Famous Italian Political Leaders

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 1 
Silvio Berlusconi
(Former Prime Minister of Italy)
Silvio Berlusconi
10
Birthdate: September 29, 1936
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Milan
Died: June 12, 2023
Media mogul Silvio Berlusconi served as the Italian prime minister for 9 years. Owner of the media groups Mediaset and Fininvest, and former owner of A.C. Milan, he also launched the first Italian private TV channel, Telemilano. Despite a conviction for tax fraud, he became a European Parliament MP later.
 2 
Giuseppe Mazzini
(Italian Politician, Activist and Champion of the Movement for Italian Unity)
Giuseppe Mazzini
3
Birthdate: June 22, 1805
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Genoa, Italy
Died: March 10, 1872

Giuseppe Mazzini was an Italian journalist, politician, and activist. He played a major role in the Italian revolutionary movement and in the unification of Italy. His efforts gave rise to an independent and unified Italy, which replaced many separate states that were dominated by foreign powers. Mazzini is widely regarded as the most influential European revolutionary.

 3 
Matteo Salvini
(Deputy Prime Minister of Italy from 2018 to 2019)
Matteo Salvini
8
Birthdate: March 9, 1973
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Matteo Salvini, or The Captain, is known for his staunch right-wing ideology. The former deputy prime minister of Italy is against illegal immigration and believes in the motto “Prima gli italiani,” or “Italians first.” Part of Lega, a rebranded version of Umberto Bossi’s Lega Nord, Salvini is a prominent Eurosceptic.
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 4 
Matteo Renzi
(Prime Minister of Italy)
Matteo Renzi
6
Birthdate: January 11, 1975
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence
Italia Viva party leader and the youngest-ever Italian prime minister, Matteo Renzi, was named one of Foreign Policy’s Top 100 Global Thinkers. He was criticized by many for meeting controversial Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. In early 2021, he received bullets in an envelope, causing a media frenzy. 
 5 
Aldo Moro
(Politician, Diplomat, University teacher)
Aldo Moro
4
Birthdate: September 23, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Maglie
Died: May 9, 1978

Christian Democracy member Aldo Moro had served as the Italian prime minister and had also held important portfolios such as foreign affairs and public education. He was also a University of Bari professor of law, initially. He was abducted and killed by left-wing terrorists known as The Red Brigades.

 6 
Philip the Arab
(Political figure)
Philip the Arab
4
Birthdate: 0204 AD
Birthplace: Shahba
Died: 0249 AD
 7 
Federica Mogherini
(Politician)
Federica Mogherini
3
Birthdate: June 16, 1973
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
 8 
Lorenzo de' Medici
7
Birthdate: January 1, 1449
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 8, 1492

Lorenzo de' Medici was an Italian statesman. Nicknamed Lorenzo the Magnificent, de' Medici was the most enthusiastic and powerful patron of Renaissance culture in Italy. He is credited with providing sponsorships to artists like Michelangelo and Botticelli, thereby contributing indirectly to the development of art in the Republic of Florence. His life and work inspired a couple of TV series.

 9 
Gabriele D'Annunzio
(Former Member of Italian Chamber of Deputies (1897-1900))
Gabriele D'Annunzio
4
Birthdate: March 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Pescara, Italy
Died: March 1, 1938

Known for literary works like Il Piacere and La Gioconda, Italian journalist, poet and playwright Gabriele D'Annunzio dominated the second period of Italian Decadentism. He became a national war hero during the First World War. His political endeavours include establishing and leading the short-lived Italian Regency of Carnaro in Fiume. He is often described as the forerunner of Italian fascism.  

 10 
Giorgia Meloni
(Politician)
Giorgia Meloni
6
Birthdate: January 15, 1977
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
 11 
Luigi Di Maio
(Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (Since 2019))
Luigi Di Maio
4
Birthdate: July 6, 1986
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Avellino, Italy

While Luigi Di Maio had studied both engineering and jurisprudence, he dropped out of university to take up odd jobs. A co-founder of the Friends of Beppe Grillo group, which later took the shape of the anti-establishment Five-Star Movement, Di Maio is the incumbent Italian foreign affairs minister.

 12 
Alessandra Mussolini
(Member of the European Parliament (2004 - 2008, 2014 - 2019))
Alessandra Mussolini
10
Birthdate: December 30, 1962
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

Alessandra Mussolini is an Italian former politician and former actress. The granddaughter of Benito Mussolini, she is a former member of the Chamber of Deputies and the Italian Senate. She was the leader of the national conservative political party Social Action as well. Prior to joining politics, she was a model and actress in the 1970s and 1980s.  

 13 
Marcus Junius Brutus
(Former Politician most famous of the assassins of Julius Caesar)
Marcus Junius Brutus
5
Birthdate: 0085 BC
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: October 23, 0042
 14 
Pietro Badoglio
(Prime Minister of Italy from 1943 to 1944)
Pietro Badoglio
4
Birthdate: September 28, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Grazzano Badoglio, Italy
Died: November 1, 1956

Initially an artillery officer, Pietro Badoglio served as a general during the two World Wars. He eventually signed an armistice with the Allies to withdraw Italian forces from World War II. He eventually served as the prime minister of Italy and was also the 1st Duke of Addis Abeba.

 15 
Sergio Mattarella
(President of Italy Since 2015)
Sergio Mattarella
4
Birthdate: July 23, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Palermo, Kingdom of Italy

Sergio Mattarella is an Italian politician, academic, jurist, and lawyer. He is the current president of the Italian Republic. Before becoming the president of Italy, Mattarella served as the Minister for Parliamentary Relations. He also served as the Minister of Public Education and as the Italian Minister of Defence.

 16 
Giorgio Napolitano
(Politician)
Giorgio Napolitano
3
Birthdate: June 29, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Naples
 17 
Catiline
(Political leader)
Catiline
4
Birthdate: 0108 BC
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0062 BC
 18 
Italo Balbo
(Italian Fascist Politician Who Commanded the Country's Air Force and Served as Governor-General of Libya)
Italo Balbo
4
Birthdate: June 6, 1896
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ferrara
Died: June 28, 1940

Italian fascist politician Italo Balbo commanded the country’s air force under the dictatorial rule of Benito Mussolini. He was previously a leader of the Blackshirt militia. However, his pro-British sentiments made Mussolini move him away from Italy to make him the Governor-General of Italian Libya. He was killed by accidental friendly fire.

 19 
Isabella d'Este
(Political Figure)
Isabella d'Este
4
Birthdate: May 19, 1474
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ferrara, Italy
Died: February 13, 1539
 20 
Gaius Gracchus
(Politician)
Gaius Gracchus
4
Birthdate: 0154 BC
Birthplace: Rome
Died: 0121 BC
 21 
Mario Monti
(Prime minister of Italy from 2011 to 2013)
Mario Monti
4
Birthdate: March 19, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Varese, Italy

Born to a banker, it was no surprise that Mario Monti would choose economics and management as his university majors. The Yale alumnus later gained fame as an academic and an economist and also became the prime minister of Italy, leading his nation through the Italian debt crisis.

 22 
Marta Fascina
(Politician)
Marta Fascina
4
Birthdate: January 9, 1990
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Melito di Porto Salvo, Italy
 23 
Bettino Craxi
(Politician)
Bettino Craxi
4
Birthdate: February 24, 1934
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milan
Died: January 19, 2000

Italy’s first Socialist prime minister, Bettino Craxi was born to an anti-fascist lawyer who was persecuted by Benito Mussolini’s regime. He later deviated from the traditional socialism and even changed the symbol of his party from the hammer-and-sickle to a red carnation. He was nicknamed The Big Boar due to his size.

 24 
Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour
(Prime Minister of Italy from March 1861 to June 1861)
Camillo Benso, Count of Cavour
3
Birthdate: August 10, 1810
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: June 6, 1861
 25 
Giulio Andreotti
(Writer, Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Reporter)
Giulio Andreotti
5
Birthdate: January 14, 1919
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rome
Died: May 6, 2013

Giulio Andreotti was an Italian politician who served as the prime minister of Italy on three occasions between 1972 and 1992. Widely regarded as the most important and powerful politician of the First Republic, Andreotti was the second longest-serving Italian prime minister after Silvio Berlusconi in the post-war era. Giulio Andreotti also served in several ministerial positions throughout his career.

 26 
Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Roman Emperor)
Louis II, Holy Roman Emperor
4
Birthdate: 0825 AD
Died: August 12, 0875
 27 
Francesco I Sforza
(Duke of Milan from 1450 to 1466)
Francesco I Sforza
3
Birthdate: July 23, 1401
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: San Miniato, Italy
Died: March 8, 1466

A 15th-century Italian captain, Francesco I Sforza reigned as the duke of Milan. He was one of the 7 illegitimate sons of Sforza dynasty founder, Muzio Attendolo Sforza. He later backed a Milan–Florence alliance, which led to the Peace of Lodi. He was also known as a patron of art and architecture.

 28 
Benito Mussolini
(Dictator of Italy and Principal Founder of Fascism Who Was Prime Minister of Italy from 1922 to 1943.)
Benito Mussolini
18
Birthdate: July 29, 1883
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Predappio, Italy
Died: April 28, 1945

The dictator of Italy from 1925 to 1945, Benito Mussolini founded the Fascist Party in 1919. It opposed class discrimination and supported nationalism. But when in power, Mussolini crushed rival political parties, trade unions, free press and free speech. He was overthrown by his former colleagues in the Fascist government in July 1943 and ultimately shot dead in April 1945.

 29 
Fulvia
(Political figure)
Fulvia
3
Birthdate: 0083 BC
Birthplace: Tusculum, Italy
Died: 0040 BC
 30 
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
(Economist, Politician, Banker)
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
3
Birthdate: December 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Livorno
Died: September 16, 2016

Former Italian president and prime minister Carlo Azeglio Ciampi had a major role in introducing Italy to the euro. He had been the governor of the Bank of Italy for 14 years and had held several portfolios, including the ministry of treasury. He was also a World War II veteran.

 31 
Eugène de Beauharnais
(French Nobleman and Military Commander Who Was Napoleon Bonaparte's Stepson)
Eugène de Beauharnais
3
Birthdate: September 3, 1781
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: February 21, 1824

French nobleman and military commander Eugène de Beauharnai is known for service at the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He had also been appointed the Viceroy of Italy under Napoleon I, who was also his stepfather though her mother Joséphine de Beauharnais’s second marriage.

 32 
Elisabetta Casellati
(Politician, Lawyer)
Elisabetta Casellati
3
Birthdate: August 12, 1946
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rovigo, Italy

The incumbent president of the Italian Senate, Elisabetta Casellati is the first female to have acquired this position. The Forza Italia member is a qualified matrimonial lawyer and has been a researcher at the University of Padua, too. A self-proclaimed conservative, she supports chemical castration of rapists and is against abortion.

 33 
Antonio Tajani
(Politician)
Antonio Tajani
4
Birthdate: August 4, 1953
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
 34 
Sandro Pertini
(Former President of Italy (1978 - 1985))
Sandro Pertini
3
Birthdate: September 25, 1896
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Stella, Liguria, Italy
Died: February 24, 1990

Sandro Pertini was an Italian journalist and socialist politician. From 1978 to 1985, he served as the president of Italy. As the president, Sandro Pertini played an important role in reinstating the public's faith in the Italian government. In 1986, he was honored with the Freedom medal. 

 35 
Alcide De Gasperi
(Prime Minister of Italy from 1945 to 1953)
Alcide De Gasperi
3
Birthdate: April 3, 1881
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Pieve Tesino, Italy
Died: August 19, 1954

The man who co-founded the Italian Popular Party, or the Christian Democracy party, Alcide De Gasperi had also been the Italian prime minister. He was actively involved in the resistance movement during World War II and also helped develop the European Coal and Steel Community, which later became the EU.

 36 
Quintus Sertorius
(Roman General Who Is Remembered for His Rebellion Against the Roman Senate)
Quintus Sertorius
3
Birthdate: 0126 BC
Birthplace: Norcia, Italy
Died: 0073 BC

Roman statesman and general Quintus Sertorius not only went against the Roman Senate, leading a rebellion, but also ruled most of Spain independently for 8 years. He was part of major campaigns, such as the Cimbric War, the Social War, and the Sertorian War. He was eventually stabbed by Perperna and his co-conspirators.

 37 
Tullus Hostilius
(King)
Tullus Hostilius
4
Birthdate: 0710 BC
Died: 0641 AD
 38 
Amadeo Bordiga
(Politician)
Amadeo Bordiga
3
Birthdate: June 13, 1889
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ercolano, Italy
Died: July 23, 1970
 39 
Enrico Letta
(Politician, Academic, Non-fiction writer)
Enrico Letta
3
Birthdate: August 20, 1966
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Pisa

Former prime minister of Italy, Enrico Letta was the son of a math professor and followed in his father’s footsteps to become a professor, too, teaching at universities such as HEC Paris. Later, he stepped into politics with the Christian Democracy party. He also has a doctorate degree in European Union Law.

 40 
Giovanni Giolitti
(Prime Minister of Italy from 1920 to 1921)
Giovanni Giolitti
3
Birthdate: October 27, 1842
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Mondovì, Italy
Died: July 17, 1928

Five-time prime minister of Italy, Giovanni Giolitti was a trained lawyer and had also served the civil services. Though he helped his country prosper significantly, he was often criticized for his ways and means, especially for giolittismo, a technique associated with violence during elections, which he resorted to.

 41 
Tancred, Prince of Galilee
(Political leader)
Tancred, Prince of Galilee
3
Birthdate: 1075 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: December 12, 1112
 42 
Pietro Mennea
(Italian Sprinter, Politician, and Olympic Gold Medalist)
Pietro Mennea
2
Birthdate: June 28, 1952
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Barletta, Italy
Died: March 21, 2013
Height: 5'11" (180 cm)
 43 
Umberto Agnelli
(Former Senator of Italy)
Umberto Agnelli
3
Birthdate: November 1, 1934
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Turin, Italy
Died: May 27, 2004
 44 
Alessandro Manzoni
(Italian Poet, Novelist and Senator of the Kingdom of Italy)
Alessandro Manzoni
3
Birthdate: March 7, 1785
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: May 22, 1873

Alessandro Manzoni was a 19th-century Italian poet, novelist, and philosopher. His novel The Betrothed is generally counted among the masterpieces of world literature. He is credited to have contributed to the stabilization of the modern Italian language. He was politically active and was a member of the Italian Senate. He was a proponent of Liberal Catholicism. 

 45 
Alessandro Pavolini
(Politician)
Alessandro Pavolini
2
Birthdate: September 27, 1903
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 28, 1945

Alessandro Pavolini was an Italian politician and journalist. A qualified lawyer, he supported Benito Mussolini's fascist movement during World War II. He was notorious for his cruelty against the opponents of fascism. He eventually became the president of the Fascist Confederation of Professionals and Artists. He was finally executed by the partisans in 1945.  

 46 
Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
(Grand duke of Tuscany)
Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
3
Birthdate: March 25, 1541
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: October 19, 1587
 47 
Cassiodorus
(Statesman)
Cassiodorus
2
Birthdate: 0485 AD
Birthplace: Scylletium, Italy
Died: 0585 AD
 48 
Staffan de Mistura
(Former United Nations Special Envoy for Syria (2014 - 2018))
Staffan de Mistura
3
Birthdate: January 25, 1947
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden

Staffan de Mistura is an Italian-Swedish diplomat and former politician. He is best known for his association with the United Nations (UN) where he served in various agencies for four decades. From 2014 to 2019, Staffan de Mistura served as the UN Special Envoy for Syria. He is the current UN Personal Envoy for Western Sahara.

 49 
Palmiro Togliatti
(Politician)
Palmiro Togliatti
3
Birthdate: March 26, 1893
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Genoa
Died: August 21, 1964
 50 
Luigi Einaudi
(President of Italy from 1948 to 1955)
Luigi Einaudi
2
Birthdate: March 24, 1874
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Carrù, Italy
Died: October 30, 1961