Paul Hindemith was one of the leading trendsetters of musical modernism. He was a master composer, conductor, violist, educator and theoretician and one of the four founders of modernism. His theoretic concerns ran deep and wide, and incorporated medieval philosophy, early church writings and various musical subject matters. He was a deft musician who was well versed with almost all the standard musical instruments and was exceptionally proficient on viola and viola d'amore. Paul Hindemith was the major influence in shaping the musical careers of noted composers like Franz Reizenstein, Norman Dello Joio, Lukas Foss, and Arnold Cooke. The Nazis drove him out of Germany and he traveled all across Switzerland and U.S.A., hosting concerts. He played a very crucial role in the musical history not only as a composer but also as a teacher, conductor and theorist. He experimented with different genres including orchestral works, solo concertos, chamber music for a wide range of instruments, choral works, lieder, operas and ballets. Apart from this, he also wrote books and essays. Go through the biography to know more about this legendary violist.
PAUL HINDEMITH TIMELINE
Born on 16 November in Hanau.
His sister Toni was born on 20 February in Niederrodenbach.
He lived with his grandparents in Silesia.
His brother Rudolf was born in Niederrodenbach on 9 January and in July his family shifted to Offenbach and then to Muhlheim in October.
He started going to school and started taking lessons of Violin from Eugen Reinhardt.
Hindemith family shifted to Frankfurt.
He started taking lessons of violin from the Swiss violinist Anna Hegner.
He took part in the recitals for the very first time in Dr. Hoch’s Conservatory.
He learned composition from Arnold Mendelssohn.
He started taking composition lessons from Bernhard Sekles. He became the member of a Swiss spa ensemble in summer which showed spa concerts in Lugano and Lucerne and he became the concertmaster of the Frankfurt opera theatre ‘Neues Theatre’ in December.
In summer, he was elected as a member of a spa orchestra in Heiden, Switzerland.
He got a violin from the Joseph Jaochim Foundation of Berlin. His father got killed on the front in Flanders.
On 16 February, he was relocated to an infantry regiment in Alsace, as a military musician.
He set up the Amar Quartet and played the viola there.
On 15 May, he got married with Gertrud Rottenberg.
He became a member of the organizational committee of the Donaueschingen Music Festival.
Became the professor at the Hochshule für Musik for composition in Berlin.
There was final ban on the performance of his works and thus he relocated to Switzerland. He wrote Trauermusik (Funeral Music) when he came to know about the demise of George V, and this piece of work was in tribute to the late King.
His book on harmonic theory named "UnterweisungimTonsatz”, was first published.
He received an honorary doctorate from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
He got the nationality of America.
He travelled to Europe for the concerts and to Switzerland, Belgium, Italy, Holland and Austria for giving lectures.
In May, he got an honorary doctorate from the Columbia University, New York and he received doctorate from the University of Frankfurt.
He went to Harvard University for delivering lectures on poetry.
He got a teaching job in Zurich and he settled in Blonay on Lake Geneva.
On 23 September, he played the viola for the last time in public during the world premiere of the Oktett in Berlin. On 4 October, he got the artistic award of the Province of Nordrhein-Westfalen.
He went to U.S.A. for the performance in Waterville, Pittsburgh and New York. On 5 September, Paul organized the opening concert of the Beethoven-Halle in Bonn. On 17 September, he had an abrupt feeling of feebleness and short-term amnesia in the course of rehearsal in Oslo.
In May, he was given the Prix Balzan award in Rome. On 5 September, Paul organized the opening concert of the Beethoven-Halle in Bonn. On 17 September, he had an abrupt feeling of feebleness and short-term amnesia in the course of rehearsal in Oslo. On 28 December, he died due to illness.
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