Famous 2nd Century Emperors & Kings

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 1 Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 26, 0121
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: March 17, 0180

Marcus Aurelius played an important role in the Roman Empire. A Stoic philosopher, Marcus was part of the Five Good Emperors and the last emperor of the Pax Romana—a 200-year-long period of relative peace in the Roman Empire. Also a writer, his work Meditations is regarded by many as one of the greatest works of philosophy.

 2 Hannibal

Famous As: Military General
Birthdate: 0247 BC
Birthplace: Carthage, Tunisia
Died: 0184 BC

 3 Trajan

Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: September 18, 0053
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Hispania Baetica
Died: August 8, 0117

Trajan was the Roman emperor from 98 to 117 CE. Remembered as a successful soldier-emperor, he presided over a great military expansion, leading the Roman Empire to attain its maximum territorial extent by the time of his death. He was the second of the Five Good Emperors and focused on implementing social welfare policies for the benefit of his citizens.

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 4 Hadrian

Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: January 24, 0076
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Italica, Hispania
Died: July 10, 0138
Hadrian was the Roman emperor from 117 to 138. Though he was married to Vibia Sabina, he was said to have many male lovers. He reconstructed the Pantheon and built the Temple of Venus and Roma. He also supported military discipline and came to be known as a benevolent dictator.

 5 Septimius Severus

Septimius Severus
Famous As: Roman Emperor (193-211)
Birthdate: April 11, 0145
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leptis Magna, Libya
Died: February 4, 0211
Roman emperor Septimius Severus reigned from 193 to 211. He worked in the senate under Marcus Aurelius and gained strength following the death of Pertinax. He killed incumbent emperor Didius Julianus and annexed many kingdoms, such as Osroene. While on an invasion of Scotland, he died of an infectious disease.

 6 Antoninus Pius

Antoninus Pius
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: September 19, 0086
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lanuvium, Italy
Died: March 7, 0161
Antoninus Pius was the Roman emperor from 138 to 161 and is regarded as one of the Five Good Emperors of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty. He was adopted by emperor Hadrian. His reign was marked by peace and the construction of the Antonine Wall. He was largely an efficient ruler.

 7 Commodus

Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: August 31, 0161
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lanuvium
Died: December 31, 0192
Commodus ruled Rome as an emperor, with his father Marcus Aurelius, from 176 till 180, and then as a sole ruler till 192. His rule ended the 200-year peaceful era of Pax Romana. His dictatorial rule was portrayed in films such as Gladiator. He was assassinated by his wrestling partner.
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 8 Liu Bei

Liu Bei
Famous As: Founder of the Chinese Shu Han Dynasty
Birthdate: 0161 AD
Birthplace: Zhuozhou, Baoding, China
Died: June 10, 0223

Liu Bei was a warlord in the Eastern Han dynasty. He is credited with founding the state of Shu Han. Liu Bei went on to reign as the emperor of Shu Han from 221 until his death in 223. Liu Bei is best remembered for his remarkable skills as a leader and politician. His life has inspired several TV series.

 9 Didius Julianus

Didius Julianus
Famous As: Roman Emperor (193)
Birthdate: January 29, 0133
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Mediolanum
Died: June 1, 0193
Born into an influential Roman family, Didius Julianus was raised by Marcus Aurelius’s mother, Domitia. As the man who bid the highest in an auction for the throne, he became the Roman emperor, following Pertinax’s murder. However, just after 66 days of rule, he was murdered in his palace.

 10 Maximinus Thrax

Maximinus Thrax
Famous As: Roman Emperor (235-238)
Birthdate: 0173 AD
Birthplace: Thracia
Died: May 10, 0238

Maximinus Thrax reigned as Roman emperor from 235 until his death in 238. The accession of Maximinus is generally viewed as the beginning of the Imperial Crisis. Hence, he is often called a barracks emperor of the 3rd century. He died during the Siege of Aquileia when he was assassinated by soldiers of the Legio II Parthica.

 11 Lucius Verus

Lucius Verus
Famous As: Roman Emperor
Birthdate: December 15, 0130
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: January 23, 0169

Lucius Verus was the Roman emperor from 161 to 169, alongside his adoptive brother Marcus Aurelius. Their succession together marked the first time that the Roman Empire was ruled by multiple emperors. The eldest son of Lucius Aelius Caesar, Verus hailed from the Nerva-Antonine dynasty. He ruled for only a few years before he died of an illness in 169.

 12 Macrinus

Famous As: Roman emperor
Birthdate: 0164 AD
Birthplace: Caesarea of Mauretania
Died: May 31, 0218

 13 Ptolemy XII Auletes

Ptolemy XII Auletes
Famous As: Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt
Birthdate: 0117 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0051 AD

Being an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX, Ptolemy XII Auletes apparently bribed Julius Caesar, in exchange for a law acknowledging his kingship in Egypt. He was later exiled, but came back to Egypt and killed his daughter, Berenice IV, who ruled in his absence and with the support of the opposition.

 14 Mithridates VI of Pontus

Mithridates VI of Pontus
Famous As: King of Pontus (120-63)
Birthdate: 0135 BC
Birthplace: Sinop, Turkey
Died: 0063 BC

Mithridates VI of Pontus, also known as Mithridates the Great, came to power as a young boy after his father, Mithridates V, was assassinated by poisoning. However, since Mithridates VI’s mother acted as a regent and favored his brother, Mithridates got them both imprisoned and took over the throne.

 15 Cao Pi

Cao Pi
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0187 AD
Birthplace: Xiao County, Suzhou, China
Died: June 29, 0226

 16 Annia Galeria Faustina

Annia Galeria Faustina
Famous As: Roman patrician
Birthdate: September 21, 0130
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rome, Roman Empire
Died: 0175 AD

 17 Tigranes the Great

Tigranes the Great
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0140 BC
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0055 BC

 18 Ardashir I

Ardashir I
Famous As: Shahanshah of the Sasanian Empire (224–242)
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Banvan, Iran
Died: January 31, 0242

Ardashir I was the founder of the Sasanian Empire. According to some sources, he was a son of Papak, son of Sasan. He began his career as the commander of Fort Darabgard and steadily rose in power, eventually defeating the last Parthian shahanshah Artabanus IV on the Hormozdgan plain. After this, he crowned himself "shahanshah” and continued his conquests. 

 19 Jugurtha

Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0160 AD
Birthplace: Cirta, Algeria
Died: 0104 AD

 20 Kanishka

Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0078 AD
Birthplace: Peshawar, Pakistan
Died: 0144 AD

 21 Masinissa

Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0238 AD
Birthplace: Mascula, Algeria
Died: 0148 AD

 22 Baldwin V

Baldwin V
Famous As: King
Birthdate: July 31, 1177
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Jerusalem, Kingdom of Jerusalem, Israel
Died: July 31, 1186

 23 Duṭṭhagāmaṇī

Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Hambantota, Sri Lanka
Died: 0137 AD

 24 Ptolemy V Epiphanes

Ptolemy V Epiphanes
Famous As: Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Kingdom
Birthdate: October 9, 0210
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: August 31, 0180

 25 Philip V of Macedon

Philip V of Macedon
Famous As: King of Macedonia from 221 to 179 BC
Birthdate: 0238 AD
Birthplace: Pella, Macedonia
Died: 0179 AD

 26 Ptolemy VIII Physcon

Ptolemy VIII Physcon
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0184 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: June 28, 0116

 27 Demetrius I of Bactria

Demetrius I of Bactria
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0222 AD
Birthplace: Bactria, Afghanistan
Died: 0180 AD

 28 Perseus of Macedon

Perseus of Macedon
Famous As: Last king (Basileus) of the Antigonid dynasty
Birthdate: 0212 BC
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0166 BC

 29 Balbinus

Famous As: Former Roman emperor with Pupienus for three months in 238, the Year of the Six Emperors
Birthdate: 0178 AD
Birthplace: Italy
Died: 0238 AD

 30 Mithridates I of Parthia

Mithridates I of Parthia
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0195 BC
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0132 BC

Parthian ruler Mithridates I belonged to the Arsacid dynasty and was the first ruler of Parthia to assume the title King of Kings. He is remembered for his aggressive expansion of his kingdom and his war against the Seleucid Empire. His affinity for Greeks was evident by his title Philhellene.  

 31 Emperor Jing of Han

Emperor Jing of Han
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0188 AD
Birthplace: Taiyuan, China
Died: March 9, 0141

 32 Ptolemy VI Philometor

Ptolemy VI Philometor
Famous As: King of Ptolemaic Egypt who reigned from 180 to 164 BC and from 163 to 145 BC
Birthdate: 0186 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0145 AD

 33 Seleucus IV Philopator

Seleucus IV Philopator
Famous As: Ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire, reigned from 187 BC to 175 BC
Birthdate: 0218 AD
Birthplace: Syria
Died: September 3, 0175

 34 Ptolemy IX Lathyros

Ptolemy IX Lathyros
Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 18, 0142
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: November 30, 0081

 35 Demetrius II Nicator

Demetrius II Nicator
Famous As: King of Syria
Birthdate: 0160 BC
Birthplace: Syria
Died: 0125 BC

 36 Eucratides

Famous As: king of Bactria
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Central Asia
Died: 0145 AD

 37 Ptolemy X Alexander I

Ptolemy X Alexander I
Famous As: King of Egypt (reigned 107–88 BCE)
Birthdate: 0140 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0088 AD

 38 Sasan

Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 39 Alexander Balas

Alexander Balas
Famous As: King of Syria (150 BC – August 145 BC)
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Smyrna, Turkey
Died: 0145 AD

 40 Antiochus V

Antiochus V
Famous As: Ruler of the Greek Seleucid Empire who reigned from late 164 to 161 BC
Birthdate: 0172 AD
Birthplace: Greek
Died: 0161 AD

 41 Attalus III

Attalus III
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0170 BC
Birthplace: Pergamon, Turkey
Died: 0133 BC

 42 Artaxias I

Artaxias I
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0230 AD
Birthplace: Orontid dynasty, Armenia
Died: 0160 AD

 43 Artabanus IV of Parthia

Artabanus IV of Parthia
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0191 AD
Birthplace: Parthian Empire, Iran
Died: March 31, 0224

 44 Phraates IV

Phraates IV
Famous As: King of Parthia
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0002 AD

 45 Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator

Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0145 AD

 46 Vologases III of Parthia

Vologases III of Parthia
Famous As: King of Parthia
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0147 AD

 47 Bocchus I

Bocchus I
Famous As: King of Mauretania
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Mauretania

 48 Wiman of Gojoseon

Wiman of Gojoseon
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Yan

 49 Vologases V

Vologases V
Famous As: King of Parthia
Birthdate: 0130 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0208 AD

 50 Vologases IV

Vologases IV
Famous As: King of Parthia
Birthdate: 0129 AD
Birthplace: Unknown