Famous 10th Century Emperors & Kings

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Cnut the Great

Cnut the Great
9
Famous As: King of Denmark
Birthdate: 0990 AD
Birthplace: Denmark
Died: November 12, 1035

 2 Athelstan

Athelstan
7
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: 0894 AD
Birthplace: Wessex
Died: October 27, 0939
Æthelstan, or Athelstan, son of Edward the Elder, was an Anglo-Saxon king who ruled from 924 to 927. He was also the King of the English from 927 to 939. Æthelstan is known for his victory at the Battle of Brunanburh and for his significant contribution to European politics. 

 3 Raja Raja Chola I

Raja Raja Chola I
3
Famous As: Sovereign
Birthdate: 0947 AD
Died: 1015 AD

Raja Raja Chola I was an emperor who reigned over south India from 985 to 1014. Also known as Rajaraja the Great, the emperor was deemed the most powerful southern king. He is remembered for resuscitating the Chola power and controlling south India and Indian Ocean. He is also credited with building the Brihadisvara Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

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 4 Edward the Elder

Edward the Elder
9
Famous As: King of Wessex
Birthdate: 0874 AD
Birthplace: Wessex
Died: July 17, 0924

Edward the Elder, the Anglo-Saxon ruler of Wessex from circa 899 to 924, is known as the king who extended his authority over almost all of England by conquering the areas previously held by the Danish invaders. Though he is said to have been largely ignored by historians until the late 20th century, he is held in high regard now.

 5 Harald Bluetooth

Harald Bluetooth
6
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0910 AD
Birthplace: Jelling, Denmark
Died: 0986 AD

 6 Edgar the Peaceful

Edgar the Peaceful
6
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: August 7, 0942
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Wessex
Died: July 8, 0975

Edgar the Peaceful reigned as the King of the English for more than 17 years. His reign was noted for its stability as he consolidated his predecessors' work. His coronation at Bath in 973, which was the pinnacle of his reign, forms the basis for the present-day coronation ceremony.

 7 Sweyn Forkbeard

Sweyn Forkbeard
5
Famous As: King of Denmark
Birthdate: April 17, 0963
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Denmark
Died: February 10, 1014
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 8 Edward the Martyr

Edward the Martyr
5
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: 0962 AD
Birthplace: Wessex
Died: March 18, 0978

Edward the Martyr reigned as the King of the English from 975 to 978. The oldest son of King Edgar the Peaceful, Edward was selected as king after his father's death. However, he was killed in 978 at Corfe Castle and was succeeded by his half-brother Æthelred the Unready. Edward is recognized as a saint in the Catholic Church.

 9 Edmund Ironside

Edmund Ironside
6
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: 0989 AD
Birthplace: Wessex
Died: November 30, 1016

Edmund Ironside was King of the English who reigned from 23 April to 30 November 1016. He earned his cognomen Ironside after displaying valor while resisting the Danish invasion, which was led by Cnut the Great. His life and work inspired the Elizabethan play Edmund Ironside and the 1970 TV film The Ceremony of Innocence.

 10 Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: November 23, 0912
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wallhausen, Germany
Died: May 7, 0973

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, known for his ruthlessness, not only united the German empire by crushing all rebellious vassals, but also put an end to the attacks by the Magyars of Hungary. His strategy of making the German bishops feudal lords helped his cause of stabilizing his empire.

 11 Eadred

Eadred
5
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0923 AD
Birthplace: Wessex, England
Died: November 23, 0955

 12 Mahmud of Ghazni

Mahmud of Ghazni
10
Famous As: Ruler of the Ghaznavid Dynasty
Birthdate: November 2, 0971
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Ghazni, Afghanistan
Died: April 30, 1030

Mahmud of Ghazni was the sultan of the Ghaznavid Empire on two separate occasions. He first ascended the throne upon the death of his father, Mahmud, in 1030. However, he was soon overthrown by his twin brother Ma'sud I. Years later, he was reinstated as sultan but was soon executed by his nephew Maw'dud. His entire family was also killed. 

 13 Hugh Capet

Hugh Capet
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0939 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: October 24, 0996

 14 Brian Boru

Brian Boru
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0941 AD
Birthplace: Killaloe, Ireland
Died: April 23, 1014

 15 Edmund I

Edmund I
6
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0921 AD
Birthplace: Wessex, England
Died: May 26, 0946

 16 Olaf II of Norway

Olaf II of Norway
3
Famous As: King of Norway
Birthdate: 0995 AD
Birthplace: Ringerike, Norway
Died: July 29, 1030

 17 Stephen I of Hungary

Stephen I of Hungary
3
Famous As: Grand Prince
Birthdate: 0975 AD
Birthplace: Esztergom, Hungary
Died: August 15, 1038

 18 Eric Bloodaxe

Eric Bloodaxe
5
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0885 AD
Birthplace: Svanoya, Norway
Died: 0954 AD

While some believe Eric Bloodaxe was the son of Norwegian king Harald Fairhair, others believe Danish king Harald Bluetooth was his father. True to his nickname, he was a barbarian Viking tyrant who slaughtered his four brothers for the Norwegian throne. Icelandic sagas mention he married a witch named Gunnhild. 

 19 Edwy of England

Edwy of England
5
Famous As: King of England
Birthdate: 0940 AD
Birthplace: Wessex, England
Died: October 1, 0959

 20 Oleg of Novgorod

Oleg of Novgorod
3
Famous As: Viking Prince
Birthdate: 0879 AD
Died: 0912 AD
Oleg of Novgorod, or Oleg the Prophet, was a Varangian prince who reigned over the Rus' people in late 9th and 10th centuries. He established the rule of Kievan Rus' and attacked Constantinople, the capital of the Byzantine Empire. He finds mention in Scandinavian legends and in many historical films.

 21 Æthelwold of Wessex

Æthelwold of Wessex
3
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Great Britain
Died: December 13, 0902

 22 Igor of Kiev

Igor of Kiev
3
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0877 AD
Birthplace: Russia
Died: 0945 AD

 23 Basil II

Basil II
7
Famous As: Byzantine Emperor
Birthdate: 0958 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Died: December 15, 1025

Basil II reigned as the emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 976 until his death in 1025. He supervised the expansion of the empire's eastern frontier. He was also instrumental in annexing part of Crimea and conducted several victorious campaigns against the Kingdom of Georgia. His work as emperor ensured that the Empire flourished several years after his death.

 24 Yaroslav the Wise

Yaroslav the Wise
3
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0978 AD
Birthplace: Ukraine
Died: February 20, 1054

 25 Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah

Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah
3
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: August 3, 0985
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: February 13, 1021

 26 Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: May 6, 0973
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bad Abbach, Germany
Died: July 13, 1024

 27 Constantine VII

Constantine VII
4
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: May 18, 0905
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: November 9, 0959

 28 Hugh the Great

Hugh the Great
3
Famous As: Duke
Birthdate: 0898 AD
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 16, 0956

 29 Olaf Tryggvason

Olaf Tryggvason
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0963 AD
Birthplace: Norway
Died: September 9, 1000

 30 Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: June 30, 0980
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kessel, Germany
Died: January 23, 1002

 31 Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor

Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor
2
Famous As: Holy Roman emperor
Birthdate: 0990 AD
Birthplace: Speyer, Germany
Died: June 4, 1039

 32 Kenneth II of Scotland

Kenneth II of Scotland
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0932 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: 0995 AD

 33 Malcolm I of Scotland

Malcolm I of Scotland
2
Famous As: King of Alba
Birthdate: 0900 AD
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: 0954 AD

 34 Nikephoros II Phokas

Nikephoros II Phokas
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0912 AD
Birthplace: Cappadocia, Turkey
Died: December 11, 0969

 35 John I Tzimisces

John I Tzimisces
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0925 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: January 10, 0976

 36 Bolesław I the Brave

Bolesław I the Brave
2
Famous As: Duke of Poland
Birthdate: 0967 AD
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: June 11, 1025

 37 Tughril

Tughril
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0990 AD
Birthplace: Persia
Died: September 4, 1063

 38 Louis V of France

Louis V of France
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0967 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: May 21, 0987

 39 Sebüktigin

Sebüktigin
4
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0942 AD
Birthplace: Barskhan, Afghanistan
Died: August 5, 0997

 40 Ashurnasirpal II

Ashurnasirpal II
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Neo-Assyrian Empire
Died: 0859 BC

 41 Kenneth III of Scotland

Kenneth III of Scotland
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0966 AD
Birthplace: Monzievaird, Scotland
Died: March 25, 1005

 42 Haakon the Good

Haakon the Good
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0920 AD
Birthplace: Hordaland, Norway
Died: 0961 AD

 43 Hywel Dda

Hywel Dda
2
Famous As: Welsh ruler
Birthdate: 0880 AD
Birthplace: United Kingdom
Died: 0948 AD

 44 Yaropolk I of Kiev

Yaropolk I of Kiev
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0952 AD
Birthplace: Russia
Died: June 1, 0978

 45 Constantine IX Monomachus

Constantine IX Monomachus
2
Famous As: Byzantine Emperor
Birthdate: 1000 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: January 11, 1055

 46 Harald Greycloak

Harald Greycloak
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0935 AD
Birthplace: Norway
Died: 0969 AD

 47 Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia
1
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0915 AD
Birthplace: Czechia
Died: July 15, 0972

 48 Mieszko I of Poland

Mieszko I of Poland
1
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 0930 AD
Birthplace: Poland
Died: May 25, 0992

 49 Abd al-Rahman III

Abd al-Rahman III
1
Famous As: Caliph
Birthdate: January 7, 0891
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Córdoba, Spain
Died: October 15, 0961

Abd al-Rahman III, the 10th-century emir of Cordoba, established the Caliphate of Córdoba and ruled as its first caliph. He is remembered as one of the most significant Umayyad Arab rulers of Spain. Though short in stature, he was feared for his aggressive policy toward the rebels of his kingdom.

 50 Berengar II of Italy

Berengar II of Italy
1
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0900 AD
Birthplace: Italy
Died: August 4, 0966