Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina was an Italian composer who belonged to the Renaissance period. Majority of his compositions were done for the sacred music genre. This renowned 16th century representative of Roman School of musical composition had great influence on the development of church music. He was among those fist Italian musicians to work on sacred music, especially, in a time when sacred music in Italy was mostly handled by the musicians from the Low Countries like France, Spain or Potugal. Palestrina was greatly influenced by Northern European polyphony style. He composed many motets and masses in Palestrina style of composition. He did not choose to compose in the same way as his Venetian colleagues composed their polychoral pieces. His composition style matched that of older Franco-Flemish masters, which made him the representative of that celebrated group. Read this biography to learn more about profile, childhood life, career and contributions of this great musician.
- Palestrina was invited to the imperial Court of Vienna by Emperor Maximilian, 1568
- Palestrina was invited to the court of the Duke of Mantua, 1583
- Palestrina's works comprise the most important categories nurtured in the late Renaissance, which include music genres like Masses, motets, and madrigals.
- He played small roles in three of his madrigals.
He composed 250 motets which include settings of psalms and canticles.
- Other important liturgical items are hymns (45), offertories (68) and lamentations (13).
- His compositions are characterized by a stepwise melodic movement that dominates expansive leaps. Also, in this style of composition, diatonic tones in both horizontal and vertical combinations are preferred to their chromatic counterparts.
GIOVANNI PIERLUIGI DA PALESTRINA TIMELINE
Giovanni Palestrina was born on February 3 in Palestrina, near Rome.
He went to Rome.
Palestrina worked as an organist in St. Agapito, the principal church in his home town. It was around this time that he published his first book of Masses which won great appreciation, notably from Pope Julius III.
Palestrina became the director of other chapels and churches in Rome, the most notable among them being the position with St. John.
He joined Santa Maria Maggiore.
He was appointed as music director in a newly formed seminary.
Palestrina died in Rome because of pleurisy.
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