Famous Turkish Spiritual & Religious Leaders

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 1 
Murad IV
(Ottoman Sultan)
Murad IV
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Birthdate: July 26, 1612
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died: February 8, 1640

Murad IV, who ruled as the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, was infamous for his cruelty. He took over the throne at 11 and subsequently came to be known for his exploits in the Ottoman–Safavid War, which changed the map of the Caucasus.

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Polycarp
(Martyr)
Polycarp
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Birthdate: 0069 AD
Birthplace: Smyrna, Turkey
Died: February 23, 0155

Polycarp was a Christian bishop of Smyrna. According to some sources,  he had been a disciple of John the Apostle, one of Jesus’ disciples. Along with Clement of Rome and Ignatius of Antioch, he is regarded as one of three chief Apostolic Fathers. He died a martyr, according to the Martyrdom of Polycarp, and is considered a saint.

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Osman II
(Sultan)
Osman II
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Birthdate: November 3, 1604
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: May 20, 1622
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 4 
Abdülmecid II
(Was the last Caliph of the Ottoman Dynasty, the only Caliph of the Republic of Turkey)
Abdülmecid II
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Birthdate: May 29, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Beşiktaş, Turkey
Died: August 23, 1944

Abdülmecid II is remembered as the last caliph of the Ottoman dynasty of Turkey. Son of Sultan Abdulaziz, he received his education at the palace. After the deposition of his cousin and the abolition of the Sultanate, he was declared the caliph by the Turkish National Assembly.

 5 
Timothy
(Bishop)
Timothy
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Birthdate: 0017 AD
Birthplace: Lystra, Turkey
Died: 0097 AD
 6 
Basil of Caesarea
(Bishop of Caesarea Mazaca)
Basil of Caesarea
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Birthdate: 0330 AD
Birthplace: Kayseri, Turkey
Died: January 1, 0379
Bartholomew I of Constantinople
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Birthdate: February 29, 1940
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zeytinliköy, Turkey
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 8 
Mustafa II
(Sultan)
Mustafa II
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Birthdate: February 6, 1664
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Died: December 29, 1703
 9 
Mustafa I
(Saint)
Mustafa I
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Birthdate: 1591 AD
Birthplace: Manisa
Died: January 20, 1639
 10 
Sabbatai Zevi
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Birthdate: August 1, 1626
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: İzmir, Turkey
Died: September 17, 1676
Born to wealthy merchants in Smyrna, Sabbatai Zevi later claimed to be the Jewish Messiah. He gained a huge base of followers and gave rise to the Sabbatean movement. Threatened by the Ottoman sultan, he converted to Islam and later died in oblivion. His followers are known as crypto-Jews.
 11 
Suleiman II
(Sultan)
Suleiman II
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Birthdate: April 15, 1642
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: June 22, 1691
 12 
Nazim Al-Haqqani
(Religious leader)
Nazim Al-Haqqani
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Birthdate: April 21, 1922
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Larnaca, Cyprus
Died: May 7, 2014
 13 
Gregory of Nyssa
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Birthdate: 0335 AD
Birthplace: Niksar, Turkey
Died: 0394 AD
 14 
Margaret the Virgin
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Birthdate: 0289 AD
Birthplace: Antioch of Pisidia, Turkey
Died: 0304 AD
Ephrem the Syrian
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Birthdate: 0306 AD
Birthplace: Nusaybi
Died: June 9, 0373
 16 
Theophanes the Confessor
(Byzantine monk)
Theophanes the Confessor
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Birthdate: 0758 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turky
Died: March 2, 0817
 17 
Pope John V
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Birthdate: 0635 AD
Birthplace: Antioch
Died: August 2, 0686
 18 
Michael I Cerularius
(Patriarch of Constantinople)
Michael I Cerularius
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Birthdate: 1000 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: January 21, 1059
 19 
Michael Psellos
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Birthdate: 1018 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: April 30, 1078
 20 
Gennadius Scholarius
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Birthdate: 1400 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: 1473 AD
Gregory Thaumaturgus
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Birthdate: 0213 AD
Birthplace: Niksar, Turkey
Died: 0270 AD
 22 
Sheikh Said
(Politician)
Sheikh Said
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Birthdate: 1865 AD
Birthplace: Palu, Turkey
Died: June 29, 1925
 23 
Demetrios I of Constantinople
(Ecumenical Patriarch)
Demetrios I of Constantinople
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Birthdate: September 8, 1914
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: October 2, 1991
Archbishop Iakovos of America
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Birthdate: July 29, 1911
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Zeytinliköy, Turkey
Died: April 10, 2005

Born in the Ottoman Empire, now Turkey, Archbishop Iakovos of North and South America was initially educated at the Theological School of Halki and then at Harvard University, before being ordained a priest. A civil rights movement supporter, he had participated in the Selma to Montgomery marches.

 25 
Jacob Of Serugh
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Birthdate: 0451 AD
Birthplace: Suruç, Turkey
Died: November 29, 0521
 26 
John of Ephesus
(Historian)
John of Ephesus
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Birthdate: 0507 AD
Birthplace: Amida, Turkey
Died: 0586 AD
 27 
İskilipli Mehmed Atıf Hoca
(Islamist Who in 1920s Opposed Western Influences in the Turkish Society)
İskilipli Mehmed Atıf Hoca
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Birthdate: 1875 AD
Birthplace: İskilip, Turkey
Died: February 4, 1926
 28 
Hovhannes Tcholakian
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Birthdate: April 12, 1919
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Istanbul
Died: September 16, 2016
 29 
Constantine-Silvanus
(Religious Leader)
Constantine-Silvanus
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Birthplace: Samosata, Commagene, Turkey
Died: 0684 AD
 30 
Palladius
(Monk)
Palladius
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Birthplace: Galatia, Turkey
Died: 0450 AD
 31 
Gregory of Sinai
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Birthdate: 1260 AD
Birthplace: Klazomenai, Turkey
Died: November 27, 1346

Gregory of Sinai was a monk who played a major role in the emergence of Hesychasm in 14th century. He learned the ways of Hesychasm from Arsenios. Gregory of Sinai is also credited with founding a monastery in southeast Bulgaria where he had taken shelter in the Bulgarian Empire in an attempt to escape the increasing Muslim raids on Athos.

John IV of Constantinople
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Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: September 2, 0595
 33 
Andreas of Caesarea
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Birthdate: 0563 AD
Birthplace: Greece
Died: 0637 AD

Andreas of Caesarea was a Greek theological writer whose commentary on the Book of Revelation is regarded as his principal work. His work is widely considered the earliest Greek patristic commentary on the Book of Revelation. Andreas of Caesarea is also credited with preserving several Eastern traditions associated with the Apocalypse of John.

 34 
Euthymius I of Constantinople
(Patriarch of Constantinople)
Euthymius I of Constantinople
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Birthdate: 0834 AD
Birthplace: Silifke, Turkey
Died: August 5, 0917
 35 
Anthimus VI of Constantinople
(Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople)
Anthimus VI of Constantinople
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Birthdate: 1782 AD
Birthplace: Kutali Island, Turkey
Died: December 7, 1877
 36 
John Scholasticus
(Ecumenical Patriarch)
John Scholasticus
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Birthdate: 0503 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople
Died: August 31, 0577
 37 
Theodore Balsamon
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Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: 1195 AD
 38 
Arsenius Autorianus
(Patriarch of Constantinople)
Arsenius Autorianus
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Birthdate: 1200 AD
Birthplace: Constantinople, Turkey
Died: September 30, 1273
 39 
Abhdisho bar Berikha
(Syrian theologian)
Abhdisho bar Berikha
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Birthdate: 1250 AD
Birthplace: Nusaybin, Turkey
Died: October 31, 1318
 40 
Eustathius of Sebaste
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Birthdate: 0300 AD
Birthplace: Sivas, Turkey
Died: 0377 AD
 41 
Flavian I Of Antioch
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Birthdate: 0320 AD
Birthplace: Antioch, Turkey
Died: January 31, 0404
 42 
Athanasius I of Constantinople
(Patriarch of Constantinople)
Athanasius I of Constantinople
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Birthdate: 1230 AD
Birthplace: Edirne, Turkey
Died: October 28, 1310
 43 
Flavian II Of Antioch
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Birthplace: Antioch, Turkey
Died: 0518 AD
 44 
Antony III of Constantinople
(Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople)
Antony III of Constantinople
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Birthplace: Turkey
Died: 0983 AD
 45 
Nilus of Sinai
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Birthplace: Ankara, Turkey
Died: November 12, 0430
 46 
Sergius I of Constantinople
(Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople)
Sergius I of Constantinople
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Birthdate: 0565 AD
Birthplace: Syria
Died: December 9, 0638