2 El Cid(Military leader)
3 Felipe VI of Spain(King of Spain (Since 2014))
Felipe VI of Spain is the current King of Spain, reigning since 2014. He ascended the throne upon the abdication of his father, Juan Carlos I. His mother is Queen Sofía. As the king, he is head of state and commander-in-chief of the Spanish Armed Forces as well. He also serves as the honorary president of several associations and foundations.
4 Francisco Pizarro(Spanish conquistador)
Francisco Pizarro was a Spanish conquistador best remembered for his expeditions that eventually paved the way for the Spanish conquest of Peru. Along with Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Pizarro became the first European to reach the Pacific Ocean after crossing the Isthmus of Panama. After two failed expeditions to Peru, Pizarro led a third and successful campaign to conquer Peru.
5 Francisco Franco(Former Caudillo of Spain)
Francisco Franco overthrew the Second Spanish Republic by leading the Nationalist forces as their general during the Spanish Civil War. Subsequently, Franco ruled over Spain as a dictator from 1939 to 1975. He had such an impact as a dictator that the period between the Nationalist victory and Franco's death is known as Francoist Spain in the history of Spain.
6 Roland(Military leader)
7 John of Austria(Military Officer)
8 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés(Explorer)
Remembered as the founder of St. Augustine in Florida, USA, Spanish admiral and explorer Pedro Menéndez de Avilés has also been credited with planning the first regular trans-Atlantic convoys. Ruthlessly loyal to the Spanish king, he massacred the entire population of a nearby French post and established a string of forts along the Atlantic coast to protect Spanish interests.
10 Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba(Statesman)
An adviser of King Charles I and, Philip II of Spain, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba was a Spanish general and diplomat. A master of logistics, he had an unshakable self-confidence, which helped him to sail through most adverse situations. Notable for his conquest of Portugal, he is also remembered for his tyranny as the governor-general of Netherlands.
11 Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma(Military Commander)
12 Emilio Mola(Leader of the Nationalist coup of July 1936, which started the Spanish Civil War)
13 Pedro de Valdivia(Explorer, Military personnel)
14 Almanzor(Military leader)
15 Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba(officer, military personnel)
Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba had become part of the Castilian court at age 13. He earned the nickname El Gran Capitán for his successful military exploits, especially the Conquest of Granada and the Italian Wars. He also negotiated the final surrender of Granada and served as the viceroy of Naples.
16 Bernardo de Gálvez(49th Viceroy of New Spain)
17 Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies(Military personnel, Noblemen)
18 Gaspar de Portolá(Soldier)
19 Valeriano Weyler(General)
20 Infante Alfonso, Duke of Galliera(Duke, Military personnel)
21 Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada(Conqueror)
Legend has it that Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada had inspired the character Don Quixote penned by Cervantes. Initially a lawyer, Quesada later gained fame as a Spanish conquistador and explored parts Colombia, then known as New Granada. He also made unsuccessful voyages in search of El Dorado.
22 Juan O'Donojú(Jefe Político Superior)
24 Agustina de Aragon(Military officer)
Agustina de Aragon was a Spanish warrior best remembered for her valiant effort while defending Spain during the Peninsular War. Nicknamed the Spanish Joan of Arc, Agustina served in the Spanish Army. Regarded as a heroine in Spain, Agustina de Aragón has been the subject of several stories, folklore, and artwork. Her life inspired the 1929 film Agustina of Aragon.
25 Francisco Serrano, 1st Duke of la Torre(Statesman)
26 Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Austria(Military Leader)
27 Alonso Pérez de Guzmán y Sotomayor, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia(Spanish admiral)
28 Donal Cam O'Sullivan Beare(Last independent ruler of the O'Sullivan Beara sept)
29 Rafael del Riego(General and liberal politician, who played a key role in the outbreak of the Liberal Triennium)
30 Damaso Berenguer(Soldier)
Damaso Berenguer was a Spanish politician and general best remembered for his service as the Prime Minister of Spain from 30 January 1930 to 18 February 1931. He is credited with founding the Fuerzas Regulares Indígenas, volunteer infantry units of the Spanish Army.
31 Pascual Cervera y Topete(Naval Officer)
In his 50-year career, Spanish admiral Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquess of Santa Cruz had remained undefeated. Born to a naval commander, he was quick to follow into his father’s footsteps. He was also behind the planning of the Spanish Armada, that attempted an invasion of England after his death.
33 John of Austria the Younger(Military Leader)
34 Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado(Spanish official)
35 Juan Prim, 1st Count of Reus(Statesman)
36 Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, count de Aranda(Statesman)
37 Tomás de Zumalacárregui(Spanish military leader)
38 Baldomero Espartero, prince de Vergara(Regent of Spain)
39 Leopoldo O'Donnell(Prime Minister of Spain)
40 Maria Pacheco(Military personnel)
41 Abd al-Rahman III(Caliph)
Abd al-Rahman III, the 10th-century emir of Cordoba, established the Caliphate of Córdoba and ruled as its first caliph. He is remembered as one of the most significant Umayyad Arab rulers of Spain. Though short in stature, he was feared for his aggressive policy toward the rebels of his kingdom.
42 Álvaro de Luna, 1st Duke of Trujillo(Politician)
43 Miguel Ricardo de Álava(General)
44 Ramón María Narváez, 1st Duke of Valencia(Statesman)
45 Francisco Espoz y Mina(General)
47 Pedro Navarro, Count of Oliveto(Engineer)
48 Luis Méndez de Haro(Political figure)
Luis Méndez de Haro began his political career under the guidance of his uncle, Gaspar de Guzmán, who was the chief minister of King Philip IV and whom he succeeded. He also struck a peace deal, putting an end to a long war with France, with the Peace of the Pyrenees.