Famous 17th Century Artists

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 1 
Rembrandt
(One of the Greatest Visual Artists in the History of Art)
Rembrandt
4
Birthdate: July 15, 1606
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: October 4, 1669

Rembrandt was a Dutch printmaker, painter, and draughtsman. A master in three major art media, Rembrandt is widely considered the most important visual artist in Dutch art history and one of the greatest of all time. He is also considered the greatest etcher in the history of printmaking. His life and work inspired several films, including the 1936 movie Rembrandt.

 2 
Anthony van Dyck
(Flemish Baroque Artist)
Anthony van Dyck
5
Birthdate: March 22, 1599
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: December 9, 1641

Anthony van Dyck was a Flemish Baroque artist who started painting at an early age before going on to become the leading court painter in England. Although he is best remembered for painting the aristocracy, van Dyck also painted biblical and mythological subjects. In 1632, Anthony van Dyck received a knighthood from Charles I.

 3 
Frans Hals
(Dutch Golden Age Painter Who is Known for His Loose Painterly Brushwork)
Frans Hals
3
Birthdate: 1582 AD
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: August 26, 1666

One of the most prominent painters of the Dutch Golden Age of painting, Frans Hals is renowned for his individual and group portraits as well as for his genre work paintings. He is known for loose painterly brushwork, colourful palette and lively style of painting. His work played a key role in the development of 17th century group portraiture.

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André Le Nôtre
3
Birthplace: Paris

André Le Nôtre was a 17th-century French landscape architect. Born into a family of gardeners, he later became the principal gardener of King Louis XIV of France. He is credited with designing the gardens of the Palace of Versailles. His other works include the design of gardens and parks at Saint-Cloud, Chantilly, Fontainebleau, and Saint-Germain. 

 5 
Georges de La Tour
3
Birthdate: March 13, 1593
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vic-sur-Seille
Died: January 30, 1652
 6 
Jan Brueghel the Elder
(Flemish Painter and the Son of the Eminent Flemish Renaissance Painter 'Pieter Bruegel the Elder')
Jan Brueghel the Elder
3
Birthdate: 1568 AD
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: January 13, 1625

Flemish painter Jan Brueghel the Elder is perhaps best remembered for his floral still lifes and landscapes. The second son of legendary Flemish artist Pieter Bruegel the Elder, he was also nicknamed "Velvet" Brueghel and "Flower" Brueghel and was a court painter of Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II.

 7 
Pieter Brueghel the Younger
3
Birthdate: May 23, 1564
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: October 10, 1638

Flemish painter Pieter Brueghel the Younger was the eldest son of legendary Flemish painter Pieter Brueghel the Elder. Mostly known for re-creating his father’s works, he also created numerous original paintings, mostly depicting rural life. His works now adorn museums in cities such as Paris and Amsterdam.

 8 
Jacob van Ruisdael
3
Birthdate: 1628 AD
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: March 10, 1682
 9 
Judith Leyster
3
Birthdate: July 28, 1609
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: February 10, 1660
 10 
Godfrey Kneller
3
Birthdate: August 8, 1646
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Free City of Lübeck
Died: October 19, 1723
 11 
Hyacinthe Rigaud
(Former Catalan-French baroque painter most famous for his portraits of Louis XIV and other members of the French nobility)
Hyacinthe Rigaud
3
Birthdate: July 18, 1659
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Perpignan, France
Died: December 29, 1743
 12 
Jusepe de Ribera
(Spanish Tenebrist Painter Known for His Depictions of Religious and Mythological Subjects)
Jusepe de Ribera
3
Birthdate: January 12, 1591
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Xàtiva, Spain
Died: September 2, 1652

Jusepe de Ribera was a Spanish-Valencian Tenebrist painter and printmaker. He was also called Lo Spagnoletto ("the Little Spaniard") by his contemporaries. Little is known about his early life, though it is believed he studied at the Academy of Saint Luke. He spent several years of his career in Italy and was a leading painter in Naples.

 13 
John Lyly
(Writer)
John Lyly
3
Birthdate: 1553 AD
Birthplace: Kent, England
Died: October 31, 1606
 14 
Jean-Antoine Watteau
(Former Painter whose notable works include Embarkation for Cythera, L'Enseigne de Gersaint)
Jean-Antoine Watteau
2
Birthdate: October 10, 1684
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Valenciennes, France
Died: July 18, 1721
 15 
Agostino Tassi
3
Birthdate: 1578 AD
Birthplace: PePonzano Romano, Italy
Died: February 25, 1644
 16 
Philippe de Champaigne
2
Birthdate: May 26, 1602
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brussels
Died: August 12, 1674
 17 
Pieter de Hooch
(Dutch painter)
Pieter de Hooch
2
Birthdate: December 20, 1629
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: March 24, 1684
 18 
Nicholas Hilliard
(One of the Most Influential Artists of the Elizabethan Period)
Nicholas Hilliard
2
Birthdate: 1547 AD
Birthplace: Exeter, England
Died: January 7, 1619
 19 
Elisabetta Sirani
2
Birthdate: January 8, 1638
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: August 28, 1665
 20 
Jacob Jordaens
(Former Flemish painter known for his history paintings, genre scenes and portraits)
Jacob Jordaens
2
Birthdate: May 19, 1593
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: October 18, 1678

Flemish painter Jacob Jordaens was a major part of the Flemish Baroque movement. He is best remembered for his works such as Allegory of Fertility and known for his signature use of warm colors and scenes inspired by proverbs, mythology, allegories. He also designed many tapestries.

 21 
Juan de Pareja
(Spanish Portrait Painter)
Juan de Pareja
3
Birthdate: 1606 AD
Birthplace: Antequera, Málaga, Spain
Died: 1670 AD

Born into slavery, Juan de Pareja began his artistic career assisting his master, painter Diego Velázquez, in his workshop, painting Portrait of Agustín Moreto while in slavery. Freed in 1650, which came into effect four years later, he continued to work as an independent painter, very soon developing his own style, creating masterpieces like The Calling of Saint Matthew.

 22 
Pietro da Cortona
(Former Baroque painter and architect)
Pietro da Cortona
2
Birthdate: November 1, 1596
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Cortona, Italy
Died: May 16, 1669
 23 
Clara Peeters
(Painter)
Clara Peeters
2
Birthdate: 1594 AD
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: 1659 AD

Clara Peeters was a Flemish painter from Antwerp known for her still-life works. Active in both the Spanish Netherlands and the Dutch Republic, she is the most famous female Flemish artist of her era. She was one of the few women artists working professionally in 17th-century Europe. She is believed to have been a wealthy and successful artist.  

 24 
Rachel Ruysch
(Painter)
Rachel Ruysch
2
Birthdate: June 3, 1664
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: August 12, 1750
 25 
Gerrit Dou
(Painter)
Gerrit Dou
2
Birthdate: April 7, 1613
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: February 9, 1675
 26 
Orazio Gentileschi
2
Birthdate: July 9, 1563
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Pisa, Italy
Died: February 7, 1639
 27 
Gabriël Metsu
2
Birthdate: 1629
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: October 24, 1667
 28 
Hishikawa Moronobu
(Japanese Artist Known for Popularizing the Ukiyo-E Genre of Woodblock Prints and Paintings)
Hishikawa Moronobu
2
Birthdate: 1618 AD
Birthplace: Kyonan, Chiba, Japan
Died: July 25, 1694

Japanese artist Hishikawa Moronobu is noted for popularizing the ukiyo-e genre of woodblock prints and paintings during the late 17th century. He is credited for producing the first ukiyo-e woodblock prints. A prolific illustrator, Moronobu worked in different genres and developed a unique style of portraying female beauties. He produced over 100 illustrated books and single-sheet images.

 29 
Domenichino
(Painter)
Domenichino
2
Birthdate: October 21, 1581
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: April 6, 1641
 30 
Agostino Carracci
2
Birthdate: August 16, 1557
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bologna, Italy
Died: March 22, 1602
 31 
Hendrick Avercamp
2
Birthdate: January 27, 1585
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: May 15, 1634
 32 
Frans Snyders
(Flemish Baroque Painter)
Frans Snyders
2
Birthdate: November 11, 1579
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Antwerp, Belgium
Died: August 19, 1657

Flemish painter Frans Snyders is best remembered for his paintings of animals and hunting scenes. He also created still-lifes of flowers and fruits. He is also considered a pioneer in depicting animals as protagonists in everyday situations. His works also featured many collaborations with Antwerp painters.

 33 
Wenceslaus Hollar
(Bohemian etcher)
Wenceslaus Hollar
2
Birthdate: July 13, 1607
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Prague, Czechoslovakia
Died: March 25, 1677
 34 
Gerard ter Borch
2
Birthdate: 1617
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Zwolle, Netherlands
Died: December 8, 1681
 35 
Jan Davidsz. de Heem
2
Birthdate: April 17, 1606
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: April 26, 1684
 36 
Simon Vouet
(Former Painter who was immensely influential in introducing the Italian Baroque style of painting to France)
Simon Vouet
2
Birthdate: January 9, 1590
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 30, 1649
 37 
Christoph Haizmann
2
Birthdate: 1651 AD
Birthplace: Traunstein, Germany
Died: March 14, 1700

Christoph Haizmann was the Austrian painter who had sold his soul to the Devil to attain artistic fame and was later exorcized. He had also painted several pictures of the Devil as it appeared to him. The Haizmann case was later studied by many psychiatrists and psychologists, such as Sigmund Freud.  

Giovanni Battista Gaulli
2
Birthdate: May 8, 1639
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: April 2, 1709
 39 
Rosalba Carriera
2
Birthdate: October 7, 1675
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: April 15, 1757
 40 
Gerard de Lairesse
2
Birthdate: September 11, 1640
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Liège, Belgium
Died: July 28, 1711
 41 
Jan van Goyen
(Painter)
Jan van Goyen
2
Birthdate: January 13, 1596
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leiden, Netherlands
Died: April 27, 1656
 42 
Hendrick ter Brugghen
2
Birthdate: 1588 AD
Birthplace: The Hague, Netherlands
Died: November 1, 1629
 43 
Ogata Kōrin
(Japanese Landscape Illustrator, Lacquerer, Painter, and Textile Designer)
Ogata Kōrin
2
Birthdate: 1658 AD
Birthplace: Kyōto, Japan
Died: June 2, 1716

Best known for his paintings on folding screens, ceramic figures, writing boxes, and fans, Ogata Kōrin rejuvenated the Rinpa school of Japanese art. Apart from painting, he also specialized in textile designing and lacquerwork. Though born to a wealthy calligrapher, he later lost his riches due to his extravagance.

 44 
Pierre Mignard
2
Birthdate: November 17, 1612
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Troyes, France
Died: May 30, 1695
 45 
Mattia Preti
(Italian Baroque Artist)
Mattia Preti
2
Birthdate: February 24, 1613
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Taverna, Calabria, Italy
Died: January 3, 1699
Mattia Preti was an Italian Baroque artist who had a long and successful career as a painter. Many of his artworks are exhibited in famous museums in Naples, Valletta, and Taverna. Mattia Preti is also credited with painting frescoes for churches.
Bartholomeus van der Helst
2
Birthdate: 1613 AD
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: December 16, 1670
 47 
William Dobson
2
Birthdate: March 4, 1611
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 28, 1646
 48 
Pieter Lastman
1
Birthdate: 1583 AD
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: April 4, 1633
 49 
Willem Claesz Heda
1
Birthdate: December 14, 1594
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Haarlem, Netherlands
Died: 1680 AD
 50 
Paulus Potter
(Painter)
Paulus Potter
2
Birthdate: November 20, 1625
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Enkhuizen, Netherlands
Died: January 17, 1654