Famous 18th Century British Explorers

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 1 
James Cook
(British Naval Captain, Navigator and Explorer)
James Cook
19
Birthdate: November 7, 1728
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Marton, England
Died: February 14, 1779

British explorer, navigator, and cartographer James Cook, who had also served the merchant navy and Royal Navy, was the first to complete an expedition around New Zealand. He explored areas in the South Pacific, such as eastern Australia and Hawaii. He was killed while trying to kidnap a Hawaiian king.

 2 
John Franklin
(Explorer, Royal Navy officer)
John Franklin
8
Birthdate: April 16, 1786
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Spilsby, England
Died: June 11, 1847
 3 
George Vancouver
(Explorer, Officer)
George Vancouver
4
Birthdate: June 22, 1757
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: King's Lynn
Died: May 10, 1798

English navigator and Royal Navy officer George Vancouver was the first to explore the Pacific coast of North America. His explored territories included the Canada’s British Columbia, the US’s Alaska, and Australia’s southwest coast. His 3-volume treatise on his journeys, with a collection of maps, was published posthumously.

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 4 
Matthew Flinders
5
Birthdate: March 16, 1774
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Donington
Died: July 19, 1814
 5 
Alexander Mackenzie
6
Birthdate: 1764 AD
Birthplace: Stornoway, Lewis, Scotland
Died: March 12, 1820
 6 
Charles Sturt
(British explorer)
Charles Sturt
4
Birthdate: April 28, 1795
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bengal
Died: June 16, 1869
 7 
George Bass
(Former Explorer, Surgeon known as one of the first people to explore the interior of Australia)
George Bass
3
Birthdate: January 30, 1771
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Sleaford, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom
Died: 1803 AD

British naval surgeon George Bass is best remembered for his exploratory voyage to Australia, aboard the Reliance. He explored areas such as the Sydney coastline, Tasmania, and New South Wales. However, he was declared lost at sea after disappearing on a commercial voyage to South America.

 8 
James Bruce
(Explorer, Archaeologist, Film editor, Botanist)
James Bruce
2
Birthdate: December 14, 1730
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stirling
Died: April 27, 1794

Scottish explorer James Bruce is best known for his treatises of travel and his discovery of the source of the Blue Nile. Initially a wine merchant, he later became a British consul in Algiers and decided to explore North Africa. He traveled to places such as Syria, Ethiopia, and Egypt.

 9 
Francis Light
(Explorer)
Francis Light
2
Birthdate: 1740 AD
Birthplace: Dallinghoo, England
Died: October 25, 1794
 10 
John Oxley
(Explorer)
John Oxley
4
Birthdate: 1784 AD
Birthplace: Westow, England, United Kingdom
Died: May 25, 1828
 11 
Samuel Hearne
(Explorer)
Samuel Hearne
2
Birthdate: 1745
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 31, 1792
 12 
Peter Skene Ogden
2
Birthdate: February 12, 1790
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Quebec City, Canada
Died: September 27, 1854
 13 
Henry Kelsey
(British Explorer Best Known for His Two-Year Journey From Hudson Bay to the Western Interior)
Henry Kelsey
2
Birthdate: 1664 AD
Birthplace: Greenwich, England
Died: November 1, 1724

Henry Kelsey was an English fur trader and explorer. He played an important role in establishing the Hudson's Bay Company in Canada. Born in England, he moved to Canada as a young man and began his exploration adventures in the winter of 1688–89. He undertook many journeys across the Atlantic Ocean and eventually returned to England.

 14 
Sir George Back
1
Birthdate: November 6, 1796
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, England
Died: June 23, 1878
 15 
William Scoresby
2
Birthdate: October 5, 1789
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cropton, Yorkshire, England
Died: March 21, 1857
 16 
Alexander Gordon Laing
1
Birthdate: December 27, 1794
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: September 26, 1826
 17 
James Weddell
(Navigator)
James Weddell
2
Birthdate: August 24, 1787
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ostend, Belgium
Died: September 9, 1834
 18 
John Richardson
(Surgeon and Explorer)
John Richardson
1
Birthdate: November 5, 1787
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dumfries, Scotland
Died: June 5, 1865

Apart from being a naval surgeon, John Richardson also made a named for himself as an explorer of the Canadian Arctic coast. He was also a talented author of natural history. His accurate surveys eventually got him knighted. Various species of reptiles and mammals have been named in his honor.

 19 
Tobias Furneaux
(Navigator)
Tobias Furneaux
1
Birthdate: August 21, 1735
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Plymouth, England
Died: September 18, 1781
 20 
George William Evans
1
Birthdate: January 5, 1780
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Warwick, England
Died: October 16, 1852
 21 
Basil Hall
(Naval officer)
Basil Hall
1
Birthdate: December 31, 1788
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dunglass, Scotland
Died: September 11, 1844
 22 
John Beecroft
(Explorer)
John Beecroft
0
Birthdate: 1790 AD
Birthplace: Whitby, England
Died: June 10, 1854
 23 
Dixon Denham
(Soldier)
Dixon Denham
0
Birthdate: January 1, 1786
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 8, 1828
 24 
Francis Rawdon Chesney
0
Birthdate: March 16, 1789
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Annalong, Northern Ireland
Died: January 30, 1872
 25 
William George Browne
0
Birthdate: July 25, 1768
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 1813 AD