Famous Austrian Emperors & Kings

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Austrian Emperors & Kings

 1 
Franz Joseph I of Austria
(Emperor of Austria King of Hungary (1848-1916))

Franz Joseph I of Austria
17
Birthdate: August 18, 1830
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 21, 1916

Franz Joseph I of Austria reigned as the Emperor of Austria from 1848 until his death in 1916. He also served as the King of Hungary, Bohemia, and Croatia and monarch of other states of Austria-Hungary. During his reign, Austria-Hungary decided to wage war against the Kingdom of Serbia, which eventually resulted in the First World War.

 2 
Charles I of Austria
(Emperor of Austria (1916-18))

Charles I of Austria
10
Birthdate: August 17, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Persenbeug-Gottsdorf, Austria
Died: April 1, 1922

Charles I of Austria reigned from 1916 to 1918 as the last emperor of Austria. He was the last king of Croatia, Bohemia, Hungary, and the last monarch from the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. Charles is remembered for making unsuccessful attempts to end Austria-Hungary's World War I campaign. He also tried to save the Austro-Hungarian Empire from disintegration but was unsuccessful.

 3 
Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor (1508-1519))

Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor
6
Birthdate: March 22, 1459
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Died: January 12, 1519

Maximilian I  was Holy Roman Emperor from 1508 until his death in 1519. The son of Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor, and Eleanor of Portugal, he ruled jointly with his father for the last years of the latter’s reign. During his reign, he expanded the influence of the House of Habsburg and established the Habsburg dynasty in Spain. 

Recommended Lists:

 4 
Maximilian I of Mexico
(Emperor of Mexico (1864-67))

Maximilian I of Mexico
11
Birthdate: July 6, 1832
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 19, 1867
Austrian archduke Maximilian I ruled as the only emperor of the Second Mexican Empire, from 1864 to 1867. He had also been the commander-in-chief of the Imperial Austrian Navy. However, after the French withdrew their support, he was executed by Mexico’s Republican forces, led by Benito Juárez.

 5 
Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor (1765-90))

Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
7
Birthdate: March 13, 1741
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 20, 1790

Joseph II reigned as the Holy Roman Emperor from 1765, and as the sole ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780, until 1790. Son of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I, and brother of Marie Antoinette, he laid down policies now known as Josephinism. He died without heirs.

Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Birthdate: October 1, 1685
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: The Hofburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: October 20, 1740

Much before his daughter Maria Theresa’s birth, Emperor Charles VI’s Pragmatic Sanction enabled his future daughter to succeed him, due to the lack of male heirs. Though he was always busy fighting, he apparently did it all to bring about peace. He had also unsuccessfully attempted to conquer Spain.

 7 
Ferdinand I of Austria
(Emperor of Austria (1835-48))

Ferdinand I of Austria
4
Birthdate: April 19, 1793
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: June 29, 1875

Ferdinand I of Austria reigned as the Austrian emperor from 1835 until his retirement in 1848. As the emperor of Austria, Ferdinand also ruled as the king of Croatia, Hungary, and Bohemia. He also served as the king of Lombardy–Venetia and held several other lesser titles, which any emperor of Austria is entitled to hold.

You May Like

 8 
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor)

Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: June 9, 1640
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 5, 1705

Second son of Emperor Ferdinand III, Leopold I became the heir apparent to his father’s throne on the death of his elder brother in 1654, being coroneted as the Holy Roman Emperor in 1658. Although he received little training for the throne, Austria became a great European power during his reign, emerging victorious in struggles against Ottoman Empire and France.

 9 

Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: July 9, 1578
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: February 15, 1637

Ferdinand II was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1619 to1637. He was a member of the House of Habsburg and the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria and Maria of Bavaria. A zealous Catholic, he wanted to restore the Catholic Church as the only religion in the empire, a move that earned him the ire of Protestant groups. 

Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: July 18, 1552
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: January 20, 1612

Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as the King of the Romans and as the King in Germany between 1576 and 1612. Best remembered as an intellectual aficionado of occult arts, Rudolf is often seen as the founding father of the Scientific Revolution. He devoted his time to astrology and alchemy in an attempt to find the Philosopher's Stone.

 11 
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor)

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Birthdate: May 5, 1747
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: March 1, 1792

Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as king of Archduke of Austria, emperor of the Romans, and king of Hungary and Bohemia from 1790 until his death in 1792. From 1765 to 1790, he served as Grand Duke of Tuscany, during which he abolished capital punishment in Tuscany, making it the first nation to abolish capital punishment in modern history.

Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: February 24, 1557
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: March 20, 1619

Apart from serving as the Holy Roman Emperor, Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor also served as the Archduke of Austria, King of Croatia and Hungary, and King of Bohemia between 1612 and 1619. His reign resulted in the Bohemian Revolt, which was the initial theatre of the famous Thirty Years War.

 13 
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman emperor)

Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: July 26, 1678
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: April 17, 1711

Emperor Leopold I’s eldest son, Joseph I became the king of Hungary at the tender age of 9 and the king of Romans at 11. Though he strengthened Austria’s financial situation, bringing the Viennese city bank under the state, he failed to retain the Spanish crown for the Habsburg Monarchy.

Ladislaus the Posthumous
2
Birthdate: February 22, 1440
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Komárno
Died: November 23, 1457

Ferdinand II of Portugal
3
Birthdate: October 29, 1816
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Palais Coburg, Vienna, Austria
Died: December 15, 1885

 16 
Albert II of Germany
(King of Bohemia)

Albert II of Germany
2
Birthdate: August 10, 1397
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 27, 1439

Albert II of Germany was a Holy Roman Emperor of the Habsburg Monarchy. He became the ruler of Hungary, Germany, and Bohemia after his father-in-law Sigismund’s death. He was known for bringing about peace and for dividing Germany into structured administrative segments to make ruling easier.

Leopold V, Duke of Austria
0
Birthdate: 1157 AD
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: December 31, 1194

Albert VII, Archduke of Austria
1
Birthdate: November 13, 1559
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Wiener Neustadt, Austria
Died: July 13, 1621

Ferdinand Karl, Archduke of Austria-Este
1
Birthdate: June 1, 1754
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria
Died: December 24, 1806

 20 

Childebert II
1
Birthdate: April 6, 0570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Austrasia
Died: February 29, 0595

 21 
Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans
(King of the Romans, Hungary and Bohemia)

Ferdinand IV, King of the Romans
1
Birthdate: September 8, 1633
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: July 9, 1654

Henry II, Duke of Austria
1
Birthdate: 1112 AD
Birthplace: -
Died: January 13, 1177

 23 

Frederick the Fair
1
Birthdate: May 1, 1289
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: January 13, 1330

 24 
Wacho
(King)

Wacho
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0539 AD