Famous Italian Leaders

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 1 
Giuseppe Garibaldi
(Italian General Who Contributed to Italian Unification and the Creation of the Kingdom of Italy)
Giuseppe Garibaldi
18
Birthdate: July 4, 1807
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: June 2, 1882

Italian general, patriot, and republican Giuseppe Garibaldi is remembered for the role he played in the Italian unification and the creation of the Kingdom of Italy. He is considered one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland." A highly proficient military general, he also led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf of Victor Emmanuel II. He died in 1882.

 2 
Georg von Trapp
(Naval officer)
Georg von Trapp
5
Birthdate: April 4, 1880
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Zadar, Croatia
Died: May 30, 1947

Georg von Trapp, or Captain von Trapp, was an Austrian naval officer who led the Trapp Family Singers, the family that inspired the play and the film The Sound of Music. An able military man, he had also been part of World War II and was knighted by the Austrian government.

 3 
Germanicus
(Roman General)
Germanicus
5
Birthdate: May 24, 0015
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 10, 0019
Germanicus Julius Caesar, son of Nero Claudius and Antonia the Younger, was a Roman general. He was known for his chiseled physique and his military prowess. He took over the provinces of Cappadocia and Commagene, and also proceeded to fight against the governor of Syria, before he died of poisoning.
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 4 
Matteo Renzi
(Prime Minister of Italy)
Matteo Renzi
7
Birthdate: January 11, 1975
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence
Italia Viva party leader and the youngest-ever Italian prime minister, Matteo Renzi, was named one of Foreign Policy’s Top 100 Global Thinkers. He was criticized by many for meeting controversial Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. In early 2021, he received bullets in an envelope, causing a media frenzy. 
 5 
Giuseppe Mazzini
(Italian Politician, Activist and Champion of the Movement for Italian Unity)
Giuseppe Mazzini
4
Birthdate: June 22, 1805
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: March 10, 1872

Giuseppe Mazzini was an Italian journalist, politician, and activist. He played a major role in the Italian revolutionary movement and in the unification of Italy. His efforts gave rise to an independent and unified Italy, which replaced many separate states that were dominated by foreign powers. Mazzini is widely regarded as the most influential European revolutionary.

 6 
Matteo Salvini
(Deputy Prime Minister of Italy from 2018 to 2019)
Matteo Salvini
8
Birthdate: March 9, 1973
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Matteo Salvini, or The Captain, is known for his staunch right-wing ideology. The former deputy prime minister of Italy is against illegal immigration and believes in the motto “Prima gli italiani,” or “Italians first.” Part of Lega, a rebranded version of Umberto Bossi’s Lega Nord, Salvini is a prominent Eurosceptic.
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 7 
Silvio Berlusconi
(Former Prime Minister of Italy)
Silvio Berlusconi
15
Birthdate: September 29, 1936
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan
Died: June 12, 2023
Media mogul Silvio Berlusconi served as the Italian prime minister for 9 years. Owner of the media groups Mediaset and Fininvest, and former owner of A.C. Milan, he also launched the first Italian private TV channel, Telemilano. Despite a conviction for tax fraud, he became a European Parliament MP later.
 8 
Andrea Agnelli
(Entrepreneur, Businessperson)
Andrea Agnelli
4
Birthdate: December 6, 1975
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Turin
 9 
Aldo Moro
(Politician, Diplomat, University teacher)
Aldo Moro
4
Birthdate: September 23, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Maglie
Died: May 9, 1978

Christian Democracy member Aldo Moro had served as the Italian prime minister and had also held important portfolios such as foreign affairs and public education. He was also a University of Bari professor of law, initially. He was abducted and killed by left-wing terrorists known as The Red Brigades.

 10 
Flavius Aëtius
(Roman General during the Last Years of the Western Roman Empire)
Flavius Aëtius
3
Birthdate: 0390 AD
Birthplace: Silistra, Bulgaria
Died: September 21, 0454

Roman general Flavius Aëtius, also known as the Last of the Romans, was a Roman general during the final years of the Western Roman Empire. He had a huge influence over Emperor Valentinian III. He resisted Attila’s invasion in the Battle of the Catalaunian Plains. He was eventually assassinated by Valentinian.

 11 
Philip the Arab
(Political figure)
Philip the Arab
4
Birthdate: 0204 AD
Birthplace: Shahba
Died: 0249 AD
 12 
Giorgia Meloni
(Politician)
Giorgia Meloni
4
Birthdate: January 15, 1977
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
 13 
Giuseppe Conte
(Politician)
Giuseppe Conte
10
Birthdate: August 8, 1964
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Volturara Appula, Apulia, Italy

Former Italian prime minister Giuseppe Conte is a qualified lawyer and teaches law at various universities. He was one of the few Italian prime ministers to have held office without any previous political experience. He was also the first Western leader to impose a national lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic.

 14 
Gabriele D'Annunzio
(Former Member of Italian Chamber of Deputies (1897-1900))
Gabriele D'Annunzio
5
Birthdate: March 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pescara, Italy
Died: March 1, 1938

Known for literary works like Il Piacere and La Gioconda, Italian journalist, poet and playwright Gabriele D'Annunzio dominated the second period of Italian Decadentism. He became a national war hero during the First World War. His political endeavours include establishing and leading the short-lived Italian Regency of Carnaro in Fiume. He is often described as the forerunner of Italian fascism.  

 15 
Alessandra Mussolini
(Member of the European Parliament (2004 - 2008, 2014 - 2019))
Alessandra Mussolini
11
Birthdate: December 30, 1962
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

Alessandra Mussolini is an Italian former politician and former actress. The granddaughter of Benito Mussolini, she is a former member of the Chamber of Deputies and the Italian Senate. She was the leader of the national conservative political party Social Action as well. Prior to joining politics, she was a model and actress in the 1970s and 1980s.  

 16 
Federica Mogherini
(Politician)
Federica Mogherini
7
Birthdate: June 16, 1973
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
 17 
Luigi Di Maio
(Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (Since 2019))
Luigi Di Maio
3
Birthdate: July 6, 1986
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Avellino, Italy

While Luigi Di Maio had studied both engineering and jurisprudence, he dropped out of university to take up odd jobs. A co-founder of the Friends of Beppe Grillo group, which later took the shape of the anti-establishment Five-Star Movement, Di Maio is the incumbent Italian foreign affairs minister.

 18 
Lorenzo de' Medici
10
Birthdate: January 1, 1449
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 8, 1492

Lorenzo de' Medici was an Italian statesman. Nicknamed Lorenzo the Magnificent, de' Medici was the most enthusiastic and powerful patron of Renaissance culture in Italy. He is credited with providing sponsorships to artists like Michelangelo and Botticelli, thereby contributing indirectly to the development of art in the Republic of Florence. His life and work inspired a couple of TV series.

 19 
Gannicus
(Celtic Slave and Gladiator Who Led a Slave Rebellion)
Gannicus
4
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0071 AD

A 1st century BC Celtic slave, Gannicus led a slave rebellion during the Third Servile War. Known for his valiant fights as a gladiator, he took away a large chunk of slaves when he broke off from Thracian gladiator and fellow slave leader Spartacus. He was eventually defeated in the Battle of Cantenna.

 20 
Marcus Junius Brutus
(Former Politician most famous of the assassins of Julius Caesar)
Marcus Junius Brutus
6
Birthdate: 0085 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 23, 0042
 21 
Pietro Badoglio
(Prime Minister of Italy from 1943 to 1944)
Pietro Badoglio
4
Birthdate: September 28, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Grazzano Badoglio, Italy
Died: November 1, 1956

Initially an artillery officer, Pietro Badoglio served as a general during the two World Wars. He eventually signed an armistice with the Allies to withdraw Italian forces from World War II. He eventually served as the prime minister of Italy and was also the 1st Duke of Addis Abeba.

 22 
Sergio Mattarella
(President of Italy Since 2015)
Sergio Mattarella
4
Birthdate: July 23, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palermo, Kingdom of Italy

Sergio Mattarella is an Italian politician, academic, jurist, and lawyer. He is the current president of the Italian Republic. Before becoming the president of Italy, Mattarella served as the Minister for Parliamentary Relations. He also served as the Minister of Public Education and as the Italian Minister of Defence.

 23 
Publius Quinctilius Varus
(Roman general)
Publius Quinctilius Varus
6
Birthdate: 0046 BC
Birthplace: Cremona
Died: 0009 AD

Roman general Publius Quinctilius Varus had also been made the governor of Africa. Working under Roman emperor Augustus, he lost three Roman legions to the Germanic tribes of Arminius in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest and eventually committed suicide by falling upon his sword.

 24 
Rodolfo Graziani
(Italian Military Officer & a Loyal Supporter of Benito Mussolini)
Rodolfo Graziani
3
Birthdate: August 11, 1882
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Filettino, Italy
Died: January 11, 1955

Italian military officer Rodolfo Graziani commanded Italy’s Regio Esercito, or Royal Army. He was a fascist figure who held significant political posts under the monarchy of Victor Emmanuel III and then under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. Known for his campaigns in Africa during World War II, he escaped imprisonment for his war crimes.

 25 
Giorgio Napolitano
(Politician)
Giorgio Napolitano
3
Birthdate: June 29, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Naples
 26 
Gaius Cassius Longinus
(Roman General)
Gaius Cassius Longinus
5
Birthdate: October 3, 0085
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 3, 0042
The last of the Romans, Gaius Cassius Longinus was the main conspirator in the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar. When Brutus was made the praetor urbanus by Caesar, Cassius was angered and thus plotted revenge. Following the murder, he left for Syria, but committed suicide after losing to Mark Antony.
 27 
Isabella d'Este
(Political Figure)
Isabella d'Este
3
Birthdate: May 19, 1474
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ferrara, Italy
Died: February 13, 1539
 28 
Catiline
(Political leader)
Catiline
3
Birthdate: 0108 BC
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0062 BC
 29 
Italo Balbo
(Italian Fascist Politician Who Commanded the Country's Air Force and Served as Governor-General of Libya)
Italo Balbo
3
Birthdate: June 6, 1896
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ferrara
Died: June 28, 1940

Italian fascist politician Italo Balbo commanded the country’s air force under the dictatorial rule of Benito Mussolini. He was previously a leader of the Blackshirt militia. However, his pro-British sentiments made Mussolini move him away from Italy to make him the Governor-General of Italian Libya. He was killed by accidental friendly fire.

 30 
Giovanni Giustiniani
(Byzantine Soldier Who Tried to Defend Constantinople against the Turks)
Giovanni Giustiniani
3
Birthdate: 1418 AD
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: June 1, 1453

A 15th-century Byzantine soldier, Giovanni Giustiniani, who belonged to one of the most powerful families of the Republic of Genoa, is remembered for his valiant campaign to defend Constantinople against the Turkish army of Sultan Mehmed II. He was eventually wounded and died, while the Ottomans took control of Constantinople.

 31 
Benito Mussolini
(Dictator of Italy and Principal Founder of Fascism Who Was Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 to 1943.)
Benito Mussolini
55
Birthdate: July 29, 1883
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Predappio, Italy
Died: April 28, 1945

The dictator of Italy from 1925 to 1945, Benito Mussolini founded the Fascist Party in 1919. It opposed class discrimination and supported nationalism. But when in power, Mussolini crushed rival political parties, trade unions, free press and free speech. He was overthrown by his former colleagues in the Fascist government in July 1943 and ultimately shot dead in April 1945.

 32 
Gaius Gracchus
(Politician)
Gaius Gracchus
3
Birthdate: 0154 BC
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0121 BC
 33 
Marta Fascina
(Politician)
Marta Fascina
4
Birthdate: January 9, 1990
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Melito di Porto Salvo, Italy
 34 
Mario Monti
(Prime minister of Italy from 2011 to 2013)
Mario Monti
5
Birthdate: March 19, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Varese, Italy

Born to a banker, it was no surprise that Mario Monti would choose economics and management as his university majors. The Yale alumnus later gained fame as an academic and an economist and also became the prime minister of Italy, leading his nation through the Italian debt crisis.

 35 
Bettino Craxi
(Politician)
Bettino Craxi
4
Birthdate: February 24, 1934
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milan
Died: January 19, 2000

Italy’s first Socialist prime minister, Bettino Craxi was born to an anti-fascist lawyer who was persecuted by Benito Mussolini’s regime. He later deviated from the traditional socialism and even changed the symbol of his party from the hammer-and-sickle to a red carnation. He was nicknamed The Big Boar due to his size.

 36 
Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour
(Prime Minister of Italy from March 1861 to June 1861)
Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour
3
Birthdate: August 10, 1810
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: June 6, 1861
 37 
Mario Prada
Mario Prada
3
Birthplace: Milan
Died: 1958 AD
 38 
Scipio Aemilianus
(Roman General and Statesman)
Scipio Aemilianus
4
Birthdate: 0185 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0129 BC
 39 
Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Roman Emperor)
Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: 0825 AD
Died: August 12, 0875
 40 
Giulio Andreotti
(Writer, Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Reporter)
Giulio Andreotti
5
Birthdate: January 14, 1919
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome
Died: May 6, 2013

Giulio Andreotti was an Italian politician who served as the prime minister of Italy on three occasions between 1972 and 1992. Widely regarded as the most important and powerful politician of the First Republic, Andreotti was the second longest-serving Italian prime minister after Silvio Berlusconi in the post-war era. Giulio Andreotti also served in several ministerial positions throughout his career.

 41 
Luigi Cadorna
(Italian Military General Known for His Failure during World War I)
Luigi Cadorna
3
Birthdate: September 4, 1850
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Verbania, Italy
Died: December 21, 1928

Italian military general Luigi Cadorna served as the Chief of Staff of the Italian Army during World War I, though he is remembered for his inefficiency and bad decisions. He was later moved to the Allied military council at Versailles, and in spite of his failure, was eventually named a Field Marshal.

 42 
Eugène de Beauharnais
(French Nobleman and Military Commander Who Was Napoleon Bonaparte's Stepson)
Eugène de Beauharnais
4
Birthdate: September 3, 1781
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 21, 1824

French nobleman and military commander Eugène de Beauharnai is known for service at the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He had also been appointed the Viceroy of Italy under Napoleon I, who was also his stepfather though her mother Joséphine de Beauharnais’s second marriage.

 43 
Francesco I Sforza
(Duke of Milan from 1450 to 1466)
Francesco I Sforza
3
Birthdate: July 23, 1401
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: San Miniato, Italy
Died: March 8, 1466

A 15th-century Italian captain, Francesco I Sforza reigned as the duke of Milan. He was one of the 7 illegitimate sons of Sforza dynasty founder, Muzio Attendolo Sforza. He later backed a Milan–Florence alliance, which led to the Peace of Lodi. He was also known as a patron of art and architecture.

 44 
Fulvia
(Political figure)
Fulvia
3
Birthdate: 0083 BC
Birthplace: Tusculum, Italy
Died: 0040 BC
 45 
Antonio Tajani
(Politician)
Antonio Tajani
3
Birthdate: August 4, 1953
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
 46 
Massimo Moratti
(Association football player, Entrepreneur, Businessperson)
Massimo Moratti
3
Birthdate: May 16, 1945
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bosco Chiesanuova
 47 
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
(Economist, Politician, Banker)
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
4
Birthdate: December 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Livorno
Died: September 16, 2016

Former Italian president and prime minister Carlo Azeglio Ciampi had a major role in introducing Italy to the euro. He had been the governor of the Bank of Italy for 14 years and had held several portfolios, including the ministry of treasury. He was also a World War II veteran.

 48 
Ricimer
(Roman General Who Ruled Indirectly through Puppet Emperors)
Ricimer
3
Birthdate: 0405 AD
Died: August 18, 0472

A 5th-century Roman general, Ricimer is remembered as a kingmaker of the Western Roman Empire. While he initially supported Emperor Majorian, he later deposed him in favor of Libius Severus. He later clashed with Emperor Anthemius and promoted Olybrius to the throne. He never ruled directly but showcased his influence through puppet rulers.

 49 
Pope Leo XI
(Head of the Roman Catholic Church (April 1605))
Pope Leo XI
3
Birthdate: June 2, 1535
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Florence
Died: April 27, 1605

Pope Leo XI served as the chief of the Roman Catholic Church and therefore the ruler of the Papal States from 1 April 1605 until his death on 27 April 1605. Having lasted under a month, Pope Leo XI's papacy is one of the briefest of all time.

 50 
Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma
(Duke of Parma, Piacenza from 1586 to 1592)
Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma
5
Birthdate: August 27, 1545
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 3, 1592

Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma was an Italian condottiero and noble. He is best remembered for his service as a general in the Spanish army. From 1578 to 1592, Alexander Farnese served as the Governor of the Spanish Netherlands. He was also the Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 15 September 1586 to 3 December 1592.