Louis XI of France Biography
(King of France from 1461 to 1483)
Birthday: July 3, 1423 (Cancer)
Born In: Bourges, France
Louis XI of France, also known as ‘Louis the Prudent,’ was King of France. He ruled France from 1461 to 1483. He spent most of his childhood years at Loches, Touraine. He grew up in seclusion and hence, became a silent, introvert, and a secretive man with high level of intelligence. While he was still a teenager, he began accompanying his father on his military expeditions. Around that time, most parts of France were being ruled by the English. Some dukes were against King Charles VII and conspired against him; they also had the support of his son, Louis XI. Due to constant clashes with his father, he was banished from the royal court and fled to live with the Duke of Burgundy, where he stayed until his father’s death in 1461, following which he came back to claim the throne. He turned out to be a hardworking and great ruler who was never liked by his opponents, but adored by his people. He was nicknamed the ‘universal spider’ due to the cunning schemes he devised. He also ended the ‘Hundred Years’ War’ and strengthened the French economy.