Italy was led by the monarchy until its unification in 1946 when it finally adopted the parliamentary republic government after a national referendum. Just like any other country that follows parliamentary republic kind of governance, Italy is headed by the President who serves as the head of the state and Prime Minister who is vested with all the executive powers. As the head of state, the President of the Republic represents the unity of the nation and has many of the duties which were previously performed by the King of Italy. The Prime Minister serves as the head of the council of ministers who in turn hold effective executive powers. Unlike other parliamentary systems, the leader of the Italian government is not authorized to request the dissolution of the Parliament or to dismiss the ministers that are appointed by him. Since its independence from the monarchy, Italy has had some of the most well-known and renowned political leaders. Strong willed and dynamic, these leaders have led from the front safely securing the welfare, advancement and development of the nation. With this section, check out some of the most prolific Italian leaders, their life and their career as politicians.
Lorenzo de' MediciLorenzo de' Medici
01 January 1449
Leader
Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883
Former Duce

Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi
09 December 1946
Former President of Indian National Congress

CiceroCicero
03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

Silvio BerlusconiSilvio Berlusconi
29 September 1936
Former Prime Minister of Italy

PompeyPompey
29 September 0106
Military Leader
Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Politician, Philosopher

Matteo SalviniMatteo Salvini
09 March 1973
Political Leader

Matteo RenziMatteo Renzi
11 January 1975
Prime Minister of Italy
Giuseppe MazziniGiuseppe Mazzini
22 June 1805
 

Luigi Di MaioLuigi Di Maio
06 July 1986
Party leader of the Five Star Movement
Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
 

Beppe GrilloBeppe Grillo
21 July 1948
Actor, Comedian, Politician, Writer

Sergio MattarellaSergio Mattarella
23 July 1941
Politician

Marcus Junius BrutusMarcus Junius Brutus
0085 BC
 

Alessandra MussoliniAlessandra Mussolini
30 December 1962
Actor, Politician, Model
VitelliusVitellius
24 September 0024
Emperor

Gianni AgnelliGianni Agnelli
12 March 1921
Entrepreneur, Engineer, Politician, Businessperson

Philip the ArabPhilip the Arab
0204 AD
Political figure

Steve ScaliseSteve Scalise
06 October 1965
Politician
Theodoric the GreatTheodoric the Great
12 May 0454
King

Julius NeposJulius Nepos
0430 AD
Emperor
Aldo MoroAldo Moro
23 September 1916
Politician, Diplomat, University teacher

Gabriele D'AnnunzioGabriele D'Annunzio
12 March 1863
Poet

Giulio AndreottiGiulio Andreotti
14 January 1919
Writer, Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Reporter
SejanusSejanus
 

Lothair ILothair I
0795 AD
Roman Emperor
Amadeo I of SpainAmadeo I of Spain
30 May 1845
 

Pietro BadoglioPietro Badoglio
28 September 1871
Prime Minister

Galeazzo CianoGaleazzo Ciano
18 March 1903
Diplomat, Politician, Jurist, Diarist
Marcus Claudius TacitusMarcus Claudius Tacitus
0200 AD
Roman Emperor

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Giorgio NapolitanoGiorgio Napolitano
29 June 1925
Politician
Zita of Bourbon-ParmaZita of Bourbon-Parma
09 May 1892
 

Trebonianus GallusTrebonianus Gallus
0206 AD
Emperor

Numa PompiliusNuma Pompilius
21 April 0753
Political figure

FlorianusFlorianus
19 August 0232
Emperor
Kurt SchuschniggKurt Schuschnigg
14 December 1897
Politician
Italo BalboItalo Balbo
06 June 1896
politician, military personnel

Romano ProdiRomano Prodi
09 August 1939
Economist, Politician, University teacher

Enrico DandoloEnrico Dandolo
1107 AD
diplomat, politician

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738
Jurist
CatilineCatiline
0108 BC
Political leader

Mario MontiMario Monti
19 March 1943
Economist, Politician, University teacher

Valentinian IIIValentinian III
02 July 0419
Emperor

Alcide De GasperiAlcide De Gasperi
03 April 1881
prime minister,politician

Giovanni Battista RabinoGiovanni Battista Rabino
15 December 1931
Politician
MajorianMajorian
31 October 0420
King

Bettino CraxiBettino Craxi
24 February 1934
Politician
Lucius Cornelius SullaLucius Cornelius Sulla
0138 BC
Roman consul

Scipio AemilianusScipio Aemilianus
0185 BC
Politician

Federica MogheriniFederica Mogherini
16 June 1973
Politician
Gaius GracchusGaius Gracchus
0154 BC
Politician

Sandro PertiniSandro Pertini
25 September 1896
Journalist
SallustSallust
0086 BC
Historian, Politician

FulviaFulvia
0083 AD
Political figure

Enrico LettaEnrico Letta
20 August 1966
Politician, Academic, Non-fiction writer

Palmiro TogliattiPalmiro Togliatti
26 March 1893
Politician

Tullus HostiliusTullus Hostilius
0710 BC
King
Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker

LucullusLucullus
0118 BC
Politician

Enrico BerlinguerEnrico Berlinguer
25 May 1922
Politician

Bona SforzaBona Sforza
02 February 1494
 
Quintus SertoriusQuintus Sertorius
0126 BC
Statesman

Umberto AgnelliUmberto Agnelli
01 November 1934
Entrepreneur, Politician, Engineer, Businessperson
CassiodorusCassiodorus
0485 AD
Statesman

Vittorio Emanuele OrlandoVittorio Emanuele Orlando
19 May 1860
Politician

Francesco CossigaFrancesco Cossiga
26 July 1928
Politician
Giovanni GiolittiGiovanni Giolitti
27 October 1842
Politician

Amintore FanfaniAmintore Fanfani
06 February 1908
Politician, Diplomat, Economist, University
Gianni RodariGianni Rodari
23 October 1920
Writer, Educationist, Journalist, Children's

Guy III of SpoletoGuy III of Spoleto
0850 AD
Emperor

DesideriusDesiderius
0700 AD
 
Emma BoninoEmma Bonino
09 March 1948
Politician

Lorenzo AcquaroneLorenzo Acquarone
25 February 1931
Lawyer
Pescennius NigerPescennius Niger
0140 AD
Emperor

Luigi EinaudiLuigi Einaudi
24 March 1874
President

Lucius Cornelius CinnaLucius Cornelius Cinna
Political figure

Antonio TajaniAntonio Tajani
04 August 1953
Politician
Giuliano AmatoGiuliano Amato
13 May 1938
Politician, Prime Minister
Oscar Luigi ScalfaroOscar Luigi Scalfaro
09 September 1918
Politician, President

Francesco GuicciardiniFrancesco Guicciardini
06 March 1483
Historian, Politician, Writer, Diplomat

Walter VeltroniWalter Veltroni
03 July 1955
Politician, Writer, Journalist

Umberto BossiUmberto Bossi
19 September 1941
Politician
Antonio SegniAntonio Segni
02 February 1891
Politician

TotilaTotila
0516 AD
Military leader

Dino GrandiDino Grandi
04 June 1895
Politician

Luigi FactaLuigi Facta
16 November 1861
Prime Minister of Italy

Vladimir LuxuriaVladimir Luxuria
24 June 1965
Actor, Television presenter, Politician
VolusianusVolusianus
Emperor

Giovanni LeoneGiovanni Leone
03 November 1908
Italian Politician
Giuseppe SaragatGiuseppe Saragat
19 September 1898
Italian Politician

Andrew III of HungaryAndrew III of Hungary
1265 AD
prelate
Luigi LongoLuigi Longo
15 March 1900
Politician
Lamberto DiniLamberto Dini
01 March 1931
Politician, Prime Minister