Italy was led by the monarchy until its unification in 1946 when it finally adopted the parliamentary republic government after a national referendum. Just like any other country that follows parliamentary republic kind of governance, Italy is headed by the President who serves as the head of the state and Prime Minister who is vested with all the executive powers. As the head of state, the President of the Republic represents the unity of the nation and has many of the duties which were previously performed by the King of Italy. The Prime Minister serves as the head of the council of ministers who in turn hold effective executive powers. Unlike other parliamentary systems, the leader of the Italian government is not authorized to request the dissolution of the Parliament or to dismiss the ministers that are appointed by him. Since its independence from the monarchy, Italy has had some of the most well-known and renowned political leaders. Strong willed and dynamic, these leaders have led from the front safely securing the welfare, advancement and development of the nation. With this section, check out some of the most prolific Italian leaders, their life and their career as politicians.
Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883
Former Duce
Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi
09 December 1946
Former President of Indian National Congress

CiceroCicero
03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

Matteo SalviniMatteo Salvini
09 March 1973
Political Leader

Lorenzo de' MediciLorenzo de' Medici
01 January 1449
Leader

Silvio BerlusconiSilvio Berlusconi
29 September 1936
Former Prime Minister of Italy
PompeyPompey
29 September 0106
Military Leader

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Politician, Philosopher

Matteo RenziMatteo Renzi
11 January 1975
Prime Minister of Italy

Giuseppe MazziniGiuseppe Mazzini
22 June 1805
 
Luigi Di MaioLuigi Di Maio
06 July 1986
Party leader of the Five Star Movement

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
 
Beppe GrilloBeppe Grillo
21 July 1948
Actor, Comedian, Politician, Writer

Scipio AfricanusScipio Africanus
0236 BC
General

Francis II, Holy Roman EmperorFrancis II, Holy Roman Emperor
12 February 1768
 
PertinaxPertinax
01 August 0126
Emperor

NervaNerva
08 November 0030
politician
Alessandra MussoliniAlessandra Mussolini
30 December 1962
Actor, Politician, Model

VitelliusVitellius
24 September 0024
Emperor

Umberto II of ItalyUmberto II of Italy
15 September 1904
Military personnel
Victor Emmanuel II of ItalyVictor Emmanuel II of Italy
14 March 1820
King

Gaius Cassius LonginusGaius Cassius Longinus
0085 BC
Military commander
Gianni AgnelliGianni Agnelli
12 March 1921
Entrepreneur, Engineer, Politician, Businessperson

Philip the ArabPhilip the Arab
0204 AD
Political figure

Charles IV of SpainCharles IV of Spain
11 November 1748
King of Spain

Lucius VerusLucius Verus
15 December 0130
Political figure
Federica MogheriniFederica Mogherini
16 June 1973
Politician
Julius NeposJulius Nepos
0430 AD
Emperor

Umberto I of ItalyUmberto I of Italy
14 March 1844
Politician

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738
Jurist

Aldo MoroAldo Moro
23 September 1916
Politician, Diplomat, University teacher
Giulio AndreottiGiulio Andreotti
14 January 1919
Writer, Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Reporter

Continue Reading Below
Caterina SforzaCaterina Sforza
1463 AD
politician

Lothair ILothair I
0795 AD
Roman Emperor

Giorgio NapolitanoGiorgio Napolitano
29 June 1925
Politician

Romano ProdiRomano Prodi
09 August 1939
Economist, Politician, University teacher
Pietro BadoglioPietro Badoglio
28 September 1871
Prime Minister

Tiberius GracchusTiberius Gracchus
0168 BC
Politician
Amadeo I of SpainAmadeo I of Spain
30 May 1845
 

Trebonianus GallusTrebonianus Gallus
0206 AD
Emperor

Galeazzo CianoGaleazzo Ciano
18 March 1903
Diplomat, Politician, Jurist, Diarist
Marcus Claudius TacitusMarcus Claudius Tacitus
0200 AD
Roman Emperor

Numa PompiliusNuma Pompilius
21 April 0753
Political figure
Mario MontiMario Monti
19 March 1943
Economist, Politician, University teacher

Italo BalboItalo Balbo
06 June 1896
politician, military personnel

FlorianusFlorianus
19 August 0232
Emperor

SejanusSejanus
 

Kurt SchuschniggKurt Schuschnigg
14 December 1897
Politician
Zita of Bourbon-ParmaZita of Bourbon-Parma
09 May 1892
 

Valentinian IIIValentinian III
02 July 0419
Emperor

CatilineCatiline
0108 BC
Political leader

Enrico DandoloEnrico Dandolo
1107 AD
diplomat, politician
Marcus Junius BrutusMarcus Junius Brutus
0085 BC
 

Lucius Cornelius SullaLucius Cornelius Sulla
0138 BC
Roman consul
Alcide De GasperiAlcide De Gasperi
03 April 1881
prime minister,politician

MajorianMajorian
31 October 0420
King

Bettino CraxiBettino Craxi
24 February 1934
Politician
Gaius GracchusGaius Gracchus
0154 BC
Politician

Enrico LettaEnrico Letta
20 August 1966
Politician, Academic, Non-fiction writer
SallustSallust
0086 BC
Historian, Politician

Charles Albert of SardiniaCharles Albert of Sardinia
02 October 1798
 

LucullusLucullus
0118 BC
Politician
Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker

Quintus SertoriusQuintus Sertorius
0126 BC
Statesman
Emma BoninoEmma Bonino
09 March 1948
Politician

Vladimir LuxuriaVladimir Luxuria
24 June 1965
Actor, Television presenter, Politician

Tullus HostiliusTullus Hostilius
0710 BC
King

Palmiro TogliattiPalmiro Togliatti
26 March 1893
Politician
Enrico BerlinguerEnrico Berlinguer
25 May 1922
Politician
Sandro PertiniSandro Pertini
25 September 1896
Politician, Journalist

Bona SforzaBona Sforza
02 February 1494
 

Umberto AgnelliUmberto Agnelli
01 November 1934
Entrepreneur, Politician, Engineer, Businessperson

CassiodorusCassiodorus
0485 AD
Statesman
Giovanni GiolittiGiovanni Giolitti
27 October 1842
Politician

Theodoric the GreatTheodoric the Great
12 May 0454
King

Francesco CossigaFrancesco Cossiga
26 July 1928
Politician

Victor Amadeus II of SardiniaVictor Amadeus II of Sardinia
14 May 1666
 

Vittorio Emanuele OrlandoVittorio Emanuele Orlando
19 May 1860
Politician, University teacher
Pescennius NigerPescennius Niger
0140 AD
Emperor

Lucius Cornelius CinnaLucius Cornelius Cinna
Political figure
Walter VeltroniWalter Veltroni
03 July 1955
Politician, Writer, Journalist

DesideriusDesiderius
0700 AD
 

TotilaTotila
0516 AD
Military leader
Victor Amadeus III of SardiniaVictor Amadeus III of Sardinia
26 June 1726
 

Amintore FanfaniAmintore Fanfani
06 February 1908
Politician, Diplomat, Economist, University
Luigi EinaudiLuigi Einaudi
24 March 1874
President

Guy III of SpoletoGuy III of Spoleto
0850 AD
Emperor

VolusianusVolusianus
Emperor

Francesco GuicciardiniFrancesco Guicciardini
06 March 1483
Historian, Politician, Writer, Diplomat
Giuliano AmatoGiuliano Amato
13 May 1938
Politician, Prime Minister

Pope Leo IIPope Leo II
0611 AD
Pope
Gianni RodariGianni Rodari
23 October 1920
Writer, Educationist, Journalist, Children's

Oscar Luigi ScalfaroOscar Luigi Scalfaro
09 September 1918
Politician, President
Andrew III of HungaryAndrew III of Hungary
1265 AD
prelate

Angelino AlfanoAngelino Alfano
31 October 1970
Politician, Lawyer
Giovanni LeoneGiovanni Leone
03 November 1908
Italian Politician