Peter Stuyvesant was the last Dutch director-general of the New Netherland colony. After his right leg had to be amputated post an expedition, he wore a wooden leg. Though he tried his best to prevent the British occupation of the New Amsterdam (later New York), he was eventually forced to surrender.
Franciscus Sylvius was a Dutch scientist and physician. He is credited with establishing the first academic chemical laboratory in 1669. He is also credited with founding the Iatrochemical School of Medicine. Many of Franciscus Sylvius' students like Reinier de Graaf, Jan Swammerdam, and Niels Stensen went on to become notable personalities in their respective fields.
Jacques Champion de Chambonnières was a French dancer, harpsichordist, and composer. Regarded as one of the greatest musicians of his generation, Chambonnières served as a court harpsichordist in Paris. He also taught music and played a key role in the advancement of the French harpsichord school. He also played a major role in the formation of the Couperin musical dynasty.
Swedish civil servant and author Georg Stiernhielm is regarded as the father of Swedish poetry. Best known for his epic poem Hercules, he had also penned works on philology and history and was a mathematician, too. He also laid stress on the use of Swedish words, eliminating foreign words from his vocabulary.
Kadoya Shichirobei was a Japanese trader who traveled to Annam (present-day Vietnam) and established a Shinto shrine for the Japanese community living in Vietnam. He achieved popularity among the Japanese people in Vietnam and played a major role in establishing trade relations between Japan and Vietnam.