Famous French Prime Ministers

France follows a unitary semi-presidential republic kind of governance. The constitution of the Fifth Republic was approved on September 1958 according to which the President of the Republic is the head of the state who is elected by direct elections for a term of five years. The Prime Minister on the other hand is the head of the government and the council of ministers. As per the French constitution, he is appointed by the public-appointed President. The Prime Minister of France was originally referred to as the President of the Council of Ministers during the Third and Fourth Republic. The role of the French Prime Minister is largely administrative – he is involved in the decision-making and policymaking of the government along with his cabinet. He determines the conduct and policy of the nation and is directly responsible for the actions of the government. Michel Debre was the first Prime Minister of the Fifth Republic. His term in office lasted from 1959 until 1962. In the short history of the Fifth Republic, France has had numerous ‘unelected’ prime ministers like Georges Pompidou, Raymond Barre and Dominique de Villepin. Manuel Valls is the incumbent prime minister of France, his term commenced from March 31, 2014. With this segment, know more about famous French prime ministers.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Philippe Pétain

Philippe Pétain
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Famous As: Marshal of France
Birthdate: April 24, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: July 23, 1951
French military leader Philippe Pétain, also known as “The Old Marshal,” led France to win the Battle of Verdun during World War I. During World War II, he became the president of the Ministerial Council and collaborated with the Axis. He was later convicted for treason and sentenced to life.

 2 Jacques Chirac

Jacques Chirac
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Famous As: Former President of France
Birthdate: November 29, 1932
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: September 26, 2019

Jacques Chirac was a French politician who served as France's prime minister on two occasions, first from 1974 to 1976 and then from 1986 to 1988. He also served as France's president from 1995 to 2007. Because of his long career in prominent government positions, Chirac was often caricatured or parodied. He was also depicted in films, such as W.

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 3 Saad Hariri

Saad Hariri
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 18, 1970
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French, Lebanese, Saudi Arabian

 4 Georges Clémenceau

Georges Clemenceau
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Famous As: Former French Prime Minister
Birthdate: September 28, 1841
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: November 24, 1929

Georges Clémenceau, or The Tiger, who had served as the French prime minister, is remembered as a key figure of the French Third Republic. He not only played a major role in the Allied victory in World War I, but was also a key framer of the Treaty of Versailles.

 5 Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord

Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 2, 1754
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: May 17, 1838

 6 Georges Pompidou

Georges Pompidou
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister & President of France
Birthdate: July 5, 1911
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: April 2, 1974

Georges Pompidou was a French politician whose tenure as prime minister of France between 1962 and 1968 was the longest in the history of France. From 1969 to 1974, Pompidou served as president of France. He is credited with mending France's relationship with the US and maintaining positive relations with many other countries. 

 7 Léon Blum

Léon Blum
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of France
Birthdate: April 9, 1872
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: March 30, 1950

Born into a Jewish family in Paris, three-time French prime minister Léon Blum had initially studied law. He joined politics inspired by the Dreyfus affair. The first socialist and the first Jew to head France, he introduced reforms such as the 40-hour work week and paid vacations.

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 8 Alain Juppé

Alain Juppé
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of France
Birthdate: August 15, 1945
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French

 9 Dominique de Villepin

Dominique de Villepin
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of France
Birthdate: November 14, 1953
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French

 10 Pierre Mendès France

Pierre Mendès France
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 11, 1907
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: October 18, 1982

 11 Pierre Bérégovoy

Pierre Bérégovoy
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of France
Birthdate: December 23, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: May 1, 1993

 12 Michel Rocard

Michel Rocard
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Famous As: Politician, Prime Minister
Birthdate: August 23, 1930
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: July 2, 2016

 13 Georges Bidault

Georges Bidault
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Famous As: French Politician
Birthdate: October 5, 1899
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: January 27, 1983

 14 Michel Debré

Michel Jean-Pierre Debre
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Famous As: 149th Prime Minister of France
Birthdate: January 15, 1912
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: August 2, 1996

 15 Jacques Chaban-Delmas

Jacques Chaban-Delmas
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Famous As: Politician, Prime Minister
Birthdate: March 7, 1915
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: November 10, 2000

 16 Édouard Herriot

Édouard Herriot
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 5, 1872
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: March 26, 1957

 17 Paul Painlevé

Paul Painlevé
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 5, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: October 29, 1933

 18 Pierre Mauroy

Pierre Mauroy
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of France
Birthdate: July 5, 1928
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: June 7, 2013

 19 Raymond Barre

Raymond Octave Joseph Barre
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of France
Birthdate: April 12, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: August 25, 2007

 20 Léon Bourgeois

Léon Bourgeois
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Famous As: French Statesman
Birthdate: May 21, 1851
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: September 29, 1925

 21 Camille Chautemps

Camille Chautemps
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 1, 1885
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: July 1, 1963

 22 Pierre Messmer

Pierre Messmer
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 20, 1916
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: August 29, 2007

 23 Antoine Pinay

Antoine Pinay
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 30, 1891
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: December 13, 1994

 24 Joseph Caillaux

Joseph Caillaux
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 30, 1863
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: November 21, 1944

 25 Maurice Couve de Murville

Maurice Couve de Murville
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Famous As: Diplomat
Birthdate: January 24, 1907
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: December 24, 1999

 26 André Tardieu

André Tardieu
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 22, 1876
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: September 15, 1945

 27 Albert Sarraut

Albert Sarraut
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 28, 1872
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: November 26, 1962

 28 Albert, 4th duc de Broglie

Albert, 4th duc de Broglie
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: June 13, 1821
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: January 19, 1901

 29 Émile Ollivier

Émile Ollivier
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: July 2, 1825
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: French
Died: August 20, 1913

 30 Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu

Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, duc de Richelieu
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: September 14, 1766
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: May 17, 1822

 31 René Viviani

René Viviani
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 8, 1863
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: September 7, 1925

 32 René Waldeck-Rousseau

René Waldeck-Rousseau
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 2, 1846
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: August 10, 1904

 33 Alexandre Ribot

Alexandre Ribot
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 7, 1842
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: January 13, 1923

 34 René Pleven

René Pleven
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 15, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: January 13, 1993

 35 Paul Ramadier

Paul Ramadier
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 17, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: October 14, 1961

 36 Pierre Werner

Pierre Werner
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 29, 1913
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French, Luxembourgian
Died: June 24, 2002

 37 Émile Combes

Émile Combes
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: September 6, 1835
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: May 25, 1921

 38 Casimir Pierre Périer

Casimir Pierre Périer
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Famous As: Banker
Birthdate: October 11, 1777
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: May 16, 1832

 39 Charles de Freycinet

Charles de Freycinet
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: November 14, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: May 14, 1923

 40 Charles Dupuy

Charles Dupuy
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: November 5, 1851
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French
Died: July 23, 1923

 41 Maurice Rouvier

Maurice Rouvier
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 17, 1842
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: June 7, 1911

 42 Élie, duc Decazes

Élie, duc Decazes
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 28, 1780
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: October 24, 1860

 43 Jules Méline

Jules Méline
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: May 20, 1838
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: December 20, 1925

 44 Henri Brisson

Henri Brisson
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: July 31, 1835
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: April 14, 1912

 45 Joseph de Villèle

Joseph de Villèle
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: April 14, 1773
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: March 13, 1854

 46 Aristide Briand

Aristide Briand
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Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: March 28, 1862
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: April 7, 1932

Nobel Peace Prize-winning French stateman Aristide Briand had been the prime minister of his country for 11 terms, apart from holding 26 ministerial posts throughout his career. He played major roles in the drafting of the Pact of Locarno and Kellogg-Briand Pact, and had founded journals such as l’Humanité.