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List of famous people of the 18th century who changed the world with their great deeds. Check out their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

There were many people born in the 18th century who went ahead to change the world in radical ways. The 18th century was a politically tumultuous period in several parts of the world, especially in Europe, Asia, and America. Marked by major revolutions across the globe including the French and the American revolutions, the period witnessed the birth of some truly great men and women from all over the world. Maximilien Robespierre was one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. The century also saw the birth of George Washington who later became the first President of the United States. The world of music and arts was also revolutionized by the likes of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Johann Wolfgang (von) Goethe, Jean-Baptiste Greuze, François Boucher, and the likes. The great mathematician Leonhard Euler and the innovator James Watt also made major contributions to the world in this era. Adam Smith, the father of modern economics, is another major 18th century figure. Read on to learn more about the life and works of famous people of the 18th century.
Aaron BurrAaron Burr
(3rd Vice President of United States)

06 February 1756

14 September 1836

Newark

American

Aquarius

Abigail AdamsAbigail Adams
(Second First Lady of the United States)

11 November 1744

28 October 1818

Greenville

American

Scorpio

Abigail FillmoreAbigail Fillmore
(First Lady of America)

13 March 1798

30 March 1853

Saratoga County

American

Pisces

Abraham WhippleAbraham Whipple
(Revolutionary Commander)

26 September 1733

27 May 1819

Providence, Rhode Island

American

Libra

Adam SmithAdam Smith
(Economist and Philosopher)

16 June 1723

17 July 1790

Kirkcaldy, Scotland

Scottish,Welsh

Gemini

Adoniram JudsonAdoniram Judson
(Missionary)

09 August 1788

12 April 1850

Malden

American

Leo

Adrien-Marie LegendreAdrien-Marie Legendre
(Mathematician)

18 September 1752

10 January 1833

Paris, France

French

Virgo

Agustín de IturbideAgustín de Iturbide
(Emperor of Mexico)

27 September 1783

19 July 1824

Morelia

Mexican

Libra

Albrecht von HallerAlbrecht von Haller
(Anatomist)

16 October 1708

12 December 1777

Bern

Swiss

Libra

Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton
(Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury)

11 January 1755

12 July 1804

Nevis, British West Indies

American

Capricorn

Alexander Henry the ElderAlexander Henry The Elder
(Explorer, Pioneer of British-Canadian Fur Trade)

31 July 1739

04 April 1824

New Brunswick

Canadian

Leo

Alexander von HumboldtAlexander von Humboldt
(Geographer)

14 September 1769

06 May 1859

Berlin

German

Virgo

Alfred de VignyAlfred de Vigny
(Poet, Playwright, Novelist)

27 March 1797

17 September 1863

Loches

French

Aries

Allan CunninghamAllan Cunningham
(Poet & Author)

13 July 1791

27 June 1839

London

Scottish

Cancer

Alphonse de LamartineAlphonse de Lamartine
(Writer)

21 October 1790

28 February 1869

Mâcon

French

Libra

Amedeo AvogadroAmedeo Avogadro
(Chemist and Physicist)

09 August 1776

09 July 1856

Turin, Italy

Italian

Leo

Amos Bronson AlcottAmos Bronson Alcott
(Teacher and Educator)

29 November 1799

04 March 1888

Wolcott, Connecticut

American

Sagittarius

Anders CelsiusAnders Celsius
(Astronomer, Physicist, Mathematician)

27 November 1701

25 April 1744

Uppsala

Swedish

Sagittarius

Andre Marie AmpereAndre Marie Ampere
(Physicist and Mathematician)

20 January 1775

10 June 1836

Parish of St. Nizier, Lyon, France

French

Capricorn

Andrew JacksonAndrew Jackson
(7th President of the United States)

15 March 1767

08 June 1845

Waxhaws

American

Pisces

Anna HarrisonAnna Harrison
(Former First Lady of America)

25 July 1775

25 February 1864

Morristown, Province of New Jersey

American

Leo

Anna JamesonAnna Jameson
(Writer, Women Rights Activist)

19 May 1794

17 March 1860

Dublin

British

Taurus

Anthony WayneAnthony Wayne

01 January 1745

15 December 1796

Easttown Township, Pennsylvania

American

Capricorn

Antoine LavoisierAntoine Lavoisier
(Chemist)

26 August 1743

08 May 1794

Paris

French

Virgo

Archibald AlexanderArchibald Alexander

17 April 1772

22 October 1851

American

Aries

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
(Philosopher)

22 February 1788

21 September 1860

Gdańsk

German

Pisces

Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of WellingtonArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

01 May 1769

14 September 1852

Dublin

British

Taurus

Auguste ComteAuguste Comte

19 January 1798

05 September 1857

Montpellier, France

French

Capricorn

Augustin-Jean FresnelAugustin-Jean Fresnel
(Physicist)

10 May 1788

14 July 1827

Broglie (Eure)

French,American

Taurus

Augustin-Louis CauchyAugustin-Louis Cauchy
(Mathematician)

21 August 1789

23 May 1857

Paris

French

Leo

Bahadur Shah ZafarBahadur Shah Zafar
(Last Mughal Emperor)

24 October 1775

07 November 1862

Delhi

Indian

Scorpio

Baji Rao IBaji Rao I
(Peshwa of Maratha Empire)

18 August 1700

28 April 1740

Indian

Leo

Benedict ArnoldBenedict Arnold
(American Revolutionary War General)

14 January 1741

14 June 1801

Norwich

British

Capricorn

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker
(Compiler of Almanacs)

09 November 1731

09 October 1806

Baltimore County

American

Scorpio

Benjamin FranklinBenjamin Franklin

17 January 1706

17 April 1790

Boston, Massachusetts Bay

American

Capricorn

Benjamin LincolnBenjamin Lincoln

24 January 1733

09 May 1810

American

Aquarius

Benjamin RushBenjamin Rush

04 January 1746

19 April 1813

Philadelphia

American

Capricorn

Bernardino RivadaviaBernardino Rivadavia
(First President of Argentina)

20 May 1780

02 September 1845

Buenos Aires

Argentine

Taurus

By maybe John Thomas Scharf [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsCaesar Rodney
(Former Governor of Delaware)

07 October 1728

29 June 1784

Dover

American

Libra

Camille CorotCamille Corot

16 July 1796

22 February 1875

Paris

French

Cancer

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
(Mathematician)

30 April 1777

23 February 1855

Braunschweig, Duchy of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire

German

Taurus

Carl LinnaeusCarl Linnaeus
(Botanist)

23 May 1707

10 January 1778

Råshult

Swedish

Gemini

Carl RitterCarl Ritter
(Co-founder of Modern Geography)

07 August 1779

28 September 1859

Quedlinburg, Germany

German

Leo

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
(Astronomer)

16 March 1750

09 January 1848

Hanover, Germany

German

Pisces

Catherine the GreatCatherine the Great

02 May 1729

17 November 1796

Szczecin

Russian

Taurus

Charles Augustin De CoulombCharles Augustin De Coulomb

14 June 1736

23 August 1806

Angoulême, France

French

Gemini

Charles BabbageCharles Babbage
(Father of the computer)

26 December 1791

18 October 1871

London

British

Capricorn

Charles LambCharles Lamb
(Writer & Essayist)

10 February 1775

27 December 1834

Inner Temple, London, England

British

Aquarius

Charles LyellCharles Lyell
(Lawyer)

14 November 1797

22 February 1875

Angus

British

Scorpio

Charles MessierCharles Messier
(Astronomer)

26 June 1730

12 April 1817

Badonviller

French

Cancer

Charles SturtCharles Sturt
(British explorer)

28 April 1795

16 June 1869

Bengal

British

Taurus

Charles WesleyCharles Wesley

18 December 1707

29 March 1788

Epworth, Lincolnshire, England

British

Sagittarius

Charles X of FranceCharles X of France
(King of France and Navarre)

09 October 1757

06 November 1836

Palace of Versailles, France

French

Libra

Chief SeattleChief Seattle

1780 AD

07 June 1866

Blake Island

American

Scorpio

Christoph Willibald GluckChristoph Willibald Gluck
(Composer)

02 July 1714

15 November 1787

Berching

German

Cancer

Cornelius VanderbiltCornelius Vanderbilt
(Business Tycoon & Philanthropist)

27 May 1794

04 January 1877

Staten Island

American

Gemini

Count Alessandro VoltaCount Alessandro Volta

18 February 1745

05 March 1827

Como, Duchy of Milan, Italy

Italian

Aquarius

Daniel BernoulliDaniel Bernoulli
(Mathematician)

08 February 1700

17 March 1782

Groningen

Swiss

Aquarius

Daniel BooneDaniel Boone
(Pioneer)

22 October 1734

26 September 1820

Daniel Boone Homestead

American

Libra

Daniel D. TompkinsDaniel D. Tompkins
(Sixth Vice President of the U.S.A)

21 June 1774

11 June 1825

Scarsdale

American

Gemini

Daniel WebsterDaniel Webster

18 January 1782

24 October 1852

Salisbury, New Hampshire, United States

American

Capricorn

David HumeDavid Hume
(Philosopher & Historian)

26 April 1711

25 August 1776

Edinburgh, Scotland, Great Britain

British,Scottish

Taurus

Davy CrockettDavy Crockett

17 August 1786

06 March 1836

Greene County

American

Leo

Dolley MadisonDolley Madison

20 May 1768

12 July 1849

Guilford County

American

Taurus

Edmund BurkeEdmund Burke
(Statesman, Author, Orator, Political Theorist/ Philosopher)

12 January 1729

09 July 1797

Dublin

Irish,British

Capricorn

Edmund CartwrightEdmund Cartwright
(Inventor)

24 April 1743

30 October 1823

Nottinghamshire

British

Taurus

Edward BatesEdward Bates
(Lawyer)

04 September 1793

25 March 1869

Goochland County, Virginia, U.S.

American

Virgo

Edward EverettEdward Everett

11 April 1794

15 January 1865

Boston, Massachusetts

American

Aries

Edward JennerEdward Jenner
(Physicians)

17 May 1749

26 January 1823

Berkeley

British

Taurus

Elbridge GerryElbridge Gerry

17 July 1744

23 November 1814

Marblehead

American

Cancer

Eli WhitneyEli Whitney

08 December 1765

08 January 1825

Westborough

American

Sagittarius

Elizabeth of RussiaElizabeth of Russia
(Empress of Russia)

29 December 1709

05 January 1762

Kolomenskoye

Russian

Capricorn

Eugène DelacroixEugène Delacroix
(Painter)

26 April 1798

13 August 1863

Charenton-Saint-Maurice, Île-de-France, France

French

Taurus

Eugenio EspejoEugenio Espejo
(Writer & Medical Pioneer)

21 February 1747

28 December 1795

Quito, Spanish Empire

Ecuadorian

Pisces

Feargus OConnorFeargus OConnor
(Chartist Leader)

18 July 1794

30 August 1855

United Kingdom

Cancer

Frances BurneyFrances Burney
(Novelist)

13 June 1752

06 January 1840

King's Lynn

British

Gemini

Francis HopkinsonFrancis Hopkinson

21 September 1737

09 May 1791

Philadelphia

American

Virgo

Francis I, Holy Roman EmperorFrancis I, Holy Roman Emperor
(Holy Roman Emperor)

08 December 1708

18 August 1765

Nancy

German

Sagittarius

Francis LewisFrancis Lewis

21 March 1713

31 December 1802

Llandaff

American

Aries

Francisco GoyaFrancisco Goya
(Painters)

30 March 1746

16 April 1828

Fuendetodos

Spanish

Aries

Franz Peter Schubert Franz Peter Schubert
(Composer)

31 January 1797

19 November 1828

Alsergrund

Austrian

Aquarius

Frederick the GreatFrederick The Great
(King of Prussia)

24 January 1712

17 August 1786

Berlin

German

Aquarius

Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
(Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher)

10 November 1759

09 May 1805

Marbach am Neckar

German

Scorpio

Gaetano DonizettiGaetano Donizetti
(Composer)

29 November 1797

08 April 1848

Bergamo

Italian

Sagittarius

Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
(Physicist & Mathematician)

16 March 1789

06 July 1854

Erlangen, Brandenburg-Bayreuth

German

Pisces

George CanningGeorge Canning

11 April 1770

08 August 1827

Marylebone

British

Aries

George ClintonGeorge Clinton
(Fourth Vice President of the U.S.A)

26 July 1739

20 April 1812

Little Britain

American

Leo

George III of the United KingdomGeorge III of the United Kingdom
(King)

04 June 1738

29 January 1820

Norfolk House

British

Gemini

George M. DallasGeorge M. Dallas
(11th Vice President of the U.S.A)

10 July 1792

31 December 1864

Philadelphia

American

Cancer

George MasonGeorge Mason
(Patriot, U.S. Statesman)

11 December 1725

07 October 1792

Fairfax County, Virginia

American

Sagittarius

George PeabodyGeorge Peabody
(Entrepreneur & Philanthropist)

18 February 1795

04 November 1869

Danvers

American

Aquarius

George StephensonGeorge Stephenson
(Father of Railways)

09 June 1781

12 August 1848

Wylam

British

Gemini

George WashingtonGeorge Washington
(First President of the United States)

22 February 1732

14 December 1799

British America

American

Pisces

George WytheGeorge Wythe

1726 AD

08 June 1806

Hampton, Virginia

American

Virgo

Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de BuffonGeorges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon
(Naturalist)

07 September 1707

16 April 1788

Montbard

French

Virgo

Gia LongGia Long
(Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam)

08 February 1762

03 February 1820

Hue

Vietnamese

Aquarius

Giacomo CasanovaGiacomo Casanova
(Womanizer)

02 April 1725

04 June 1798

Venice, Italy

Italian

Aries

Gioachino RossiniGioachino Rossini
(Composer)

01 March 1792

13 November 1868

Pesaro

Italian

Pisces

Granville SharpGranville Sharp
(Abolitionist)

10 November 1735

06 July 1813

Durham, England

British

Scorpio

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