Famous German Chancellors And Presidents

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 1 
Karl Dönitz
(German Admiral Who Briefly Succeeded Adolf Hitler as Head of State)
Karl Dönitz
10
Birthdate: September 16, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Grünau, Berlin, Germany
Died: December 24, 1980
Karl Dönitz was the supreme commander of the German Navy and played a crucial role in World War II. Hitler made Dönitz his successor before committing suicide. Dönitz officially surrendered after Germany’s loss in World War II and was convicted as a war criminal at the 1946 Nuremberg Trials.
 2 
Konrad Adenauer
(Former Chancellor of Germany)
Konrad Adenauer
4
Birthdate: January 5, 1876
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cologne
Died: April 19, 1967

German politician, Konrad Adenauer, served as the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany from 1949 to 1963. He was also the co-founder and the first leader of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). He played a key role in leading his country from the ruins of World War II to becoming a  prosperous nation.

 3 
Helmut Kohl
(Former Chancellor of Germany)
Helmut Kohl
7
Birthdate: April 3, 1930
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ludwigshafen
Died: June 16, 2017
Christian Democratic Union politician Helmut Kohl was the Chancellor of Germany from 1982 to 1998. He had also served as the chairman of the CDU earlier. His tenure witnessed the end of the Cold War, the fall of the Berlin Wall, and the formation of the European Union.
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 4 
Paul von Hindenburg
(President of Germany (1925-1934))
Paul von Hindenburg
15
Birthdate: October 2, 1847
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: August 2, 1934
Paul von Hindenburg served as the second president of the German Weimar Republic, from 1925 to 1934. In 1933, he appointed Adolf Hitler as the Chancellor of Germany, and also signed the Enabling Act, which gave Hitler total administrative powers. Following his death, Hitler declared himself the Führer.
 5 
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
(President of Germany (Since 2017))
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
4
Birthdate: January 5, 1956
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Detmold, Germany

Frank-Walter Steinmeier, the current president of Germany, has also been his nation’s Vice-Chancellor and Minister of Foreign Affairs. A Social Democratic Party of Germany member, he went from being a factory worker’s son to studying law and politics and then eventually stepping into politics. He has also worked for the German military.

 6 
Friedrich Ebert
(1st President of Germany (1919 - 1925))
Friedrich Ebert
3
Birthdate: February 4, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Heidelberg, Germany
Died: February 28, 1925

Friedrich Ebert was a German politician who served as the president of Germany from 1919 to 1925. He played an important role during the German Revolution of 1918–19, which helped replace the federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary republic, which came to be known as the Weimar Republic. Friedrich Ebert also worked towards restoring peace in Germany.

 7 
Gerhard Schröder
(Politician)
Gerhard Schröder
4
Birthdate: April 7, 1944
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Blomberg, Free State of Lippe, Nazi Germany

Gerhard Schröder is a German retired lawyer, politician, lobbyist, and consultant. From 1998 to 2005, Schröder served as the chancellor of Germany. He is currently serving as chairman of the popular energy company Rosneft. An influential figure, Gerhard Schröder has represented Germany on a couple of occasions, including the funeral services for Fidel Castro and Boris Yeltsin. 

 8 
Gustav Stresemann
(Chancellor of Germany)
Gustav Stresemann
3
Birthdate: May 10, 1878
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin
Died: October 3, 1929

Gustav Stresemann was the only one of his siblings to complete university education. He grew up to serve as the chancellor of the Weimar Republic briefly, before becoming the foreign minister. He shared the Nobel Peace Prize with the French foreign minister Aristide Briand for an agreement of reconciliation.

 9 
Joachim Gauck
(11th President of Germany (2012 - 2017))
Joachim Gauck
3
Birthdate: January 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Rostock, Germany

Joachim Gauck is a German civil rights activist and politician. From 2012 to 2017, Gauck served as the president of Germany. Joachim Gauck is credited with co-founding a political movement called New Forum in 1989, which played a critical role in the undoing of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany. A multi-talented personality, Joachim Gauck has authored many influential books.

 10 
Kurt Georg Kiesinger
(Chancellor of Germany 1 December 1966 to 21 October 1969)
Kurt Georg Kiesinger
7
Birthdate: April 6, 1904
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Ebingen, Albstadt, Germany
Died: March 9, 1988

Kurt Georg Kiesinger was a German politician. Nicknamed Silver Tongue, Kiesinger is best remembered for his outstanding skills as a mediator and orator. While serving as Baden-Württemberg's Minister President, Kiesinger founded the universities of Ulm and Konstanz. He is also credited with writing several books and poetry.

 11 
Ludwig Erhard
(Chancellor of West Germany from 1963 until 1966)
Ludwig Erhard
4
Birthdate: February 4, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Fürth, Germany
Died: May 5, 1977

Ludwig Erhard was a German politician best remembered for his efforts to recover the economy in West Germany after the Second World War while serving as the Minister of Economic Affairs. From 1963 to 1966, he served as West Germany's chancellor. Although he was an influential politician, Erhard lacked support from former Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, leading to Ludwig Erhard's resignation.

 12 
Theodor Heuss
(First President of West Germany (1949 -1959))
Theodor Heuss
3
Birthdate: January 31, 1884
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brackenheim, Germany
Died: December 12, 1963

Apart from being the first president of West Germany, Theodor Heuss, the Free Democratic Party leader, also framed the new constitution of West Germany after World War II. Previously, he was a political journalist and was targeted by Hitler. Even his books were burned for being against German interests.

 13 
Horst Köhler
(President of Germany (2004 - 2010))
Horst Köhler
3
Birthdate: February 22, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Skierbieszów, Poland

Horst Köhler is a German politician and economist. From 2004 to 2010, he served as President of Germany. Before his election as president, Horst Köhler held an important position at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development where he was responsible for the institution's growth between 1998 and 2000.    

 14 
Heinrich Brüning
(President, Academician, economist, activist)
Heinrich Brüning
5
Birthdate: November 26, 1885
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Münster
Died: March 30, 1970

Heinrich Brüning was a German academic and politician. From 1930 to 1932, he served as the chancellor of Germany. Brüning lost his popularity when his measures to tackle the economic crisis instigated by the Great Depression increased unemployment in the Weimar Republic. To this day, he remains a controversial figure in the history of Germany.

 15 
Christian Wulff
(President of Germany (2010 - 2012))
Christian Wulff
4
Birthdate: June 19, 1959
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Osnabrück, Germany

Christian Wulff is a German retired lawyer and politician. After serving as Minister-President of Lower Saxony from 2003 to 2010, Wulff went on to serve as President of Germany. During his presidency, which lasted from 2010 to 2012, Wulff faced accusations of corruption pertaining to his former service as minister-president. The accusations, which were later invalidated, led to his resignation.

 16 
Philipp Scheidemann
3
Birthdate: July 26, 1865
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kassel
Died: November 29, 1939

Social Democratic Party of Germany member Philipp Scheidemann was the man who declared the formation of the Weimar Republic and also served as its chancellor. Born into a working-class family, he initially apprenticed as a printer. The rise of the Nazi power caused him to move to Denmark later.

 17 
Walter Scheel
(Former President of Germany (1974 - 1979))
Walter Scheel
2
Birthdate: July 8, 1919
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Solingen, Germany
Died: August 24, 2016

Walter Scheel was a German politician who led the Free Democratic Party of Germany (FDP) between 1968 and 1974. He also served as vice-chancellor and minister of Foreign Affairs from 1969 to 1974 during Willy Brandt's chancellorship. When Willy Brandt resigned in 1974, Walter Scheel served as the acting chancellor of West Germany for a few days.

 18 
Roman Herzog
(President of Germany (1994 - 1999))
Roman Herzog
3
Birthdate: April 5, 1934
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Landshut, Germany
Died: January 10, 2017

A doctorate in law, Roman Herzog had initially been a teaching assistant and then a political science professor. Stepping into politics later, he was elected as the first German president following the reunification of Germany. Apart from an honorary knighthood, he also won the Charlemagne Prize.

 19 
Wilhelm Marx
(Politician, Judge)
Wilhelm Marx
2
Birthdate: January 15, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Cologne
Died: August 5, 1946

Roman Catholic Centre Party leader and two-time German chancellor Wilhelm Marx was a jurist and the founder of the Catholic Schools Organization. Best known for accepting the Dawes Plan for World War I reparations, he was charged with the Volksvereinsprozeß during the Nazi regime.

 20 
Johannes Rau
(Former President of Germany (1999 - 2004))
Johannes Rau
2
Birthdate: January 16, 1931
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wuppertal, Germany
Died: January 27, 2006

Johannes Rau was a German politician (SPD) who served as the president of Germany from 1999 until 2004. Previously, he had been the minister-president of North Rhine-Westphalia from 1978 to 1998. He identified himself as a patriot, and his maxim was "to reconcile, not divide". He was awarded the Leo Baeck Medal for his humanitarian work in 2001. 

 21 
Gustav Heinemann
(President of West Germany (1969 - 1974))
Gustav Heinemann
2
Birthdate: July 23, 1899
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Schwelm, Germany
Died: July 7, 1976

Gustav Heinemann was the first Social Democrat to serve as the head of state in West Germany following World War II. Known widely as the ordinary man's President, he was knighted, too.  A lecturer of law, too, his reluctance to support the Nazis probably ended his teaching career.

 22 
Hermann Müller
(Politician)
Hermann Müller
2
Birthdate: May 18, 1876
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Mannheim
Died: March 20, 1931

Social Democratic politician and two-time German chancellor Hermann Müller had a major role in the Treaty of Versailles. A wine dealer’s son, he faced a difficult childhood after his father’s death. His inability to deal with the impact of the Great Depression on Germany forced him tom resign from his chancellorship.

 23 
Heinrich Lübke
(Former President of Germany (1959 - 1969))
Heinrich Lübke
2
Birthdate: October 14, 1894
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sundern, Germany
Died: April 6, 1972

Once president of the German Federal Republic, or West Germany, Heinrich Lübke was born to a cobbler and slowly rose up to be a member of the Centre Party and then the Christian Democratic Union. Not a great public speaker, he was often ridiculed for his failing memory at public events.

 24 
Karl Carstens
(Politician)
Karl Carstens
2
Birthdate: December 14, 1914
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bremen, German
Died: May 30, 1992
 25 
Georg von Hertling
(Politician)
Georg von Hertling
2
Birthdate: August 31, 1843
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: January 4, 1919
 26 
Georg Michaelis
(Chancellor of the German Empire for a few months in 1917)
Georg Michaelis
2
Birthdate: September 8, 1857
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chojnów, Poland
Died: July 24, 1936
 27 
Hans Luther
(Politician)
Hans Luther
1
Birthdate: March 10, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 11, 1962
 28 
Gustav Bauer
(Chancellor of the German Reich (1919–1920))
Gustav Bauer
1
Birthdate: January 6, 1870
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Ozersk, Russia
Died: September 16, 1944
Chancellor of the Weimar Republic, Gustav Bauer initially worked as a clerk and also formed the Office Employees Association. His government ratified the Treaty of Versailles, which was termed unjust by Germans. He resigned after an unsuccessful coup against him but worked in the cabinets of subsequent governments.
 29 
Joseph Wirth
(politician, Chancellor)
Joseph Wirth
1
Birthdate: September 6, 1879
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Freiburg
Died: January 3, 1956
 30 
Constantin Fehrenbach
1
Birthdate: January 11, 1852
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wellendingen, Germany
Died: March 26, 1926
 31 
Johannes Dieckmann
(Journalist)
Johannes Dieckmann
0
Birthdate: January 19, 1893
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Fischerhude, Hanover Germany
Died: February 22, 1969
 32 
Ignatz Bubis
(Politician)
Ignatz Bubis
0
Birthdate: January 12, 1927
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: August 13, 1999
 33 
Walter Simons
0
Birthdate: September 24, 1861
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Elberfeld, Wuppertal, Germany
Died: July 14, 1937