Famous Canadian Intellectuals & Academics

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 1 Jordan Peterson

Jordan Peterson.
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Famous As: Clinical Psychologist
Birthdate: June 12, 1962
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Edmonton, Canada

Canadian clinical psychologist, Jordan Peterson, became internationally known in the 2010s for his views on cultural and political issues. He became active on YouTube in 2016 and shared many videos that have since received millions of views. He has faced criticism for his sexist and misogynistic views. Despite the controversies, he continues to be popular and is a bestselling author.

 2 Albert Bandura

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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: December 4, 1925
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mundare, Canada

Albert Bandura is a Canadian-American psychologist who has made significant contributions to several fields of psychology, such as personality psychology, therapy, and social cognitive theory. Regarded as the greatest living psychologist, Bandura is also counted among the most influential psychologists ever. He has been honored with over 16 honorary degrees. In 2016, Albert Bandura received the National Medal of Science.

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 3 Marshall McLuhan

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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 21, 1911
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Edmonton
Died: December 31, 1980
Canadian philosopher Herbert McLuhan revolutionized media theory with his concept of "global village." He predicted the World Wide Web three decades before its invention and is also remembered for coining the expression “the medium is the message.” His works include Understanding Media, The Gutenberg Galaxy, and The Mechanical Bride

 4 Steven Pinker

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Famous As: Psychologist, Linguists
Birthdate: September 18, 1954
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Montreal, Quebec

Steven Pinker is a Canadian-American linguist, cognitive psychologist, and popular science author. He is also a supporter of the computational theory of mind and evolutionary psychology. His works have earned him awards from organizations like the National Academy of Sciences, the American Psychological Association, and the American Humanist Association. In 2013, he was named in Prospect magazine's World Thinkers list.

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 5 Erving Goffman

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Famous As: Sociologist, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: June 11, 1922
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Canada
Died: November 20, 1982

Canadian-American sociologist, social-psychologist and writer Erving Goffman, regarded as the most influential American sociologist of the 20th century by some, is best-known for his study of symbolic interaction and development of his dramaturgical analysis. His book The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life was the first that treated face-to-face interaction as a subject of sociological study.

 6 David Suzuki

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Famous As: Academic, Enviromental Activist
Birthdate: March 24, 1936
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vancouver
Best known for the CBC show The Nature of Things, Canadian environmental activist David Suzuki has also been a genetics and zoology professor. The UN Environment Programme Medal winner has been a major force against global warming and has written several books, such as An Introduction to Genetic Analysis.

 7 Kim Campbell

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Famous As: 19th Prime Minister of Canada
Birthdate: March 10, 1947
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Port Alberni

Canadian politician and Progressive Conservative leader Kim Campbell made headlines when she became the first woman to serve as the prime minister of Canada and remains the only woman to have achieved the feat. After quitting her doctoral studies, she studied law and joined the British Columbia Bar.

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 8 William Lyon Mackenzie King

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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Canada
Birthdate: December 17, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kitchener, Ontario, Canada
Died: July 22, 1950

Canadian statesman and politician Mackenzie King OM CMG PC, was the 10th prime minister of Canada. He held the position for three non-consecutive terms with a total of over 21 years in office and emerged as the longest-serving prime minister in the history of Canada. He remained instrumental in laying the foundations of the Canadian welfare state.

 9 Mark Carney

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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: March 16, 1965
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Fort Smith, Northwest Territories, Canada

After his 13-year stint with Goldman Sachs, Mark Carney served as the governor of the Bank of Canada and the Bank of England. He was also part of the Canadian finance department. He is an ice-hockey lover and played the sport actively during the school and university days.

 10 John Kenneth Galbraith

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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: October 15, 1908
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Iona Station, Canada
Died: April 29, 2006

John Kenneth Galbraith was an intellectual, diplomat, economist, and public official. One of the most influential exponents of 20th-century American liberalism, Galbraith published many books concerning the American economy. Galbraith is one of the few individuals to be honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Medal of Freedom. He also received 50 honorary degrees from various institutions.

 11 Gad Saad

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Birthdate: October 13, 1964
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Beirut

Lebanese-Canadian evolutionary-psychologist Gad Saad is best-known for applying evolutionary-psychology to marketing and consumer behaviour. He is a professor of marketing at Concordia University, an advisory fellow for the Centre for Inquiry Canada, and the Concordia University Research Chairman in Evolutionary Behavioural Sciences and Darwinian Consumption. He hosts the YouTube channel The Saad Truth and writes a blog for Psychology Today.

 12 Jack Layton

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Politician, University teacher, Political scientist
Birthdate: July 18, 1950
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Montreal
Died: August 22, 2011

Canadian politician John Layton was Member of the Canadian Parliament for Toronto—Danforth from 2004 till his death in 2011. He served as Leader of the New Democratic Party from January 2003 till his death and led the party to garner increased support in each election, in particular during the 2011 election following which Layton became Leader of the Opposition.   

 13 Mary Ainsworth

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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: December 1, 1913
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Glendale, Ohio, United States
Died: March 21, 1999

American-Canadian developmental psychologist Mary Ainsworth is best remembered for her contributions in developing the attachment theory. She devised the Strange situation procedure during the 1970s to observe early emotional connect and relationship between a caregiver and child. She was ranked as the 97th most cited psychologist of the 20th century in a 2002 survey of Review of General Psychology.

 14 Emma Donoghue

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Famous As: Novelist
Birthdate: October 24, 1969
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland

Alex Awards winning Irish-Canadian playwright, literary historian, short story writer, novelist, and screenwriter Emma Donoghue is best known for authoring award winning novels like Room and Hood. Room, an international best-seller, was adapted into a film bearing same title that not only emerged as a critical and commercial success but also garnered four Oscar nominations at the 88th Academy Awards.

 15 Ravi Zacharias

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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: March 26, 1946
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chennai, India
Died: May 19, 2020

Born in India, Ravi Zacharias was attracted to Christianity while recovering in hospital following a suicide attempt. He moved to Canada and then to the U.S., and gained fame as a Christian apologist and as the host of Let My People Think. He was later accused of sexual abuse.

 16 Steven Erikson

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Anthropologist, Writer
Birthdate: October 7, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toronto

Canadian novelist Steven Erikson is best-known for authoring the widely acclaimed ten-volume epic-fantasy series Malazan Book of the Fallen. Other notable works of Erikson include The Kharkanas Trilogy, a prequel to Malazan Book of the Fallen series; the Willful Child Trilogy, a spoof on Star Trek; and The Witness Trilogy, first novel of which is planned for a November-2021 release.

 17 Michael Ignatieff

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Famous As: Journalist, Historian, Politician, Novelist, Philosopher, Writer, University teacher
Birthdate: May 12, 1947
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Toronto

Distinguished Canadian author, academic and former politician Michael Ignatieff, who was named a Member of the Order of Canada, presently serves as rector and President of Central European University. Ignatieff made his mark in politics as Member of the Canadian Parliament for Etobicoke–Lakeshore, Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada and Leader of the Opposition.

 18 Deborah Coyne

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Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: February 24, 1955
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Canada

Canadian constitutional-lawyer, professor, and author Deborah Coyne, niece of second Governor of Bank of Canada James Elliott Coyne, worked for some time in Prime Minister's Office of John Turner. Her professional endeavours also include working for Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. Her first child, daughter Sarah Elisabeth Coyne, was born through her relationship with former Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

 19 Jean Vanier

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Famous As: Philosopher, Philanthropist
Birthdate: September 10, 1928
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Geneva

A former naval officer, Jean Vanier began working for intellectually disabled people after he met some of them in Paris, eventually founding L'Arche in order to provide them with shelter and support network. Later, he also cofounded Faith and Light to help those with learning disability.  A prolific author; after his death, he was accused of sexually exploiting six women.

 20 Stéphane Dion

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Famous As: Politician, Sociologist, Academic, Writer, Professor
Birthdate: September 28, 1955
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Quebec City

Canadian diplomat, political-scientist and retired politician Stéphane Dion is the Canadian Ambassador to Germany and special envoy to the EU. He was a Member of Parliament for the Montreal riding of Saint-Laurent for over two decades, and held several ministries. He also held office as Leader of Liberal Party of Canada and Leader of the Opposition in House of Commons.

 21 Northrop Frye

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Famous As: Writer, Philosopher, Educationist, Cleric, Poet, Literary critic
Birthdate: July 14, 1912
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Sherbrooke
Died: January 23, 1991

Considered one of the most important literary theorists of the century, Herman Northrop Fry gained international fame with his first book, Fearful Symmetry: A Study of William Blake and later with Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. Prolific writer and respected educator, he went on to write many more, concurrently championing Canadian literature and identity, receiving several honors for his contributions.

 22 Ian Stevenson

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Famous As: Psychiatrist, Parapsychologist, University teacher
Birthdate: October 31, 1918
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Montreal
Died: February 8, 2007

Canadian-American psychiatrist and University of Virginia School of Medicine professor Ian Stevenson believed he had developed his love for the paranormal from his mother, who maintained a well-stocked library on theosophy. His studies included unearthing children’s past life memories. He also penned books such as Reincarnation and Biology.

 23 Anne Carson

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Famous As: Linguist, Poet, Translator, Writer, University teacher, Literary critic
Birthdate: June 21, 1950
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Toronto

Born to a banker in Toronto, Anne Carson grew up to study Classics and later taught at institutes such as Princeton University. Her signature style consists of a mix of prose and poetry. One of her notable works, Autobiography of Red: A Novel in Verse, was inspired by Greek mythology.

 24 Oswald Avery

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Famous As: Biologist, Physician, Geneticist
Birthdate: October 21, 1877
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Halifax
Died: February 20, 1955

A pioneer of molecular biology, Oswald Avery revolutionized science with his research on the chemical processes involved in immunology. The Canadian-American bacteriologist initially aspired to be a musician. He later proved that DNA was the basis of heredity. Though nominated for the Nobel Prize multiple times, he never won it.

 25 Margaret MacMillan

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Famous As: Historian, Professor
Birthdate: December 23, 1943
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Toronto, Canada

Canadian historian and Oxford professor Margaret MacMillan is the great-granddaughter of former British prime minister David Lloyd George. Best known for her works such as Peacemakers and Women of the Raj, she is also a Royal Society of Literature fellow and has earned several honorary degrees.

 26 Michel Chossudovsky

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Famous As: researcher, Author, Economist, conspiracy theorist
Birthdate: 1946 AD
Birthplace: Canada

The son of Russian immigrants, Canadian economist and University of Ottawa professor Michel Chossudovsky also heads the Centre for Research on Globalization. Chossudovsky is best known for his conspiracy theories. He believes both 9/11 and COVID-19 were tools of population control, and has often been accused of playing to Russian interests.

 27 Arthur B. McDonald

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Famous As: Physicist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 29, 1943
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sydney

Nobel Prize-winning Canadian physicist Arthur B. McDonald is remembered for his research on neutrino oscillations and for proving that neutrinos have mass. He spent most of his life teaching at the Princeton and Queen’s universities. He also headed a project that mass-produced low-cost ventilators to be used as COVID-19 supplies.

 28 Vaclav Smil

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Famous As: geographer, economist, university teacher
Birthdate: December 9, 1943
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Plzeň

One of Foreign Policy’s Top 100 Global Thinkers in 2010, Czech-Canadian scientist and University of Manitoba professor Vaclav Smil perhaps developed his love for the environment while living among the Bohemian Forest in childhood. Apart from studying energy and environmental change, he also pens books such as Energy and Civilization.

 29 J. Philippe Rushton

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Famous As: Psychologist, Faculty, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: December 3, 1943
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bournemouth
Died: October 2, 2012

 30 S.I. Hayakawa

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 18, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
Died: February 27, 1992

 31 Myron Scholes

Jordan Peterson.
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: July 1, 1941
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Timmins, Ontario, Canada

Nobel Prize-winning Canadian-American economist Myron Scholes is best known for co-establishing the Black-Scholes options pricing model. He was associated with MIT Sloan and the University of Chicago Booth School of Business before moving to Stanford. He has served on the economic boards of companies such as Stamos Partners, too.

 32 Sylvana Tomaselli

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: May 28, 1957
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Placentia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

 33 John McCallum

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Economist, Politician
Birthdate: April 9, 1950
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Montreal

John McCallum, Canada’s ambassador to China, made headlines after being fired from duty by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, which many tabloids claimed was a result of McCallum’s insensitive comments regarding a Huawei extradition case. Interestingly, he headed the arts department at McGill University when Trudeau was a student there.

 34 David Easton

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Political scientist, University teacher
Birthdate: June 24, 1917
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Toronto
Died: July 19, 2014

 35 Helen Fisher

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Anthropologist
Birthdate: May 31, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: United States

Best known for her research on the biological dynamics of love and sex, anthropologist Helen Fisher has also penned iconic self-help books such as Anatomy of Love and Why We Love. She has also worked with match.com, to develop a personality-based compatibility system and has been a TED speaker.

 36 Robert Mundell

Jordan Peterson.
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Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: October 24, 1932
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Nobel Prize-winning Canadian economist Robert Mundell is best remembered for his work on monetary dynamics and optimum currency, which also laid the foundation for the introduction of the euro. The LSE and MIT alumnus had also taught at institutes such as Columbia University and the University of Chicago.

 37 Robert D. Hare

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: psychologist, university teacher
Birthdate: 1934 AD
Birthplace: Calgary

 38 Ian Hacking

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Philosopher, Professor
Birthdate: February 18, 1936
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Vancouver

 39 William H. McNeill

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: October 31, 1917
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vancouver, Canada
Died: July 8, 2016

 40 Pierre Berton

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Famous As: Journalist, Historian, Writer
Birthdate: July 12, 1920
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Whitehorse
Died: November 30, 2004

 41 Donald O. Hebb

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Famous As: Psychologist, Neuroscientist, University teacher
Birthdate: July 22, 1904
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Chester, Nova Scotia
Died: August 20, 1985

Though born to physicians, Donald O. Hebb had initially aspired to be a novelist. He later pioneered neuropsychology by merging elements of psychology and neuroscience, and thus establishing psychology as part of bio science. His iconic work The Organization of Behavior spoke about many innovate concepts such as Hebb’s Rule.

 42 John Ralston Saul

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Famous As: Philosopher, Novelist, Writer
Birthdate: June 19, 1947
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ottawa

 43 Robert Bourassa

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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Non-fiction writer, Economist
Birthdate: July 14, 1933
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Montreal
Died: October 2, 1996

Robert Bourassa made headlines when, in 1970, he became the youngest premier of Quebec. After a crushing defeat 6 years later, following corruption scandals, he moved to Europe and the U.S., where he taught while in exile. In the mid-1980s, he reclaimed the Liberal Party leadership and became a premier again.

 44 Simon Newcomb

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Famous As: Astronomer, Mathematician, Economist, Novelist, Writer, Teacher, University teacher, Science fiction writer
Birthdate: March 12, 1835
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Nova Scotia
Died: July 11, 1909

Initially a herbalist’s apprentice, Simon Newcomb later deviated to mathematics and astronomy. Born to a schoolteacher, he had loved math since age 5 but wasn’t formally educated. He later joined Harvard University, taught math at the US Navy, detected locations of celestial bodies, and wrote a science-fiction novel, too.

 45 Will Kymlicka

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Famous As: philosopher, university teacher
Birthdate: 1962 AD
Birthplace: London

 46 Ludwig von Bertalanffy

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Famous As: Biologist, University teacher
Birthdate: September 19, 1901
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Atzgersdorf
Died: June 12, 1972

Austrian-Canadian biologist Ludwig von Bertalanffy is best remembered as one of the pioneers of the general systems theory (GST). While he initially studied philosophy and history, he later switched to biology. It is believed his allegiance to the Nazi Party helped him become a professor at the University of Vienna.

 47 Patricia Churchland

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: July 16, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Oliver

 48 Brenda Milner

Jordan Peterson
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Famous As: Neuroscientist, Psychologist, University teacher
Birthdate: July 15, 1918
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Manchester

Considered a pioneer in her field, centenarian neuropsychologist Brenda Milner is known for her immense contribution to clinical neuropsychology. Especially known for her work on memory and cognition, she has contributed immensely to the study of temporal lobe. Her papers on the frontal lobes in problem-solving and the lateralization of hemispheric function in language are also highly regarded by scholars.

 49 Harold Innis

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Famous As: Economist, Historian, Philosopher, University teacher, Sociologist
Birthdate: November 5, 1894
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Otterville, Ontario
Died: November 8, 1952

Born into a farming community, Harold Innis was encouraged to be a Baptist minister but became a political economist and academic instead. The former University of Toronto professor is remembered for his work on the staple thesis. He had also fought on the front lines in World War I.

 50 Paul Churchland

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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: October 21, 1942
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vancouver, Canada

Canadian philosopher and academic Paul Churchland is best known for his research on eliminative materialism. Born to a science teacher father, he was obsessed with science fiction and initially aspired to become an aerodynamical engineer. He later studied philosophy and became a significant figure in the field of neurophilosophy.