Famous Russian Playwrights

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Russian Playwrights

 1 
Anton Chekhov
(Playwright, Short-story writer)

Anton Chekhov
6
Birthdate: January 29, 1860
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Taganrog, Russia
Died: July 15, 1904

Anton Chekhov was a Russian short-story writer and playwright. Widely regarded as one of the greatest writers of short fiction, Chekhov's works have influenced the progression of the modern short story. As a playwright, Anton Chekhov is credited with influencing the rise of modernism in theatre, along with August Strindberg and Henrik Ibsen.

 2 
Alexander Pushkin
(Known as Country’s Greatest Poet and the Founder of Modern 'Russian literature')

Alexander Pushkin
6
Birthdate: June 6, 1799
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 10, 1837
Legendary Russian playwright, poet, and novelist Alexander Pushkin is considered one of the most prominent figures of the Romantic era and of Russian literature. He is remembered for his poem Ode to Liberty, one of his works that led him to be exiled by Tsar Alexander I. 

 3 
Leo Tolstoy
(Author Famous for His Works of Realism are His Epic Novels 'War and Peace' and 'Anna Karenina')

Leo Tolstoy
8
Birthdate: September 9, 1828
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Yasnaya Polyana, Russia
Died: November 20, 1910

Russian writer, Leo Tolstoy, is widely considered as one of the greatest authors ever. After experiencing a profound moral crisis in the 1870s, Tolstoy went through a phase of spiritual awakening, which had a great impact on his subsequent works that incorporated ideas on nonviolent resistance. These works influenced personalities like Mahatma Gandhi, thereby effectively changing the course of history.

Recommended Lists:

 4 
Nikolai Gogol
(Playwright)

Nikolai Gogol
5
Birthdate: April 1, 1809
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Velyki Sorochyntsi, Ukraine
Died: March 4, 1852

Nikolai Gogol was a Ukrainian author who redefined Russian literature with his novels such as Dead Souls and his short stories such as The Overcoat and Diary of a Madman. Most of his works were influenced by Ukrainian folklore. He was typically fond of the grotesque as a literary element.

 5 
Maxim Gorky
(Writer, Political Activist)

Maxim Gorky
6
Birthdate: March 28, 1868
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Died: June 18, 1936

Maxim Gorky was a writer and political activist. He is best remembered for founding the socialist realism literary method. Gorky, who was nominated for the prestigious Nobel Prize in Literature on five occasions, published several novels that were later adapted into plays, films, and operas. In 1938, Valery Zhelobinsky adapted Gorky's novel Mother into an opera.

 6 

Mikhail Bulgakov
4
Birthdate: May 15, 1891
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: March 10, 1940

Mikhail Bulgakov was a Russian writer, playwright, and medical doctor best remembered for his work The Master and Margarita, a novel which has been acclaimed as one of the 20th century's masterpieces. Over the years, his works have inspired several other personalities, including Salman Rushdie and Mick Jagger.    

 7 
Ivan Turgenev
(Auhtor of Famous Works 'A Sportsman's Sketches' and 'Fathers and Sons')

Ivan Turgenev
4
Birthdate: November 9, 1818
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Oryol, Russia
Died: September 3, 1883

It is believed Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev was highly inspired by his dominant mother in his younger days and thus created strong female characters in his novels later. He is remembered for popularizing Russian literature and realism in the West. One of his most notable works was Father and Sons.

You May Like

 8 
Isaac Babel
(Journalist, Writer)

Isaac Babel
3
Birthdate: July 13, 1894
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Odesa, Ukraine
Died: January 27, 1940

 9 

Alexander Ostrovsky
2
Birthdate: April 12, 1823
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: June 14, 1886

One of the greatest Russian playwrights to have ever lived, Alexander Ostrovsky represented the realistic period. A law school graduate, he initially worked as a law clerk. His play Bankrot was banned because of its controversial topic. He was also associated with the Maly Theatre of Moscow.

 10 
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy
(Writer who wrote in many genres but specialized in science fiction)

Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy
3
Birthdate: January 10, 1883
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Pugachyov, Russia
Died: February 23, 1945

Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy, also known as Comrade Count, initially tasted fame with the novel Nikita’s Childhood and then redefined the science-fiction, thriller, and historical novel genres. As part of the Extraordinary State Commission, he was the first to ascertain that the Nazis had used gas vans during World War II.

 11 

Daniil Kharms
3
Birthdate: December 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: February 2, 1942

 12 

Nikolai Leskov
3
Birthdate: February 16, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Oryol qəzası, Russia
Died: March 5, 1895

Known for works such as Cathedral Folk and Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District, Nikolai Leskov enriched Russian literature with his short stories and novels that mirrored the burning social issues of his time. He had also worked as a journalist. Many of his works bear the pseudonym M. Stebnitsky.

 13 

Sergey Mikhalkov
3
Birthdate: March 13, 1913
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 27, 2009

 14 

Alexandr Griboyedov
3
Birthdate: January 15, 1795
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 11, 1829

Russian playwright Alexandr Griboyedov is best remembered for his comedy Gore ot uma, or Woe from Wit. He participated in the Decembrist revolt and even got arrested once. He was the Russian Ambassador to Iran and died at the hands of an Iranian mob during an attack on the embassy.

 15 

Andrei Platonov
3
Birthdate: August 28, 1899
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Voronezh, Russia
Died: January 5, 1951

 16 

Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy
2
Birthdate: September 5, 1817
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
Died: October 10, 1875

Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy was the second cousin of Leo Tolstoy and a gifted poet, playwright, novelist, and satirist, who often made use of historical themes. His iconic trilogy of historical dramas, consisting of The Death of Ivan the Terrible, Tsar Fyodor Ioannovich, and Tsar Boris, was widely acclaimed.

 17 
Leonid Andreyev
(Playwright)

Leonid Andreyev
3
Birthdate: August 21, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oryol, Russia
Died: September 12, 1919

 18 
Vladimir Sorokin
(Writer, Dramatist)

Vladimir Sorokin
3
Birthdate: August 7, 1955
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Bykovo, Russia

 19 

Nikolay Nekrasov
2
Birthdate: December 10, 1821
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nemyriv, Ukraine
Died: January 8, 1878

Russian poet Nikolay Nekrasov established himself as a successful businessman before stepping into writing. He bought and developed the magazine Sovremennik, or The Contemporary. Most of his poems, such as Red-Nosed Frost, spoke about the misery of the peasant class. He also introduced the dramatic monologue to Russian literature.

 

 20 

Velimir Khlebnikov
2
Birthdate: November 9, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Malye Derbety, Russia
Died: June 28, 1922

 21 
Edvard Radzinsky
(Playwright, Screenwriter)

Edvard Radzinsky
2
Birthdate: September 23, 1936
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin
2
Birthdate: January 27, 1826
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Spas-Ugol, Russia
Died: May 10, 1889

Lyudmila Petrushevskaya
2
Birthdate: May 26, 1938
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia

 24 

Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko
2
Birthdate: December 23, 1858
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ozurgety, Georgia
Died: April 25, 1943

 25 
S. Ansky
(Writer)

S. Ansky
2
Birthdate: October 27, 1863
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Chashniki, Belarus
Died: November 8, 1920

Best known for his popular play The Dybbuk, which later became a cult classic and was also made into Yiddish and Hebrew movies, Russian Jewish author and folklorist S. Ansky was a specialist in oral literature. He was initially also associated with the socialist revolutionary movement of the Narodniki.  

 26 

Lydia Koidula
2
Birthdate: December 24, 1843
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vändra, Estonia
Died: August 11, 1886

 27 

Vyacheslav Ivanov
2
Birthdate: February 28, 1866
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: July 16, 1949

 28 

Vsevolod Ivanov
1
Birthdate: February 24, 1895
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Lebyazhye, Russia
Died: August 15, 1963

 29 

Leonid Leonov
1
Birthdate: May 31, 1899
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: August 8, 1994

 30 

Valentin Katayev
1
Birthdate: January 28, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Odessa, Russian Empire
Died: April 12, 1986

 31 
Oskar Luts
(Writer)

Oskar Luts
1
Birthdate: January 7, 1887
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Järvepera, Estonia
Died: March 23, 1953

 32 

Peretz Markish
1
Birthdate: December 7, 1895
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Polonne, Ukraine
Died: August 12, 1952

 33 

Aleksey Pisemsky
1
Birthdate: March 23, 1821
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ramenye, Russia
Died: February 2, 1881

 34 
Alexander Sumarokov
(Russian writer)

Alexander Sumarokov
2
Birthdate: November 25, 1717
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: October 12, 1777

 35 

Mikhail Kheraskov
1
Birthdate: November 5, 1733
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Pereiaslav, Ukraine
Died: October 9, 1807

 36 
Elena Guro
(Painter)

Elena Guro
1
Birthdate: January 10, 1877
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Died: May 6, 1913

Painter and illustrator Elena Guro, also known as Yelena Guro, introduced new color theories in painting. The only woman in the Cubo-Futurism movement, she also penned books such as The Hurdy-Gurdy. Her artist husband Mikhail Matyushin implemented her theories after her abrupt death due to leukemia at age 36.

 37 

Mikhail Artsybashev
1
Birthdate: November 5, 1878
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kharkiv, Ukraine
Died: March 3, 1927

Zinaida Nikolayevna Gippius
2
Birthdate: November 20, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Belyov, Russia
Died: September 9, 1945

 39 

Suleyman Rustam
1
Birthdate: March 12, 1906
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Novxanı, Azerbaijan
Died: June 10, 1989

 40 

Abraham Shlonsky
1
Birthdate: March 6, 1900
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kremenchuk, Ukraine
Died: May 18, 1973

Abraham Shlonsky was an Israeli poet who played an important role in the progression of modern Hebrew in Israel. He also worked as an editor and translated several literary classics. In 1946, he was honored with the Tchernichovsky Prize for his translation of Eugene Onegin and Hamlet. He was also the recipient of the Bialik Prize and the Israel Prize.

Vasily Trediakovsky
1
Birthdate: March 5, 1703
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Astrakhan, Russia
Died: August 17, 1768

 42 

Samson Chanba
0
Birthdate: June 18, 1886
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Atara, Russian Empire
Died: 1937 AD

 43 
Mikhail Shatrov
(Playwright)

Mikhail Shatrov
0
Birthdate: April 3, 1932
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: May 24, 2010

 44 

Viktor Nikitin
0
Birthdate: November 15, 1960
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: September 30, 2020

 45 

Yankev Shternberg
0
Birthdate: April 18, 1890
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lipcani, Moldova
Died: April 10, 1973

 46 
Kaarlo Bergbom
(Theatre director)

Kaarlo Bergbom
0
Birthdate: October 2, 1843
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vyborg, Russia
Died: January 17, 1906