Famous 19th Century Empresses & Queens

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Vote for Your Favourite 19th Century Empresses & Queens

 1 
Queen Victoria
(Queen of the United Kingdom (1837-1901))

Queen Victoria
15
Birthdate: May 24, 1819
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kensington Palace, London, England
Died: January 22, 1901

The Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland for over six decades, Queen Victoria reigned for longer than any of her predecessors. Her rule witnessed the vast expansion of the British Empire and ushered in a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military changes. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were celebrated with great pomp and show.

 2 
Rani Lakshmibai
(Queen of Jhansi State)

Rani Lakshmibai
9
Birthdate: November 19, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Varanasi, India
Died: June 18, 1858

Remembered for her heroics against the British, the Indian Joan of Arc Rani Lakshmibai remains an icon of the 1857 Indian Rebellion. The wife of Maharaja Gangadhar Rao, she is known for leading the fight against the British after her husband’s death. She also inspired the legendary lines Khoob Ladi Mardani.

 3 
Empress Dowager Cixi
(Chinese Empress Dowager)

Empress Dowager Cixi
5
Birthdate: November 29, 1835
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Beijing, China
Died: November 15, 1908

Empress Dowager Cixi was a Chinese regent and empress dowager. From 1861 to 1908, Cixi served as the de facto supreme ruler of the Qing dynasty. She is credited with overseeing a series of moderate reforms called the Tongzhi Restoration, which helped the regime survive for a long period of time. She also supported military and technological reforms.  

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 4 
Liliʻuokalani
(Queen of the Hawaiian Islands (1891-93))

Liliʻuokalani
4
Birthdate: September 2, 1838
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Died: November 11, 1917

 5 
Alexandra Feodorovna
(Empress consort of Russia (1894-1917), Saint)

Alexandra Feodorovna
4
Birthdate: June 6, 1872
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: July 17, 1918

Alexandra Feodorovna, wife of Emperor Nicholas II, was the last Russian tsarina and reigned from 1894 to 1917. She suffered from hemophilia. Alexandra and her entire family were murdered by the Bolshevik revolutionaries. In 2000, the Russian Orthodox Church canonized her as Saint Alexandra the Passion Bearer.

 6 
Alexandra of Denmark
(Queen of the United Kingdom (1901-1910))

Alexandra of Denmark
8
Birthdate: December 1, 1844
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: November 20, 1925
Alexandra of Denmark was the queen of the U.K. and the empress of India from 1901 to 1910, as the wife of King Edward VII. Her style of dressing inspired English fashion back then. She supported her son George V’s campaign against Germany, with the Allies, during World War I.

 7 
Empress Elisabeth of Austria
(Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary (1854-1898))

Empress Elisabeth of Austria
5
Birthdate: December 24, 1837
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: September 10, 1898

Empress Elisabeth of Austria was Queen of Hungary and Empress of Austria from 1854 to 1898, making her the longest-reigning Austrian empress. Often visiting Hungary for its relaxed environment, Elisabeth developed a deep kinship with Hungary, which in turn helped her influence the rise of the dual monarchy of Austria–Hungary in 1867.

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 8 
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
(Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland (1761-1818))

Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
6
Birthdate: May 19, 1744
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mirow, Germany
Died: November 17, 1818
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, wife of King George III, reigned as the queen of Great Britain and Ireland from 1761 to 1818, and her reign saw the two kingdoms unite into the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. An amateur art lover and botanist, she also expanded the Kew Gardens.

 9 
Victoria, Princess Royal
(German Empress and Queen of Prussia (1888))

Victoria, Princess Royal
5
Birthdate: November 21, 1840
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, England
Died: August 5, 1901

Victoria, Princess Royal was the Queen of Prussia and German Empress from 9 March 1888 to 15 June 1888. Victoria, Princess Royal had an opportunity to influence the German Empire's policy, but the death of her husband German Emperor Frederick III, just 99 days after his accession, ruined her opportunity. Victoria has been portrayed in several movies and TV series.

 10 

Maria Feodorovna
4
Birthdate: November 26, 1847
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: October 13, 1928

Maria Feodorovna was a Danish princess who married Emperor Alexander III and became Empress of Russia. She was the second daughter of King Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. She grew up to be a beautiful and charming woman. She was married to Alexander Alexandrovich, the son of Emperor Alexander II and his first wife Maria Alexandrovna. 

Marie Thérèse of France
4
Birthdate: December 19, 1778
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Palace of Versailles, France
Died: October 19, 1851

 12 
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
(Queen of the Netherlands (1890-1948))

Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
6
Birthdate: August 31, 1880
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: November 28, 1962

Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, the only child of the King William III and his second wife, Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, became queen at age 10. While she remained neutral during World War I, she went into exile to England during World War II. Her autobiography revealed her religious devotion.

 13 
Maud of Wales
(Queen of Norway (1950-1938))

Maud of Wales
4
Birthdate: November 26, 1869
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Marlborough House, London, England
Died: November 20, 1938

Daughter of King Edward VII of Norway, Maud of Wales, was known for being a tomboy and had even been nicknamed Harry, after a valiant admiral. She married Prince Carl of Denmark. After Carl took over as King Haakon VII of Norway, Maud became the queen of Norway, too.

Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg
6
Birthdate: October 24, 1887
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Balmoral Castle, Scotland
Died: April 15, 1969

 15 

Marie of Romania
3
Birthdate: October 29, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Eastwell Park, Kent, England
Died: July 10, 1938

 16 
Joséphine de Beauharnais
(Empress of the French)

Joséphine de Beauharnais
3
Birthdate: June 23, 1763
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Les Trois-Îlets, Martinique
Died: May 29, 1814
Empress Joséphine de Beauharnais spent her initial years in poverty and was shunned by her first husband for her lack of manners. She eventually learned the ways and means of the Parisian high society and married a young Napoleon Bonaparte. She survived a rocky marriage but enjoyed a lavish lifestyle.

Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge
6
Birthdate: November 27, 1833
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: October 27, 1897

Viktoria Luise of Prussia
3
Birthdate: September 13, 1892
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: December 11, 1980

 19 
Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
(Empress Consort of the French)

Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma
3
Birthdate: December 12, 1791
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 17, 1847

Marie Louise was an Austrian archduchess who reigned as Duchess of Parma from 1814 until her death. The eldest child of Emperor Francis II of Austria and his second wife, Maria Theresa, she grew up during a tumultuous period in the history of Austria. She was married to Napoleon I from 1810 to 1821. She died of pleurisy in 1847.  

 20 
Caroline of Brunswick-Lüneburg
(Queen of United Kingdom)

Caroline of Brunswick-Lüneburg
3
Birthdate: May 17, 1768
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Braunschweig
Died: August 7, 1821

 21 
Olga Constantinovna of Russia
(Queen consort of the Hellenes)

Olga Constantinovna of Russia
3
Birthdate: September 3, 1851
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: June 18, 1926

Olga Constantinovna of Russia was the oldest daughter of Grand Duke Constantine Nikolaievich and his wife, Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg. She was married to King George I of Greece and was the queen consort of Greece as his wife. In this role, she became involved in social and charitable work and founded hospitals and schools. 

Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
3
Birthdate: August 13, 1792
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Meiningen, Germany
Died: December 2, 1849

 23 

Sophia of Prussia
3
Birthdate: June 14, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New Palace, Potsdam, Germany
Died: January 13, 1932

 24 
Eugénie de Montijo
(Empress of France)

Eugénie de Montijo
3
Birthdate: May 5, 1826
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Granada, Spain
Died: July 11, 1920

Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
3
Birthdate: November 25, 1876
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: San Anton Palace, Attard, Malta
Died: March 2, 1936

 26 

Carlota of Mexico
3
Birthdate: June 7, 1840
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Castle of Laeken, Brussels, Belgium
Died: January 19, 1927

Augusta Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein
3
Birthdate: October 22, 1858
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lubsko, Poland
Died: April 11, 1921

 28 
Isabella II of Spain
(Queen of Spain (1833-1868))

Isabella II of Spain
6
Birthdate: October 10, 1830
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Madrid, Spain
Died: April 9, 1904

Isabella II was the queen of Spain from 1833 until 1868. She took to the throne shortly before turning 3, according to a Pragmatic Sanction issued by her father before her birth. Her uncles’ resistance caused the Carlist Wars. Spain became a constitutional monarchy under her mother’s regency.

Princess Elisabeth of Hesse and by Rhine
4
Birthdate: November 1, 1864
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bessungen, Darmstadt, Germany
Died: July 18, 1918

 30 
Louise of Hesse-Kassel
(Queen of Denmark)

Louise of Hesse-Kassel
3
Birthdate: September 7, 1817
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kassel, Electorate of Hesse, German Confederation
Died: September 29, 1898

Maria Alexandrovna of Hesse
3
Birthdate: August 8, 1824
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: June 3, 1880

Maria Alexandrovna of Hesse was the daughter of Prince Hereditary Ludwig of Hesse and Princess Wilhelmine of Baden. She was the first wife of Russian Emperor Alexander II. She was a co-founder of the Russian Red Cross and established Russia's first all-female schools. She also helped her husband end serfdom in Russia. She suffered from tuberculosis and died in 1880. 

Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil
3
Birthdate: July 29, 1846
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palace of São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: November 14, 1921

 33 
Maria II of Portugal
(Queen of Portugal)

Maria II of Portugal
3
Birthdate: April 4, 1819
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paço de São Cristóvão, Brazil
Died: November 15, 1853

Maria II of Portugal was the Queen of Portugal from 2 May 1826 to 23 June 1828. She reigned as the queen once again from 1834 until her death in 1853 at the age of 34 due to complications during her 11th delivery.

 34 

Maria Feodorovna
3
Birthdate: October 25, 1759
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Szczecin, Poland
Died: November 5, 1828

 35 

Alexandra Fyodorovna
3
Birthdate: July 13, 1798
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: November 1, 1860

Alexandra Feodorovna Romanova was the daughter of Frederick William III, King of Prussia, and Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. She had a difficult childhood and lost her mother when she was just 12. She married Nicholas I, who later reigned as Emperor of Russia. The couple had a happy marriage that lasted till Nicholas’ death in 1855. 

Maria Carolina of Austria
3
Birthdate: August 13, 1752
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: September 8, 1814

Maria Carolina of Austria, the wife of King Ferdinand IV of Naples, was also the de facto queen of Naples and Sicily. It is believed, she came under the influence of French-born English Sir John Acton and imposed many pro-British and anti-French reforms. She revoked the ban on Freemasonry and enlarged the navy, too.

Princess Alexandrine of Baden
3
Birthdate: December 6, 1820
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Karlsruhe, Germany
Died: December 20, 1904

 38 

Désirée Clary
3
Birthdate: November 8, 1777
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Marseille, France
Died: December 17, 1860

 39 

Hermine Reuss of Greiz
3
Birthdate: December 17, 1887
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Greiz, Principality of Reuss-Greiz, German Empire
Died: August 7, 1947

Princess Stéphanie of Belgium
3
Birthdate: May 21, 1864
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: August 23, 1945

Princess Stéphanie of Belgium became the Crown Princess of Austria, Hungary, and Bohemia after her marriage to Crown Prince Rudolf, the son of Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I. Following the death of her husband and his mistress in a suicide-murder pact, she married a Hungarian nobleman.

 41 
Yaa Asantewaa
(Queens Mother)

Yaa Asantewaa
3
Birthdate: 1840 AD
Birthplace: Besease
Died: October 17, 1920

The Queen Mother of the Ashanti Empire, or modern-day Ghana, Yaa Asantewaa is remembered for leading her country against the British in the War of the Golden Stool. The war began when a British representative sat on the Golden Stool, considered a sacred emblem of the Ashanti people.

Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine
3
Birthdate: July 11, 1866
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Palace, Darmstadt, Grand Duchy of Hesse, German Empire
Died: November 11, 1953

 43 
Zewditu
(Empress)

Zewditu
3
Birthdate: April 28, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Werreyimenu, Wollo
Died: April 2, 1930

María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena
4
Birthdate: July 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Moravia, Austria
Died: February 6, 1929

María Cristina De Habsburgo-Lorena is better known as the Spanish king Alfonso XII’s queen consort, who acted as the queen regent after her husband’s death and before her son came of age to rule on his own. Her regency was the longest in the history of Spanish royalty.

Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
3
Birthdate: July 20, 1835
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Langenburg, Germany
Died: January 25, 1900

Archduchess Gisela of Austria
3
Birthdate: July 12, 1856
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Laxenburg, Austria
Died: July 27, 1932

Hortense de Beauharnais
3
Birthdate: April 10, 1783
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 5, 1837

 48 

Margherita of Savoy
3
Birthdate: November 20, 1851
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palazzo Chiablese, Turin, Italy
Died: January 4, 1926

It is believed that the Margherita pizza that is a popular dish today was actually first made by a pizza maker in Naples to treat Margherita of Savoy, who had grown tired of the royal gourmet food. The wife of King Umberto I, Margherita was the queen of Italy.

 49 
Menen Asfaw
(Empress)

Menen Asfaw
3
Birthdate: April 3, 1891
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wollo, Ethiopian Empire
Died: February 15, 1962

 50 
Sobekneferu
(Pharaoh)

Sobekneferu
3
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1802 BC

Sobekneferu reigned as a pharaoh of ancient Egypt during the mid 18th century BC. She belonged to the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom and was the last ruler of the dynasty. One of the few Egyptian women to rule over the ancient civilization, Sobekneferu was also the first female ruler to adopt the full royal titulary.