Famous 17th Century British Leaders

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 1 
John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
(English Soldier and Statesman Who helped Defeat the 'Monmouth Rebellion' in 1685)
John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough
12
Birthdate: May 26, 1650
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ash, Musbury
Died: June 16, 1722

English statesman and soldier John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough was the second son of Sir Winston Churchill and is remembered for his contribution to wars such as the Monmouth Rebellion and the War of the Spanish Succession. He was once imprisoned in the Tower of London for Jacobitism.

 2 
Oliver Cromwell
(English Statesman)
Oliver Cromwell
26
Birthdate: April 25, 1599
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, Kingdom of England
Died: September 3, 1658
The Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Oliver Cromwell was a military leader and a devoted Puritan who belonged to an affluent landowning family. During the English Civil War, Cromwell fought against King Charles I and caused the deaths of at least 3,000 soldiers and civilians.
 3 
Samuel Pepys
(Member of Parliament)
Samuel Pepys
6
Birthdate: February 23, 1633
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 26, 1703
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 4 
Robert Walpole
(Prime Minister of Great Britain (1721-42))
Robert Walpole
6
Birthdate: August 26, 1676
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Houghton, Norfolk, England
Died: March 18, 1745
 5 
Henry Morgan
(Privateer, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica)
Henry Morgan
7
Birthdate: January 24, 1635
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Llanrumney, Glamorgan
Died: August 25, 1688

Henry Morgan was a Welsh privateer who later served as lieutenant governor of Jamaica. He is best remembered for raiding settlements on the Spanish Main. From the wealth acquired through his raids, Morgan became a plantation owner, buying three large sugar plantations in the Caribbean. His life and career inspired several films, such as Captain Blood and Morgan, the Pirate.

 6 
Roger Williams
(Theologian)
Roger Williams
4
Birthdate: December 12, 1603
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 1683 AD

Roger Williams was a 17th-century Puritan minister and theologian. He founded Providence Plantations, which later became the US state of Rhode Island. He advocated for fair dealings with Native Americans and believed in religious freedom. He disapproved of perpetual chattel slavery. After being expelled by the Puritan leaders, he founded the First Baptist Church in America. 

 7 
Prince Rupert of the Rhine
(German-English Army Officer, Admiral, Scientist and Colonial Governor)
Prince Rupert of the Rhine
3
Birthdate: December 17, 1619
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czechia
Died: November 29, 1682

Prince Rupert of the Rhine was a German-English admiral, army officer, colonial governor, and scientist. Renowned for his energy and quick-thinking, Rupert made long-lasting and impressive contributions to the doctrine and development of the Royal Navy. He is also credited with shaping modern Canada's political geography. 

 8 
Richard Cromwell
(Statesman)
Richard Cromwell
4
Birthdate: October 4, 1626
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
Died: July 12, 1712
 9 
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
(Former Secretary of State of England (1596 - 1612))
Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury
3
Birthdate: June 1, 1563
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Westminster, London, England
Died: May 24, 1612

Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury was a British statesman best remembered for his contribution during the Union of the Crowns. One of the main discoverers of the infamous Gunpowder Plot, Robert Cecil served as the Lord High Treasurer from 1608 to 1612. From 1596 to 1612, he served as the Secretary of State of England.

 10 
James Oglethorpe
(Founder of the colony of Georgia)
James Oglethorpe
3
Birthdate: December 22, 1696
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Surrey
Died: June 30, 1785

Remembered as the founder of the British colony of Georgia in the US, James Oglethorpe was a renowned British soldier, MP, and social reformer. Educated at Oxford, he initially fought for the Austrian army against the Turks. As an MP, he brought in prison reforms. He was also the governor of Georgia.

 11 
Robert Catesby
(Conspirator)
Robert Catesby
6
Birthdate: March 3, 1572
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lapworth, England
Died: November 8, 1605
 12 
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
(British Politician, Courtier and Master of the Horse (1616 - 1628))
George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
4
Birthdate: August 28, 1592
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Brooksby, Leicestershire, England
Died: August 23, 1628

Rumored to be a possible lover of the English king James I, statesman George Villiers, was a royal favorite but later grew unpopular with people for his inefficiency and faulty foreign policies. He practically ruled England in the initial years of Charles I’s reign and was eventually assassinated by an army officer.

 13 
Myles Standish
(Colonist)
Myles Standish
4
Birthdate: 1584 AD
Birthplace: Lancashire, United Kingdom
Died: October 3, 1656
 14 
Edward Braddock
(military personnel)
Edward Braddock
3
Birthdate: 1695
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Perthshire
Died: July 13, 1755
 15 
William Laud
(Archbishop of Canterbury (1633–1645))
William Laud
3
Birthdate: October 7, 1573
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Reading, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
Died: January 10, 1645
 16 
Thomas Fairfax
(Political leader)
Thomas Fairfax
3
Birthdate: January 17, 1612
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Denton Hall, Wharfedale
Died: November 12, 1671
 17 
Charles James Fox
(Politician)
Charles James Fox
3
Birthdate: January 24, 1749
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Westminster, England
Died: September 13, 1806
Robert Devereux, 3rd earl of Essex
3
Birthdate: January 11, 1591
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: England
Died: September 14, 1646
 19 
Robert Harley, 1st earl of Oxford
3
Birthdate: December 5, 1661
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 21, 1724
 20 
Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat
(Scottish Military Leader & Chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat)
Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat
3
Birthdate: January 5, 1667
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: England
Died: April 9, 1747

Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat was a Scottish military leader who served as the chief of Clan Fraser of Lovat. A Jacobite, Simon Fraser was among the Highlanders who were defeated at the Battle of Culloden and later sentenced to death after being convicted of treason against the Crown.  

Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle
3
Birthdate: July 21, 1693
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 17, 1768
 22 
Nicholas Barbon
(British Economist, Financial Speculator and One of the First Proponents of the Free Market)
Nicholas Barbon
3
Birthdate: 1640 AD
Birthplace: London, England
Died: 1698 AD

The son of a preacher, economist Nicholas Barbon actively participated in reconstructing London following the Great Fire of 1666 and then launched his own insurance company, pioneering fire insurance. As an economist, he penned significant works on the free market and division of labor. He was also a qualified doctor.

 23 
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick
(Anglo-French Military Leader Who was an Illegitimate Son of James II of England)
James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick
4
Birthdate: August 21, 1670
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moulins, France
Died: June 12, 1734

James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick was an Anglo-French military leader. He was an illegitimate son of James II of England, who reigned as the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 1685 to 1688. James FitzJames, 1st Duke of Berwick is best remembered for his service as a general under Louis XIV of France.

George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore
3
Birthdate: 1580 AD
Birthplace: Kiplin, England
Died: April 15, 1632
Thomas Wentworth, 1st earl of Strafford
3
Birthdate: April 13, 1593
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 12, 1641
George Monck, 1st duke of Albemarle
3
Birthdate: December 6, 1608
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Great Potheridge, England
Died: January 3, 1670
Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington
3
Birthdate: 1673 AD
Birthplace: Compton Wynyates
Died: July 2, 1743
 28 
Henry Pelham
(Politician)
Henry Pelham
3
Birthdate: September 25, 1694
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Laughton
Died: March 6, 1754
John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby
2
Birthdate: September 8, 1647
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 24, 1721
Thomas West, 12th Baron De La Warr
3
Birthdate: July 9, 1577
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wherwell, United Kingdom
Died: June 7, 1618
 31 
William Petty
(British Economist, Philosopher and Physician Known for His Methods of Political Arithmetic')
William Petty
3
Birthdate: May 26, 1623
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Romsey, Hampshire, England
Died: December 16, 1687

Initially a physician and anatomy professor, William Petty also taught music. However, he later established himself as a noted economist and became famous for his works such as Treatise of Taxes and Contributions. He was a surveyor under Oliver Cromwell and was a pioneer of political arithmetic.

 32 
John Pym
(Member of Parliament)
John Pym
2
Birthdate: May 20, 1584
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bridgwater, England
Died: December 8, 1643
Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of Sunderland
3
Birthdate: April 23, 1675
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Not Known
Died: April 19, 1722
 34 
Sir Edmund Andros
(Colonial official)
Sir Edmund Andros
2
Birthdate: December 6, 1637
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: February 24, 1714
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury
2
Birthdate: July 22, 1621
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: East Dorset, England
Died: January 21, 1683
George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
3
Birthdate: January 30, 1628
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: April 16, 1687
 37 
John Lilburne
(Politician)
John Lilburne
2
Birthdate: 1614 AD
Birthplace: Sunderland, England
Died: August 29, 1657
 38 
Edward Winslow
3
Birthdate: October 18, 1595
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Droitwich Spa, England
Died: May 8, 1655
 39 
John Hampden
(Political leader)
John Hampden
2
Birthdate: 1595
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: June 18, 1643
Henry Spencer, 1st earl of Sunderland
2
Birthdate: November 23, 1620
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Althorp
Died: September 20, 1643
Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset
2
Birthdate: 1587 AD
Birthplace: Wrington, Somerset, England
Died: July 17, 1645
 42 
Henry Ireton
(Politician)
Henry Ireton
2
Birthdate: 1611 AD
Birthplace: Attenborough, Beeston, England
Died: November 26, 1651
 43 
Nathaniel Bacon
(Colonist)
Nathaniel Bacon
3
Birthdate: January 2, 1647
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Suffolk, England
Died: October 26, 1676
Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton
2
Birthdate: September 28, 1663
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Palace of Whitehall, London, England
Died: October 9, 1690
Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich
2
Birthdate: July 27, 1625
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Barnwell, England
Died: May 28, 1672
 46 
Alexander Spotswood
(Lieutenant-Colonel)
Alexander Spotswood
2
Birthdate: 1676 AD
Birthplace: English Tangier, Morocco
Died: June 7, 1740
William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire
2
Birthdate: January 25, 1640
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: United Kingdom
Died: August 18, 1707
William Russell, Lord Russell
2
Birthdate: September 29, 1639
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: England
Died: July 21, 1683
 49 
Algernon Sidney
(Diplomat, Politician, Writer)
Algernon Sidney
2
Birthdate: January 15, 1623
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Baynard's Castle, London
Died: December 7, 1683
 50 
Thomas Harrison
(English general)
Thomas Harrison
2
Birthdate: 1616 AD
Birthplace: Newcastle-under-Lyme, England
Died: October 13, 1660