Famous 17th Century British Leaders

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 1 John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough

John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
11
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: May 26, 1650
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ash, Musbury
Died: June 16, 1722

 2 Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell
26
Famous As: English Statesman
Birthdate: April 25, 1599
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England
Died: September 3, 1658
The Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Oliver Cromwell was a military leader and a devoted Puritan who belonged to an affluent landowning family. During the English Civil War, Cromwell fought against King Charles I and caused the deaths of at least 3,000 soldiers and civilians.

 3 Robert Walpole

Robert Walpole
6
Famous As: Prime Minister of Great Britain (1721-42)
Birthdate: August 26, 1676
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Houghton, Norfolk, England
Died: March 18, 1745
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 4 Samuel Pepys

Samuel Pepys
6
Famous As: Member of Parliament
Birthdate: February 23, 1633
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 26, 1703

 5 Roger Williams

Roger Williams
4
Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: December 12, 1603
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 1683 AD

Roger Williams was a 17th-century Puritan minister and theologian. He founded Providence Plantations, which later became the US state of Rhode Island. He advocated for fair dealings with Native Americans and believed in religious freedom. He disapproved of perpetual chattel slavery. After being expelled by the Puritan leaders, he founded the First Baptist Church in America. 

 6 Prince Rupert of the Rhine

Prince Rupert of the Rhine
3
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: December 17, 1619
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: November 29, 1682

Prince Rupert of the Rhine was a German-English admiral, army officer, colonial governor, and scientist. Renowned for his energy and quick-thinking, Rupert made long-lasting and impressive contributions to the doctrine and development of the Royal Navy. He is also credited with shaping modern Canada's political geography. 

 7 Richard Cromwell

Richard Cromwell
4
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: October 4, 1626
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
Died: July 12, 1712
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 8 Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury

Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 1, 1563
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Westminster, London, England
Died: May 24, 1612

Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury was a British statesman best remembered for his contribution during the Union of the Crowns. One of the main discoverers of the infamous Gunpowder Plot, Robert Cecil served as the Lord High Treasurer from 1608 to 1612. From 1596 to 1612, he served as the Secretary of State of England.

 9 James Oglethorpe

James Oglethorpe
3
Famous As: Founder of the colony of Georgia
Birthdate: December 22, 1696
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Surrey
Died: June 30, 1785

Remembered as the founder of the British colony of Georgia in the US, James Oglethorpe was a renowned British soldier, MP, and social reformer. Educated at Oxford, he initially fought for the Austrian army against the Turks. As an MP, he brought in prison reforms. He was also the governor of Georgia.

 10 Robert Catesby

Robert Catesby
6
Famous As: Conspirator
Birthdate: March 3, 1572
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lapworth, England
Died: November 8, 1605

 11 George Villiers

George Villiers
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 28, 1592
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Leicestershire
Died: August 23, 1628

Rumored to be a possible lover of the English king James I, statesman George Villiers, was a royal favorite but later grew unpopular with people for his inefficiency and faulty foreign policies. He practically ruled England in the initial years of Charles I’s reign and was eventually assassinated by an army officer.

 12 Myles Standish

Myles Standish
4
Famous As: Colonist
Birthdate: 1584 AD
Birthplace: Lancashire, United Kingdom
Died: October 3, 1656

 13 William Laud

William Laud
3
Famous As: Archbishop of Canterbury (1633–1645)
Birthdate: October 7, 1573
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Reading, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
Died: January 10, 1645

 14 Edward Braddock

Edward Braddock
3
Famous As: military personnel
Birthdate: December 31, 1695
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Perthshire
Died: July 13, 1755

 15 Thomas Fairfax

Thomas Fairfax
3
Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: January 17, 1612
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Denton Hall, Wharfedale
Died: November 12, 1671

 16 Charles James Fox

Charles James Fox
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 24, 1749
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Westminster, England
Died: September 13, 1806

 17 Robert Harley, 1st earl of Oxford

Robert Harley, 1st earl of Oxford
3
Famous As: English statesman
Birthdate: December 5, 1661
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 21, 1724

 18 Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of Essex

Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of Essex
3
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: January 11, 1591
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: England
Died: September 14, 1646

 19 Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat

Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat
3
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: January 5, 1667
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: England
Died: April 9, 1747

 20 Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle
3
Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: July 21, 1693
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 17, 1768

 21 James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick

James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick
3
Famous As: Duke
Birthdate: August 21, 1670
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moulins, France
Died: June 12, 1734

 22 Titus Oates

Titus Oates
3
Famous As: English priest
Birthdate: September 15, 1649
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oakham, England
Died: July 13, 1705

Anglican priest Titus Oates is infamous for making up the 1678 Popish Plot, suggesting that Roman Catholics were plotting to kill King Charles II and seize power. His fake plot created mayhem in London and strengthened the Whig Party. He was later arrested and imprisoned for sedition.

 23 Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford

Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford
3
Famous As: Noble
Birthdate: April 13, 1593
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 12, 1641

 24 George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore

George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1580 AD
Birthplace: Kiplin, England
Died: April 15, 1632

 25 George Monck, 1st duke of Albemarle

George Monck, 1st duke of Albemarle
3
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: December 6, 1608
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Great Potheridge, England
Died: January 3, 1670

 26 Edward Coke

Edward Coke
3
Famous As: Barrister
Birthdate: February 1, 1552
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mileham, Breckland, Norfolk, England
Died: September 3, 1634

Edward Coke was an English politician, barrister, and judge. He is regarded as the greatest jurist of the Jacobean and Elizabethan eras. As a barrister, Coke took up important cases like Slade's Case. As a Member of Parliament, Coke campaigned for the Statute of Monopolies 1623. He also played a key role in the passage of the Petition of Right.

 27 George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham

George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 30, 1628
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 16, 1687

 28 Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington

Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1673 AD
Birthplace: Compton Wynyates
Died: July 2, 1743

 29 Henry Pelham

Henry Pelham
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 25, 1694
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Laughton
Died: March 6, 1754

 30 John Pym

John Pym
2
Famous As: Member of Parliament
Birthdate: May 20, 1584
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bridgwater, England
Died: December 8, 1643

 31 Edward Winslow

Edward Winslow
3
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: October 18, 1595
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Droitwich Spa, England
Died: May 8, 1655

 32 John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby

John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby
2
Famous As: Former Lord Privy Seal
Birthdate: September 8, 1647
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 24, 1721

 33 Thomas West, 12th Baron De La Warr

Thomas West, 12th Baron De La Warr
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 9, 1577
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wherwell, United Kingdom
Died: June 7, 1618

 34 Sir Edmund Andros

Sir Edmund Andros
2
Famous As: Colonial official
Birthdate: December 6, 1637
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 24, 1714

 35 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 22, 1621
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: East Dorset, England
Died: January 21, 1683

 36 Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of Sunderland

Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of Sunderland
3
Famous As: British statesman
Birthdate: April 23, 1675
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Not Known
Died: April 19, 1722

 37 Henry Morgan

Henry Morgan
7
Famous As: Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica
Birthdate: January 24, 1635
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Llanrumney, Glamorgan
Died: August 25, 1688

Henry Morgan was a Welsh privateer who later served as lieutenant governor of Jamaica. He is best remembered for raiding settlements on the Spanish Main. From the wealth acquired through his raids, Morgan became a plantation owner, buying three large sugar plantations in the Caribbean. His life and career inspired several films, such as Captain Blood and Morgan, the Pirate.

 38 John Lilburne

John Lilburne
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1614 AD
Birthplace: Sunderland, England
Died: August 29, 1657

 39 Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset

Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1587 AD
Birthplace: Wrington, Somerset, England
Died: July 17, 1645

 40 John Hampden

John Hampden
2
Famous As: Political leader
Birthdate: May 31, 1595
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: June 18, 1643

 41 Henry Spencer, 1st earl of Sunderland

Henry Spencer, 1st earl of Sunderland
2
Famous As: English Cavalier
Birthdate: November 23, 1620
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Althorp
Died: September 20, 1643

 42 Alexander Spotswood

Alexander Spotswood
2
Famous As: Lieutenant-Colonel
Birthdate: 1676 AD
Birthplace: English Tangier, Morocco
Died: June 7, 1740

 43 Henry Ireton

Henry Ireton
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: 1611 AD
Birthplace: Attenborough, Beeston, England
Died: November 26, 1651

 44 Nathaniel Bacon

Nathaniel Bacon
3
Famous As: Colonist
Birthdate: January 2, 1647
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Suffolk, England
Died: October 26, 1676

 45 Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich

Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich
2
Famous As: Admiral
Birthdate: July 27, 1625
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Barnwell, England
Died: May 28, 1672

 46 Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton

Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton
2
Famous As: Noblemen
Birthdate: September 28, 1663
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Palace of Whitehall, London, England
Died: October 9, 1690

 47 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire

William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire
2
Famous As: Soldier
Birthdate: January 25, 1640
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: United Kingdom
Died: August 18, 1707

 48 William Russell, Lord Russell

William Russell, Lord Russell
2
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 29, 1639
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: England
Died: July 21, 1683

 49 Algernon Sidney

Algernon Sidney
2
Famous As: Diplomat, Politician, Writer
Birthdate: January 15, 1623
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Baynard's Castle, London
Died: December 7, 1683

 50 Thomas Harrison

Thomas Harrison
2
Famous As: English general
Birthdate: 1616 AD
Birthplace: Newcastle-under-Lyme, England
Died: October 13, 1660