Robert Joffrey Biography

Robert Joffrey was an American choreographer who co-founded the famous Joffrey Ballet. This biography of Robert Joffrey provides detailed information about his childhood, life, achievements, works & timeline.

Quick Facts

Birthday: December 24, 1930

Nationality: American

Famous: Ballet Dancers Choreographers

Died At Age: 57

Sun Sign: Capricorn

Also Known As: Abdullah Jaffa Bey Khan

Born in: Seattle

Famous as: Co-founder of Joffrey Ballet

Subscribe to Riddle Puddle

Died on: March 25, 1988

place of death: New York City

U.S. State: Washington

City: Seattle, Washington

Diseases & Disabilities: HIV

Founder/Co-Founder: Joffrey Ballet, Joffrey Ballet School

More Facts

awards: Dance Magazine Award (1964)
Capezio Award (1974)
Handel Medallion of the City of New York (1981)

Continue Reading Below

Subscribe to Riddle Puddle

Robert Joffrey was an American dancer and choreographer who founded the famous Joffrey Ballet along with his longtime partner, Gerald Arpino. The Joffrey Ballet is a renowned professional dance company, and many well-known dancers and choreographers like Paul Taylor, Twyla Tharp, and George Balanchine have worked with the Ballet. The company has also served as the launch pad for many upcoming choreographers and remains Joffrey’s biggest contribution to the world of dance and choreography. Known for his innovative and experimental styles of dances, he had also commissioned original ballets and reconstructed rare classics. He is famous for popularizing the classics of ballet among the modern audiences especially for his meticulous recreations of the legendary Diaghilev era ballets. Born as Abdullah Jaffa Bey Khan, he was a sickly child who started dancing as a means of coping with his physical conditions. Soon he fell in love with dancing and decided to dedicate his life to this art form. He began his career as a dancer and found tremendous success. He also began teaching dance to students and proved himself to be a very able instructor, blessed with an eye for recognizing potential in youngsters. Eventually he founded his own company, and made a name for himself as one of the greatest choreographers of the 20th century.

Recommended Lists:

Recommended Lists:

Childhood & Early Life
  • He began his professional career teaching ballet at a Brooklyn synagogue and the Gramercy School of Music and Dance.
  • As a dancer he made his solo debut with the French choreographer Roland Petit and his Ballets de Paris in 1949. In 1950, he began teaching at the New York High School for the Performing Arts. Here he also began staging his ballets.
  • In 1954, he along with Arpino founded the Joffrey Ballet School in New York City and premiered ‘Le bal masqué’ (The Masked Ball) to music by French composer Francis Poulenc.
  • In 1955, his company opened ‘Pierrot Lunaire’, set to music by Austrian composer Arnold Schoenberg. Over the next decade the company became increasingly popular all over the US and also gained international acclaim.
  • His works Gamelan’ (1962) and ‘Astarte’ (1967) were widely appreciated as they both were set to rock music with special lighting and motion-picture effects—this was a notable innovation as most ballets were set to classical music scores.
  • He was a member in many art councils and organizations, and served as co- president with Yuri N. Grigorovich—director of the Bolshoi Ballet—from 1975 till his death. He was one of three jurors of Denmark's Hans Christian Andersen Ballet Awards and a member of the National Council of the Arts.
Major Works
  • He is best remembered as the co-founder of the Joffrey Ballet, a professional dance company, based in Chicago. The company performs both classical ballets and modern dance pieces, and is a highly successful and popular dance company in the US.
Awards & Achievements
  • He won numerous awards and honors for his contributions to the world of dance including the Dance Magazine Award, in 1964, the Capezio Award in 1974, and the Handel Medallion of the City of New York, in 1981.
  • In 2000, he was inducted into The National Dance Museum.
Personal Life & Legacy
  • He was just a teenager when he met another dancer, Gerald Arpino, who was serving in the Coast Guard. Over time the two became best friends, and eventually lovers.
  • He was a reserved and soft-spoken man, though blessed with a quirky sense of humor. He was passionately dedicated to his profession and was known to be an excellent teacher.
  • Joffrey was sexually promiscuous by nature. In spite of being in a long-term relationship with Arpino, he was known to have several one-night stands and affairs. He contracted AIDS during the 1980s. He was ashamed because of the taboo attached to AIDS and did not want the world to know of it.
  • He became progressively weaker with time due to complications from AIDS and died on March 25, 1988. Arpino, however, could not hide the fact that Joffrey died of AIDS from the world for long and the cause of his death soon became public knowledge.
  • Legend has it that this dance teacher cum choreographer was so much in love with teaching that he once continued to teach while the building in which he was teaching was on fire.

See the events in life of Robert Joffrey in Chronological Order

How To Cite

Article Title
- Robert Joffrey Biography
- Editors,
Last Updated
- October 27, 2017
Robert Joffrey

People Also Viewed

Julianne Hough
Paula Abdul
Abby Lee Miller
Misty Copeland

Rosie Perez
Mikhail Baryshnikov
Todrick Hall
Teyana Taylor