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Presenting biographies of some famous poets and writers of all ages. The biographies highlight childhood, works and achievements and later life of these great poets.

Poets

What do William Wordsworth, Charles Wright and W. B. Yeats have in common? The answer is that they were all world famous poets whose poems are still studied as a part of literature. Poets have often been described as people who step outside the bounds of the obvious and produce aesthetic and, in some cases, even rhythmic works that are meant to take the reader on a fanciful journey through the poet’s words. Poems have been a part of literature forever and it is believed that the earliest poems evolved from folk songs. A poem usually has certain characters that define it, some of which are things like the rhyme scheme, symbolism, rhetoric, rhythm and even irony. This form of literature has also been used to tell stories, the best example of which the two poems Iliad and The Odyssey, written by Homer, are the best examples. Having familiarized ourselves with poems, it’s only natural that we move onto better acquainting ourselves with the people who wrote them. To that end, what follows now is a collection of the biographies of some of the most famous poets. They include their timelines, information about their professional and personal lives along with interesting facts and trivia about them.
A. A. Milne A. A. Milne
“A day without a friend is like a pot without a single drop of honey left inside.” Does this quote remind you of someone? Of course, of the cute ...
A. E. Housman A. E. Housman
Alfred Edward Housman, better known as A. E. Housman, was an English classical scholar and poet regarded as one of the greatest scholars of all ...
Ada CambridgeAda Cambridge
Ada Cambridge was a prolific and gifted author. Reading her works, one can get terrific insights into the sensibilities and styles of the then ...
Adrienne RichAdrienne Rich
Adrienne Rich was an American poet, essayist and feminist. She was born to Jewish-Protestant parents. Her father encouraged her to read and ...
Alan Jay LernerAlan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner was an American librettist and lyricist who along with Frederick Loewe created some of the most renowned and enduring works of ...
Alexander PopeAlexander Pope
An 18th-century English poet, Alexander Pope was best known for his satirical verse and for his translation of the works of Homer. Born in ...
Alfred Tennyson Alfred Lord Tennyson
Alfred Lord Tennyson was a poet laureate of the United Kingdom during the reign of Queen Victoria and also one of the most known poets in ...
Allen GinsbergAllen Ginsberg
Irwin Allen Ginsberg was a famous American poet who passionately battled against militarism, materialism and sexual repression. A prominent ...
Anne BradstreetAnne Bradstreet
With the publication of her first work “The Tenth Muse Lately Sprung Up in America, by a Gentlewoman of those Parts” in London in 1650, Anne ...
Anne SextonAnne Sexton
Anne Sexton was an influential American poet famous for her highly personal and confessional poetry. She had extensively used her knowledge of ...
AristophanesAristophanes
Aristophanes was an acclaimed Greek comic playwright and poet. Among his originally written forty plays, only eleven are still extant. These, ...
 Arthur RimbaudArthur Rimbaud
Jean Nicolas Arthur Rimbaud was a famous French poet and adventurer. He came out with some of his finest poems while he was still in his late ...
Bankim Chandra ChattopadhyaBankim Chandra Chatt...
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was a famous Bengali poet, writer and journalist. He was the author of Anandamath containing the National Song of ...
Bertolt BrechtBertolt Brecht
Bertolt Brecht, born as Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht, was a German poet, playwright and theatre practitioner. He was a visionary who departed ...
 C. Day LewisC. Day Lewis
Cecil Day-Lewis, commonly known as C. Day Lewis CBE, was an Irish-born poet and novelist. He was also a British poet Laureate from 1968, until ...
Carol Ann DuffyCarol Ann Duffy
The first woman Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom, Carol Ann Duff is a much-admired, award-winning female poet. Many of her poems are part of ...
Carson McCullersCarson McCullers
Carson McCullers, the author of the celebrated piece of fiction ‘The Heart is a Lonely Hunter’ was born as Lula Carson Smith. The author is ...
Cesare PaveseCesare Pavese
Cesare Pavese was one of the most creatively proficient novelist and translator who introduced modern US and English writers to Italy. His works ...
Charles BaudelaireCharles Baudelaire
Charles Baudelaire was a notable French poet, also known as an essayist, art critic and pioneering translator of Edgar Allan Poe. Being a critic ...
Charlotte BronteCharlotte Bronte
Charlotte Bronte was a famous English novelist and poet who left behind a rich legacy of written work which includes classical novels like ‘Jane ...
Chinua AchebeChinua Achebe
Called "the father of modern African writing", Chinua Achebe was one of the most widely read novelists from Nigeria who played a pivotal role in ...
Dante Alighieri Dante Alighieri
Durante degli Alighieri, popularly known as Dante, was a chief Italian poet during the middle ages. Born in Florence, he spent a large portion ...
David WagonerDavid Wagoner
David Wagoner is one of the prolific writers amongst the list of modern American literary scholars. Though media glare and attention has always ...
Derek WalcottDerek Walcott
A Nobel laureate and an honorary member of the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters, Derek Walcott is one of the creative geniuses ...
Dylan ThomasDylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas, also known as Dylan Marlais Thomas, was a Welsh-born poet and writer who wrote exclusively in English. Apart from poetry, he also ...
EE CummingsE. E. Cummings
Edward Estlin Cummings, popularly known as E. E. Cummings, was an impressive American poet, painter, essayist, author, and playwright. He is ...
Edgar Allan PoeEdgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, who was also associated with the American Romantic Movement. He was ...
Edna St. Vincent MillayEdna St. Vincent Mil...
Edna St. Vincent Millay was an American poetess and playwright who was known for her feminist activism and her several love affairs. Some of her ...
Elizabeth Barrett BrowningElizabeth Barrett Br...
Elizabeth Barrett Browning was among the most eminent English poets of the Victorian era. Her works were immensely famous in England as well as ...
Elizabeth BishopElizabeth Bishop
Elizabeth Bishop was an extremely admired American poet, quite popular for her striking sense of witty and descriptive poems. Bishop was the ...
Ella Wheeler WilcoxElla Wheeler Wilcox
Ella Wheeler Wilcox's prolific excellence lay in her positive approach and optimistic nature. She had started penning down poetry from an early ...
Emily DickinsonEmily Dickinson
Emily Elizabeth Dickinson was an American poet much acclaimed worldwide for her unique poems. Known for her seclusion from outer world and ...
Ezra Weston Loomis PoundEzra Pound
An expatriate American poet and critic, Ezra Weston Loomis Pound was a chief personality in the initial modernist movement in poetry. He gained ...
Francesco PetrarchFrancesco Petrarch
The illustrious Italian poet, scholar and humanist, Francesco Petrarca or Petrarch is inarguably one of the most influential poets in the world ...
Gabriela MistralGabriela Mistral
Gabriela Mistral was a woman with a multi-faceted personality—she was a poet, an educator, a diplomat and a feminist all rolled into one. She ...
Geoffrey ChaucerGeoffrey Chaucer
Also known as the Father of English literature, Geoffrey Chaucer was the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages. He was also the first poet to ...
George ElliotGeorge Elliot
Mary Ann (Marian) Evans, more popular by her pen name George Eliot, was one of the most acclaimed English novelists of the Victorian era. Her ...
George Herbert George Herbert
George Herbert was an English poet, orator and Anglican priest with a Welsh origin. He had descended from a wealthy family and thus, was ...
George Santayana George Santayana
George Santayana was a Spanish American philosopher, essayist, poet, and novelist. He never gave up his Spanish citizenship, despite being ...
Gertrude SteinGertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein was a writer, poet and an ardent collector of Modernist art. She rejected the conventional style of early nineteenth-century ...
Girolamo FracastoroGirolamo Fracastoro
Girolamo Fracastoro was a prominent Italian physician, poet and scholar in astronomy, mathematics and geography. He propagated the philosophy of ...
Gwendolyn BrooksGwendolyn Brooks
Gwendolyn Elizabeth Brooks, the Pulitzer-prize winning poet from the Midwest, is one name that needs no introduction. Revered as the ‘patron ...
Henrik Ibsen Henrik Ibsen
A famous Norwegian playwright, theatre director, and poet, Henrik Ibsen is often considered as “the father” of modern theater and one of the ...
Henry Wadsworth LongfellowHenry Wadsworth Long...
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was an American poet and educator. He was famous for writing lyric poems, which were popular for their musicality and ...
HomerHomer
Homer was a legendary ancient Greek poet who wrote the epics, the “Iliad” and the “Odyssey”. These epics were a part of Western canon of ...
HoraceHorace
Horace, whose real name was Quintus Horatius Flaccus, was the leading Roman poet of the Augustan Age. He was a member of literary circle that ...
Horatio AlgerHoratio Alger
Horatio Alger, Jr. was a well-known 19th century American author known for his novels portraying young boys’ struggles and challenges. Most of ...
Jack KerouacJack Kerouac
Jack Kerouac was a novelist who had broken all literary conventions and traditions. He was popularly known literary iconoclast and is placed ...
James Weldon JohnsonJames Weldon Johnson
A multi-faceted personality, James Weldon Johnson grew up to be America's top author, politician, diplomat, critic, journalist, poet, ...
James Wright James Wright
James Arlington Wright, one of the most prolific American poets of the 20th century, was the proud recipient of the Pulitzer Prize. Wright made ...
Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von ...
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a key personality in the list of German writers and polymaths. He is regarded as the supreme Genius of modern ...
John ClareJohn Clare
John Clare was an English poet, belonging to the Romantic school, known for his vivid and lyrical descriptions of the rural English countryside. ...
John DonneJohn Donne
John Donne was a famous English poet, satirist, lawyer and priest of his time. Known for his realistic and sensual style, his writings include ...
John DrydenJohn Dryden
A great playwright, exceptional poet, fine translator, solid critic, and an excellent satirist, John Dryden wore many hats during his living. He ...
John KeatsJohn Keats
‘Beauty is truth, truth beauty,—that is all Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know’ is one of the famous lines of the sonnet, ‘Ode to a ...
John MiltonJohn Milton
John Milton was an English poet, polemicist, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England. He was an influential man of letters and served ...
John UpdikeJohn Updike
Considered one of the greatest American writers of the twentieth century, John Updike was a two-time Pulitzer Prize winner author and was also ...
Jonathan SwiftJonathan Swift
Jonathan Swift was an Anglo-Irish poet, writer and cleric who gained reputation as a great political writer and an essayist. Jonathan, who ...
Jorge Luis BorgesJorge Luis Borges
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo, popularly known as Jorge Luis Borges, was a renowned writer, essayist, and poet from Argentina. He ...
Judith Wright Judith Wright
Judith Wright, born in the early 20th century, was a well-known Australian poet, short-story writer and conversationalist. She was also a highly ...
JuvenalJuvenal
Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis, popularly known as Juvenal, was a Roman poet active in the period between late 1st and early 2nd century AD. He was ...
Karel Appel Karel Appel
Karel Appel was an expressionist Dutch painter. He was a member of the famous COBRA, the European group of the late 1940s to early 1950s, which ...
Khalil GibranKhalil Gibran
Khalil Gibran was a Lebanese American artist, writer, philosopher and the third most popular poet in history after Shakespeare and Laozi. Born ...
Kingsley AmisKingsley Amis
Sir Kingsley Williams Amis was an English novelist, poet and teacher and his literary work is includes short stories, poetry, books of ...
Langston HughesLangston Hughes
Langston Hughes was an American poet, novelist, playwright, and columnist. He was better known as the earliest innovators of new literary art ...
Lord ByronLord Byron
Lord Byron was a famous British poet better known as the leading figure of Romanticism. His best known poems include, “She Walks in Beauty”, ...
Lucille CliftonLucille Clifton
Lucille Clifton, born as Thelma Lucille Sayles, was a prolific poet and author best known for writing on themes related to African-American ...
Mark TwainMark Twain
Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American author, essayist, lecturer and humorist who wrote a series of ...
Matthew ArnoldMatthew Arnold
Matthew Arnold is a distinguished twentieth century English poet and critic who brought about a revolution in the world of English literature ...
Octavio Paz Octavio Paz
Octavio Paz was a Mexican writer, poet, and diplomat. A Nobel Prize laureate, his works were translated into English by many writers which ...
Ogden NashOgden Nash
A master of light verse, Frederic Ogden Nash was born in America. Not only did the elements of humor and wit in his poetry make him popular, ...
Oliver GoldsmithOliver Goldsmith
Oliver Goldsmith was undoubtedly one of the greatest poets, dramatists, playwrights and novelist of his time. Even his contemporaries abided by ...
Omar KhayyamOmar Khayyam
Omar Khayyám was an extremely talented and famous Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher and poet. It is believed that Omar adopted the ...
Oscar WildeOscar Wilde
Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde, better known as Oscar Wilde was an Irish poet, author and one of the most successful playwrights of the ...
Ovid Ovid
Ovid, also known as Publius Ovidius Naso, was a Roman poet. He was best known for his erotic poems such as Heroides, Amores, and Ars Amatoria. ...
P B ShelleyP B Shelley
Percy Bysshe Shelley was one of the greatest contributors to the romantic poetry in the English language and author of the Prometheus Unbound ...
Pablo NerudaPablo Neruda
Pablo Neruda may have evoked a number of controversies throughout his lifetime, but he still remains one of the most influential literati of the ...
Paul ValeryPaul Valery
Ambroise-Paul-Toussaint-Jules Valery was a popular French poet, essayist, and philosopher. Paul showed great interest in numerous fields and is ...
Philip LarkinPhilip Larkin
Philip Larkin was one of the greatest English poets. He was awarded with many honors, including the Queen's Gold Medal for Poetry. He was also ...
Phillis Wheatley Phillis Wheatley
Phillis Wheatley is renowned as the first African-American poetess and the second African-American to get her/his book published. Her work is ...
Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore
“Let us not pray to be sheltered from dangers but to be fearless when facing them.” said once, one of the most heroic poets of India, at a time ...
Rainer Maria RilkeRainer Maria Rilke
Rainer Maria Rilke was a famous Austrian poet known for his significant contribution in German literature. He was famous for the “Thing poems”, ...
Ralph Waldo EmersionRalph Waldo Emerson
Ralph Waldo Emerson was a famous American lecturer, philosopher, essayist, and poet. He was one of the leading figures of Transcendentalist ...
Reinaldo ArenasfReinaldo Arenas
Reinaldo Arenas, a writer and poet, spent several years in prison during Fidel Castro’s regime in Cuba. Born and raised in the era of the Cuban ...
Robert BrowningRobert Browning
Robert Browning was an English poet and playwright known for his mastery of dramatic verse. His dramatic monologues made him one of the most ...
Robert Burns Robert Burns
Robert Burns was a famous Scottish poet and lyricist. Also known as Rabbie Burns, or Scotland's favorite son, Burns is often credited as the ...
Robert FrostRobert Frost
Robert Lee Frost is among the most fecund writers when it comes to poetry and playwriting. He was highly appreciated and admired for his ...
Robert haydenRobert Hayden
Robert Hayden was a famous American poet, essayist, and educator. He is best remembered for his book “Ballad of Remembrance”, for which he was ...
Rudyard KiplingRudyard Kipling
Joseph Rudyard Kipling was an English author, journalist and poet who wrote the famous fiction The Jungle Book. Born in the British India, ...
RumiRumi
Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi was a 13th century Persian poet, an Islamic dervish and a Sufi mystic. He is regarded as one of the greatest spiritual ...
Samuel ColeridgeSamuel Coleridge
Samuel Taylor Coleridge was an English poet, critic and philosopher who along with William Wordsworth laid the foundation for English Romantic ...
Sarojini NaiduSarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu, also known as Sarojini Chattopadhyaya, was a famous Indian poet and a major freedom fighter who went on becoming the first ...
Seamus Heaney - Irish WriterSeamus Heaney
Seamus Heaney, one of greatest living poets of our age, is a wordsmith from Ireland, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. His poems, ...
Shel SilversteinShel Silverstein
Sheldon Allan Silverstein, better known as Shel Silverstein, was an American poet, singer-songwriter, musician, composer, cartoonist and ...
Sherman AlexieSherman Alexie
Sherman Joseph Alexie, Jr. is an award winning author whose works primarily fall under the genre of Native American literature. His works are ...
Siegfried Loraine SassoonSiegfried Sassoon
One the most iconic figures of the 20th century, Siegfried Sassoon was a famous historian, poet, writer and soldier. He was among the first ...
Sir Arthur Conan DoyleSir Arthur Conan Doy...
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle was a Scottish doctor, author and poet, and is most notably remembered for his stories about the detective ...
Sophocles Sophocles
Sophocles was an ancient Greek poet and one of three ancient Greek tragedians whose plays have survived. His plays belonged to the period after ...
Sylvia PlathSylvia Plath
A Pulitzer Prize winner, Sylvia Plath was a stunning impressive poet, novelist and short story writer. She was also the first poet to win this ...
T S EliotT S Eliot
Thomas Stearns Eliot, often shorten as T. S. Eliot was a poet, dramatist and literary critic and a Nobel Prize winner for his exceptional work ...