Salvatore Maranzano Biography
Birthday: July 31, 1886 (Leo)
Born In: Castellammare del Golfo, Italy
Salvatore Maranzano was an American mafia boss from the town of Castellammare del Golfo, Sicily, and an early Cosa Nostra boss, who led the Castellammarese War against his rival Giuseppe "Joe the Boss" Masseria and subsequently dethroned him as the mafia's capo di tutti capi ("boss of all bosses"). However, Charles "Lucky" Luciano, who had helped him in the war against Masseria, later turned against him as he thought that Maranzano was even more power-hungry than Masseria had been. Due to his fascination with the Roman Empire of Caesar's time, he was considered a 'Mustache Pete' at heart – one of the old-school mafiosi like Masseria. Within a few months after gaining supreme Mafia power, Maranzano was murdered under the orders of Luciano, who then abolished the position of 'capo di tutti capi' and distributed power among Mafia families to prevent future turf wars. Joseph Bonanno, Maranzano's protégé and later his underboss, took over most of his rackets after his death and established the Bonanno crime family. Maranzano has been a well-known figure in popular culture and has been mentioned several times in crime fictions, movies and television shows, including Mario Puzo's 'The Godfather', 'Mobsters' and 'Boardwalk Empire'.