Antonin Scalia Biography

(Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1986 - 2016))

Birthday: March 11, 1936 (Pisces)

Born In: Trenton, New Jersey, United States

A stalwart in the field of law and justice, Antonio Scalia was one of the most prominent legal figures; he was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016. His performance on the bench was exceptional, given his staunch conservative views. A popular believer of conventional methods, he was more often than not tagged as the intellectual anchor of the Court’s conservative majority. Given his traditional thinking, he strongly advocated textualism in statutory interpretation and originalism in constitutional interpretation. Though he had earned the reputation of being combative and insulting, people who knww him intently claim him to be charming and unpretentious. He was a strong protector of the powers of the executive branch, believing presidential power should be paramount in many areas. It is due to these reasons that he made a striking impression on the U.S. Supreme Court and lower courts. To know in details about his childhood, life and profile, read through the following lines.
Quick Facts

Also Known As: Antonin Gregory Scalia

Died At Age: 79


Spouse/Ex-: Maureen McCarthy

father: S. Eugene Scalia

mother: Catherine Panaro

children: Ann S. Banaszewski, Catherine Elisabeth Scalia, Christopher James Scalia, Eugene Scalia, John Francis Scalia, Margaret Jane Scalia, Mary Clare Scalia, Matthew Scalia, Paul David Scalia

Judges American Men

Died on: February 13, 2016

place of death: Cibolo Creek Ranch Marfa, Texas, United States

Ancestry: Italian American

U.S. State: New Jersey

City: Trenton, New Jersey

More Facts

education: Harvard University, Georgetown University

  • 1

    What were Antonin Scalia's views on originalism?

    Antonin Scalia was a proponent of originalism, which means interpreting the Constitution based on its original meaning at the time it was written.
  • 2

    What impact did Antonin Scalia have on the Supreme Court?

    Antonin Scalia was known for his conservative views and originalist approach to interpreting the Constitution, shaping the direction of the Supreme Court during his tenure.

  • 3

    What were some notable cases decided by Antonin Scalia?

    Antonin Scalia was involved in several landmark cases, including District of Columbia v. Heller, which affirmed an individual's right to bear arms under the Second Amendment.
  • 4

    How did Antonin Scalia approach dissenting opinions?

    Antonin Scalia was known for writing sharp and often colorful dissenting opinions, expressing his strong beliefs on legal matters even when in the minority on a decision.
  • 5

    What was Antonin Scalia's stance on the death penalty?

    Antonin Scalia was a supporter of the death penalty and believed it was constitutional, often dissenting in cases that sought to limit or abolish capital punishment.
Childhood & Early Life
Antonin Scalia was born to Salvatore Eugene Scalia and Catherine Scalia. While his mother was an elementary school teacher, his father was a clerk who went on to become a professor of Romance language at the Brooklyn College.
At the age of six, his family relocated to Elmhurst, Queens in New York City. Since he was the only child of the family, he received all the attention and attraction. However, expectations from him were extremely high.
In 1953, he enrolled at Georgetown University from where he graduated valedictorian and summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree in history four years later.
He then went on to study law at the Harvard Law School. It was while at the law school that he served as a Notes Editor for Harvard Law Review. In 1960, he graduated with a magna cum laude.
He became a Sheldon Fellow of Harvard University, a fellowship that granted him to travel throughout Europe for a year from 1960 until 1961.
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His legal career kick-started at the law office of Jones, Day, Cockley and Reavis in Cleveland in 1961. Though he was highly regarded and showed the promise to rise up to the rank of becoming a partner at the organization, he realized that this wasn’t his true calling.
Walking on the footsteps of his father, he took up the position of Professor of Law at the University of Virginia in 1967, thus realizing his long-cherished dream. He moved along with his family to Charlottesville, Virginia
His service at the university ended in 1971, when he entered public service. He was offered the post of General Counsel for the Office of Telecommunications Policy by President Richard Nixon. His duty involved preparing public policy for the growth of cable television.
For two years, from 1972 until 1974, he held the post of the Chairman of the Administrative Conference of United States. A small agency, it aimed to augment the working of the federal bureaucracy.
During Nixon’s regime, he was nominated as one of the ideal candidates for the seat of the Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel. Despite Gerald Ford taking over the office of the President, his nomination continued and was later confirmed by the Senate on August 22, 1974.
Post the Watergate scandal, he regularly defended the Ford administration which went into a number of conflicts with the Congress. He backed the assertions of executive privilege against turning over of documents.
In 1976, he fought his only case before the Supreme Court, Alfred Dunhill of London, Inc. v. Republic of Cuba, arguing for Dunhill on behalf of the U.S. government. The result of the case went in favour of Dunhill, which eventually resulted in his victory.
When Ford lost the presidential elections to newly elected President Jimmy Carter, Scalia took up a post at the American Enterprise Institute for a couple of months. However, it wasn’t long before he returned to academic life, taking up residence at University of Chicago Law School from 1977 to 1982.
It was during his time at the University of Chicago that he spent one year as a visiting professor at Stanford Law School. In 1981, he was appointed as the first faculty adviser for the University of Chicago's newly founded Federalist Society
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Ronald Reagan’s appointment as the President in 1980 brought good news for Scalia as he desired for a major position in the new administration. After losing the seat of Solicitor General of the United States, he was offered a position at the Chicago-based United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, which he rejected.
Eventually, he was appointed to the highly influential United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. The confirmation by the United States Senate was received on August 5 and later on August 17, 1982 he was sworn in for the position.
During his tenure at the DC Circuit, he built on a conservative image of himself, winning applause and accolade for his powerful yet witty legal writing. His write-up often sounded critical of the US Supreme Court, whom he was bound to follow as a lower court judge. This brought him to the limelight of the Reagan, who shortlisted his name for a Supreme Court nomination, lest a seat became vacant in future.
When Chief Justice Warren Burger retired in 1986, Associate Justice William Rehnquist was appointed to fill up the former’s shoes, which meant a vacancy to fill up for Rehnquist's seat as associate justice. Scalia was chosen as the ideal candidate.
He was confirmed for the sea of the Associate Justice of Supreme Court on September 17, 1986, thus becoming the first Italian-American justice. He assumed his new role on September 26, 1986.
In the new capacity, he tagged himself as an originalist, interpreting the Constitution of United States as it would have been understood when it was first adopted. This is in stark contrast with the present view according to which the constitution is conceptualized as a living document taking into account the views of the modern-day society.
Over the years, he categorically argued about no constitutional right for abortion. However, given the demand of the hour, he stressed that if the people of the country, by and large, desire legalized abortion, the issue should be decided in the legislature and a law should be passed to realize the same.
He voted to strike out the laws that implicate distinctions on basis of race, gender and sexual orientation. Furthermore, he argued that laws that make distinctions between genders should be subjected to intermediate scrutiny
Under the criminal law, he stated his belief of death penalty being constitutional. Even in cases in which the criminal is under the age of 18, he clearly expressed his opposition against death penalty being unconstitutional.
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Personal Life & Legacy
He went into the wedlock with Maureen McCarthy, whom he first met when he went on a blind date during his years at Harvard Law School. She was an alumnus of Radcliffe College and obtained a degree in English. The couple has been blessed with nine children, five sons and four daughters.
He died in his sleep from a possible heart attack in the early morning of February 13, 2016,
Facts About Antonin Scalia
Antonin Scalia was known for his sense of humor and quick wit, often engaging in lively debates with his colleagues on the Supreme Court.
Scalia was an avid opera fan and even appeared as an extra in a performance of Puccini's opera "Tosca" during his time in Washington, D.C.
Scalia was a strong advocate for originalism in interpreting the Constitution, believing that the text should be understood as it was originally intended by the framers.

Scalia had a close friendship with fellow Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, despite their differing judicial philosophies.

Scalia was known for his love of hunting and fishing, often spending his free time outdoors pursuing these hobbies.

See the events in life of Antonin Scalia in Chronological Order

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