Astronomy in Britain goes back to the prehistoric times. British astronomers were engaged in observation and theory since times immemorial and through their ground-breaking and revolutionary research made some outstanding discoveries about the world that was beyond human comprehension for a long time. It were the English who discovered and developed new methods, theories, established facts and measured astronomic distances. William Herschel was a British astronomer of the 18th century who discovered Uranus and its two brightest moos, Titania and Oberon. His sister Caroline Herschel became the first woman astronomer to discover a comet. In her life, she discovered numerous comets. Helium gas owes its existence to Englishman Sir Joseph Lockyer who discovered its presence in the solar spectrum. British astronomer Antony Hewish was awarded Nobel Prize for his research group that discovered the first pulsar. Other popular British astronomers include Arthur S. Eddington, Sir Fred Hoyle, E Margaret Burbridge, Sir Roger Penrose and so on. Their invaluable work on astronomy has helped us better understand the universe, our solar system, sun, moon and of course our planet earth. Check this segment to find out in detail about the life, profile and works of famous British astronomers.
Robert HookeRobert Hooke
28 July 1635
Philosopher
William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738
Astronomer, Composer

Edmond HalleyEdmond Halley
08 November 1656
Astronomer

Arthur EddingtonArthur Eddington
28 December 1882
Astronomer

Antony HewishAntony Hewish
11 May 1924
Radio Astronomer

Martin RyleMartin Ryle
27 September 1918
Astronomer
Sir Christopher WrenSir Christopher Wren
20 October 1632
Architect

William GilbertWilliam Gilbert
24 May 1544
Astronomer, Physicist and Physician

Williamina FlemingWilliamina Fleming
15 May 1857
Astronomer
Fred HoyleFred Hoyle
24 June 1915
Astronomer

Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
15 July 1943
Astronomer, Astrophysicist
John HerschelJohn Herschel
07 March 1792
Polymath

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
10 May 1900
Astronomer, University teacher

Jeremiah DixonJeremiah Dixon
27 July 1733
Astronomer

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Charles MasonCharles Mason
31 March 1728
astronomer
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
11 December 1781
Botanist, Civil engineer, Physicist, Engineer,

Margaret BurbidgeMargaret Burbidge
12 August 1919
Astrophysicist

Henry Percy, 9th Earl of NorthumberlandHenry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland
27 April 1564
Nobleman

George Biddell AiryGeorge Biddell Airy
27 July 1801
Mathematician
George DarwinGeorge Darwin
09 July 1845
Barrister

John FlamsteedJohn Flamsteed
19 August 1646
Astronomer
James JeansJames Jeans
11 September 1877
Physicist

Thomas GoldThomas Gold
22 May 1920
Professor

James BradleyJames Bradley
29 February 1693
Astronomer
John Couch AdamsJohn Couch Adams
05 June 1819
Mathematician, Astronomer, University teacher

Bernard LovellBernard Lovell
31 August 1913
Astronomer, Physicist
James NasmythJames Nasmyth
19 August 1808
Astronomer, Engineer

Richard Christopher CarringtonRichard Christopher Carrington
26 May 1826
Astronomer

Jeremiah HorrocksJeremiah Horrocks
1617 AD
astronomer, mathematician
Edmund GunterEdmund Gunter
1581 AD
Mathematician

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Harold JeffreysHarold Jeffreys
22 April 1891
Mathematical statistician
Francis BailyFrancis Baily
28 April 1774
Astronomer

Norman LockyerNorman Lockyer
17 May 1836
Astronomer

Thomas DiggesThomas Digges
1546 AD
Mathematician

Colin PillingerColin Pillinger
09 May 1943
Scientist
William HugginsWilliam Huggins
07 February 1824
Astronomer
William LassellWilliam Lassell
18 June 1799
Merchant ,Astronomer

Frank Watson DysonFrank Watson Dyson
08 January 1868
Astronomer

David C. JewittDavid C. Jewitt
1958 AD
Astronomer

Warren De la RueWarren De la Rue
15 January 1815
Astronomer
John HadleyJohn Hadley
16 April 1682
Mathematician

ByrhtferthByrhtferth
0970 AD
Priest

Brian G. MarsdenBrian G. Marsden
05 August 1937
Astronomer

Robert WilsonRobert Wilson
16 April 1927
Astronomer

Edward BernardEdward Bernard
1638 AD
astronomer
John GreavesJohn Greaves
1602 AD
Mathematician, astronomer, and antiquary

John Louis Emil DreyerJohn Louis Emil Dreyer
13 February 1852
Astronomer
John PondJohn Pond
1767 AD
Astronomer

Ernest William BrownErnest William Brown
29 November 1866
Mathematician

Kathleen OllerenshawKathleen Ollerenshaw
01 October 1912
Mathematician, Astronomer, Politician, Author,
Harold Spencer JonesHarold Spencer Jones
29 March 1890
Astronomer

John Gatenby BoltonJohn Gatenby Bolton
05 June 1922
Astronomer
Herbert Hall TurnerHerbert Hall Turner
13 August 1861
Astronomer

Roger AngelRoger Angel
07 February 1941
Astronomer

Robert Hanbury BrownRobert Hanbury Brown
31 August 1916
Astronomer

John Russell HindJohn Russell Hind
12 May 1823
Astronomer

Nathaniel BlissNathaniel Bliss
28 November 1700
Astronomer
Edward TroughtonEdward Troughton
1753 AD
Instrument maker

James ChallisJames Challis
12 December 1803
Physicist

Alexander WilsonAlexander Wilson
1714 AD
Astronomer

William Rutter DawesWilliam Rutter Dawes
19 March 1799
Astronomer
George AlcockGeorge Alcock
28 August 1912
Astronomer

Samuel MolyneuxSamuel Molyneux
16 July 1689
Astronomer
William WalesWilliam Wales
31 January 1734
Mathematician

Raymond LyttletonRaymond Lyttleton
07 May 1911
Mathematician

Stephen GroombridgeStephen Groombridge
07 January 1755
Astronomer
John EvershedJohn Evershed
26 February 1864
Astronomer

Venetia PhairVenetia Phair
11 July 1918
Amateur astronomer
William McCreaWilliam McCrea
13 December 1904
Astronomer

John BainbridgeJohn Bainbridge
1582 AD
Astronomer

Sir William de Wiveleslie AbneySir William de Wiveleslie Abney
24 July 1843
Astronomer