Born In: Peterhof, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Alexei Nikolaevich was the Tsarevich of Russia who was executed along with his family in 1918. He was born in the beginning of the twentieth century in St. Petersburg to Tsar Nicholas II, the last monarch of Russia. His birth, which was long awaited by the nation, was celebrated with revelry across Russia and was marked by granting of amnesties, shorter prison sentences, medals and cash prizes. However, all the happiness evaporated, when at the age of two months, he was diagnosed with the life-threatening condition hemophilia B, a disease that leads to uncontrolled bleeding. Although he was looked after very carefully, he often met with accidents due to normal childhood activities, causing him a lot of pain and suffering. One such life-threatening episode at the age of 8 led the concerned Tsarina to contact the mystic healer Rasputin and he soon became close to the royal family. However, Rasputin’s proximity to the royals also created discontent in the court and finally led to the family’s arrest and execution. Alexei died at the age of thirteen at the hands of the Bolsheviks along with the rest of his family.
Also Known As: Alexei Nikolaevich Romanov
Died At Age: 13
father: Nicholas II of Russia
mother: Alexandra Fyodorovna
siblings: Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia
Born Country: Russia
Height: 1.68 m
place of death: Ipatiev House, Russia
Ancestry: German Russian, English Russian, Danish Russian
Cause of Death: Assassination
City: Saint Petersburg, Russia
Alexei Nikolaevich was born on August 12, 1904, in Peterhof Palace, St. Petersburg Governorate as the heir apparent to the throne. His father, Nicholas II of Russia, was the last Emperor of Russia, ruling from November 1, 1894, until his forced abdication on March 15, 1917.
His mother, Alexandra Feodorovna, was the daughter of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom. A granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, a known haemophilia carrier, she also carried haemophilia in her genes.
Tsesarevich Alexei Nikolaevich was born the youngest of his parents’ five children. His four elder sisters were Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna, Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna and Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna. Dotted on by his parents and sisters, young Alexei was often referred to as “Alyosha.”
On September 3, 1904, Alexei was christened in the chapel in Peterhof Palace. The occasion was attended by many international dignitaries of that time. However, because of existing tradition, his parents stayed away from the ceremony.
When he was 2 months old, he started bleeding from his naval and was diagnosed with hemophilia B. It was later found that he had inherited the disease from his great-grandmother, Queen Victoria of United Kingdom, through his mother Empress Alexandra Feodorovna.
The disease was initially guarded as a state secret and nobody outside the royal household knew anything about it. A first, he was treated by court physicians, Yevgeny Sergeyevich Botkin and Vladimir Nikolaevich Derevenko. But from October 1912, he was put under the care of Rasputin, the Russian mystic.
On September 5, 1912, while the royal family was visiting their hunting retreat in the Białowieża Forest, Alexei jumped into a rowboat and hit one of the oarlocks, getting a hematoma. However, it reduced over a period of a few weeks.
In mid September, the royal family moved to Spala, and there on October 2, they took a drive through the woods. It was during the drive that the still healing hematoma ruptured and started bleeding once again.
By October 10, 1912, the condition had become so bad that a medical bulletin was published and Alexei was given the last sacrament. It was during this period that the Tsarina had a telegram sent to Rasputin, who immediately sent a return telegram, asking them not to allow the doctors to bother him too much.
True to Rasputin’s prophesy that the Tsarevich would live, Alexei’s condition improved considerably by October 19. His hematoma also disappeared. It is generally believed that Rasputin was able to relieve him of his pain by stopping the use of aspirin, which aggravated his problems by thinning his blood.
As Alexei turned 8 or 9, Tsar Nicholas II began to prepare him for his royal duties, taking him to his meetings with government ministers and military commanders. He also made him wear Russian military uniforms and very soon Alexei grew a fondness for them.
In 1917, due to the on-going World War I, the Russian economy was on the verge of collapse, leading to the demand that Tsar Nicholas II should abdicate. Left without any option, the Tsar abdicated in favor of his brother, Grand Duke Michael, on March 2, (O.S.) / March 15, (N.S.) 1917.
In October 1917, the Bolsheviks seized power from Kerensky's Provisional Government, an incident Nicholas followed with interest. However, he was not very alarmed. The royal family members kept their hope alive even after they were placed on soldier's rations on March 1, 1918.
On April 30, 1918, the royal family was transferred to the town of Yekaterinburg, their final destination. However, because Alexei was very ill due to hemorrhage caused by a fall, he and two of his sisters joined their parents one month later.
The royal family met their end on the night of July 17, 1918. Although it is not known for sure, but according to available reports, they were told to get up and get dressed. Thereafter, they were moved to the cellar, where they were told by the Bolsheviks that they would be executed.
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