Famous 19th Century Empresses & Queens

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 1 
Queen Victoria
(Queen of the United Kingdom (1837-1901))
Queen Victoria
16
Birthdate: May 24, 1819
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kensington Palace, London, England
Died: January 22, 1901

The Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for over six decades, Queen Victoria reigned for longer than any of her predecessors. Her rule witnessed the vast expansion of the British Empire and ushered in a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military changes. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were celebrated with great pomp and show.

 2 
Rani Lakshmibai
(Queen of the Princely State of Jhansi & One of the Leading Figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857)
Rani Lakshmibai
9
Birthdate: November 19, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died: June 18, 1858

Remembered for her heroics against the British, the Indian Joan of Arc Rani Lakshmibai remains an icon of the 1857 Indian Rebellion. The wife of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao, she is known for leading the fight against the British after her husband’s death. She also inspired the legendary lines Khoob Ladi Mardani.

 3 
Empress Dowager Cixi
(Empress Dowager of the Qing Dynasty from 1861 to 1908)
Empress Dowager Cixi
6
Birthdate: November 29, 1835
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: November 15, 1908

Empress Dowager Cixi was a Chinese regent and empress dowager. From 1861 to 1908, Cixi served as the de facto supreme ruler of the Qing dynasty. She is credited with overseeing a series of moderate reforms called the Tongzhi Restoration, which helped the regime survive for a long period of time. She also supported military and technological reforms.  

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 4 
Liliʻuokalani
(Queen of the Hawaiian Islands (1891-93))
Liliʻuokalani
4
Birthdate: September 2, 1838
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Died: November 11, 1917
 5 
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland (1761 - 1818))
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
6
Birthdate: May 19, 1744
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mirow, Germany
Died: November 17, 1818
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III, reigned as the queen of Great Britain and Ireland from 1761 to 1818, and her reign saw the two kingdoms unite into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. An amateur art lover and botanist, she also expanded the Kew Gardens.
 6 
Alexandra Feodorovna
(Empress Consort of Russia (1894 - 1917))
Alexandra Feodorovna
4
Birthdate: June 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: July 17, 1918

Alexandra Feodorovna, wife of Emperor Nicholas II, was the last Russian tsarina and reigned from 1894 to 1917. She suffered from hemophilia. Alexandra and her entire family were murdered by the Bolshevik revolutionaries. In 2000, the Russian Orthodox Church canonized her as Saint Alexandra the Passion Bearer.

 7 
Alexandra of Denmark
(Former Queen Consort of the United Kingdom and British Dominions (1901 - 1910))
Alexandra of Denmark
8
Birthdate: December 1, 1844
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: November 20, 1925
Alexandra of Denmark was the queen of the U.K. and the empress of India from 1901 to 1910, as the wife of King Edward VII. Her style of dressing inspired English fashion back then. She supported her son George V’s campaign against Germany, with the Allies, during World War I.
 8 
Empress Elisabeth of Austria
(Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary (1854-1898))
Empress Elisabeth of Austria
5
Birthdate: December 24, 1837
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: September 10, 1898

Empress Elisabeth of Austria was Queen of Hungary and Empress of Austria from 1854 to 1898, making her the longest-reigning Austrian empress. Often visiting Hungary for its relaxed environment, Elisabeth developed a deep kinship with Hungary, which in turn helped her influence the rise of the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1867.

 9 
Victoria, Princess Royal
(German Empress and Queen of Prussia (1888))
Victoria, Princess Royal
5
Birthdate: November 21, 1840
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: August 5, 1901

Victoria, Princess Royal was the Queen of Prussia and German Empress from 9 March 1888 to 15 June 1888. Victoria, Princess Royal had an opportunity to influence the German Empire's policy, but the death of her husband German Emperor Frederick III, just 99 days after his accession, ruined her opportunity. Victoria has been portrayed in several movies and TV series.

 10 
Maria Feodorovna
(Empress Consort of Russia (1881 - 1884))
Maria Feodorovna
4
Birthdate: November 26, 1847
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Yellow Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: October 13, 1928

Maria Feodorovna was a Danish princess who married Emperor Alexander III and became Empress of Russia. She was the second daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. She grew up to be a beautiful and charming woman. She was married to Alexander Alexandrovich, the son of Emperor Alexander II and his first wife Maria Alexandrovna. 

 11 
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
(Queen of the Netherlands (1890 - 1948))
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
6
Birthdate: August 31, 1880
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: November 28, 1962

Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, the only child of the King William III and his second wife, Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, became queen at age 10. While she remained neutral during World War I, she went into exile to England during World War II. Her autobiography revealed her religious devotion.

 12 
Marie of Romania
(Wife of Ferdinand I of Romania and Former Queen Consort of Romania (1914 - 1927))
Marie of Romania
3
Birthdate: October 29, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Eastwell Park, Kent, England
Died: July 10, 1938

Marie of Romania was a descendant of Queen Victoria and born as the Princess of Edinburgh, before she married King Ferdinand I and became the last queen of Romania. A visual artist and a patron of the Art Nouveau movement, she was also a skilled equestrian and driver.

 13 
Maud of Wales
( Queen of Norway as the Wife of King Haakon VII)
Maud of Wales
4
Birthdate: November 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: November 20, 1938

Daughter of King Edward VII of Norway, Maud of Wales, was known for being a tomboy and had even been nicknamed Harry, after a valiant admiral. She married Prince Carl of Denmark. After Carl took over as King Haakon VII of Norway, Maud became the queen of Norway, too.

Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
6
Birthdate: October 24, 1887
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Balmoral Castle, Scotland
Died: April 15, 1969
 15 
Joséphine de Beauharnais
(Empress Consort of the French from 1804 to 1810)
Joséphine de Beauharnais
3
Birthdate: June 23, 1763
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique
Died: May 29, 1814
Empress Joséphine de Beauharnais spent her initial years in poverty and was shunned by her first husband for her lack of manners. She eventually learned the ways and means of the Parisian high society and married a young Napoleon Bonaparte. She survived a rocky marriage but enjoyed a lavish lifestyle.
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge
6
Birthdate: November 27, 1833
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: October 27, 1897
 17 
Caroline of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Queen of United Kingdom)
Caroline of Brunswick-Lüneburg
3
Birthdate: May 17, 1768
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Braunschweig
Died: August 7, 1821
 18 
Olga Constantinovna of Russia
(Queen Consort of Greece)
Olga Constantinovna of Russia
3
Birthdate: September 3, 1851
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: June 18, 1926

Olga Constantinovna of Russia was the oldest daughter of Grand Duke Constantine Nikolaievich and his wife, Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg. She was married to King George I of Greece and was the queen consort of Greece as his wife. In this role, she became involved in social and charitable work and founded hospitals and schools. 

 19 
Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
(Former Duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla (1814 - 1847))
Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
3
Birthdate: December 12, 1791
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 17, 1847

Marie Louise was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death. The eldest child of Emperor Francis II of Austria and his second wife, Maria Theresa, she grew up during a tumultuous period in the history of Austria. She was married to Napoleon I from 1810 to 1821. She died of pleurisy in 1847.  

 20 
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
(Former Queen Consort of the United Kingdom and Hanover (1830 - 1837))
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
3
Birthdate: August 13, 1792
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Meiningen, Germany
Died: December 2, 1849

The queen consort of the UK and Hanover by her marriage to King William IV, Adelaide was also the daughter of George I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. She miscarried twice and lost 2 more children as infants, and the royal throne eventually went to Princess Alexandrina Victoria, who later ruled as Queen Victoria.

 21 
Sophia of Prussia
(Princess of Prussia and Former Queen consort of the Hellenes (1913 - 1917))
Sophia of Prussia
3
Birthdate: June 14, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New Palace, Potsdam, Germany
Died: January 13, 1932

The daughter of German emperor Frederick III, Princess Sophia of Prussia was also one of the granddaughters of Queen Victoria through her mother. She later became the queen consort of the Hellenes by her marriage to King Constantine I of Greece. Following the National Schism, she spent her life in exile.

 22 
Marie-Thérèse, Duchess of Angoulême
(Daughter of Queen Marie Antoinette of France and King Louis XVI)
Marie-Thérèse, Duchess of Angoulême
4
Birthdate: December 19, 1778
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: October 19, 1851

Marie Thérèse of France was the daughter of Queen Marie Antoinette of France and King Louis XVI. She was married to Louis XIX of France and was technically the Queen consort of France for 20 minutes on 2 August 1830 when Charles X and Louis XIX of France signed the instrument of abdication. Marie-Thérèse has been depicted in many films.

Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
3
Birthdate: November 25, 1876
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: San Anton Palace, Attard, Malta
Died: March 2, 1936
 24 
Carlota of Mexico
(Empress Consort of Mexico (1864 - 1867))
Carlota of Mexico
3
Birthdate: June 7, 1840
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Castle of Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Died: January 19, 1927

Carlota of Mexico served as the Empress consort of Mexico from 10 April 1864 to 15 May 1867. Her husband Maximilian I of Mexico died at the age of 34 and their relationship has inspired many movies, plays, TV series, and novels.

 25 
Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine
(German Princess Who Married Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia and Eventually Became a Nun)
Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine
4
Birthdate: November 1, 1864
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bessungen, Darmstadt, Germany
Died: July 18, 1918

Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine was a princess of the House of Hesse-Darmstadt and one of the granddaughters of Queen Victoria. She later married Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich of Russia and became well-known for her philanthropic activities. Following her husband’s murder, she became a nun and established a Moscow-based convent.

Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein
3
Birthdate: October 22, 1858
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lubsko, Poland
Died: April 11, 1921
 27 
Eugénie de Montijo
(Empress of France)
Eugénie de Montijo
3
Birthdate: May 5, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: July 11, 1920
 28 
Isabella II of Spain
(Queen of Spain (1833 - 1868))
Isabella II of Spain
6
Birthdate: October 10, 1830
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: April 9, 1904

Isabella II was the queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868. She took to the throne shortly before turning 3, according to a Pragmatic Sanction issued by her father before her birth. Her uncles’ resistance caused the Carlist Wars. Spain became a constitutional monarchy under her mother’s regency.

 29 
Louise of Hesse-Kassel
(Queen Consort of Denmark from 1863 to 1898)
Louise of Hesse-Kassel
3
Birthdate: September 7, 1817
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kassel, Electorate of Hesse, German Confederation
Died: September 29, 1898

Louise of Hesse-Kassel was the Queen consort of Denmark from 1863 until her demise in 1898. Although she did not take an active part in state affairs, Louise's intelligence, psychological strength, and judgment were of prime importance as King Christian IX was dependent on these qualities of his wife. She also supported 26 different charitable organizations during her reign.

 30 
Maria Feodorovna
3
Birthdate: October 25, 1759
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Szczecin, Poland
Died: November 5, 1828
 31 
Maria II of Portugal
(Queen of Portugal (1826 - 1828))
Maria II of Portugal
3
Birthdate: April 4, 1819
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: November 15, 1853

Maria II of Portugal was the Queen of Portugal from 2 May 1826 to 23 June 1828. She reigned as the queen once again from 1834 until her death in 1853 at the age of 34 due to complications during her 11th delivery.

 32 
Maria Carolina of Austria
(Queen consort of Naples)
Maria Carolina of Austria
3
Birthdate: August 13, 1752
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 8, 1814

Maria Carolina of Austria, the wife of King Ferdinand IV of Naples, was also the de facto queen of Naples and Sicily. It is believed, she came under the influence of French-born English Sir John Acton and imposed many pro-British and anti-French reforms. She revoked the ban on Freemasonry and enlarged the navy, too.

 33 
Princess Stéphanie of Belgium
(Crown Princess of Austria, Hungary and Bohemia)
Princess Stéphanie of Belgium
3
Birthdate: May 21, 1864
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: August 23, 1945

Princess Stéphanie of Belgium became the Crown Princess of Austria, Hungary, and Bohemia after her marriage to Crown Prince Rudolf, the son of Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I. Following the death of her husband and his mistress in a suicide-murder pact, she married a Hungarian nobleman.

 34 
Désirée Clary
3
Birthdate: November 8, 1777
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: December 17, 1860
 35 
Hermine Reuss of Greiz
3
Birthdate: December 17, 1887
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Greiz, Principality of Reuss-Greiz, German Empire
Died: August 7, 1947
Princess Alexandrine of Baden
3
Birthdate: December 6, 1820
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Karlsruhe, Germany
Died: December 20, 1904
 37 
Yaa Asantewaa
(Queens Mother)
Yaa Asantewaa
3
Birthdate: 1840 AD
Birthplace: Besease
Died: October 17, 1920

The Queen Mother of the Ashanti Empire, or modern-day Ghana, Yaa Asantewaa is remembered for leading her country against the British in the War of the Golden Stool. The war began when a British representative sat on the Golden Stool, considered a sacred emblem of the Ashanti people.

 38 
Alexandra Feodorovna
(Former Empress Consort of Russia (1825 - 1855))
Alexandra Feodorovna
4
Birthdate: July 13, 1798
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: November 1, 1860

Alexandra Feodorovna Romanova was the daughter of Frederick William III, King of Prussia, and Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She had a difficult childhood and lost her mother when she was just 12. She married Nicholas I, who later reigned as Emperor of Russia. The couple had a happy marriage that lasted till Nicholas’ death in 1855. 

 39 
Zewditu
(Empress of Ethiopia (1916 - 1930))
Zewditu
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Werreyimenu, Wollo
Died: April 2, 1930

Zewditu, a 20th-century Ethiopian empress and the eldest daughter of King Menelik of Shewa, scripted history as the first female head of an internationally recognized African state. She was also the first and last empress regnant of Ethiopia. It’s widely believed, she died of shock 2 days after her husband’s death in battle.

 40 
Maria Christina of Austria
(Queen Consort of Spain (1879 – 1885))
Maria Christina of Austria
4
Birthdate: July 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brno, Czechia
Died: February 6, 1929

María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena is better known as the Spanish king Alfonso XII’s queen consort, who acted as the queen regent after her husband’s death and before her son came of age to rule on his own. Her regency was the longest in the history of Spanish royalty.

Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
3
Birthdate: July 20, 1835
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Langenburg, Germany
Died: January 25, 1900
Hortense de Beauharnais
3
Birthdate: April 10, 1783
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 5, 1837
 43 
Margherita of Savoy
3
Birthdate: November 20, 1851
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palazzo Chiablese, Turin, Italy
Died: January 4, 1926

It is believed that the Margherita pizza that is a popular dish today was actually first made by a pizza maker in Naples to treat Margherita of Savoy, who had grown tired of the royal gourmet food. The wife of King Umberto I, Margherita was the queen of Italy.

 44 
Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria
(The Last Child of Emperor Franz Joseph I and Empress Elisabeth of Austria)
Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria
3
Birthdate: April 22, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buda, Hungary
Died: September 6, 1924

Archduchess Marie Valerie was the last child of Franz Joseph I, emperor of Austria and king of Hungary, and Empress Elisabeth. Rumors also claimed she was an illegitimate child of Elisabeth and Gyula Andrássy. He marriage to her third cousin, Archduke Franz Salvator, was criticized for not being dynastic.

 45 
Menen Asfaw
(Empress consort of Ethiopia (1930 - 1962))
Menen Asfaw
3
Birthdate: April 3, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wollo, Ethiopian Empire
Died: February 15, 1962

Menen Asfaw ruled as an empress consort of Ethiopia, as the wife of Emperor Haile Selassie. Born into the noble family of Asfaw, Jantirar of Ambassel, she apparently had 3 marriages before she got married to Haile Selassie. She proved to be a trusted advisor to Selassie till her death.

Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
3
Birthdate: April 20, 1884
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Eastwell Park, Kent, England
Died: July 13, 1966
 47 
Sobekneferu
(Pharaoh)
Sobekneferu
3
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1802 BC

Sobekneferu reigned as a pharaoh of ancient Egypt during the mid 18th century BC. She belonged to the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom and was the last ruler of the dynasty. One of the few Egyptian women to rule over the ancient civilization, Sobekneferu was also the first female ruler to adopt the full royal titulary.

 48 
Elena of Montenegro
3
Birthdate: January 8, 1873
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cetinje, Montenegro
Died: November 28, 1952
Princess Thyra of Denmark
3
Birthdate: September 29, 1853
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Yellow Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: February 26, 1933
Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
3
Birthdate: July 25, 1860
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Marmorpalais, Potsdam, Germany
Died: March 14, 1917