Born In: Newton Ferrers, England
Henry Every, also referred to as Henry Avery, was a notorious British pirate who operated in the Atlantic and the Indian Oceans during the 1690s. He gained notoriety for being one of the very few pirate captains who got away with all the loot without being ever arrested or killed. Henry is said to have used different aliases, including ‘Benjamin Bridgeman,’ and was also tagged as ‘The King of Pirates’ and ‘The Arch Pirate.' Henry got into piracy while serving as a first mate aboard the warship Charles II. The crew of the ship mutinied when the owners of Charles II failed to pay their wages in Spain. They renamed the ship as Fancy and made Henry Every the new captain. Henry Every conducted his most famous piracy on September 7, 1695, when he allied with other pirates and plundered the 25-ship convoy of the Mughal Empire that was returning from the yearly pilgrimage of Mecca. This raid is said to have fetched him aound £600,000. As a result of this raid, the relations between the British and the Mughals got strained. A bounty of £1,000 for Henry’s capture was announced, but he could never be captured and his looted wealth, too, could never be retrieved. Although Henry Every's piracy career lasted only a few years but his daredevilry and exploits captured people's imagination. No definite date of his death is available. However, Every is believed to have died between 1699 and 1714.
Also Known As: Henry Evory, Henry Avery, John Avery, Henry Bridgeman, Long Ben, Big Ben, The Arch Pirate, The King of Pirates
Died At Age: 39
father: John Every
Born Country: England
Died on: April 22, 1699
place of death: Bideford
Henry Every was born on August 20, 1659, in Newton Ferrers, England. According to the local government records, he was possibly born to John Every and his wife, Anne, hailing from the well-known Every family of Devon.
After his capture, William Phillips, a crew member of Henry Every had mentioned that Henry was around 40 years old in August 1696, and that Henry’s mother lived close to Plymouth, while his wife lived in Ratcliffe Highway. According to records, Henry married one Dorothy Arther on September 11, 1690, at St James Duke's Place in London.
Henry Every joined the ‘Spanish Expedition Shipping,’ a venture taken up in the spring of 1693 by several London-based investors, led by a wealthy merchant Sir James Houblon to revive the stagnating British economy. It encompassed four warships, including Charles II that was commissioned by Charles II of Spain, an ally of Britain. The objective of the venture was to sail to the Spanish West Indies, conduct trade, supply arms to the Spanish and plunder French vessels in the French West Indies.
The crew of the ‘Spanish Expedition Shipping’ were paid first month’s salary in advance and was promised a guaranteed monthly wage every six months. Due to his navy experience, Henry was promoted to first mate after joining the Spanish Expedition. By early August 1693, all the four ships were sailing to Spain's northern city of Corunna. The ships, however, reached Spain after five months, against the planned time of two weeks. Moreover, the ships were compelled to wait in the northern Spanish harbour of Corunna, as necessary legal documents did not arrive for months and the crew were literally trapped in the port with no wage money to send to their families or any other source of employment. While the crew made petition to their captain, their wives petitioned to Houblon, but nothing fruitful happened. The crew gradually became hopeless and desperate and many believed that they had been sold as slaves.
Finally, as the fleet was preparing to head toward Corunna, many crew members demanded their six months of pay and threatened to strike if their request was not accepted. On May 7, 1694, Henry and his men successfully carried out the mutiny and sailed Charles II far enough in the open sea so as to ensure their safety. He then arranged to let go off all those non-conspirators who did not want to join him, except the surgeon of the ship as the latter’s service was too important. Henry was unanimously elected the new captain of the ship.
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