John Bunyan Biography

(English Writer and Puritan Preacher Best Known as the Author of the Christian Allegory ‘The Pilgrim's Progress’)

Birthday: November 1, 1628 (Scorpio)

Born In: Elstow, Bedfordshire, England

John Bunyan was a renowned English Christian preacher in the seventeenth century. He was also a famous Christian writer of that time and wrote over 60 religious books, mostly on his preaching and his experiences about walking on the path of Christianity and struggling with the challenges faced on the road to spirituality. He was not always a very religious man; he belonged to a poor family of tinkers and was known to be a profane young man. But soon he realized his ‘sins’ and decided to work for the salvation of his soul. He belonged to a nonconformist Christian belief which was not supported during the monarchy of Charles II. Under his jurisdiction, Bunyan was prohibited to preach without a license but he considered it as breaching of the god’s will and continued to preach illegally. This led to his imprisonment, more than once. Ultimately, Bunyan was recognized for his Christian dedication and he was made the Chaplain to the Lord Mayor of London. He is honored till date in the Church of England and the Anglican Church of Australia.
Quick Facts

British Celebrities Born In November

Died At Age: 59


Spouse/Ex-: Elizabeth Bunyan (m. 1658)

father: Thomas Bunyan

mother: Margaret Bunyan

siblings: Charles Bunyan, Margaret Bunyan

children: Elizabeth Bunyan, John Bunyan, Joseph Bunyan, Mary Bunyan, Sarah Bunyan, Thomas Bunyan

Writers Preachers

Died on: August 31, 1688

place of death: London, England

  • 1

    What is John Bunyan best known for?

    John Bunyan is best known for writing the Christian allegory "The Pilgrim's Progress."

  • 2

    What inspired John Bunyan to write "The Pilgrim's Progress?"

    John Bunyan was inspired to write "The Pilgrim's Progress" during his time in prison, where he turned to writing to express his religious beliefs.

  • 3

    How did John Bunyan's experiences influence his writing?

    John Bunyan's own struggles and experiences, including his imprisonment for his religious beliefs, heavily influenced the themes and characters in his works.

  • 4

    What impact did John Bunyan have on Christian literature?

    John Bunyan is considered one of the most significant figures in Christian literature, with his works inspiring and influencing generations of readers.

Childhood & Early Years
John Bunyan was born to Thomas and Margaret Bunyan in a small village of Elstow, Bedford, Bedfordshire. It is said that his ancestors had lived in Bedfordshire since as early as the 12th century. He had a very little formal schooling as his family was struggling with poverty during his growing up years. His father was an illiterate tinker from Elstow. He did not have much choice but to follow his father’s footsteps and take up a job on the road as a tinker.
In 1644, when Bunyan turned 16, he lost his mother as well as his only sister Margaret. After this his father got married to Anne Pinney, which led to the birth of his step-brother Charles. Under such drastic emotional circumstances, he left home and joined up the Parliamentary army and served until 1647 at Newport Pagnell. After the civil war was over, he returned back home and resumed to his old trade of tinkering.
Bunyan has mentioned in his writings that during his youthful years he lived a deserted life and he was guilty of immoral acts as a direct result of that. He did not do anything outwardly wrong while living at home but it is known that during his Parliamentary army days he and his fellow soldiers used to frequent the brothels. He has mentioned that few of the many blasphemous acts that he performed were being irreligious, dancing and bell-ringing. He used to fervently swear and was famous for it amongst his people. This led him to believe, in time, that he has performed the irreversible sin.
He was tormented in his youth as after the realization of all the sins that he performed, Bunyan started to hear voices that used to ask him to ‘sell Christ’ and ask questions whether he wanted to repent and go to heaven or keep his sins and burn in hell later. From this time onwards, he started on a journey of spirituality, believing in the writings of Bible and its promise of damnation and salvation.
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Later Life
Bunyan was drawn towards the Christian faith but did not have a proper direction and felt a mental turmoil. In order to start from somewhere he joined a few poor women of his parish on a four year long spiritual journey and discussion. The group was a nonconformist sect from St John’s Church in Bedford. This led to his selection as a member of the church.
In 1655, the pastor of St. John Church, John Gifford, died and it came upon Bunyan to start the preaching. In 1656, he wrote his first book called ‘Some Gospel Truths Opened’ but the book was criticized saying that it “attacked the follies of the time, exposed and condemned heresies without mercy”. In 1657, he came up with his second book ‘Vindication of Some Gospel Truths Opened’.
In 1658, his third book titled ‘A Few Sighs from Hell, Or the Groans of a Damned Soul’ was published, which dealt with the fable of Lazarus and the rich man. This book was highly distinguished. In the same year he was prosecuted for preaching at Eaton Socon without a license but he did not go to the prison for that.
In 1660, Bunyan was arrested from Lower Samsell in Westoning, Bedfordshire because he was privately preaching a group of people without a legal license. Under the restoration of monarchy, Charles II of England made it illegal for the people to attend any other form of church than the Anglican parish church. Therefore, Bunyan was not free to preach in whatever way he wanted from then on.
In 1661, he was prosecuted in the Chapel of Herne, Bedford. Justice Wingate was his prosecutor and he was not predisposed to put Bunyan in the prison regardless of his infringement of the Religion Act 1592. But he made a strong statement in the court session and said ‘if you release me today, I will preach tomorrow’, which left the magistrates in the court with no other option but to put him behind the bars.
It was during this time of imprisonment that Bunyan started writing his symbolic novella called ‘The Pilgrim’s Progress’.
In 1666, he was released from the jail but only in another few weeks he was again arrested for preaching again. He was sent to Bedford’s County gaol and was imprisoned for six years. During this time in the jail, Bunyan preached his fellow jail mates. He was released in 1672.
In 1672, right after his release from the Bedford County gaol, Bunyan was made the pastor of St John’s Church and soon after he received a license to preach independently under the new law, after Charles II’s issuing of the Declaration of Religious Indulgence. Bunyan made a nonconformist group and founded a church in a barn in Mill Street, Bedford.
In 1675, after the withdrawal of Charles II’s Declaration of Religious Indulgence, the change of rules led to Bunyan’s imprisonment for freely preaching again. He was sent to same prison again. It was later the Religious Society of Friends, Quakers, who proposed to release Bunyan along with their own people. Six months after his arrest, Bunyan was released and he was never arrested again in his lifetime.
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In 1688, Sir John Shorter, Lord Mayor of London chose Bunyan to serve him as his Chaplain. This was the time when his popularity reached beyond Bedfordshire and he was called out of love and respect ‘Bishop Bunyan’. He had a great deal of influence over people during this time and his services were demanded everywhere, making him a very busy man.
Major Works
‘The Pilgrim’s Progress’ is known to be one of his epic works. He wrote this book in two parts. It was published in London in the years 1678 and 1684. The original title of the book was ‘The Pilgrim’s Progress for This World to That Which Is to Come’. This book is considered as the most popular symbolic writing ever and has been translated many times over after its first publishing.
Bunyan wrote two other important books namely: ‘The Life and Death of Mr. Badman’ and ‘The Holy War’. He also wrote a book which symbolized his inner life and Christianity called ‘Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners’. It is considered as his spiritual autobiography. His motive of writing these books was to share his own experiences of walking on the path of spirituality and to bring some relief to the other people who face the same challenges as he did.
Personal Life
In 1650, he married a young orphan woman. The name of his wife is not in the records but it is known that the only things she brought from her father’s house were two religious books: Arthur Dent’s ‘Plain Man’s Pathway to Heaven’ and Lewis Bayly’s ‘Practice of Piety’. These books influenced his journey of spirituality a great deal. In the same year his first daughter was born. She was called Mary and was blind by birth.
In 1658, Bunyan’s first wife died and he was left alone with his four children from that wife. At the age of 30, he remarried a woman named Elizabeth and had two children from her, Sarah and Joseph. It was Elizabeth who re-appealed for Bunyan’s release when he was arrested in 1660.
In 1688, when he was appointed as the Chaplain to the Lord Mayor of London and was enjoying his influence on the English society, he was coming back from Reading to London after resolving a conflict between a father and son that he caught an infectious cold and died of high fever at his friend, John Strudwick’s house on Snow Hill in Holborn, London on 31 August 1688. He was buried in Bunhill fields, London.
Facts About John Bunyan

John Bunyan, the author of "The Pilgrim's Progress," spent years in prison for preaching without a license, but he used this time to write many of his most famous works.

Bunyan had a remarkable skill for storytelling and allegory, which is evident in his works that continue to captivate readers centuries later.

Despite his humble background as a tinker, Bunyan's writings have had a profound impact on Christian literature and continue to inspire readers of all backgrounds.

Bunyan's imaginative and vivid descriptions of spiritual truths in "The Pilgrim's Progress" have made it one of the most widely read and translated books in history.

See the events in life of John Bunyan in Chronological Order

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