Louis VIII of France Biography
(King of France)
Birthday: September 5, 1187 (Virgo)
Born In: Paris, France
Louis VIII, also known as Louis the Lion or the Lion-Heart, was the king of France between 1223 and 1226. He was the son of Isabelle of Hainaut who formerly ruled the County of Artois as a countess. Hainaut passed her inheritance to her son Louis VIII who later became the count of Artois. His father was King Philip II of France. Louis VIII earned the title of Louis Le Lion or Louis Coeur-de-lion for his heroics and military prowess even before his accession. He gained prominence after the Siege of Roche-au-Moine after which he invaded the southern part of England. He was proclaimed as the king of England by the barons but was never crowned. His military expertise against King John of England in the First Barons' War made him popular as a leader. Louis VIII is credited for his intervention in the Albigensian Crusade which had been going on for almost 20 years. He successfully captured the major fortress of Avignon which later proved to be decisive for the long-going conflict. Louis VIII was the first king in the Capetian dynasty to allot estates and offices to his younger sons.