Sir Bernard Katz Biography
Birthday: March 26, 1911 (Aries)
Born In: Leipzig, Germany
Sir Bernard Katz was a German born biophysicist who is known for his remarkable work on nerve biochemistry. He, along with Julius Axelrod and Ulf von Euler, was one of the co-recipients of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He belonged to a Jewish family originally from Russia. From the childhood, he faced lot of discriminations because of his religion. However, when at the age of twenty-two, he could not publicly receive Siegfried Garten prize because he was dubbed non-Aryan, he decided to migrate. Soon after receiving his degree in medicine from the University of Leipzig, he went to England to work under Archibald Vivian Hill—who was known for rescuing more than 900 academics from Nazi persecution—at University College London (UCL). There, he finished his doctoral work within a short time, but received his degree only after he had received his British citizenship. After the World War II, he joined his alma mater UCL and undertook research on nerve impulse. His work on that subject earned him Nobel Prize. More importantly, it had immense influence both on physiology and pharmacology. He also headed the Department of Biophysics for a long time and under him it became a center of excellence.