Italy was led by the monarchy until its unification in 1946 when it finally adopted the parliamentary republic government after a national referendum. Just like any other country that follows parliamentary republic kind of governance, Italy is headed by the President who serves as the head of the state and Prime Minister who is vested with all the executive powers. As the head of state, the President of the Republic represents the unity of the nation and has many of the duties which were previously performed by the King of Italy. The Prime Minister serves as the head of the council of ministers who in turn hold effective executive powers. Unlike other parliamentary systems, the leader of the Italian government is not authorized to request the dissolution of the Parliament or to dismiss the ministers that are appointed by him. Since its independence from the monarchy, Italy has had some of the most well-known and renowned political leaders. Strong willed and dynamic, these leaders have led from the front safely securing the welfare, advancement and development of the nation. With this section, check out some of the most prolific Italian leaders, their life and their career as politicians.
Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883
Former Duce
CiceroCicero
03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

Lorenzo de' MediciLorenzo de' Medici
01 January 1449
Leader

PompeyPompey
29 September 0106
Military Leader

Silvio BerlusconiSilvio Berlusconi
29 September 1936
Former Prime Minister of Italy

Giuseppe MazziniGiuseppe Mazzini
22 June 1805
 
Luigi Di MaioLuigi Di Maio
06 July 1986
Party leader of the Five Star Movement

Matteo RenziMatteo Renzi
11 January 1975
Prime Minister of Italy

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
 

Beppe GrilloBeppe Grillo
21 July 1948
Actor, Comedian, Politician, Writer
Alessandra MussoliniAlessandra Mussolini
30 December 1962
Actor, Politician, Model

Charles Edward StuartCharles Edward Stuart
31 December 1720
Pretender
Matteo SalviniMatteo Salvini
09 March 1973
Journalist, Politician

Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Italian Politician

Scipio AfricanusScipio Africanus
0236 BC
General
Francis II, Holy Roman EmperorFrancis II, Holy Roman Emperor
12 February 1768
 

Victor Emmanuel III of ItalyVictor Emmanuel III of Italy
11 November 1869
Numismatist, Politician
PertinaxPertinax
01 August 0126
Emperor

NervaNerva
08 November 0030
politician

VitelliusVitellius
24 September 0024
Emperor
Umberto II of ItalyUmberto II of Italy
15 September 1904
Military personnel

Victor Emmanuel II of ItalyVictor Emmanuel II of Italy
14 March 1820
King
Gianni AgnelliGianni Agnelli
12 March 1921
Entrepreneur, Engineer, Politician, Businessperson

Gaius Cassius LonginusGaius Cassius Longinus
0085 BC
Military commander

Philip the ArabPhilip the Arab
0204 AD
Political figure

Lucius VerusLucius Verus
15 December 0130
Political figure
Charles IV of SpainCharles IV of Spain
11 November 1748
King of Spain
Julius NeposJulius Nepos
0430 AD
Emperor

Umberto I of ItalyUmberto I of Italy
14 March 1844
Politician

Caterina SforzaCaterina Sforza
1463 AD
politician

SejanusSejanus
 
Aldo MoroAldo Moro
23 September 1916
Politician, Diplomat, University teacher

Lothair ILothair I
0795 AD
Roman Emperor

Giulio AndreottiGiulio Andreotti
14 January 1919
Writer, Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Reporter

Pietro BadoglioPietro Badoglio
28 September 1871
Prime Minister

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Tiberius GracchusTiberius Gracchus
0168 BC
Politician
Trebonianus GallusTrebonianus Gallus
0206 AD
Emperor

Galeazzo CianoGaleazzo Ciano
18 March 1903
Diplomat, Politician, Jurist, Diarist
Amadeo I of SpainAmadeo I of Spain
30 May 1845
 

Marcus Claudius TacitusMarcus Claudius Tacitus
0200 AD
Roman Emperor

Numa PompiliusNuma Pompilius
21 April 0753
Political figure
Romano ProdiRomano Prodi
09 August 1939
Economist, Politician, University teacher

FlorianusFlorianus
19 August 0232
Emperor
Italo BalboItalo Balbo
06 June 1896
politician, military personnel

Kurt SchuschniggKurt Schuschnigg
14 December 1897
Politician

Giorgio NapolitanoGiorgio Napolitano
29 June 1925
Politician

Valentinian IIIValentinian III
02 July 0419
Emperor

Enrico DandoloEnrico Dandolo
1107 AD
diplomat, politician
CatilineCatiline
0108 BC
Political leader

Zita of Bourbon-ParmaZita of Bourbon-Parma
09 May 1892
 

Marcus Junius BrutusMarcus Junius Brutus
0085 BC
 

Lucius Cornelius SullaLucius Cornelius Sulla
0138 BC
Roman consul
Alcide De GasperiAlcide De Gasperi
03 April 1881
prime minister,politician

Mario MontiMario Monti
19 March 1943
Economist, Politician, University teacher
MajorianMajorian
31 October 0420
King

Gaius GracchusGaius Gracchus
0154 BC
Politician

SallustSallust
0086 BC
Historian, Politician
Bettino CraxiBettino Craxi
24 February 1934
Politician

Emma BoninoEmma Bonino
09 March 1948
Politician
LucullusLucullus
0118 BC
Politician

Quintus SertoriusQuintus Sertorius
0126 BC
Statesman

Vladimir LuxuriaVladimir Luxuria
24 June 1965
Actor, Television presenter, Politician
Tullus HostiliusTullus Hostilius
0710 BC
King

Charles Albert of SardiniaCharles Albert of Sardinia
02 October 1798
 
Enrico LettaEnrico Letta
20 August 1966
Politician, Academic, Non-fiction writer

Palmiro TogliattiPalmiro Togliatti
26 March 1893
Politician

Enrico BerlinguerEnrico Berlinguer
25 May 1922
Politician

Sandro PertiniSandro Pertini
25 September 1896
Politician, Journalist
Bona SforzaBona Sforza
02 February 1494
 
Umberto AgnelliUmberto Agnelli
01 November 1934
Entrepreneur, Politician, Engineer, Businessperson

Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker

CassiodorusCassiodorus
0485 AD
Statesman

Giovanni GiolittiGiovanni Giolitti
27 October 1842
Politician
Vittorio Emanuele OrlandoVittorio Emanuele Orlando
19 May 1860
Politician, University teacher

Theodoric the GreatTheodoric the Great
12 May 0454
King

Francesco CossigaFrancesco Cossiga
26 July 1928
Politician

Victor Amadeus II of SardiniaVictor Amadeus II of Sardinia
14 May 1666
 

Pescennius NigerPescennius Niger
0140 AD
Emperor
Lucius Cornelius CinnaLucius Cornelius Cinna
Political figure

Walter VeltroniWalter Veltroni
03 July 1955
Politician, Writer, Journalist
DesideriusDesiderius
0700 AD
 

TotilaTotila
0516 AD
Military leader

Victor Amadeus III of SardiniaVictor Amadeus III of Sardinia
26 June 1726
 
Amintore FanfaniAmintore Fanfani
06 February 1908
Politician, Diplomat, Economist, University

Luigi EinaudiLuigi Einaudi
24 March 1874
President
Guy III of SpoletoGuy III of Spoleto
0850 AD
Emperor

VolusianusVolusianus
Emperor

Francesco GuicciardiniFrancesco Guicciardini
06 March 1483
Historian, Politician, Writer, Diplomat

Giuliano AmatoGiuliano Amato
13 May 1938
Politician, Prime Minister
Pope Leo IIPope Leo II
0611 AD
Pope

Gianni RodariGianni Rodari
23 October 1920
Writer, Educationist, Journalist, Children's
Oscar Luigi ScalfaroOscar Luigi Scalfaro
09 September 1918
Politician, President

Andrew III of HungaryAndrew III of Hungary
1265 AD
prelate

Angelino AlfanoAngelino Alfano
31 October 1970
Politician, Lawyer

Giovanni LeoneGiovanni Leone
03 November 1908
Italian Politician
Antonio SegniAntonio Segni
02 February 1891
Politician