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Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Physicists, including Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Nikola Tesla, Erwin Schrödinger and Niels Bohr

19th Century Physicists
Find out more about the greatest 19th Century Physicists, including Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Nikola Tesla, Erwin Schrödinger and Niels Bohr.
Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein

14 March 1879

18 April 1955

Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire

German,American

Pisces

Marie CurieMarie Curie

07 November 1867

04 July 1934

Warsaw

Polish

Scorpio

Nikola TeslaNikola Tesla

10 July 1856

07 January 1943

Smiljan, Austrian Empire (modern-day Croatia)

American

Cancer

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger

12 August 1887

04 January 1961

Vienna

Austrian

Leo

Niels BohrNiels Bohr

07 October 1885

18 November 1962

Copenhagen, Denmark

Danish

Libra

Ernest RutherfordErnest Rutherford

30 August 1871

19 October 1937

Brightwater, New Zealand

New Zealander,British

Virgo

J J ThompsonJ. J. Thomson

18 December 1856

30 August 1940

Manchester, Lancashire, UK

British

Sagittarius

Max PlanckMax Planck

23 April 1858

04 October 1947

Kiel

German

Taurus

C.V. RamanC.V. Raman

07 November 1888

21 November 1970

Tiruchirappalli, Madras Province

Indian

Scorpio

Jagadish Chandra BoseJagadish Chandra Bose

30 November 1858

23 November 1937

Bikrampur, Bengal Presidency, British India (Now Munshiganj District of Bangladesh)

Indian

Sagittarius

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner

07 November 1878

27 October 1968

Vienna

Austrian

Scorpio

Georges LemaîtreGeorges Lemaître

17 July 1894

20 June 1966

Charleroi, Belgium

Belgian

Cancer

Satyendra Nath BoseSatyendra Nath Bose

01 January 1894

04 February 1974

Kolkata, India

Indian

Capricorn

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić

19 December 1875

04 August 1948

Titel

Serbian

Sagittarius

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz

22 February 1857

01 January 1894

Hamburg

German

Pisces

James ChadwickJames Chadwick

20 October 1891

24 July 1974

Bollington

British

Libra

William Thomson, 1st Baron KelvinWilliam Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin

26 June 1824

17 December 1907

Belfast

British

Cancer

Louis de BroglieLouis de Broglie

15 August 1892

19 March 1987

Dieppe

French

Leo

Robert Andrews MillikanRobert Andrews Millikan

22 March 1868

19 December 1953

Morrison

American

Aries

Max BornMax Born

11 December 1882

05 January 1970

Wrocław

German

Sagittarius

Henry MoseleyHenry Moseley

23 November 1887

10 August 1915

Weymouth, Dorset

British

Sagittarius

Pierre CuriePierre Curie

15 May 1859

19 April 1906

Paris, France

French

Taurus

James Prescott JouleJames Prescott Joule

24 December 1818

11 October 1889

Salford, Lancashire, England, UK

British

Capricorn

Joseph FourierJoseph Fourier

21 March 1768

16 May 1830

Auxerre, Burgundy, Kingdom of France (now in Yonne, France)

French

Aries

Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz

31 August 1821

08 September 1894

Potsdam

German

Virgo

Ludwig BoltzmannLudwig Boltzmann

20 February 1844

05 September 1906

Vienna

Austrian

Pisces

Henri BecquerelHenri Becquerel

15 December 1852

25 August 1908

Paris, France

French

Sagittarius

Hendrik LorentzHendrik Lorentz

18 July 1853

04 February 1928

Arnhem

Dutch

Cancer

Lord KelvinLord Kelvin

26 June 1824

17 December 1907

Belfast, Ireland

British

Cancer

Meghnad SahaMeghnad Saha

06 October 1893

16 February 1956

Shaoratoli, Dhaka, Bangladesh, British India

Indian

Libra

Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff

12 March 1824

17 October 1887

Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia

German

Pisces

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington

28 December 1882

22 November 1944

Kendal

British

Capricorn

Ernst MachErnst Mach

18 February 1838

19 February 1916

Brno

Austrian

Aquarius

Leó SzilárdLeó Szilárd

11 February 1898

30 May 1964

Budapest

American

Aquarius

Arnold SommerfeldArnold Sommerfeld

05 December 1868

26 April 1951

Königsberg

German

Sagittarius

Albert Abraham MichelsonAlbert A. Michelson

19 December 1852

09 May 1931

Strzelno, Kingdom of Prussia (modern Poland)

American

Sagittarius

John TyndallJohn Tyndall

02 August 1820

04 December 1893

Leighlinbridge, County Carlow, Ireland

Irish,British

Leo

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon

11 December 1863

13 April 1941

Dover

American

Sagittarius

Max von Laue or Max bMax von Laue

09 October 1879

24 April 1960

Pfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire

German

Libra

Sir George Stokes, 1st BaronetSir George Stokes, 1st Baronet

13 August 1819

01 February 1903

Skreen

British

Leo

Isidor Isaac Rabi Isidor Isaac Rabi

29 July 1898

11 January 1988

Rymanów, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (today Poland)

American

Leo

Arthur ComptonArthur Compton

10 September 1892

15 March 1962

Wooster, Ohio, USA

American

Virgo

William Henry BraggWilliam Henry Bragg

02 July 1862

10 March 1942

Wigton

British

Cancer

Philipp LenardPhilipp Lenard

07 June 1862

20 May 1947

Pressburg, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire

German

Gemini

Léon FoucaultLéon Foucault

18 September 1819

11 February 1868

Paris

French

Virgo

Heike Kamerlingh OnnesHeike Kamerlingh Onnes

21 September 1853

21 February 1926

Groningen, Netherlands

Dutch

Virgo

Johannes StarkJohannes Stark

15 April 1874

21 June 1957

Freihung

German

Aries

Karl Ferdinand BraunKarl Ferdinand Braun

06 June 1850

20 April 1918

Fulda, Electorate of Hessen, Germany

German

Gemini

Pyotr KapitsaPyotr Kapitsa

08 July 1894

08 April 1984

Kronstadt, Russian Empire

Russian

Cancer

Walther NernstWalther Nernst

25 June 1864

18 November 1941

Wąbrzeźno

German

Cancer

Lor RayleighLord Rayleigh

12 November 1842

30 June 1919

Langford Grove, Maldon, Essex, England

British

Scorpio

John CockcroftJohn Cockcroft

27 May 1897

18 September 1967

Todmorden

British

Gemini

James FranckJames Franck

26 August 1882

21 May 1964

Hamburg, German Empire

German

Virgo

Igor Yevgenyevich TammIgor Tamm

08 July 1895

12 April 1971

Vladivostok, Russian Empire

Soviet Russian

Cancer

George Paget ThomsonGeorge Paget Thomson

03 May 1892

10 September 1975

Cambridge

British

Taurus

Wilhelm WienWilhelm Wien

13 January 1864

30 August 1928

Gaffken near Fischhausen, Province of Prussia

German

Capricorn

Gabriel LippmannGabriel Lippmann

16 August 1845

13 July 1921

Bonnevoie/Bouneweg, Luxembourg (since 1921 part of Luxembourg City)

French

Leo

Pieter ZeemanPieter Zeeman

25 May 1865

09 October 1943

Zonnemaire, Netherlands

Dutch

Gemini

Jean Baptiste PerrinJean Baptiste Perrin

30 September 1870

17 April 1942

Lille, France

French

Libra

Fritz ZernikeFrits Zernike

16 July 1888

10 March 1966

Amsterdam, Netherlands

Dutch

Cancer

Otto SternOtto Stern

17 February 1888

17 August 1969

Żory

German

Aquarius

Gustav Ludwig HertzGustav Ludwig Hertz

22 July 1887

30 October 1975

Hamburg

German

Cancer

Percy Williams BridgmanPercy Williams Bridgman

21 April 1882

20 August 1961

Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

American

Taurus

Francis William AstonFrancis William Aston

01 September 1877

20 November 1945

Harborne, Birmingham

British

Virgo

John Hasbrouck Van VleckJohn Hasbrouck Van Vleck

13 March 1899

27 October 1980

Middletown, Connecticut

American

Pisces

Charles Thomson Rees WilsonCharles Thomson Rees Wilson

14 February 1869

15 November 1959

Midlothian, Scotland

British

Aquarius

Clinton DavissonClinton Davisson

22 October 1881

01 February 1958

Bloomington, Illinois, USA

American

Libra

Edward Victor AppletonEdward Victor Appleton

06 September 1892

21 April 1965

Bradford

British

Virgo

Victor Francis HessVictor Francis Hess

24 June 1883

17 December 1964

Peggau

American

Cancer

Walther BotheWalther Bothe

08 January 1891

08 February 1957

Oranienburg

German

Capricorn

 Owen Willans RichardsonOwen Willans Richardson

26 April 1879

15 February 1959

Dewsbury, Yorkshire, England

British

Taurus

Manne SiegbahnManne Siegbahn

03 December 1886

26 September 1978

Örebro, Sweden

Swedish

Sagittarius

Robert Sanderson Mulliken Robert S. Mulliken

07 June 1896

31 October 1986

Newburyport, Massachusetts, US

American

Gemini

James MaxwellJames Maxwell

13 June 1831

05 November 1879

Edinburgh, Scotland

Scottish

Gemini

Charles Glover BarklaCharles Glover Barkla

07 June 1877

23 October 1944

Widnes, Lancashire, England

British

Gemini

Charles Édouard GuillaumeCharles Édouard Guillaume

15 February 1861

13 May 1938

Fleurier

Swiss

Aquarius

Johannes RydbergJohannes Rydberg

08 November 1854

28 December 1919

Halmstad

Swedish

Scorpio

Katharine Burr BlodgettKatharine Burr Blodgett

10 January 1898

12 October 1979

Schenectady

American

Capricorn

Patrick BlackettPatrick Blackett

18 November 1897

13 July 1974

London, England

British

Scorpio

Mihajlo Idvorski PupinMihajlo Idvorski Pupin

09 October 1858

12 March 1935

Idvor

Serbian

Libra

Walter GerlachWalter Gerlach

01 August 1889

10 August 1979

Biebrich, Rhineland Palatinate

German

Leo

William P. MurphyWilliam P. Murphy

06 February 1892

09 October 1987

Stoughton

American

Aquarius

Johannes Diderik van der WaalsJohannes van der Waals

23 November 1837

08 March 1923

Leiden, Netherlands

Dutch

Sagittarius

Wilhelm RontgenWilhelm Rontgen

27 March 1845

10 February 1923

Lennep, Rhine Province, Germany

German

Aries

Sir William Rowan HamiltonSir William Rowan Hamilton

04 August 1805

02 September 1865

Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Irish,British

Leo

Karl HerzfeldKarl Herzfeld

24 February 1892

03 June 1978

Vienna

Austrian

Pisces

Wilhelm WeberWilhelm Weber

24 October 1804

23 June 1891

Wittenberg, Saxony, Holy Roman Empire

German

Scorpio

Sir William Lawrence BraggSir William Lawrence Bragg

31 March 1890

01 July 1971

North Adelaide, South Australia

British

Aries

Hermann Klaus Hugo WeylHermann Klaus Hugo Weyl

09 November 1885

08 December 1955

Elmshorn

German

Scorpio

C. V. RamanC. V. Raman

07 November 1888

21 November 1970

Trichy

Indian

Scorpio

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss

30 April 1777

23 February 1855

Braunschweig

German

Taurus

Edwin HubbleEdwin Hubble

20 November 1889

28 September 1953

Marshfield

American

Scorpio

Robert H. GoddardRobert H. Goddard

05 October 1882

10 August 1945

Worcester

American

Libra

Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange

25 January 1736

10 April 1813

Turin

French

Aquarius

William Rowan HamiltonWilliam Rowan Hamilton

04 August 1805

02 September 1865

Dublin

Leo

Gilbert N. LewisGilbert N. Lewis

23 October 1875

23 March 1946

Weymouth

American

Libra

Oliver HeavisideOliver Heaviside

18 May 1850

03 February 1925

Camden Town

British

Taurus

Charles WheatstoneCharles Wheatstone

06 February 1802

19 October 1875

Gloucester

British

Aquarius

Joseph SwanJoseph Swan

31 October 1828

27 May 1914

Sunderland

British

Scorpio

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