Famous Italian Leaders

Think of Italy and the first thing that strikes the mind is its enchanting beauty, picturesque landscape, magnificent art, rich culture and heritage, vibrant history and lip-smacking cuisine! But there is more to Italy that what meets the eye – Italian leaders! One of the most charming and hardworking people in the world, Italian leaders are recognized for their wit, intelligence and charisma. Much of the credit for safeguarding the country’s unique blend of mesmerizing past and effervescent present goes to its leaders who have helped maintain a balance and created a niche of distinctiveness for Italy in the world over. According to the Constitution of Italy, the country is ruled by elected representatives. The Prime Minister is the executive head of the country, while the role of the President is largely ceremonial. Italy has had numerous leaders since 1861, but few of them have left a lasting imprint on the minds of the people in Italy and abroad. Alcide de Gasperi, Aldo Moro, Giovanni Spadolinni, Mario Monti, Giorgio Napolitano, Enrico Letta, Matteo Renzi are some of Italian leaders who have contributed to the country’s growth and advancement. Given in this section are the details about life and works of famous Italian leaders.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius.
8
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 26, 0121
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 17, 0180

Marcus Aurelius played an important role in the Roman Empire. A Stoic philosopher, Marcus was part of the Five Good Emperors and the last emperor of the Pax Romana—a 200-year-long period of relative peace in the Roman Empire. Also a writer, his work Meditations is regarded by many as one of the greatest works of philosophy.

 2 Cicero

Marcus Aurelius.
9
Famous As: Philosopher, Political Theorist
Birthdate: January 3, 0106
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Arpinum, Roman Republic, modern Arpino, Lazio, Italy
Died: December 7, 0043
Roman statesman, lawyer, and scholar Cicero was one of the greatest 1st-century BC prose writers and orators. He influenced Latin literature immensely and introduced Greek philosophy to the Romans. He was declared an enemy of the state, following his opposition to Mark Antony after Julius Caesar’s death, and was executed.
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 3 Giuseppe Garibaldi

Marcus Aurelius.
5
Famous As: Italian Nationalist
Birthdate: July 4, 1807
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: June 2, 1882

Italian general, patriot, and republican Giuseppe Garibaldi is remembered for the role he played in the Italian unification and the creation of the Kingdom of Italy. He is considered one of Italy's "fathers of the fatherland." A highly proficient military general, he also led the Expedition of the Thousand on behalf of Victor Emmanuel II. He died in 1882.

 4 Lorenzo de' Medici

Marcus Aurelius.
4
Famous As: Leader
Birthdate: January 1, 1449
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 8, 1492

Lorenzo de' Medici was an Italian statesman. Nicknamed Lorenzo the Magnificent, de' Medici was the most enthusiastic and powerful patron of Renaissance culture in Italy. He is credited with providing sponsorships to artists like Michelangelo and Botticelli, thereby contributing indirectly to the development of art in the Republic of Florence. His life and work inspired a couple of TV series.

 5 Scipio Africanus

Marcus Aurelius.
4
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: 0236 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: 0183 BC
Roman general and consul Scipio Africanus is remembered for his exploits during the Second Punic War. He gained the title Africanus by defeating Hannibal at the Battle of Zama. He was later dragged into a trial for accepting bribes and eventually left Rome to live in his villa in Liternum.

 6 Giuseppe Conte

Marcus Aurelius
5
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 8, 1964
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Volturara Appula, Apulia, Italy

Former Italian prime minister Giuseppe Conte is a qualified lawyer and teaches law at various universities. He was one of the few Italian prime ministers to have held office without any previous political experience. He was also the first Western leader to impose a national lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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 7 Pompey

Marcus Aurelius.
4
Famous As: Military Leader
Birthdate: September 29, 0106
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Picenum
Died: September 28, 0048

Considered ruthless by his opponents, Pompey was an ancient Roman general who was a veteran of many wars and played a key role in changing Rome from a republic to an empire. Pompey was first an ally of his more illustrious compatriot Julius Caesar whose daughter he married, and then became his enemy. He was assassinated in Egypt, an end not uncommon in history.

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 8 Cosimo de' Medici

Marcus Aurelius
4
Famous As: Banker
Birthdate: April 10, 1389
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: August 1, 1464

One of the main patriarchs of the famed Medici family that ruled Florence, Italian banker Cosimo de' Medici was one of the richest men of his time. Medici was also a great patron of art and architecture. He also arranged a search for ancient manuscripts and opened a public library.

 9 Silvio Berlusconi

Marcus Aurelius.
6
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Italy
Birthdate: September 29, 1936
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan
Media mogul Silvio Berlusconi served as the Italian prime minister for 9 years. Owner of the media groups Mediaset and Fininvest, and former owner of A.C. Milan, he also launched the first Italian private TV channel, Telemilano. Despite a conviction for tax fraud, he became a European Parliament MP later.

 10 Antonio Gramsci

Marcus Aurelius.
4
Famous As: Politician, Philosopher
Birthdate: January 22, 1891
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Ales, Italy
Died: April 27, 1937

Antonio Gramsci was an Italian politician, journalist, philosopher, linguist, and writer. A founding member of the Communist Party of Italy, Gramsci went on to serve as the leader of the party before he was arrested by Benito Mussolini's Fascist regime. Since his death, Antonio Gramsci has been the subject of several plays and films.

 11 Matteo Salvini

Marcus Aurelius.
4
Famous As: Political Leader
Birthdate: March 9, 1973
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Matteo Salvini, or The Captain, is known for his staunch right-wing ideology. The former deputy prime minister of Italy is against illegal immigration and believes in the motto “Prima gli italiani,” or “Italians first.” Part of Lega, a rebranded version of Umberto Bossi’s Lega Nord, Salvini is a prominent Eurosceptic.

 12 Alessandra Mussolini

Marcus Aurelius
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 30, 1962
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

Alessandra Mussolini is an Italian former politician and former actress. The granddaughter of Benito Mussolini, she is a former member of the Chamber of Deputies and the Italian Senate. She was the leader of the national conservative political party Social Action as well. Prior to joining politics, she was a model and actress in the 1970s and 1980s.  

 13 Matteo Renzi

Marcus Aurelius.
4
Famous As: Prime Minister of Italy
Birthdate: January 11, 1975
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence
Italia Viva party leader and the youngest-ever Italian prime minister, Matteo Renzi, was named one of Foreign Policy’s Top 100 Global Thinkers. He was criticized by many for meeting controversial Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. In early 2021, he received bullets in an envelope, causing a media frenzy. 

 14 Germanicus

Marcus Aurelius.
4
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: May 24, 0015
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 10, 0019
Germanicus Julius Caesar, son of Nero Claudius and Antonia the Younger, was a Roman general. He was known for his chiseled physique and his military prowess. He took over the provinces of Cappadocia and Commagene, and also proceeded to fight against the governor of Syria, before he died of poisoning.

 15 Benito Mussolini

Marcus Aurelius.
49
Famous As: Former Duce
Birthdate: July 29, 1883
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Predappio, Italy
Died: April 28, 1945

The dictator of Italy from 1925 to 1945, Benito Mussolini founded the Fascist Party in 1919. It opposed class discrimination and supported nationalism. But when in power, Mussolini crushed rival political parties, trade unions, free press and free speech. He was overthrown by his former colleagues in the Fascist government in July 1943 and ultimately shot dead in April 1945.

 16 Gaius Cassius Longinus

Marcus Aurelius.
4
Famous As: Roman General
Birthdate: October 3, 0085
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 3, 0042
The last of the Romans, Gaius Cassius Longinus was the main conspirator in the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar. When Brutus was made the praetor urbanus by Caesar, Cassius was angered and thus plotted revenge. Following the murder, he left for Syria, but committed suicide after losing to Mark Antony.

 17 Gianni Agnelli

Marcus Aurelius
4
Famous As: Entrepreneur, Engineer, Politician, Businessperson
Birthdate: March 12, 1921
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Turin
Died: January 24, 2003

 18 Giuseppe Mazzini

Marcus Aurelius.
3
Birthdate: June 22, 1805
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: March 10, 1872

Giuseppe Mazzini was an Italian journalist, politician, and activist. He played a major role in the Italian revolutionary movement and in the unification of Italy. His efforts gave rise to an independent and unified Italy, which replaced many separate states that were dominated by foreign powers. Mazzini is widely regarded as the most influential European revolutionary.

 19 Marcus Junius Brutus

Marcus Aurelius
4
Birthdate: 0085 BC
Birthplace: Rome
Died: October 23, 0042

 20 Flavius Aëtius

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: General
Birthdate: 0391 AD
Birthplace: Silistra
Died: September 21, 0454

 21 Alexander Severus

Marcus Aurelius.
3
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: October 1, 0208
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Arca Caesarea (modern Akkar, Lebanon)
Died: March 19, 0235

Alexander Severus reigned as the Roman emperor from 222 until his death in 235. He was the last emperor of the famous Severan dynasty. Alexander Severus’ death not only brought an end to the Severan dynasty, but also marked the beginning of the Crisis of the Third Century, a period of hardship during which the great Roman Empire almost collapsed.

 22 Piero the Unfortunate

Marcus Aurelius
4
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 15, 1472
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: December 28, 1503

 23 Andrea Agnelli

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Entrepreneur, Businessperson
Birthdate: December 6, 1975
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Turin

 24 Philip the Arab

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Political figure
Birthdate: 0204 AD
Birthplace: Shahba
Died: 0249 AD

 25 Gannicus

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Leader
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0071 AD

 26 Federica Mogherini

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 16, 1973
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

 27 Steve Scalise

Marcus Aurelius
5
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 6, 1965
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

Steve Scalise is the current U.S. House of Representatives minority whip and represents Louisiana's 1st district. Scalise made headlines when, in 2017, he and three others were injured after a left-wing extremist shot them with a rifle at a Congressional baseball practice. Strangely, he still remains a gun rights supporter.

 28 Lord Acton

Marcus Aurelius.
3
Birthdate: January 10, 1834
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Naples
Died: June 19, 1902

Lord Acton was an English Catholic historian, writer, and politician. Born to a prominent family in Naples, he was the son of a British baronet. He studied at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, where he developed a deep love of historical research. After building a career as a historian and writer, he ventured into politics as well. 

 29 Beppe Grillo

Marcus Aurelius.
11
Famous As: Comedian
Birthdate: July 21, 1948
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy

Beppe Grillo is an Italian actor, comedian, politician, and blogger. The co-founder of a political party called Five Star Movement, Grillo turned to the internet in the early-2000s to popularize his ideas. After launching a website called beppegrillo.it, which became an influential website, he started writing influential blogs, which made him a leading Italian popularizer of digital utopianism.

 30 Luigi Di Maio

Marcus Aurelius.
3
Famous As: Party leader of the Five Star Movement
Birthdate: July 6, 1986
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Avellino

While Luigi Di Maio had studied both engineering and jurisprudence, he dropped out of university to take up odd jobs. A co-founder of the Friends of Beppe Grillo group, which later took the shape of the anti-establishment Five-Star Movement, Di Maio is the incumbent Italian foreign affairs minister.

 31 Julius Nepos

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0430 AD
Birthplace: Roman Italy
Died: May 9, 0480

 32 Aldo Moro

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Politician, Diplomat, University teacher
Birthdate: September 23, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Maglie
Died: May 9, 1978

 33 Gabriele D'Annunzio

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: March 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pescara, Kingdom of Italy
Died: March 1, 1938

Known for literary works like Il Piacere and La Gioconda, Italian journalist, poet and playwright Gabriele D'Annunzio dominated the second period of Italian Decadentism. He became a national war hero during the First World War. His political endeavours include establishing and leading the short-lived Italian Regency of Carnaro in Fiume. He is often described as the forerunner of Italian fascism.  

 34 Marcus Aemilius Lepidus

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Roman military commander
Birthdate: 0088 BC
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0013 BC

 35 Bernardo Provenzano

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Criminal
Birthdate: January 31, 1933
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Corleone
Died: July 13, 2016

 36 Cesare Beccaria

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Jurist
Birthdate: March 15, 1738
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milan
Died: November 28, 1794

Cesare Beccaria was an 18th-century Italian criminologist, philosopher, jurist, and politician. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment. He is still remembered for his treatise On Crimes and Punishments (1764), a pioneering work in the field of penology. He is considered the father of modern criminal law. 

 37 Pontius Pilatus

Marcus Aurelius
13
Famous As: Official
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Abruzzo, Italy
Died: 0039 AD

 38 Mario Draghi

Marcus Aurelius
4
Famous As: Economist, Banker, University teacher
Birthdate: September 3, 1947
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rome

The son of a banker father, Italian economist Mario Draghi initially served as the president of the European Central Bank and the Bank of Italy governor, and is the current prime minister of Italy. The media named him Super Mario for efficiently handling the Eurozone debt crisis.

 39 Sergio Mattarella

Marcus Aurelius.
4
Famous As: President of Italy
Birthdate: July 23, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palermo, Italy

Sergio Mattarella is an Italian politician, academic, jurist, and lawyer. He is the current president of the Italian Republic. Before becoming the president of Italy, Mattarella served as the Minister for Parliamentary Relations. He also served as the Minister of Public Education and as the Italian Minister of Defence.

 40 Virginia Raggi

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Politician, Lawyer
Birthdate: July 18, 1978
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

Italian lawyer Virginia Raggi made history when she became the first female mayor of Rome. A champion of women’s rights, she also prioritizes climate change issues and is concerned about de-congesting her city. A Five Star Movement member, she withdrew Rome’s 2024 Olympic bid, stating Rome would’ve been in debt otherwise.

 41 Marta Fascina

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 9, 1990
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Melito di Porto Salvo, Italy

 42 Giulio Andreotti

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Writer, Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Reporter
Birthdate: January 14, 1919
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome
Died: May 6, 2013

 43 Lothair I

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: 0795 AD

 44 Vitellius

Marcus Aurelius
4
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: September 24, 0015
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: December 22, 0069

 45 Galeazzo Ciano

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Diplomat
Birthdate: March 18, 1903
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Livorno, Italy
Died: January 11, 1944

 46 Pietro Badoglio

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: September 28, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Grazzano Badoglio
Died: November 1, 1956

 47 Enrico Dandolo

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: diplomat, politician
Birthdate: 1107 AD
Birthplace: Venice
Died: April 30, 1205

 48 Giorgio Napolitano

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 29, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Naples

 49 Numa Pompilius

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Political figure
Birthdate: April 21, 0753
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cures
Died: 0673 BC

 50 Rodolfo Graziani

Marcus Aurelius
3
Famous As: Military officer
Birthdate: August 11, 1882
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Filettino, Italy
Died: January 11, 1955