Sarojini Naidu was an Indian freedom fighter and poet. Read this brief biography to find more on her life.

Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu

Also Listed In: Poets

Famous as: Poet and Freedom Fighter

Nationality: Indian

religion: Bengali Hindu

Born on: 13 February 1879 AD    Famous 13th February Birthdays

Zodiac Sign: Aquarius    Famous Aquarians

Born in: India

Died on: 02 March 1949 AD

place of death: Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

father: Agorenath Chattopadhyay

mother: Barada Sundari Devi

siblings: Birendranath, Harindranath

Spouse: Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu

children: Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer, Nilawar, Leelamani

education: King's College London (1895 1898), University of Madras, Girton College, Cambridge, University of Edinburgh

Works & Achievements: First Indian woman president of Indian National Congress and first woman to be appointed Governor of any state in India

awards: 1928 - hind a kesari medal

  Sarojini Naidu.  1 Person Does.
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Sarojini Naidu, also known as Sarojini Chattopadhyaya, was a famous Indian poet and a major freedom fighter who went on becoming the first Indian woman to be appointed the president of the Indian National Congress and the Governor of any state in India. Most of all, she was a noted child prodigy and a master of the children's literature. Naidu was given a sobriquet Bharat Kokila (The Nightingale of India) on account of her beautiful poems and songs. Some of her best books that established her as a potent writer include The Golden Threshold, The Gift of India, and The Broken Wing. An active participant of the Indian Independence movement, Naidu joined the national movement taking Gandhi's call and joined him in the popular Salt March to Dandi. With the Indian Independence in 1947, Sarojini Naidu was made the Governor of the Uttar Pradesh in the wake of her contribution to the movement.

Childhood & Family
Sarojini Naidu was born on 13 February 1879 in Hyderabad, India to the scientist, philosopher and a politieducator Aghornath Chattopadhyaya and Barada Sundari Devi. She was the eldest daughter of her parents. A political activist, her father was a co founder of the Nizam College and the first member of the India National Congress in Hyderabad. Chattopadhyaya was removed from his position as a penalty for his active participation in Indian Independence movement.
 
Virendranath Chattopadhyaya, Sarojini's brother, was a political activist who played a key role in establishing the Berlin Committee and was influenced by Communism. He was allegedly killed by the Russian troops in 1937. Sarojini's second brother Harindranath Chattopadhyaya was a noted poet and playwright.  
 
Education, Marriage & Children
A brilliant student, Sarojini won appreciation and fame by being selected in Madras University at just 12. In 1895, she went on to study at King's College in London and later at Girton College, Cambridge University. She developed a liking and passion for reading and writing poems whilst still in college where she became proficient in many languages including Urdu, English, Persian, Telugu and Bengali. 
 
Whilst still in college, Sarojini met Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu and both grew closer by the end of her college. Upon finishing her studied at age 19, she married him in 1898 during a period when inter-caste were marriages were rare and considered a crime in the Indian society. Nonetheless, the successful marriage of the couple prevented people from intervening into their personal life and taking it onto another stage.
 
The couple had four children; Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer and Leelamani. Her daughter Padmaja followed in to her footprints and became the Governor of West Bengal. In 1961, she published a collection of poems entitled The Feather of The Dawn. 
 
Indian Independence Movement
Sarojini Naidu had many credits to her, including a notable contribution to the Indian Independence Movement. She joined the movement at the rear of Bengal partition in 1905 and since then, she stuck to her commitment to the cause. While working for the Indian National Congress, she was introduced to many eminent personalities such as Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi with whom she shared a special bond and a very good rapport.
 
During 1915-1918, she traveled across the India lecturing on social welfare, women empowerment, emancipation and nationalism. Inspired by Jawaharlal Nehru, she embarked on providing help and support for the indigo workers in Champaran who were being subjected to violence and oppression. In 1925, Naidu was appointed the President of the National Congress thus making her the first Indian women to hold the post. 
 
With the introduction of the Rowlett Act in 1919, Sarojini joined the Non-Cooperation Movement organized and led by Mahatma Gandhi. In the same year, she was appointed the Home Rule League's ambassador to England. In 1924, she became a delegate to the East African Indian Congress.
 
Sarojini Naidu as poet  
The Nightingale of India, Sarojini Naidu was a prolific writer and poet. The first volume of her poetries The Golden Threshold was published in 1905, after which two more collections The Bird of Time and The Broken Wing arrived in 1912 and 1917 respectively. Meanwhile in 1916, she authored and published a biography of Muhammad Ali Jinnah entitled as The Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity. Other acclaimed poems that came following are The Wizard Mask and A Treasury of Poems. Other selected works written by her include The Magic Tree and The Gift of India. She was given the name Bharat Kokila on account of the beautiful and rhythmic words of her poems that could be sung as well.
 
Later Life & Death
In her last years, Sarojini actively participated in the freedom movement and was a part of the Round Table summit held in 1931. In 1942, she was arrested along with Mahatma Gandhi for her involvement in the Quit India movement and was jailed for almost 2 years. After her release from the jail, she presided over the Steering Committee at the Asian Relations Conference. With the independence of India in 1947, Sarojini Naidu was made the Governor of the Uttar Pradesh in the wake of her contribution to the movement. She was the first woman to become the governor of a state. She died of a heart attack while working in her office on 2 March 1949.

SAROJINI NAIDU TIMELINE

1879- :

Sarojini Naidu was born on 13 February.

1895-:

She went on to study at King's College in London.

1898- :

Sarojini married Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu.

1905- :

The first volume of her poetries The Golden Threshold was published.

1916-:

She published a biography of Muhammad Ali Jinnah entitled as The Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity.

1919- :

Rowlett Act was introduced.

1924- :

She became a delegate to the East African Indian Congress.

1925- :

Naidu was appointed the President of the National Congress.

1942-:

she was arrested along with Mahatma Gandhi for her involvement in the Quit India movement.

1947-:

Sarojini Naidu was made the Governor of the Uttar Pradesh.

1949-:

She died of a heart attack on 2 March.

1961-:

Her daughter Padma published a collection of poems entitled The Feather of The Dawn.

Pictures of Sarojini Naidu

Videos About Sarojini Naidu

    Sarojini Naidu

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    TO INDIA -- BY SAROJINI NAIDU

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    Song OF A Dream -- By Sarojini Naidu

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Books by Sarojini Naidu

    The Bird of Time

    by Sarojini Naidu

    The broken wing; songs of love, death & destiny

    by Sarojini Naidu

    The Broken Wing; Songs of Love, Death & Destiny, 1915-1916

    by Sarojini Naidu

Books About Sarojini Naidu

    Dream Cradle Song. Two part. [Words by] Sarojini Naidu, etc (The Oxford Choral Songs)

    by Harry Brook

    Five Eminent Women: Annie Besant, Sarojini Naidu, Vijay Pandit, Indira Gandhi and Mother Teresa

    by S.C. Datta

    Great Women Of India : Sarojini Naidu

    by Anuradha Guha