Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Historians, including H. G. Wells, Friedrich Hayek, Alexis de Tocqueville, Stefan Zweig and Alfred Thayer Mahan.
Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864, German
Sociologist
Alexis de TocquevilleAlexis de Tocqueville
29 July 1805, French
 

V. Gordon ChildeV. Gordon Childe
14 April 1892, Australian
Archaeologist and Philologist

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880, German
Philosopher

Will DurantWill Durant
05 November 1885, American
Writer, Historian, Philosopher

Helmuth von Moltke the ElderHelmuth von Moltke the Elder
26 October 1800, German
General, Historian
Stamford RafflesStamford Raffles
06 July 1781, Jamaican, British
Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies

Mahadev Govind RanadeMahadev Govind Ranade
18 January 1842, Indian
Judge, Social Reformer

Henry AdamsHenry Adams
16 February 1838, American
Historian
Bernard BerensonBernard Berenson
26 June 1865, American
Art Historian

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834, German, Italian, British
 
Franjo RačkiFranjo Rački
25 November 1828, Croatian
Historian

Thomas Babington MacaulayThomas Babington Macaulay
25 October 1800, British
Historian

Karl PolanyiKarl Polanyi
25 October 1886, Hungarian
Economist, Anthropologist, Economic historian,

Harriet MartineauHarriet Martineau
12 June 1802, British
Linguist, Journalist, Economist, Historian,

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson
27 March 1857, British
Mathematician, Historian of mathematics,
John BuchanJohn Buchan
26 August 1875, Scottish
Novelist

Samuel Eliot MorisonSamuel Eliot Morison
09 July 1887, American
Officer, Military historian, Historian, University

Lewis MumfordLewis Mumford
19 October 1895, American
Architect, Historian of technology, Historian,

François-René de ChateaubriandFrançois-René de Chateaubriand
04 September 1768, French
Author
Madison GrantMadison Grant
19 November 1865, American
Lawyer, Anthropologist, Racial theorist,

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon
07 May 1841, French
Physician, Anthropologist, Archaeologist,
Archibald Gracie IVArchibald Gracie IV
17 January 1859, American
historian, writer

Carter G. WoodsonCarter G. Woodson
19 December 1875, American
Journalist, Historian

Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795, German
Historian, Academic, University teacher, Writer
E. H. CarrE. H. Carr
28 June 1892, British
Historian, Journalist, Diplomat, Writer, Political

Lothrop StoddardLothrop Stoddard
29 June 1883, American
Anthropologist, Political scientist, Historian,
Charles Francis Adams Sr.Charles Francis Adams Sr.
18 August 1807, American
Writer

Romain RollandRomain Rolland
29 January 1866, French
Writer, Playwright, Essayist, Historian, Novelist,

Ananda CoomaraswamyAnanda Coomaraswamy
22 August 1877, Sri Lankan, American
Philosopher
Adolphe ThiersAdolphe Thiers
15 April 1797, French
Politician

Continue Reading Below
Ernest RenanErnest Renan
27 February 1823, French
Philosopher
James George FrazerJames George Frazer
01 January 1854, British
Anthropologist, Writer, Historian, Mythographer

George Washington WilliamsGeorge Washington Williams
16 October 1849, American
Soldier, Historian, Diplomat, Writer, Minister,

B. H. Liddell HartB. H. Liddell Hart
31 October 1895, British
Soldier

Rahul SankrityayanRahul Sankrityayan
09 April 1893, Indian
Linguist, Author, Autobiographer, Biographer
Marc BlochMarc Bloch
06 July 1886, French
Historian, Medievalist, University teacher, Writer
Frederick Jackson TurnerFrederick Jackson Turner
14 November 1861, American
Historian, Writer

William Graham SumnerWilliam Graham Sumner
30 October 1840, American
Anthropologist, Political scientist, Historian,

Beatrice WebbBeatrice Webb
22 January 1858, British
Sociologist

Domingo Faustino SarmientoDomingo Faustino Sarmiento
15 February 1811, Argentinian
Politician, Writer, Journalist, Soldier, Diplomat,
Charles A. BeardCharles A. Beard
27 November 1874, American
Historian of the modern age, Historian, University

Jacob BurckhardtJacob Burckhardt
25 May 1818, Swiss
Art historian, Historian of the modern age,

Hubert ParryHubert Parry
27 February 1848, British
Composer

R. G. CollingwoodR. G. Collingwood
22 February 1889, British
Philosopher

Jules MicheletJules Michelet
21 August 1798, French
Historian, Archivist, Writer, Diarist, Professor,
Wilhelm DiltheyWilhelm Dilthey
19 November 1833, German
Philosopher, Historian, Psychologist, Theologian,

Prosper MériméeProsper Mérimée
28 September 1803, French
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Historian,
Gershom ScholemGershom Scholem
05 December 1897, Israeli
Philosopher, Librarian, Historian, Educationist,

Bruno BauerBruno Bauer
06 September 1809, German
Philosopher, Theologian, Historian

Erwin PanofskyErwin Panofsky
30 March 1892, German, American
Art historian
George BancroftGeorge Bancroft
03 October 1800, American
Diplomat, Historian of the modern age, Historian,

Johan HuizingaJohan Huizinga
07 December 1872, Dutch
Cultural historian, Historian, University teacher,
Yitzhak Ben-ZviYitzhak Ben-Zvi
24 November 1884, Israeli, Ukrainian
Politician

François GuizotFrançois Guizot
04 October 1787, French
Politician, Diplomat, Historian, Translator,

Louis BlancLouis Blanc
29 October 1811, Spanish, French
Journalist, Politician, Historian, Writer

Theodor FontaneTheodor Fontane
30 December 1819, German
Pharmacist, Writer, Poet, Historian, Translator,

Liang QichaoLiang Qichao
23 February 1873, Chinese
Historian
James Truslow AdamsJames Truslow Adams
18 October 1878, American
Historian of the modern age, Historian, Biographer

Ariel DurantAriel Durant
10 May 1898, American, Russian
Researcher

Jadunath SarkarJadunath Sarkar
10 December 1870, Indian
Historian

Thomas ArnoldThomas Arnold
13 June 1795, British
Educator
Harold InnisHarold Innis
05 November 1894, Canadian
Economist, Historian, Philosopher, University

G. M. TrevelyanG. M. Trevelyan
16 February 1876, British
Historian
James Bryce, 1st Viscount BryceJames Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce
10 May 1838, Northern Irish
Historian

Robert E. SherwoodRobert E. Sherwood
04 April 1896, American
Playwright

Henry NewboltHenry Newbolt
06 June 1862, British
Poet
Joseph JacobsJoseph Jacobs
29 August 1854, Australian
Literary critic, Literary historian, Folklorist,

Frédéric OzanamFrédéric Ozanam
23 April 1813, French
Scholar
William Wells BrownWilliam Wells Brown
06 November 1814, American
Writer, Historian, Novelist

Bartolomé MitreBartolomé Mitre
26 June 1821, Argentinian
Soldier, Linguist, Journalist, Historian,

Francis ParkmanFrancis Parkman
16 September 1823, American
Horticulturist, Historian, Writer
Pavel MilyukovPavel Milyukov
27 January 1859, Russian
Historian

Andrew Dickson WhiteAndrew Dickson White
07 November 1832, American
Historian
K. M. PanikkarK. M. Panikkar
03 June 1895, Indian
Diplomat

Austen Henry LayardAusten Henry Layard
05 March 1817, British
Archaeologist

Adolf von HarnackAdolf von Harnack
07 May 1851, Estonian
Theologian

Brooks AdamsBrooks Adams
24 June 1848, American
Geopolitician, Historian, Author, University
James RennellJames Rennell
03 December 1742, British
Geographer
Frances YatesFrances Yates
28 November 1899, British
Historian

Whina CooperWhina Cooper
09 December 1895, New Zealander
Activist

Étienne GilsonÉtienne Gilson
13 June 1884, French
Philosopher, Historian, Politician, Professor,

Mountstuart ElphinstoneMountstuart Elphinstone
06 October 1779, British, Scottish
Statesman
Heinrich WölfflinHeinrich Wölfflin
21 June 1864, Swiss
Art Historian

Jean Charles Léonard de SismondiJean Charles Léonard de Sismondi
09 May 1773, Swiss
Historian

Pierre DuhemPierre Duhem
09 June 1861, French
Historian

C. H. DouglasC. H. Douglas
20 January 1879, British
Engineer

Henri PirenneHenri Pirenne
23 December 1862, Belgian
medievalist, historian, university teacher
Franz RosenzweigFranz Rosenzweig
25 December 1886, German
Philosopher, Translator, Historian, Bible

Heinrich von TreitschkeHeinrich von Treitschke
15 September 1834, German
Historian of the modern age, Historian, University
Douglas Southall FreemanDouglas Southall Freeman
16 May 1886, American
Historian

Giovanni SchiaparelliGiovanni Schiaparelli
14 March 1835, Italian
Astronomer
Friedrich Carl von SavignyFriedrich Carl von Savigny
21 February 1779, German, Prussian
Jurist
Owen WisterOwen Wister
14 July 1860, American
Novelist