Italy was led by the monarchy until its unification in 1946 when it finally adopted the parliamentary republic government after a national referendum. Just like any other country that follows parliamentary republic kind of governance, Italy is headed by the President who serves as the head of the state and Prime Minister who is vested with all the executive powers. As the head of state, the President of the Republic represents the unity of the nation and has many of the duties which were previously performed by the King of Italy. The Prime Minister serves as the head of the council of ministers who in turn hold effective executive powers. Unlike other parliamentary systems, the leader of the Italian government is not authorized to request the dissolution of the Parliament or to dismiss the ministers that are appointed by him. Since its independence from the monarchy, Italy has had some of the most well-known and renowned political leaders. Strong willed and dynamic, these leaders have led from the front safely securing the welfare, advancement and development of the nation. With this section, check out some of the most prolific Italian leaders, their life and their career as politicians.
Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883
Former Duce
Lorenzo de' MediciLorenzo de' Medici
01 January 1449
Leader

CiceroCicero
03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi
09 December 1946
Former President of Indian National Congress

Silvio BerlusconiSilvio Berlusconi
29 September 1936
Former Prime Minister of Italy

PompeyPompey
29 September 0106
Military Leader
Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Politician, Philosopher

Sergio MattarellaSergio Mattarella
23 July 1941
President of Italy

Matteo SalviniMatteo Salvini
09 March 1973
Political Leader
Giuseppe MazziniGiuseppe Mazzini
22 June 1805
 

Matteo RenziMatteo Renzi
11 January 1975
Prime Minister of Italy
Luigi Di MaioLuigi Di Maio
06 July 1986
Party leader of the Five Star Movement

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
 

Beppe GrilloBeppe Grillo
21 July 1948
Actor, Comedian, Politician, Writer

Marcus Junius BrutusMarcus Junius Brutus
0085 BC
 

Alessandra MussoliniAlessandra Mussolini
30 December 1962
Actor, Politician, Model
Steve ScaliseSteve Scalise
06 October 1965
Politician

Farouk of EgyptFarouk of Egypt
11 February 1920
Ruler

Gianni AgnelliGianni Agnelli
12 March 1921
Entrepreneur, Engineer, Politician, Businessperson

VitelliusVitellius
24 September 0024
Emperor
VitelliusVitellius
24 September 0015
Emperor

Philip the ArabPhilip the Arab
0204 AD
Political figure
Theodoric the GreatTheodoric the Great
12 May 0454
King

Julius NeposJulius Nepos
0430 AD
Emperor

Gabriele D'AnnunzioGabriele D'Annunzio
12 March 1863
Poet
Aldo MoroAldo Moro
23 September 1916
Politician, Diplomat, University teacher

Giulio AndreottiGiulio Andreotti
14 January 1919
Writer, Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Reporter
Marcus Claudius TacitusMarcus Claudius Tacitus
0200 AD
Roman Emperor

Lothair ILothair I
0795 AD
Roman Emperor

Galeazzo CianoGaleazzo Ciano
18 March 1903
Diplomat
Pietro BadoglioPietro Badoglio
28 September 1871
Prime Minister

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Cardinal MazarinCardinal Mazarin
14 July 1602
Cardinal
MajorianMajorian
31 October 0420
King

Italo BalboItalo Balbo
06 June 1896
politician, military personnel

Enrico DandoloEnrico Dandolo
1107 AD
diplomat, politician

Valentinian IIIValentinian III
02 July 0419
Emperor
SejanusSejanus
 
Kurt SchuschniggKurt Schuschnigg
14 December 1897
Politician

Zita of Bourbon-ParmaZita of Bourbon-Parma
09 May 1892
 

Numa PompiliusNuma Pompilius
21 April 0753
Political figure

Joseph I, Holy Roman EmperorJoseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
26 July 1678
Holy Roman emperor
CatilineCatiline
0108 BC
Political leader

Giorgio NapolitanoGiorgio Napolitano
29 June 1925
Politician

Bettino CraxiBettino Craxi
24 February 1934
Politician

Matilda of TuscanyMatilda of Tuscany
1046 AD
Countess of Tuscany

Romano ProdiRomano Prodi
09 August 1939
Economist, Politician, University teacher
Emilio PucciEmilio Pucci
20 November 1914
Fashion designer

Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738
Jurist
Mario MontiMario Monti
19 March 1943
Economist, Politician, University teacher

Alcide De GasperiAlcide De Gasperi
03 April 1881
prime minister,politician

Scipio AemilianusScipio Aemilianus
0185 BC
Politician
Gaius GracchusGaius Gracchus
0154 BC
Politician

Lucius Cornelius SullaLucius Cornelius Sulla
0138 BC
Roman consul
Pietro MenneaPietro Mennea
28 June 1952
Athlete

Palmiro TogliattiPalmiro Togliatti
26 March 1893
Politician

SallustSallust
0086 BC
Historian, Politician

Federica MogheriniFederica Mogherini
16 June 1973
Politician

Enrico BerlinguerEnrico Berlinguer
25 May 1922
Politician
Umberto AgnelliUmberto Agnelli
01 November 1934
Entrepreneur, Politician, Engineer, Businessperson

Sandro PertiniSandro Pertini
25 September 1896
Journalist

Bona SforzaBona Sforza
02 February 1494
 

Quintus SertoriusQuintus Sertorius
0126 BC
Statesman
FulviaFulvia
0083 AD
Political figure

Enrico LettaEnrico Letta
20 August 1966
Politician, Academic, Non-fiction writer
Tullus HostiliusTullus Hostilius
0710 BC
King

Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker

CassiodorusCassiodorus
0485 AD
Statesman
Francesco CossigaFrancesco Cossiga
26 July 1928
Politician

Giovanni GiolittiGiovanni Giolitti
27 October 1842
Politician
Guy III of SpoletoGuy III of Spoleto
Holy Roman emperor

Tancred, Prince of GalileeTancred, Prince of Galilee
1075 AD
Political leader

Pescennius NigerPescennius Niger
0140 AD
Emperor
Luigi EinaudiLuigi Einaudi
24 March 1874
President

Amintore FanfaniAmintore Fanfani
06 February 1908
Politician, Diplomat, Economist, University
DesideriusDesiderius
0700 AD
 

Lucius Cornelius CinnaLucius Cornelius Cinna
Political figure

Vittorio Emanuele OrlandoVittorio Emanuele Orlando
19 May 1860
Politician

TotilaTotila
0516 AD
Military leader
Emma BoninoEmma Bonino
09 March 1948
Politician
Antonio TajaniAntonio Tajani
04 August 1953
Politician

Walter VeltroniWalter Veltroni
03 July 1955
Politician, Writer, Journalist

Dino GrandiDino Grandi
04 June 1895
Politician

Francesco GuicciardiniFrancesco Guicciardini
06 March 1483
Historian, Politician, Writer, Diplomat
Giovanni LeoneGiovanni Leone
03 November 1908
Italian Politician

Vladimir LuxuriaVladimir Luxuria
24 June 1965
Actor, Television presenter, Politician

Oscar Luigi ScalfaroOscar Luigi Scalfaro
09 September 1918
Politician, President

Luigi FactaLuigi Facta
16 November 1861
Prime Minister of Italy

VolusianusVolusianus
Emperor
Umberto BossiUmberto Bossi
19 September 1941
Politician

Antonio SegniAntonio Segni
02 February 1891
Politician
Gianni RodariGianni Rodari
23 October 1920
Writer, Educationist, Journalist, Children's

Paulinus of NolaPaulinus of Nola
0354 AD
Poet
Giuliano AmatoGiuliano Amato
13 May 1938
Politician, Prime Minister
Andrew III of HungaryAndrew III of Hungary
1265 AD
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