Romania is a republic in Southeast Europe. Officially named Romania in 1866, the country gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. Following World War II, Romania became a socialist economy but soon transitioned back towards democracy and a capitalist market economy. Romania follows a federal republic and democratic system in which the governance is divided into the legislative, executive and judiciary. However, unlike other federal republic countries, Romania has a semi-presidential republic. As such, the role of the President is not limited to a ceremonial position and he enjoys some executive powers along with the government. The President of Romania is publically elected. The President appoints the Prime Minister who in turn appoints the Cabinet Minister. Ever since its independence, Romania has had a number of prolific leaders who have played a quintessential role in helping to move the country forward with their leadership skills and magnificent administrative capabilities. Nicolae Ceausescu was the first president of Romania, while Ion Iliescu was the first to be democratically elected. Traian Basescu has thrice held the post of the President of Romania. Currently, the position is held by Klaus Iohannis. With this section, find out more about Romanian leaders, their life, work and profile.
Nicolae CeaușescuNicolae Ceaușescu
26 January 1918
Former President of Romania
Kwame NkrumahKwame Nkrumah
21 September 1909
First President of Ghana

Saint PatrickSaint Patrick
0385 AD
Missionary

Klaus IohannisKlaus Iohannis
13 June 1959
President of Romania

Ion IliescuIon Iliescu
03 March 1930
Former President of Romania

Traian BăsescuTraian Băsescu
04 November 1951
Former President of Romania
Emil ConstantinescuEmil Constantinescu
19 November 1939
Former President of Romania

Ion AntonescuIon Antonescu
02 June 1882
Former Prime Minister of Romania

Joel TeitelbaumJoel Teitelbaum
13 January 1887
Philosopher, Rabbi
Ferdinand I of RomaniaFerdinand I of Romania
24 August 1865
Politician

Carol I of RomaniaCarol I of Romania
20 April 1839
Monarch
Corneliu Zelea CodreanuCorneliu Zelea Codreanu
13 September 1899
Politician, Essayist

Michael the BraveMichael the Brave
15 January 1558
Prince

Stephen III of MoldaviaStephen III of Moldavia
1432 AD
Ruler

Gheorghe Gheorghiu-DejGheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej
08 November 1901
Politician, Diplomat

Horia SimaHoria Sima
03 July 1903
politician, journalist
PostumusPostumus
Military commander

Gnaeus Domitius CorbuloGnaeus Domitius Corbulo
0007 AD
General

Nicolae IorgaNicolae Iorga
17 January 1871
politician, linguist, geopolitician, poet

Victor PontaVictor Ponta
20 September 1972
Politician
Dimitrie CantemirDimitrie Cantemir
26 October 1673
Soldier

Nicolae PaulescuNicolae Paulescu
30 October 1869
Physiologist
Liviu DragneaLiviu Dragnea
28 October 1962
Engineer, Politician

CincinnatusCincinnatus
0519 BC
Roman statesman

Titus Annius MiloTitus Annius Milo
Politician
PriscillianPriscillian
0340 AD
Author

Solomon SchechterSolomon Schechter
07 December 1847
Rabbi, University teacher
Iuliu ManiuIuliu Maniu
08 January 1873
Politician

Ion Gheorghe MaurerIon Gheorghe Maurer
23 September 1902
Politician

Armand CălinescuArmand Călinescu
04 June 1893
prime minister of Romania
Mihail KogălniceanuMihail Kogălniceanu
06 September 1817
Statesman

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Alexandru AverescuAlexandru Averescu
03 April 1859
Politician
Ion I. C. BrătianuIon I. C. Brătianu
20 August 1864
Politician

Adrian NăstaseAdrian Năstase
22 June 1950
Romanian Politician

Ana BlandianaAna Blandiana
25 March 1942
Poet

Matthias Corvinus of HungaryMatthias Corvinus of Hungary
23 February 1443
King
Nicolae RădescuNicolae Rădescu
30 March 1874
Officer
Emil BocEmil Boc
06 September 1966
Former Prime Minister of Romania

Constantin SănătescuConstantin Sănătescu
14 January 1885
Statesman

Gheorghe TătărescuGheorghe Tătărescu
02 November 1886
Politician

Lucius Mummius AchaicusLucius Mummius Achaicus
0175 AD
Statesman
Nicolae TitulescuNicolae Titulescu
04 March 1882
Diplomat

Corneliu CoposuCorneliu Coposu
20 May 1914
Politician

Gaius Claudius NeroGaius Claudius Nero
0247 AD
Military commander

Teoctist ArăpașuTeoctist Arăpașu
07 February 1915
Patriarch

Stephen BocskaiStephen Bocskai
01 January 1557
Political leader
Elena UdreaElena Udrea
26 December 1973
Politician, Lawyer

Ion GhicaIon Ghica
12 August 1816
Revolutionary
Ion C. BrătianuIon C. Brătianu
02 June 1821
Politician

Alexandru Vaida-VoevodAlexandru Vaida-Voevod
27 February 1872
Politician

György KlapkaGyörgy Klapka
07 April 1820
General
Patriarch Miron of RomaniaPatriarch Miron of Romania
20 July 1868
Cleric

Alexandru MarghilomanAlexandru Marghiloman
04 July 1854
Statesman
Ion MihalacheIon Mihalache
03 March 1882
Statesman

Cătălin PredoiuCătălin Predoiu
27 August 1968
Politician, Lawyer

Nicetas of RemesianaNicetas of Remesiana
0335 AD
Bishop

Dimitrie SturdzaDimitrie Sturdza
10 March 1833
Statesman

Lascăr CatargiuLascăr Catargiu
01 November 1823
Statesman
Mădălin VoicuMădălin Voicu
10 July 1952
Conductor, Politician

Daciana SârbuDaciana Sârbu
15 January 1977
Politician, Lawyer

Grigore GafencuGrigore Gafencu
30 January 1892
Politician

Dinu BrătianuDinu Brătianu
13 January 1866
Politician
Patriarch Justinian of RomaniaPatriarch Justinian of Romania
22 February 1901
Patriarch of All Romania

Elena CeauşescuElena Ceauşescu
07 January 1916
Romanian politician
Nicu CeausescuNicu Ceausescu
01 September 1951
Physicist

Ioan CioabăIoan Cioabă
07 January 1935
Gypsy leader

Luca SavelliLuca Savelli
1190 AD
Senator
Scipio Africanus the YoungerScipio Africanus the Younger
0185 AD
Roman general

Ilie VerdetIlie Verdet
10 May 1925
Politician