Born In: Grand Rapids, Minnesota, United States
Judy Garland – the name instantly invokes a theatrical nostalgia in the collective American memory. She was one of the most iconic actresses of Hollywood’s Golden Age, lighting up movie screens with her talent and charm. Mention the name ‘Dorothy’ anywhere in America and the image of a 16 year-old Judy in a blue and white gingham dress comes to mind - years after the original theatrical release into American movie houses. Her talent was not limited to the silver screen, however, as she crossed into Broadway, music, and television. But, most importantly, Judy Garland was more than her screen persona. She was a daughter, sister, wife, lover, and mother. Sadly, for as much joy as she gave theatre goers, her life did not reflect the same. Troubled and haunted, the American icon battled personal demons throughout her career. Judy Garland was and is an American treasure. Her talent was a gift that she shared with the world, and her impact can still be felt today. But, her life also illustrates the struggles of working in a fantasy world while still living in the real world. Ultimately, she succumbed to those demons, and the world lost an amazing gift.
Also Known As: Frances Ethel Gumm, Frances Gumm
Died At Age: 47
father: Francis Avent Gumm
mother: Ethel Marion Milne
siblings: Dorothy Virginia Gumm, Mary Jane Gumm
Born Country: United States
place of death: Cadogan Lane, London, England
Ancestry: British American, Irish American, French American
Notable Alumni: Hollywood High School
Cause of Death: Drug Overdose
U.S. State: Minnesota
education: Hollywood High School
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In 1935, Louis B. Mayer of MGM signed Frances Gumm. She then changed her name to Judy Garland.
1937, saw the release of two movies, ‘Broadway Melody of 1938’ and ‘Thoroughbreds Don’t Cry’ featuring the aspiring actress. MGM continued to seek out musicals for Judy’s voice.
Judy Garland performed in ‘Everybody Sing’ and ‘Listen, Darling’ in 1938, as well as in her first Andy Hardy movie ‘Love Finds Andy Hardy’. She continued to make several Andy Hardy movies.
In 1941, also three movies ‘Ziegfeld Girl’, ‘Life Begins for Andy Hardy’, and ‘Babes on Broadway’ premiered in theatres nationwide.
As the war intensified, film production slowed down due to scarcity of personnel. The only movie where Judy performed in 1942, was ‘Me and My Gal’. The following year her movie ‘Presenting Lily Mars’ and ‘Girl Crazy’ entertained the audiences.
After the war Production increased and in the year 1946, three movies featuring Judy, ‘The Harvey Girls’, ‘Zeigfeld Follies’, and ‘Till the Clouds Roll By’, reached American audiences.
‘The Pirate’ and ‘Easter Parade’ debuted in 1948. ‘Easter Parade’ teamed Judy Garland with Fred Astaire for the first time.
‘In the Good Old Summertime’ in 1949, and ‘Summer Stock’ the following year were the last two movies she made with MGM. She lost her contract with MGM after the release of ‘Summer Stock’, owing to her behavioral disorders resulting from drug addiction.
‘A Star Is Born’ in 1954, marked her return to film. Her performance earned her Academy recognition.
‘Judgment at Nuremberg’ was released in 1961. The film brought Judy Garland more critical acclaim.
Judy Garland received a special Oscar in 1940, for ‘Best Performance by a Juvenile Actor’ in ‘The Wizard of Oz’.
The Grammys honored her in 1999, with its ‘Lifetime Achievement Award’.
From the early years, Judy Garland was under pressure to keep her energy up and her weight down. Amphetamines were provided to help her cope but eventually caused her addiction to pills. Her addiction plagued her throughout her life.
Judy Garland Movies
(Musical, Adventure, Fantasy, Family)
(Family, Comedy, Drama, Romance, Musical)
(Musical, Drama, Romance)
(Western, Comedy, Musical)
(Comedy, Musical, Romance)
|1955||Best Actress - Comedy or Musical||A Star Is Born (1954)|
|1997||Lifetime Achievement Award||Winner|
|1962||Best Album Cover (Other Than Classical)||Winner|
|1962||Best Engineering Contribution - Popular Recording||Winner|
|1962||Best Solo Vocal Performance, Female||Winner|
|1962||Album of the Year (Other Than Classical)||Winner|
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