Famous Australian Political Leaders

Australia is one of the largest countries of the world. Formerly under the British Empire, the country ended the British involvement in the government of Australia in 1986. Australia’s political system is a federal constitutional parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. The role of the head of the state of the country is divided between the monarch of Australia and the Governor General. The Prime Minister is vested with executive powers and is the highest government minister of the country. Commissioned by the Governor General of Australia, he holds the most powerful political office in Australia. Talking about political parties, the country has two major political groups that usually form the government both federally and in the states - the Australian Labor Party and the Coalition which comprises of the grouping of the Liberal Party and its minor partner, the National Party. Ever since the Constitution of Australia came into being, the country has had prominent political heads and leaders who have played a dominant role in the nation’s advancement and progress. And while talking about Australian leaders, one cannot but fail to mention the name of Sir Robert Menzies, the longest-serving Prime Minister whose contribution cannot be fathomed. Read on this section to get a list of Australian political leaders and their contribution to the country’s political, economic and social landscape through their biographies.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester

Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 31, 1900
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York Cottage, England
Died: June 10, 1974

Son of King George V and Queen Mary, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, was educated at Eton, becoming the first son of a monarch in Britain to attend school. He made headlines with his affair with Beryl Markham. Owing to his multiple strokes, he was wheelchair-bound in his final years.

 2 Scott Morrison

Scott Morrison
4
Famous As: Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: May 13, 1968
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sydney

Scott Morrison is an Australian politician, currently serving as the prime minister of Australia. After assuming office, Morrison led the Coalition to victory in 2019, which was considered a significant upset as the Labor Party was ahead of the Coalition in most opinion polls. As Australia's first Pentecostal PM, Morrison also serves as an inspiration to the Pentecostal community.

 3 Tony Abbott

Tony Abbott
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: November 4, 1957
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London, United Kingdom

Tony Abbott is a former politician who served as Australia's 28th prime minister from 2013 to 2015. Over the years, Abbott has had a major impact on society, thanks to his community service. He is an active volunteer for agencies and institutions like the New South Wales Rural Fire Service and Queenscliff's Surf Life Saving Club.

 4 John Howard

John Howard
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: July 26, 1939
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sydney, Australia

John Howard is an Australian former politician who served serving as the prime minister of Australia from 11 March 1996 to 3 December 2007. He is the second-longest-serving Australian prime minister, behind Sir Robert Menzies. As the prime minister, John Howard enforced new gun laws after the Port Arthur massacre of 1996. His tenure as PM has inspired several books.

 5 Kevin Rudd

Kevin Rudd
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: September 21, 1957
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nambour, Queensland, Australia

 6 Pauline Hanson

Pauline Hanson
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Famous As: Former Member of the Australian Parliament
Birthdate: May 27, 1954
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brisbane

Pauline Hanson is an Australian politician who has been serving as a senator for Queensland since 2016. Hanson is credited with founding a right-wing political party called One Nation, for which she also serves as the leader. Also an author, Pauline Hanson has published many books, including her autobiography, Untamed and Unashamed.

 7 Julie Bishop

Julie Bishop
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Famous As: Jurist, Politician, Diplomat, Lawyer
Birthdate: July 17, 1956
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Lobethal
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 8 Robert Menzies

Robert Menzies
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Famous As: 12th Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: December 20, 1894
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Jeparit
Died: May 15, 1978

Robert Menzies was an Australian politician who served as the prime minister of Australia on two non-consecutive terms. He served over 18 years in total, becoming the longest-serving prime minister in Australian history. His government is known for its emphasis on higher education, national security policies, and immigration schemes. After retirement, he became the chancellor of the University of Melbourne. 

 9 Daniel Andrews

Daniel Andrews
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 6, 1972
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Williamstown

 10 Annastacia Palaszczuk

Annastacia Palaszczuk
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 25, 1969
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Durack

 11 Peter Cosgrove

Peter Cosgrove
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Famous As: Military personnel
Birthdate: July 28, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

 12 Peter Garrett

Peter Garrett
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Famous As: Member of the Australian House of Representatives
Birthdate: April 16, 1953
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wahroonga

Peter Garrett is an Australian musician, activist, environmentalist, and former politician. Renowned for his eccentric dance style and signature bald head, Garrett is best known for his association with the popular rock band Midnight Oil where he performs as the lead singer. A football fan, Peter Garrett supports the Essendon Bombers of the AFL.

 13 John Curtin

John Curtin
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Famous As: 14th Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: January 8, 1885
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Creswick
Died: July 5, 1945

Born to Irish immigrants, John Curtin had witnessed working-class uprisings in his younger days, which led him to join Australia’s Labour Movement. He was the only Australian prime minister with a Western Australian seat. The strenuous job of leading his country during World War II affected his health.

 14 Anthony Albanese

Anthony Albanese
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 2, 1963
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sydney

 15 Malcolm Fraser

Malcolm Fraser
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 21, 1930
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Toorak
Died: March 20, 2015

 16 Penny Wong

Penny Wong
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Famous As: Australian Senator
Birthdate: November 5, 1968
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kota Kinabalu

Penny Wong is an Australian politician. She has been a senator for South Australia since 2002. Currently, she is leader of the opposition in the senate. She is a qualified lawyer and has previously worked as a political advisor. She is a member of the LGBTQAI+ community and played a key role in the legalization of same-sex marriage in Australia. 

 17 Tanya Plibersek

Tanya Plibersek
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 2, 1969
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sydney

 18 Malcolm Turnbull

Malcolm Turnbull
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Famous As: Journalist, Politician, Entrepreneur, Lawyer, Investment Banker
Birthdate: October 24, 1954
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sydney, Australia

Malcolm Turnbull is a retired Australian politician. From 2015 to 2018, Turnbull served as the 29th prime minister of Australia. He also served as the leader of the Liberal Party on two occasions. For his service to the Parliament of Australia, Turnbull was awarded Companion of the Order of Australia during the 2021 Australia Day Honours

 19 Julia Gillard

Julia Gillard
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: September 29, 1961
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Barry, Vale of Glamorgan
Julia Gillard was the Australian prime minister from 2010 to 2013. She became the first lady prime minister, deputy prime minister, and leader of a political party in Australia. She has also held other significant positions, such as the minister of education. She has now devoted her life to academics.

 20 Bob Hawke

Bob Hawke
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Famous As: 23rd Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: December 9, 1929
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Bordertown
Died: May 16, 2019
The 23rd Prime Minister of Australia, Bob Hawke was the longest-serving Labour leader and electorally most successful leader in the history. During his tenure he instituted a unified wage accord among the country's fractious labour unions that resulted in achieving greater industrial harmony. He also holds the feat of being the third longest-serving Prime Minister of the country.

 21 Harold Holt

Harold Holt
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: August 5, 1908
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Stanmore
Died: December 17, 1967

Harold Holt was an Australian politician and the 17th prime minister of Australia. On 17 December 1967, Holt disappeared while swimming in rough conditions at Cheviot Beach. Following his disappearance, which gave rise to several conspiracy theories, Harold Holt was presumed dead. The Harold Holt Memorial Swimming Centre in Melbourne is named in his honor.

 22 Fraser Anning

Fraser Anning
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 14, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

 23 Ann Richards

Ann Richards
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Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: December 13, 1917
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Died: August 25, 2006

 24 Harold Edward Holt

Harold Edward Holt
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 5, 1908
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Stanmore, New South Wales, Australia
Died: December 31, 1967

 25 Gladys Berejiklian

Gladys Berejiklian
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 22, 1970
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

 26 Peter Dutton

Peter Dutton
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Famous As: Politician, Police officer
Birthdate: November 18, 1970
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Brisbane

 27 Bill Shorten

Bill Shorten
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Famous As: Politician, Lawyer, Trade unionist
Birthdate: May 12, 1967
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Melbourne

 28 Barnaby Joyce

Barnaby Joyce
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: April 17, 1967
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tamworth

 29 Gough Whitlam

Gough Whitlam
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: July 11, 1916
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kew Vic
Died: October 21, 2014

Gough Whitlam was an Australian politician who served as the prime minister of Australia from 1972 to 1975. During the 1972 election, Whitlam played a major role in bringing the Australian Labor Party to power. During the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, he was dismissed by Governor-General John Kerr, becoming the only prime minister to be dismissed in this manner.

 30 Paul Keating

Paul Keating
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Birthdate: January 18, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sydney

Paul Keating is an Australian politician who served as the 24th Prime Minister of Australia and was in the office from 1991 to 1996. He previously served as the deputy prime minister of Australia and the treasurer of Australia. His tenure as the prime minister witnessed the enactment of the landmark Native Title Act to enshrine Indigenous land rights.

 31 Josh Frydenberg

Josh Frydenberg
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Famous As: Politician, Investment banker
Birthdate: July 17, 1971
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Melbourne

 32 Bob Katter

Bob Katter
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 22, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Cloncurry

 33 Jacqui Lambie

Jacqui Lambie
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Famous As: Politician, Soldier
Birthdate: February 26, 1971
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ulverstone

 34 William McMahon

William McMahon
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Famous As: Former Prime Minister of Australia
Birthdate: February 23, 1908
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Redfern, Australia
Died: March 31, 1988

William McMahon was an Australian politician whose 21-year ministerial service is the longest continuous service in the history of Australian politics. From 1971 to 1972, William McMahon served as the prime minister of Australia. He also played an important role in the Second World War; serving in the Australian Army and reaching the rank of major.

 35 Mathias Cormann

Mathias Cormann
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 20, 1970
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Eupen

 36 Nick Xenophon

Nick Xenophon
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 29, 1959
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Adelaide

 37 Mark Latham

Mark Latham
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Famous As: Politician, Trade unionist
Birthdate: February 28, 1961
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ashcroft

 38 Joh Bjelke-Petersen

Joh Bjelke-Petersen
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 13, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dannevirke, New Zealand
Died: April 23, 2005

 39 Lucy Turnbull

Lucy Turnbull
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: March 30, 1958
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Mittagong

 40 Henry Parkes

Henry Parkes
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: May 27, 1815
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Canley
Died: April 27, 1896

Henry Parkes was a politician who served as the premier of the Colony of New South Wales. Serving at different time periods throughout the 1870s and 1880s, Parkes was the longest non-consecutive premier in the Colony of New South Wales history. Considered the Father of Federation, Parkes was described as the most commanding figure in Australian politics by The Times.

 41 Quentin Bryce

Quentin Bryce
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Famous As: Teacher, Lawyer
Birthdate: December 23, 1942
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Brisbane

 42 Michaelia Cash

Michaelia Cash
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 19, 1970
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Subiaco

 43 John Batman

John Batman
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Famous As: Explorer, Farmer
Birthdate: January 21, 1801
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Parramatta
Died: May 6, 1839

 44 Marise Payne

Marise Payne
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 29, 1964
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sydney

 45 Christopher Pyne

Christopher Pyne
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: August 13, 1967
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

 46 Bronwyn Bishop

Bronwyn Bishop
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Famous As: Politician, Solicitor
Birthdate: October 19, 1942
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sydney

 47 Kim Beazley

Kim Beazley
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Famous As: Politician, Diplomat, University teacher
Birthdate: December 14, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Perth

 48 Cory Bernardi

Cory Bernardi
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Famous As: Politician, Rower
Birthdate: November 6, 1969
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Adelaide

 49 Billy Hughes

Billy Hughes
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Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: September 25, 1862
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 28, 1952

 50 Joe Hockey

Joe Hockey
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Famous As: Statesman, Diplomat, Lawyer
Birthdate: August 2, 1965
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Sydney