Italy was led by the monarchy until its unification in 1946 when it finally adopted the parliamentary republic government after a national referendum. Just like any other country that follows parliamentary republic kind of governance, Italy is headed by the President who serves as the head of the state and Prime Minister who is vested with all the executive powers. As the head of state, the President of the Republic represents the unity of the nation and has many of the duties which were previously performed by the King of Italy. The Prime Minister serves as the head of the council of ministers who in turn hold effective executive powers. Unlike other parliamentary systems, the leader of the Italian government is not authorized to request the dissolution of the Parliament or to dismiss the ministers that are appointed by him. Since its independence from the monarchy, Italy has had some of the most well-known and renowned political leaders. Strong willed and dynamic, these leaders have led from the front safely securing the welfare, advancement and development of the nation. With this section, check out some of the most prolific Italian leaders, their life and their career as politicians.
Benito MussoliniBenito Mussolini
29 July 1883
Former Duce
CiceroCicero
03 January 0106
Philosopher, Political Theorist

Sonia GandhiSonia Gandhi
09 December 1946
Former President of Indian National Congress

Silvio BerlusconiSilvio Berlusconi
29 September 1936
Former Prime Minister of Italy

Lorenzo de' MediciLorenzo de' Medici
01 January 1449
Leader

PompeyPompey
29 September 0106
Military Leader
Antonio GramsciAntonio Gramsci
22 January 1891
Politician, Philosopher

Sergio MattarellaSergio Mattarella
23 July 1941
President of Italy

Giuseppe MazziniGiuseppe Mazzini
22 June 1805
 
Matteo SalviniMatteo Salvini
09 March 1973
Political Leader

Matteo RenziMatteo Renzi
11 January 1975
Prime Minister of Italy
Luigi Di MaioLuigi Di Maio
06 July 1986
Party leader of the Five Star Movement

Beppe GrilloBeppe Grillo
21 July 1948
Comedian

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
 

Farouk of EgyptFarouk of Egypt
11 February 1920
Ruler

Alessandra MussoliniAlessandra Mussolini
30 December 1962
Actor, Politician, Model
Marcus Junius BrutusMarcus Junius Brutus
0085 BC
 

Cosimo de' MediciCosimo de' Medici
10 April 1389
Banker

Antonio Sabato, Jr.Antonio Sabato, Jr.
29 February 1972
Actor

Lucius Cornelius SullaLucius Cornelius Sulla
0138 BC
Roman consul
Steve ScaliseSteve Scalise
06 October 1965
Politician

VitelliusVitellius
24 September 0024
Emperor
VitelliusVitellius
24 September 0015
Emperor

Gianni AgnelliGianni Agnelli
12 March 1921
Entrepreneur, Engineer, Politician, Businessperson

Gaius CassiusGaius Cassius
03 October 0086
General
Philip the ArabPhilip the Arab
0204 AD
Political figure

Julius NeposJulius Nepos
0430 AD
Emperor
Theodoric the GreatTheodoric the Great
12 May 0454
King

Aldo MoroAldo Moro
23 September 1916
Politician, Diplomat, University teacher

Gabriele D'AnnunzioGabriele D'Annunzio
12 March 1863
Poet
Giulio AndreottiGiulio Andreotti
14 January 1919
Writer, Journalist, Politician, Diplomat, Reporter

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Cesare BeccariaCesare Beccaria
15 March 1738
Jurist
Galeazzo CianoGaleazzo Ciano
18 March 1903
Diplomat

Lothair ILothair I
0795 AD
Roman Emperor

Numa PompiliusNuma Pompilius
21 April 0753
Political figure

Cardinal MazarinCardinal Mazarin
14 July 1602
Cardinal
Pietro BadoglioPietro Badoglio
28 September 1871
Prime Minister
Zita of Bourbon-ParmaZita of Bourbon-Parma
09 May 1892
 

Marcus Aemilius LepidusMarcus Aemilius Lepidus
0088 BC
Roman military commander

Marcus Claudius TacitusMarcus Claudius Tacitus
0200 AD
Roman Emperor

MajorianMajorian
31 October 0420
King
Fabius MaximusFabius Maximus
0280 BC
Statesman

Valentinian IIIValentinian III
02 July 0419
Emperor

SejanusSejanus
 

Kurt SchuschniggKurt Schuschnigg
14 December 1897
Politician

CatilineCatiline
0108 BC
Political leader
Gianni RodariGianni Rodari
23 October 1920
Writer, Educationist, Journalist, Children's

Joseph I, Holy Roman EmperorJoseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
26 July 1678
Holy Roman emperor
Italo BalboItalo Balbo
06 June 1896
politician, military personnel

Giorgio NapolitanoGiorgio Napolitano
29 June 1925
Politician

Enrico DandoloEnrico Dandolo
1107 AD
diplomat, politician
Gaius GracchusGaius Gracchus
0154 BC
Politician

Matilda of TuscanyMatilda of Tuscany
1046 AD
Countess of Tuscany
Scipio AemilianusScipio Aemilianus
0185 BC
Politician

Louis II, Holy Roman EmperorLouis II, Holy Roman Emperor
0825 AD
Roman Emperor

Romano ProdiRomano Prodi
09 August 1939
Economist, Politician, University teacher

Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of FlorenceAlessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence
22 July 1510
Duke

Bettino CraxiBettino Craxi
24 February 1934
Politician
Emilio PucciEmilio Pucci
20 November 1914
Fashion designer

Mario MontiMario Monti
19 March 1943
Economist, Politician, University teacher

Alcide De GasperiAlcide De Gasperi
03 April 1881
prime minister,politician

Federica MogheriniFederica Mogherini
16 June 1973
Politician
SallustSallust
0086 BC
Historian, Politician

FulviaFulvia
0083 AD
Political figure
Tarquinius PriscusTarquinius Priscus
King

Tullus HostiliusTullus Hostilius
0710 BC
King

Sandro PertiniSandro Pertini
25 September 1896
Journalist
Palmiro TogliattiPalmiro Togliatti
26 March 1893
Politician

Giovanni GiolittiGiovanni Giolitti
27 October 1842
Politician
Carlo Azeglio CiampiCarlo Azeglio Ciampi
09 December 1920
Economist, Politician, Banker

Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of TuscanyFrancesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
25 March 1541
Grand duke of Tuscany

Quintus SertoriusQuintus Sertorius
0126 BC
Statesman
Bona SforzaBona Sforza
02 February 1494
 

Walter VeltroniWalter Veltroni
03 July 1955
Politician, Writer, Journalist
Guy III of SpoletoGuy III of Spoleto
Holy Roman emperor

Francesco CossigaFrancesco Cossiga
26 July 1928
Politician

Giovanni LeoneGiovanni Leone
03 November 1908
Italian Politician

Enrico BerlinguerEnrico Berlinguer
25 May 1922
Politician
Enrico LettaEnrico Letta
20 August 1966
Politician, Academic, Non-fiction writer
Tancred, Prince of GalileeTancred, Prince of Galilee
1075 AD
Political leader

Umberto AgnelliUmberto Agnelli
01 November 1934
Entrepreneur, Politician, Engineer, Businessperson

CassiodorusCassiodorus
0485 AD
Statesman

Vittorio Emanuele OrlandoVittorio Emanuele Orlando
19 May 1860
Politician
Pescennius NigerPescennius Niger
0140 AD
Emperor

Piero di Tommaso SoderiniPiero di Tommaso Soderini
17 May 1451
Statesman

Luigi EinaudiLuigi Einaudi
24 March 1874
President

Lucius Cornelius CinnaLucius Cornelius Cinna
Political figure

Pietro MenneaPietro Mennea
28 June 1952
Athlete
Amintore FanfaniAmintore Fanfani
06 February 1908
Politician, Diplomat, Economist, University

DesideriusDesiderius
0700 AD
 
Luigi FactaLuigi Facta
16 November 1861
Prime Minister of Italy

Dino GrandiDino Grandi
04 June 1895
Politician
TotilaTotila
0516 AD
Military leader
Vladimir LuxuriaVladimir Luxuria
24 June 1965
Actor, Television presenter, Politician