Born In: Newark, New Jersey, United States
An academician and a Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist, Philip Roth is a name to reckon with, in the list of US writers of his generation. He is, by far, one of the most acclaimed and awarded writers. Interestingly, unlike others who slogged to get themselves enlisted amongst the prestigious writers of the generation, Roth jumped to fame with his very first work, ‘Goodbye Columbus’. What’s more, he even bagged a National Book Award for the same. While his novels are based on different genres and highlight the different aspects of life and nature, one thing that binds all of them and typecasts his writing is the presence of a strong fictional autobiographical character who through his proceedings explicitly determines the difference between reality and fiction. While his first novella established him as a coveted writer, it was his fourth publication that cemented his position in the world of publication. Winner of two National Book Awards, three PEN/Faulkner Awards, one Pulitzer Prize and a long list of other prestigious awards, he is known for bringing to life the character of Nathan Zuckerman, his alter-ego in many of his novels and novellas.
Also Known As: Philip Milton Roth
Died At Age: 85
Spouse/Ex-: Claire Bloom (m. 1990–1995), Margaret Martinson (m. 1959–1968)
father: Herman Roth
mother: Bess (née Finkel)
Born Country: United States
place of death: Manhattan, New York, United States
Cause of Death: Heart Failure
U.S. State: New Jersey
City: Newark, New Jersey
education: University Of Chicago, Bucknell University
awards: 2006 - PEN/Nabokov Award for lifetime achievement
2007 - PEN/Faulkner Award
2007 - PEN/Saul Bellow Award for Achievement in American Fiction
2012 - Prince of Asturias Awards for literature
2005 - James Fenimore Cooper Prize for Best Historical Fiction
2005 - Sidewise Award for Alternate History
2001 - WH Smith Literary Award
2001 - PEN/Faulkner Award
2001 - Franz Kafka Prize
1998 - Pulitzer Prize
1995 - National Book Award
1960 - National Book Award
1986 - National Book Critics Circle Award (NBCCA)
1991 - National Book Critics Circle Award (NBCCA)
1994 - PEN/Faulkner Award
1998 - Ambassador Book Award of the English-Speaking Union
2008 - IMPAC Award
2009 - IMPAC Award
2010 - The Paris Review Hadada Prize
2011 - Man Booker International Prize
He completed much of his schooling from the Weequahic High School graduating from the same in 1950. During his years at school, he was quite famous among his friends, colleagues and teachers for his wit and humor.
The massive success of his debut work inspired him to write further and consequently he came out with two more novels, ‘Letting Go’ and ‘When She Was Good’. While the former was published in 1962, the latter came five years later in 1967.
In 2001, Philip Roth yet again reprised the character of David Kepesh for the short novel, ‘The Dying Animal’. Three years later, he cames up with the novel, ‘The Plot Against America’ wherein he fantasized America with Charles Lindbergh as its President.
He came up with his next publication, ‘Everyman’ in which he wrote on a flashback mode relieving the childhood, desires, illness and the impending death of the protagonist who was unnamed all throughout.
Philip Roth revived his character of Nathan Zuckerman yet again in 2007 with the publication of his novel, ‘Exit Ghost’. It has been the last of his Zuckerman novels till date.
He won the National Book Award twice, one for ‘Goodbye, Columbus’ and the other for 'Sabbath’s Theatre’. In 1986 and 1991, he won the National Book Critics Circle Award for ‘The Counterlife’ and ‘Patrimony’ respectively.
It was during his years at Chicago that he met novelist Margaret Martinson in 1956. Philip Roth married Margaret in 1959.
In 1990, he took the marital vows again with long-time companion and English actress Claire Bloom. However, the unison did not last long as the two separated in 1994.
Philip Roth died on May 22, 2018, of heart failure, at a Manhattan hospital. He was 85.
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