Famous 17th Century Military Leaders

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 1 Tokugawa Ieyasu

Tokugawa Ieyasu.
6
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: January 31, 1543
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Okazaki Castle, Mikawa (now Okazaki, Japan)
Died: June 1, 1616

Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder and first shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. He is considered one of the three "Great Unifiers" of Japan. He was the son of Matsudaira Hirotada, a minor local warlord. He grew up to be an ambitious young man with exemplary leadership qualities and eventually founded the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan. 

 2 Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell.
20
Famous As: English Statesman
Birthdate: April 25, 1599
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England
Died: September 3, 1658
The Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Oliver Cromwell was a military leader and a devoted Puritan who belonged to an affluent landowning family. During the English Civil War, Cromwell fought against King Charles I and caused the deaths of at least 3,000 soldiers and civilians.
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 3 Shivaji

Shivaji.
18
Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 19, 1630
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Shivneri
Died: April 3, 1680

Shivaji was an Indian warrior-king. He is credited with founding the Maratha Empire, which became a force to reckon with during the 18th century. He is also credited with creating his own navy. Considered one of the most important Indian kings and a hero of the Hindus, Shivaji's life and work have inspired several works of art, including films.

 4 Henry Morgan

Henry Morgan.
8
Famous As: Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica
Birthdate: January 24, 1635
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Llanrumney, Glamorgan
Died: August 25, 1688

Henry Morgan was a Welsh privateer who later served as lieutenant governor of Jamaica. He is best remembered for raiding settlements on the Spanish Main. From the wealth acquired through his raids, Morgan became a plantation owner, buying three large sugar plantations in the Caribbean. His life and career inspired several films, such as Captain Blood and Morgan, the Pirate.

 5 Prince Rupert of the Rhine

Prince Rupert of the Rhine.
3
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: December 17, 1619
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: November 29, 1682

Prince Rupert of the Rhine was a German-English admiral, army officer, colonial governor, and scientist. Renowned for his energy and quick-thinking, Rupert made long-lasting and impressive contributions to the doctrine and development of the Royal Navy. He is also credited with shaping modern Canada's political geography. 

 6 John III Sobieski

John III Sobieski
3
Famous As: Military leader, Politician
Birthdate: August 17, 1629
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Olesko
Died: June 17, 1696

 7 James Oglethorpe

James Oglethorpe.
3
Famous As: Founder of the colony of Georgia
Birthdate: December 22, 1696
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Surrey
Died: June 30, 1785
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 8 Malhar Rao Holkar

Malhar Rao Holkar
3
Birthdate: March 16, 1693
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Jejuri
Died: April 20, 1766

 9 Daniel Morgan

Daniel Morgan
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 6, 1736
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States
Died: July 6, 1802

 10 Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden

Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden.
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: December 9, 1594
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: November 6, 1632

Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden reigned as the King of Sweden from 30 October 1611 until his death on 6 November 1632, at the age of 37. He is credited with transforming Sweden into a great European power. Considered one of the greatest modern military commanders, Gustavus Adolphus turned Sweden into one of Europe's primary military forces during the Thirty Years' War.

 11 Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne

Henri de La Tour d'Auvergne, vicomte de Turenne
2
Famous As: Military leader
Birthdate: September 11, 1611
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sedan, France
Died: July 27, 1675

 12 Michiel de Ruyter

Michiel de Ruyter.
3
Famous As: Admiral
Birthdate: March 24, 1607
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vlissingen, Netherlands
Died: April 29, 1676

Michiel de Ruyter was a Dutch admiral best remembered for his achievements during the Anglo-Dutch Wars. An important member of the Dutch Navy during his time, De Ruyter is widely considered one of the most talented admirals of all time. Regarded as a Dutch folk hero, Michiel de Ruyter's life and career inspired the 2015 Dutch film, Michiel de Ruyter.

 13 Myles Standish

Myles Standish
3
Famous As: Colonist
Birthdate: 1584 AD
Birthplace: Lancashire, United Kingdom
Died: October 3, 1656

 14 Edward Braddock

Edward Braddock
3
Famous As: military personnel
Birthdate: December 31, 1695
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Perthshire
Died: July 13, 1755

 15 Ishida Mitsunari

Ishida Mitsunari
3
Famous As: Military Commander
Birthdate: 1559 AD
Birthplace: Ōmi Province
Died: November 6, 1600

 16 Thomas Fairfax

Thomas Fairfax.
3
Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: January 17, 1612
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Denton Hall, Wharfedale
Died: November 12, 1671

 17 Maurice, Prince of Orange

Maurice, Prince of Orange
3
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: November 14, 1567
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dillenburg, Germany
Died: April 23, 1625

 18 Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford

Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford
3
Famous As: Noble
Birthdate: April 13, 1593
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 12, 1641

 19 Wu Sangui

Wu Sangui
3
Famous As: Military general
Birthdate: June 8, 1612
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Gaoyou, South Zhili, Ming dynasty, China
Died: October 2, 1678

 20 Louis, Grand Condé

Louis, Grand Condé
3
Famous As: General
Birthdate: September 8, 1621
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 11, 1686

 21 James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose

James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: October 25, 1612
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: May 21, 1650

 22 Nathaniel Bacon

Nathaniel Bacon
3
Famous As: Colonist
Birthdate: January 2, 1647
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Suffolk, England
Died: October 26, 1676

 23 Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly

Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly
2
Famous As: Military Commander
Birthdate: February 1, 1559
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tilly, Belgium
Died: April 30, 1632

 24 Jan Pieterszoon Coen

Jan Pieterszoon Coen
2
Famous As: Governor-General
Birthdate: January 8, 1587
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hoorn, Netherlands
Died: September 21, 1629

 25 Zeng Guofan

Zeng Guofan
2
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: November 26, 1811
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Shuangfeng, China
Died: March 12, 1872

Chinese military general and Confucian scholar Zeng Guofan is best remembered for his efforts in crushing the Taiping Rebellion. Apart from being a court scholar of the Qing rulers, he also served on various prominent boards. His writings have been preserved as a collection of 156 books.

 26 Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton

Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton
2
Famous As: Noblemen
Birthdate: September 28, 1663
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Palace of Whitehall, London, England
Died: October 9, 1690

 27 Henry Ireton

Henry Ireton
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1611 AD
Birthplace: Attenborough, Beeston, England
Died: November 26, 1651

 28 Piet Pieterszoon Hein

Piet Pieterszoon Hein
2
Famous As: Admiral
Birthdate: November 25, 1577
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Delfshaven, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: June 18, 1629

 29 Thomas Harrison

Thomas Harrison
2
Famous As: English general
Birthdate: 1616 AD
Birthplace: Newcastle-under-Lyme, England
Died: October 13, 1660

 30 Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich

Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich
2
Famous As: Admiral
Birthdate: July 27, 1625
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Barnwell, England
Died: May 28, 1672

 31 Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk

Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk
2
Famous As: English commander
Birthdate: August 24, 1561
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 28, 1626

 32 Maarten Tromp

Maarten Tromp
2
Famous As: General
Birthdate: April 23, 1598
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Breille, Netherlands
Died: August 10, 1653

 33 George Carteret

George Carteret
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1610 AD
Birthplace: Jersey
Died: January 18, 1680

 34 George Wade

George Wade
2
Famous As: military personnel, politician
Birthdate: 1673 AD
Birthplace: County Westmeath
Died: March 14, 1748

 35 John Lambert

John Lambert
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 7, 1619
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kirkby Malham, England
Died: March 28, 1684

 36 Zheng Zhilong

Zheng Zhilong
2
Famous As: Merchant
Birthdate: April 16, 1604
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nan'an, Fujian, Quanzhou, China
Died: November 24, 1661

Chinese pirate and Ming dynasty leader Zheng Zhilong was baptized by the Europeans who had employed him as a boy. He was assigned the duty of safeguarding the borders from the Dutch, and later joined the Qing dynasty. He was assassinated for his son’s refusal to submit to the Qings.

 37 Cornelis Tromp

Cornelis Tromp
2
Famous As: Admiral
Birthdate: September 3, 1629
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: May 29, 1691

 38 John George I, Elector of Saxony

John George I, Elector of Saxony
2
Famous As: Elector of Saxony
Birthdate: March 5, 1585
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: October 8, 1656

 39 Edward Montagu, 2nd earl of Manchester

Edward Montagu, 2nd earl of Manchester
2
Famous As: General
Birthdate: 1602 AD
Birthplace: England
Died: May 5, 1671

 40 Raimondo Montecuccoli

Raimondo Montecuccoli
2
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: February 21, 1609
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pavullo Nel Frignano, Italy
Died: October 16, 1680

Seventeenth-century soldier Raimondo Montecuccoli, who served the Habsburg Monarchy, is remembered for redefining the art of warfare with his techniques of fortification and siege. He made a significant contribution to the Thirty Years’ War and penned Dell’arte militare, or The Military Art, which remains his most important work.

 41 Frederick Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg

Frederick Schomberg, 1st Duke of Schomberg
2
Famous As: Marshal
Birthdate: December 6, 1615
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Heidelberg, Germany
Died: July 1, 1690

 42 Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano

Thomas Francis, Prince of Carignano
2
Famous As: Military Commander
Birthdate: December 21, 1596
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: January 22, 1656

 43 Francesco Morosini

Francesco Morosini
1
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 26, 1619
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Venice, Italy
Died: January 16, 1694

 44 Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria

Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria
1
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: May 16, 1609
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain
Died: November 9, 1641

 45 Gottfried Heinrich, count zu Pappenheim

Gottfried Heinrich, count zu Pappenheim
1
Famous As: German officer
Birthdate: May 29, 1594
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Treuchtlingen, Germany
Died: November 17, 1632

 46 Jan Karol Chodkiewicz

Jan Karol Chodkiewicz
1
Famous As: Military Commander
Birthdate: 1560 AD
Birthplace: Vilnius, Lithuania
Died: September 24, 1621

 47 James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormond

James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormond
1
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: October 19, 1610
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 21, 1688

 48 Samuel Argall

Samuel Argall
1
Famous As: Adventurer
Birthdate: 1580 AD
Birthplace: Bristol, England
Died: January 24, 1626

 49 Ferdinando Gorges

Ferdinando Gorges
1
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: 1565 AD
Birthplace: Wraxall, England
Died: May 24, 1647

 50 Patrick Gordon

Patrick Gordon
1
Famous As: General
Birthdate: March 31, 1635
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Died: November 29, 1699