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Victor-Marie Hugo was a French poet, novelist and a leading figure of the Romantic Movement in France.
Victor HugoHow to Cite
Famous as: Author & Poet
Born on: 26 February 1802
Born in: Besancon, France
Died on: 22 May 1885
Zodiac Sign: Pisces Famous Pisceans
Works & Achievements: Les Contemplations and Les Legende des siecles
Victor Hugo was a French poet, novelist and playwright and a leading supporter of the Romantic Movement in France. He was also a visual artist, statesman and human rights activist, though his fame primarily lies in his poems and dramas. Among his prodigious output of poems, Les Contemplations and Les Legende des siecles stand high and are regarded as his best works in this genre. His best novels include Les Miserables and Notre-Dame de Paris (in English, The Hunchback of Notre Dame) and Les Travailleurs de la Mer. He is regarded as the leading figure in the history of French literature and politics who did not only contributed to the Romantic Movement in France but also gained international fame for his efforts towards establishing the Third Republican and democracy in the country. The author died on 22 May 1885, at the age of 83.
For a change, Hugo estranged himself from the political and social issues in his future novel Les Travailleurs de la Mer (Toilers of the Sea); however it did not affect the popularity of the book. The book, which was published in 1866, portrayed the man's battle with the sea and sea creatures, which were considered non-existent previously. With his next novel L'Homme Qui Rit (The Man Who Laughs), Hugo again turned to social issues. The book, published in 1869, mirrored the real depiction of the aristocracy. The novel failed to achieve a distinct position in the literature and he wrote what would become his last novel Quatrevingt-treize (Ninety-Three), which was finally published in 1874. The book depicted the atrocities during the French Revolution. The reception of this book was lukewarm despite its entirely new subject.
Political Life & Exile
With Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) seizing the power in 1851, who established an anti-parliamentary constitution in the country, Hugo began attacking him openly. As a result, he was forced to leave the country and he settled in Guernsey at Hauteville House and lived there until 1870. During his exile, Hugo published his two controversial and debate pamphlets against Napoleon III, known as Napoléon le Petit and Histoire d'un crime. Although the pamphlets were banned and confiscated, it could not prevent them from gaining attention across the world. Other works composed during this period include Les Misérables, and three volumes of poetry (Les Châtiments, 1853; Les Contemplations, 1856; and La Légende des siècles, 1859).
In 1859, amnesty was granted to all political exiles by Napoleon III, Hugo chose not to come back and took a self exile until Napoleon dynasty was overthrown and the Third Republic was established in the country. Hugo returned in 1870, where he was appointed to the National Assembly and the Senate. He was also a member of the Association Litteraire et Artistique International.
Later Years & Death
VICTOR HUGO TIMELINE
Hugo's first volume of poetry entitled as Nouvelles Odes et Poésies Diverses was published.
His mother Sophie died.
Hugo's first novel Han d'Islande was published.
He married his childhood friend Adèle Foucher.
Their first child Leopold was born.
His first full-length book NotreDame de Paris (The Hunchback of Notre Dame), was published.
Hugo was elected to the Académie française.
Hugo became a part of the Higher Chamber as a pair de France.
Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) seizing the power in 1851
Hugo was given exile.
An amnesty was granted to him.
His wife died in 1868.
Hugo returned to his country and was appointed to the National Assembly and the Senate.
. Les Misérables was published.
Hugo lost the National Assembly election.
His last novel Quatrevingt-treize (Ninety-Three), was published.
Hugo was elected to the Senate.
The author died on 22 May 1885, at the age of 83.