, writer

Karl PolanyiKarl Polanyi
25 October 1886, Hungarian
Economist, Anthropologist, Economic historian,
Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,

François-René de ChateaubriandFrançois-René de Chateaubriand
04 September 1768, French
Author

John BuchanJohn Buchan
26 August 1875, Scottish
Novelist

Georges SorelGeorges Sorel
02 November 1847, French
Historian
George Washington WilliamsGeorge Washington Williams
16 October 1849, American
Soldier, Historian, Diplomat, Writer, Minister,

Madison GrantMadison Grant
19 November 1865, American
Lawyer, Anthropologist, Racial theorist,
Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841, French
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,

Lewis MumfordLewis Mumford
19 October 1895, American
Architect, Historian of technology, Historian,

Ōkawa ShūmeiŌkawa Shūmei
06 December 1886, Japanese
Writer
Lothrop StoddardLothrop Stoddard
29 June 1883, American
Anthropologist, Political scientist, Historian,

Charles Francis Adams Sr.Charles Francis Adams Sr.
18 August 1807, American
Writer
Yitzhak Ben-ZviYitzhak Ben-Zvi
24 November 1884, Israeli, Ukrainian
Politician

E. H. CarrE. H. Carr
28 June 1892, British
Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political

Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795, German
Historian
Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
09 April 1893, Indian
Linguist, Author, Autobiographer, Biographer

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Romain RollandRomain Rolland
29 January 1866, French
Writer, Playwright, Essayist, Historian, Novelist,
Ernest RenanErnest Renan
27 February 1823, French
Philosopher

B. H. Liddell HartB. H. Liddell Hart
31 October 1895, British
Soldier

Ananda CoomaraswamyAnanda Coomaraswamy
22 August 1877, Sri Lankan, American
Philosopher

James George FrazerJames George Frazer
01 January 1854, British
Anthropologist, Writer, Historian, Mythographer
Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
12 June 1802, British
Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian,
J.B. DanquahJ.B. Danquah
18 December 1895, Ghanaian
Politician

Naim FrasheriNaim Frasheri
25 May 1846, Albanian
Historian

Frederick Jackson TurnerFrederick Jackson Turner
14 November 1861, American
Historian, Writer

Gershom ScholemGershom Scholem
05 December 1897, Israeli
Philosopher, Librarian, Historian, Educationist,
Paul CottinPaul Cottin
05 June 1856, French
Writer

Hubert ParryHubert Parry
27 February 1848, British
Composer

Bruno BauerBruno Bauer
06 September 1809, German
Philosopher, Theologian, Historian

Wilhelm DiltheyWilhelm Dilthey
19 November 1833, German
Philosopher, Historian, Psychologist, Theologian,

Jacob BurckhardtJacob Burckhardt
25 May 1818, Swiss
Art historian, Historian of the modern age,
Jules MicheletJules Michelet
21 August 1798, French
Historian, Archivist, Writer, Diarist, Professor,

Johan HuizingaJohan Huizinga
07 December 1872, Dutch
Cultural historian, Historian, University teacher,
Sir Leslie StephenSir Leslie Stephen
28 November 1832, British
Author

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
28 September 1803, French
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Historian,

William Graham SumnerWilliam Graham Sumner
30 October 1840, American
Anthropologist, Political scientist, Historian,
Liang QichaoLiang Qichao
23 February 1873, Chinese
Historian

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
22 February 1889, British
Philosopher
François GuizotFrançois Guizot
04 October 1787, French
Politician, Diplomat, Historian, Translator,

Jadunath SarkarJadunath Sarkar
10 December 1870, Indian
Historian

Charles A. BeardCharles A. Beard
27 November 1874, American
Historian of the modern age, Historian, University

Domingo Faustino SarmientoDomingo Faustino Sarmiento
15 February 1811, Argentinian
Politician, Writer, Journalist, Soldier, Diplomat,

Erwin PanofskyErwin Panofsky
30 March 1892, German, American
Art historian
Marie d'AgoultMarie d'Agoult
31 December 1805, German
French author

Pavel MilyukovPavel Milyukov
27 January 1859, Russian
Historian

Jeanne ModiglianiJeanne Modigliani
29 November 1918, Italian
Historian

Ariel DurantAriel Durant
10 May 1898, American, Russian
Researcher
William H. PrescottWilliam H. Prescott
04 May 1796, American
Historian

Aby WarburgAby Warburg
13 June 1866, German
Art historian
Thomas ArnoldThomas Arnold
13 June 1795, British
Educator

Louis BlancLouis Blanc
29 October 1811, Spanish, French
Journalist, Politician, Historian, Writer

George BancroftGeorge Bancroft
03 October 1800, American
Diplomat, Historian of the modern age, Historian,
Theodor FontaneTheodor Fontane
30 December 1819, German
Pharmacist, Writer, Poet, Historian, Translator,

Joseph JacobsJoseph Jacobs
29 August 1854, Australian
Literary critic, Literary historian, Folklorist,
Richard Henry TawneyRichard Henry Tawney
30 November 1880, British
Economist

Mountstuart ElphinstoneMountstuart Elphinstone
06 October 1779, British, Scottish
Statesman

William Wells BrownWilliam Wells Brown
06 November 1814, American
Writer, Historian, Novelist
Samuel Eliot MorisonSamuel Eliot Morison
09 July 1887, American
Historian

James Truslow AdamsJames Truslow Adams
18 October 1878, American
Historian of the modern age, Historian, Biographer
Henry NewboltHenry Newbolt
06 June 1862, British
Poet

Mildred HarnackMildred Harnack
16 September 1902, German, American
Literary historian

Robert E. SherwoodRobert E. Sherwood
04 April 1896, American
Playwright

John Addington SymondsJohn Addington Symonds
05 October 1840, British
Poet
G. M. TrevelyanG. M. Trevelyan
16 February 1876, British
Historian
Otto Wille KuusinenOtto Wille Kuusinen
04 October 1881, Finnish
Politician

Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835, Italian
Astronomer

Frances YatesFrances Yates
28 November 1899, British
Historian

K. M. PanikkarK. M. Panikkar
03 June 1895, Indian
Diplomat
Hildebrand GurlittHildebrand Gurlitt
15 September 1895, German
Historian

James Bryce, 1st Viscount BryceJames Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce
10 May 1838, Northern Irish
Historian

Douglas Southall FreemanDouglas Southall Freeman
16 May 1886, American
Historian

Adolf von HarnackAdolf von Harnack
07 May 1851, Estonian
Theologian

Austen Henry LayardAusten Henry Layard
05 March 1817, British
Archaeologist
Whina CooperWhina Cooper
09 December 1895, New Zealander
Activist

Heinrich von TreitschkeHeinrich von Treitschke
15 September 1834, German
Historian of the modern age, Historian, University
Harold InnisHarold Innis
05 November 1894, Canadian
Economist, Historian, Philosopher, University

Brooks AdamsBrooks Adams
24 June 1848, American
Geopolitician, Historian, Author, University
Henry James Sumner MaineHenry James Sumner Maine
15 August 1822, British
Jurist
Friedrich Carl von SavignyFriedrich Carl von Savigny
21 February 1779, German
Jurist