Famous 17th Century Military Leaders

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 1 
Tokugawa Ieyasu
(Military Leader)
Tokugawa Ieyasu
15
Birthdate: January 31, 1543
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Okazaki Castle, Mikawa (now Okazaki, Japan)
Died: June 1, 1616

Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. He is considered one of the three "Great Unifiers" of Japan. He was the son of Matsudaira Hirotada, a minor local warlord. He grew up to be an ambitious young man with exemplary leadership qualities and eventually founded the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. 

 2 
John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
(English Soldier and Statesman Who helped Defeat the 'Monmouth Rebellion' in 1685)
John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
9
Birthdate: May 26, 1650
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ash, Musbury
Died: June 16, 1722

English statesman and soldier John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough was the second son of Sir Winston Churchill and is remembered for his contribution to wars such as the Monmouth Rebellion and the War of the Spanish Succession. He was once imprisoned in the Tower of London for Jacobitism.

 3 
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
(King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632)
Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden
3
Birthdate: December 9, 1594
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: November 6, 1632

Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden reigned as the King of Sweden from 30 October 1611 until his death on 6 November 1632, at the age of 37. He is credited with transforming Sweden into a great European power. Considered one of the greatest modern military commanders, Gustavus Adolphus turned Sweden into one of Europe's primary military forces during the Thirty Years' War.

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 4 
Oliver Cromwell
(English Statesman)
Oliver Cromwell
29
Birthdate: April 25, 1599
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England
Died: September 3, 1658
The Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Oliver Cromwell was a military leader and a devoted Puritan who belonged to an affluent landowning family. During the English Civil War, Cromwell fought against King Charles I and caused the deaths of at least 3,000 soldiers and civilians.
 5 
Albrecht von Wallenstein
(Bohemian Statesman and Military Leader Best Remembered For His Role in 'The Thirty Years' War')
Albrecht von Wallenstein
5
Birthdate: September 24, 1583
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heřmanice, Czechia
Died: February 25, 1634

Albrecht von Wallenstein was a Bohemian statesman and military leader best remembered for his role in the Thirty Years' War. During the war, he served as the supreme commander of the armies of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II.  By the time of his death, Wallenstein was one of the most influential and richest men in the Holy Roman Empire.

 6 
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
(French Royal, Statesman and Regent of France (1715 - 1723))
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
5
Birthdate: August 2, 1674
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Saint-Cloud, France
Died: December 2, 1723

Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, was the regent of the Kingdom of France from 1715 to 1723. He was the son of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, and Elizabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate. He was named the regent of France for Louis XV, who succeeded to the throne at the age of five. Philippe died months after Louis attained majority.

 7 
Prince Rupert of the Rhine
(German-English Army Officer, Admiral, Scientist and Colonial Governor)
Prince Rupert of the Rhine
5
Birthdate: December 17, 1619
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: November 29, 1682

Prince Rupert of the Rhine was a German-English admiral, army officer, colonial governor, and scientist. Renowned for his energy and quick-thinking, Rupert made long-lasting and impressive contributions to the doctrine and development of the Royal Navy. He is also credited with shaping modern Canada's political geography. 

 8 
John III Sobieski
(Military leader, Politician)
John III Sobieski
3
Birthdate: August 17, 1629
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Olesko
Died: June 17, 1696

Well-educated and well-traveled, John III Sobieski initially joined the Swedes as a soldier, in opposing Polish ruler John Casimir. He then switched to the Polish side. He gradually rose through the ranks to become a grand marshal and a grand-hetman, and eventually became the king of Poland.

 9 
Prince Eugene of Savoy
(Austrian Army Commander)
Prince Eugene of Savoy
4
Birthdate: October 18, 1663
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: April 21, 1736

Prince Eugene of Savoy was a field marshal who served in the army of the Austrian Habsburg dynasty and of the Holy Roman Empire. One of the most influential military commanders of his generation, Prince Eugene served three Holy Roman emperors in a career spanning 60 years. Consequently, he played important roles in many battles, including the Battle of Turin.

 10 
Maurice de Saxe
2
Birthdate: October 28, 1696
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Goslar, Germany
Died: November 20, 1750
 11 
James Oglethorpe
(Founder of the colony of Georgia)
James Oglethorpe
5
Birthdate: December 22, 1696
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Surrey
Died: June 30, 1785

Remembered as the founder of the British colony of Georgia in the US, James Oglethorpe was a renowned British soldier, MP, and social reformer. Educated at Oxford, he initially fought for the Austrian army against the Turks. As an MP, he brought in prison reforms. He was also the governor of Georgia.

 12 
Michiel de Ruyter
(17th Century Dutch Admiral Who is Regarded as One of the Most Skilled Admirals in History)
Michiel de Ruyter
4
Birthdate: March 24, 1607
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vlissingen, Netherlands
Died: April 29, 1676

Michiel de Ruyter was a Dutch admiral best remembered for his achievements during the Anglo-Dutch Wars. An important member of the Dutch Navy during his time, De Ruyter is widely considered one of the most talented admirals of all time. Regarded as a Dutch folk hero, Michiel de Ruyter's life and career inspired the 2015 Dutch film, Michiel de Ruyter.

Malhar Rao Holkar
5
Birthdate: March 16, 1693
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Jejuri
Died: April 20, 1766
Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne
2
Birthdate: September 11, 1611
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sedan, France
Died: July 27, 1675
 15 
Nanny of the Maroons
(Resistance fighter)
Nanny of the Maroons
5
Birthdate: 1686 AD
Birthplace: Ghana
Died: 1755 AD

Nanny of the Maroons was a Jamaican resistance fighter best remembered as the leader of the Jamaican Maroons. She led a community called Windward Maroons which fought a war against the British authorities in what came to be known as the First Maroon War. In 1975, she was declared Jamaica's only female national hero by the government of Jamaica. 

 16 
Koxinga
(Ming Loyalist General and Former Ruler of the Kingdom of Tungning (1661 - 1662))
Koxinga
3
Birthdate: August 27, 1624
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hirado, Hizen Province, Japan
Died: June 23, 1662

Koxinga was a Ming loyalist who opposed and resisted the Manchu invasion of China. In 1661, he established the House of Koxinga after defeating the Dutch military camp in Taiwan. He then ruled the Kingdom of Tungning from 1661 to 1662. Today, Koxinga is considered a deity in coastal China and is worshiped in places like Taiwan and Southeast Asia.

 17 
Bohdan Khmelnytsky
(Hetman of Zaporizhian Host (1648 –1657))
Bohdan Khmelnytsky
4
Birthdate: 1595 AD
Birthplace: Subotiv, Ukraine
Died: August 6, 1657
 18 
Daniel Morgan
(Politician)
Daniel Morgan
5
Birthdate: July 6, 1736
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States
Died: July 6, 1802
 19 
Myles Standish
(Colonist)
Myles Standish
3
Birthdate: 1584 AD
Birthplace: Lancashire, United Kingdom
Died: October 3, 1656
 20 
Toyotomi Hideyori
(Japanese General Who First United All of Japan and the Son of 'Toyotomi Hideyoshi')
Toyotomi Hideyori
3
Birthdate: August 28, 1593
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Japan
Died: June 4, 1615

The son of Japanese samurai and the second Great Unifier of Japan, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Toyotomi Hideyori is remembered in Japanese history for his suicide at age 21 after being tricked by Ieyasu in the summer Siege of Osaka. Some even believe he had escaped, as his corpse was never found.  

 21 
Edward Braddock
(military personnel)
Edward Braddock
3
Birthdate: 1695
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Perthshire
Died: July 13, 1755
 22 
Thomas Fairfax
(Political leader)
Thomas Fairfax
3
Birthdate: January 17, 1612
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Denton Hall, Wharfedale
Died: November 12, 1671
 23 
Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat
(Scottish Military Leader & Chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat)
Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat
3
Birthdate: January 5, 1667
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: England
Died: April 9, 1747

Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat was a Scottish military leader who served as the chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat. A Jacobite, Simon Fraser was among the Highlanders who were defeated at the Battle of Culloden and later sentenced to death after being convicted of treason against the Crown.  

 24 
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick
(Anglo-French Military Leader Who was an Illegitimate Son of James II of England)
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick
3
Birthdate: August 21, 1670
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moulins, France
Died: June 12, 1734

James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick was an Anglo-French military leader. He was an illegitimate son of James II of England, who reigned as the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1685 to 1688. James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick is best remembered for his service as a general under Louis XIV of France.

Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford
3
Birthdate: April 13, 1593
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 12, 1641
 26 
Henry Morgan
(Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica)
Henry Morgan
11
Birthdate: January 24, 1635
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Llanrumney, Glamorgan
Died: August 25, 1688

Henry Morgan was a Welsh privateer who later served as lieutenant governor of Jamaica. He is best remembered for raiding settlements on the Spanish Main. From the wealth acquired through his raids, Morgan became a plantation owner, buying three large sugar plantations in the Caribbean. His life and career inspired several films, such as Captain Blood and Morgan, the Pirate.

 27 
Wu Sangui
(Military general)
Wu Sangui
3
Birthdate: June 8, 1612
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Gaoyou, South Zhili, Ming dynasty, China
Died: October 2, 1678
 28 
James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose
(Poet, Viceroy and Captain General of Scotland)
James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose
3
Birthdate: October 25, 1612
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: May 21, 1650

Known as The Great Montrose, James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose was not just a Scottish nobleman and military leader but also a talented poet. He won many battles for Charles I but was defeated in the Battle of Carbisdale, following which he was hanged to death in the Edinburgh marketplace.

 29 
Louis, Grand Condé
3
Birthdate: September 8, 1621
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 11, 1686
 30 
Maurice, Prince of Orange
(Prince of Orange (1618 - 1625))
Maurice, Prince of Orange
5
Birthdate: November 14, 1567
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dillenburg, Germany
Died: April 23, 1625

Maurice, Prince of Orange is remembered for transforming the Dutch army with his modern military strategy and engineering. The second son of William I the Silent, he was part of the Eighty Years’ War with Spain. He passed away shortly before the siege of Breda was completed.

 31 
Tokugawa Tsunayoshi
(Military Dictator)
Tokugawa Tsunayoshi
3
Birthdate: February 23, 1646
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tokyo, Japan
Died: February 19, 1709
 32 
Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly
(Field Marshal Who Commanded the Catholic League’s Forces in the Thirty Years’ War)
Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly
2
Birthdate: 1559
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tilly, Belgium
Died: April 30, 1632

Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly was a field marshal who played a major role in the famous Thirty Years' War. A fierce field marshal, Johann Tserclaes had a string of prominent victories from 1620 to 1631 against the Protestants. He destroyed the Protestant city of Magdeburg, so much so that 20,000 inhabitants out of a population of 25,000 were dead.

 33 
Jan Pieterszoon Coen
(Governor-General)
Jan Pieterszoon Coen
3
Birthdate: January 8, 1587
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hoorn, Netherlands
Died: September 21, 1629
 34 
Thomas Blood
(Best Known for His Attempt to Steal Crown Jewels of England from the Tower of London in 1671)
Thomas Blood
3
Birthdate: 1618 AD
Birthplace: Meath, Ireland
Died: August 24, 1680

Thomas Blood was an Anglo-Irish officer best remembered for trying to steal the Crown Jewels of Scotland and England in 1671. He is also remembered for trying to kidnap and kill James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormond. His audacious attempt to steal the Crown Jewels inspired the popular board game, Outrage! The incident also inspired the 1934 movie, Colonel Blood.

Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton
2
Birthdate: September 28, 1663
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Palace of Whitehall, London, England
Died: October 9, 1690
 36 
Lord George Murray
(Scottish general)
Lord George Murray
2
Birthdate: October 4, 1694
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Huntingtower, Scotland
Died: October 11, 1760
 37 
Henry Ireton
(Politician)
Henry Ireton
2
Birthdate: 1611 AD
Birthplace: Attenborough, Beeston, England
Died: November 26, 1651
Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich
2
Birthdate: July 27, 1625
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Barnwell, England
Died: May 28, 1672
Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria
3
Birthdate: July 11, 1662
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: February 26, 1726
 40 
Alexander Spotswood
(Lieutenant-Colonel)
Alexander Spotswood
2
Birthdate: 1676 AD
Birthplace: English Tangier, Morocco
Died: June 7, 1740
 41 
Nathaniel Bacon
(Colonist)
Nathaniel Bacon
3
Birthdate: January 2, 1647
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Suffolk, England
Died: October 26, 1676
 42 
Thomas Harrison
(English general)
Thomas Harrison
2
Birthdate: 1616 AD
Birthplace: Newcastle-under-Lyme, England
Died: October 13, 1660
 43 
Piet Pieterszoon Hein
3
Birthdate: November 25, 1577
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Delfshaven, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: June 18, 1629
 44 
Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk
2
Birthdate: August 24, 1561
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 28, 1626
John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll
2
Birthdate: October 10, 1680
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Petersham, England
Died: October 4, 1743
 46 
Jean Bart
(Military officer)
Jean Bart
2
Birthdate: October 21, 1650
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dunkirk, France
Died: April 27, 1702
 47 
Maarten Tromp
(General)
Maarten Tromp
2
Birthdate: April 23, 1598
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Breille, Netherlands
Died: August 10, 1653
 48 
John Felton
(British Soldier Who Assassinated George Villiers, 1st Duke Of Buckingham)
John Felton
0
Birthdate: 1595 AD
Birthplace: Suffolk, England
Died: November 29, 1628

John Felton was a British soldier who served as a lieutenant in the British Army. He is best remembered for assassinating George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham on 23 August 1628. Buckingham was unpopular due to his incompetence and corruption and his murder was rejoiced in England. In 1844, the murder was fictionalized in Alexandre Dumas' novel, The Three Musketeers.

 49 
John Benbow
(Admiral)
John Benbow
2
Birthdate: March 10, 1653
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Shrewsbury, United Kingdom
Died: November 4, 1702
 50 
John Lambert
(Politician)
John Lambert
2
Birthdate: September 7, 1619
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kirkby Malham, England
Died: March 28, 1684