List of famous philosophers of the 19th century along with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

19th century philosophers belong to the age of advancement and progress. Their philosophies was not rationally grounded or justified but simply came from traditions and feelings that were largely ignored previously. 19th century thinkers understood that the value of something that was unique, individual and spontaneous was much more than those that belonged to a particular standard of taste. They looked for hidden meaning of things and nurtured the same into a system of thoughts. While talking of some of the greatest 19th century philosophers, the first name that strikes the mind is that of Karl Marx. A Geran philosopher, Marx’s theories about society, economics and politics are today collectively known as Marxism. Together with fellow German philosopher Friedrich Engels, he published various works that have since influenced the intellectual, economic, and political history of the world. Yet another famed philosopher of the 19th century was John Stuart Mill. An English political economist and civil servant, he was one of the most influential thinkers in the history of liberalism who widely contributed to social theory, political theory and political economy. Other prominent philosophers of the period include Thomas Hill Green, Auberon Herbert, Josiah Royce and so on. Browse through this section further to update yourself with knowledge about the famous philosophers of the 19th century.
George BooleGeorge Boole

02 November 1815

08 December 1864

Lincoln

British

Scorpio

Karl MarxKarl Marx

05 May 1818

14 March 1883

Trier

German,Prussian

Taurus

Mao ZedongMao Zedong

26 December 1893

09 September 1976

Shaoshan

Chinese

Capricorn

Vladimir LeninVladimir Lenin

22 April 1870

21 January 1924

Ulyanovsk

Russian

Taurus

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche

15 October 1844

25 August 1900

Röcken-bei-Lützen, Kingdom of Prussia

German

Libra

C. S. LewisC. S. Lewis

29 November 1898

22 November 1963

Belfast

Irish,British,Welsh

Sagittarius

Carl JungCarl Jung

26 July 1875

06 June 1961

Kesswil, Thurgau, Switzerland

Swiss

Leo

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky

07 November 1879

21 August 1940

Kherson Oblast

Soviet Russian,Russian

Scorpio

Leo TolstoyLeo Tolstoy

09 September 1828

20 November 1910

Yasnaya Polyana

Soviet Russian,Russian

Virgo

Henry David ThoreauHenry David Thoreau

12 July 1817

06 May 1862

Concord

American

Cancer

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell

18 May 1872

02 February 1970

Trellech, Monmouthshire, UK

British,Welsh

Taurus

Ludwig WittgensteinLudwig Wittgenstein

26 April 1889

29 April 1951

Vienna

Austrian

Taurus

John Stuart MillJohn Stuart Mill

20 May 1806

08 May 1873

Pentonville, London, England

British

Taurus

Jean PiagetJean Piaget

09 August 1896

16 September 1980

Neuchatel

Swiss

Leo

John DeweyJohn Dewey

20 October 1859

01 June 1952

Burlington, Vermont, United States

American

Libra

Emile DurkheimEmile Durkheim

15 April 1858

15 November 1917

Épinal

French

Aries

Muhammad IqbalMuhammad Iqbal

09 November 1877

21 April 1938

Sialkot, Punjab, British India

Pakistani

Scorpio

William JamesWilliam James

11 January 1842

26 August 1910

New York City, New York

American

Capricorn

Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger

26 September 1889

26 May 1976

Meßkirch, Baden,, German Empire

German

Libra

Herbert SpencerHerbert Spencer

27 April 1820

08 December 1903

Derby, Derbyshire, England

British

Taurus

Jiddu KrishnamurtiJiddu Krishnamurti

12 May 1895

17 February 1986

Madanapalle

Indian

Taurus

Sarvepalli RadhakrishnanSarvepalli Radhakrishnan

05 September 1888

17 April 1975

Thiruttani

Indian

Virgo

Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin

15 July 1892

27 September 1940

Berlin, German Empire

German

Cancer

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte

19 January 1798

05 September 1857

Montpellier, France

French

Capricorn

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg

05 March 1871

15 January 1919

Zamos'c'

German,Polish

Pisces

Rudolf SteinerRudolf Steiner

25 February 1861

30 March 1925

Donji Kraljevec, Croatia

Croatian

Pisces

George SantayanaGeorge Santayana

16 December 1863

26 September 1952

Madrid

Spanish,American

Sagittarius

Ludwig von MisesLudwig von Mises

29 September 1881

10 October 1973

Lviv

Austrian

Libra

Mikhail BakuninMikhail Bakunin

30 May 1814

01 July 1876

Russia

Soviet Russian,Russian

Gemini

Ishwar Chandra VidyasagarIshwar Chandra Vidyasagar

26 September 1820

29 July 1891

Paschim Midnapore District, West Bengal, India

Indian

Libra

 Peter KropotkinPeter Kropotkin

09 December 1842

08 February 1921

Moscow, Russian Empire

Russian

Sagittarius

Henri BergsonHenri Bergson

18 October 1859

04 January 1941

Paris

French

Libra

Alfred North WhiteheadAlfred North Whitehead

15 February 1861

30 December 1947

Ramsgate, Kent, England

British,American

Aquarius

Reinhold NiebuhrReinhold Niebuhr

21 June 1892

01 June 1971

Wright City, Missouri

American

Gemini

Pierre Teilhard de ChardinPierre Teilhard de Chardin

01 May 1881

10 April 1955

Orcines

French

Taurus

Paul TillichPaul Tillich

20 August 1886

22 October 1965

Starzeddel, Brandenburg, Germany

German,American

Leo

Martin BuberMartin Buber

08 February 1878

13 June 1965

Vienna

Austrian,Israeli

Aquarius

Will DurantWill Durant

05 November 1885

07 November 1981

North Adams, Massachusetts

American

Scorpio

Edith SteinEdith Stein

12 October 1891

09 August 1942

Wrocław

German

Libra

Khalil GibranKhalil Gibran

06 January 1883

10 April 1931

Bsharri, Lebanon

Lebanese

Capricorn

vNikos Kazantzakis

18 February 1883

25 October 1957

Heraklion

Greek

Aquarius

Miguel de UnamunoMiguel de Unamuno

29 September 1864

31 December 1936

Bilbao

Spanish

Libra

William Desmond TaylorWilliam Desmond Taylor

26 April 1872

01 February 1922

Carlow

Irish,American

Taurus

Alfred KorzybskiAlfred Korzybski

03 July 1879

01 March 1950

Warsaw

Polish

Cancer

Alexander HerzenAlexander Herzen

06 April 1812

21 January 1870

Moscow

Russian

Aries

Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor Dostoevsky

11 November 1821

09 February 1881

Moscow

Soviet Russian,Russian

Scorpio

Nicholas Murray ButlerNicholas Murray Butler

02 April 1862

07 December 1947

Elizabeth

American

Aries

Milan Rastislav ŠtefánikMilan Rastislav Štefánik

21 July 1880

04 May 1919

Košariská

Slovak

Cancer

Alexander BainAlexander Bain

01 October 1811

02 January 1877

Watten

Scottish

Libra

Ľudovít ŠtúrĽudovít Štúr

28 October 1815

12 January 1856

Uhrovec

Hungarian

Scorpio

Debendranath TagoreDebendranath Tagore

15 May 1817

19 January 1905

Kolkata

Indian

Taurus

F. H. BradleyF. H. Bradley

30 January 1846

18 September 1924

Clapham

British

Aquarius

Paul BernaysPaul Bernays

17 October 1888

18 September 1977

London

Swiss

Libra

Sir Syed Ahmad KhanSir Syed Ahmad Khan

17 October 1817

27 March 1898

Delhi

Indian

Libra

Mirza Fatali AkhundovMirza Fatali Akhundov

12 July 1812

09 March 1878

Shaki, Azerbaijan

Azerbaijani

Cancer

Soren KierkegaardSoren Kierkegaard

05 May 1813

11 November 1855

Copenhagen

Danish

Taurus

Alexander Bain - PhilosopherAlexander Bain - Philosopher

11 June 1818

18 September 1903

Aberdeen

Scottish

Gemini

Søren KierkegaardSøren Kierkegaard

05 May 1813

11 November 1855

Copenhagen

Danish

Taurus

Sun Yat-senSun Yat-sen

12 November 1866

12 March 1925

Xiangshan County

American

Scorpio

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels

28 November 1820

05 August 1895

Barmen

German

Sagittarius

G. K. ChestertonG. K. Chesterton

29 May 1874

14 June 1936

Kensington

British

Gemini

Ferdinand de SaussureFerdinand de Saussure

26 November 1857

22 February 1913

Geneva

Swiss

Sagittarius

Dayananda SaraswatiDayananda Saraswati

12 February 1824

30 October 1883

Gujarat

Indian

Aquarius

RamakrishnaRamakrishna

18 February 1836

16 August 1886

Bengal

Indian

Aquarius

Syed Ahmad KhanSyed Ahmad Khan

17 October 1817

27 March 1898

Delhi

Indian,British

Libra

Ramana MaharshiRamana Maharshi

30 December 1879

14 April 1950

Tiruchuli

Indian

Capricorn

Vinayak Damodar SavarkarVinayak Damodar Savarkar

28 May 1883

26 February 1966

Bhagur

Indian

Gemini

Wilhelm ReichWilhelm Reich

24 March 1897

03 November 1957

Dobrianychi

American

Aries

Charles Sanders PeirceCharles Sanders Peirce

10 September 1839

19 April 1914

Cambridge

American

Virgo

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl

08 April 1859

27 April 1938

Prostějov

Austrian,German

Aries

Leo StraussLeo Strauss

20 September 1899

18 October 1973

Kirchhain

German,American

Virgo

George Herbert MeadGeorge Herbert Mead

27 February 1863

26 April 1931

Massachusetts

American

Pisces

Georg SimmelGeorg Simmel

01 March 1858

26 September 1918

Berlin

German

Pisces

Mikhail BakhtinMikhail Bakhtin

17 November 1895

07 March 1975

Oryol

Scorpio

Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden

05 April 1804

23 June 1881

Hamburg

German

Aries

Vilfredo ParetoVilfredo Pareto

15 July 1848

19 August 1923

Paris

French

Cancer

Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt

11 July 1888

07 April 1985

Plettenberg

German

Cancer

Pierre-Joseph ProudhonPierre-Joseph Proudhon

15 January 1809

19 January 1865

Besançon

French

Capricorn

Narayana GuruNarayana Guru

20 August 1856

20 September 1928

Chempazhanthy

Indian

Leo

Max StirnerMax Stirner

25 October 1806

26 June 1856

Bayreuth

German

Scorpio

Georges BatailleGeorges Bataille

10 September 1897

09 July 1962

Billom

French

Virgo

Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege

08 November 1848

26 July 1925

Wismar

German

Scorpio

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler

29 May 1880

08 May 1936

Blankenburg

German

Gemini

Karl PearsonKarl Pearson

27 March 1857

27 April 1936

London

British

Aries

Julius EvolaJulius Evola

19 May 1898

11 June 1974

Rome

Italian

Taurus

Karl PolanyiKarl Polanyi

25 October 1886

23 April 1964

Vienna

Hungarian

Scorpio

Eliphas LeviEliphas Levi

08 February 1810

31 May 1875

Paris

French

Aquarius

Lewis MumfordLewis Mumford

19 October 1895

26 January 1990

New York City

American

Libra

José Ortega y GassetJosé Ortega y Gasset

09 May 1883

18 October 1955

Madrid

Spanish

Taurus

Elbert HubbardElbert Hubbard

19 June 1856

07 May 1915

Bloomington

American

Gemini

Ludwig FeuerbachLudwig Feuerbach

28 July 1804

13 September 1872

Landshut

German

Leo

Allan KardecAllan Kardec

03 October 1804

31 March 1869

Lyon

French

Libra

Marcel MaussMarcel Mauss

10 May 1872

10 February 1950

Épinal

French

Taurus

Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers

23 February 1883

26 February 1969

Oldenburg

Swiss,German

Pisces

Nicholas RoerichNicholas Roerich

09 October 1874

13 December 1947

Saint Petersburg

Libra

Gustave Le BonGustave Le Bon

07 May 1841

13 December 1931

Nogent-le-Rotrou

French

Taurus

E. H. CarrE. H. Carr

28 June 1892

03 November 1982

London

British

Cancer

Max HorkheimerMax Horkheimer

14 February 1895

07 July 1973

Stuttgart

German,American

Aquarius

Ernest RenanErnest Renan

27 February 1823

02 October 1892

Tréguier

French

Pisces

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