Antonin Scalia Biography

Antonin Scalia currently serves as the Associate Justice of United States. Go through this biography to know in details about his life, profile and timeline.

Quick Facts

Birthday: March 11, 1936

Nationality: American

Famous: Quotes By Antonin Scalia Judges

Died At Age: 79

Sun Sign: Pisces

Also Known As: Antonin Scalia

Born in: Trenton


Spouse/Ex-: Maureen McCarthy

father: S. Eugene Scalia

mother: Catherine Panaro

children: Ann S. Banaszewski, Catherine Elisabeth Scalia, Christopher James Scalia, Eugene Scalia, John Francis Scalia, Margaret Jane Scalia, Mary Clare Scalia, Matthew Scalia, Paul David Scalia

Died on: February 13, 2016

place of death: Shafter, Texas, U.S.

U.S. State: New Jersey

More Facts

education: Xavier High School, Manhattan, NY, University of Fribourg, Switzerland, BA History, Georgetown University (1957), LLB, Harvard Law School (1960),

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A stalwart in the field of law and justice, Antonio Scalia was one of the most prominent legal figures; he was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1986 until his death in 2016. His performance on the bench was exceptional, given his staunch conservative views. A popular believer of conventional methods, he was more often than not tagged as the intellectual anchor of the Court’s conservative majority. Given his traditional thinking, he strongly advocated textualism in statutory interpretation and originalism in constitutional interpretation. Though he had earned the reputation of being combative and insulting, people who knww him intently claim him to be charming and unpretentious. He was a strong protector of the powers of the executive branch, believing presidential power should be paramount in many areas. It is due to these reasons that he made a striking impression on the U.S. Supreme Court and lower courts. To know in details about his childhood, life and profile, read through the following lines.

Childhood & Early Life
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  • His legal career kick-started at the law office of Jones, Day, Cockley and Reavis in Cleveland in 1961. Though he was highly regarded and showed the promise to rise up to the rank of becoming a partner at the organization, he realized that this wasn’t his true calling.
  • Walking on the footsteps of his father, he took up the position of Professor of Law at the University of Virginia in 1967, thus realizing his long-cherished dream. He moved along with his family to Charlottesville, Virginia
  • His service at the university ended in 1971, when he entered public service. He was offered the post of General Counsel for the Office of Telecommunications Policy by President Richard Nixon. His duty involved preparing public policy for the growth of cable television.
  • For two years, from 1972 until 1974, he held the post of the Chairman of the Administrative Conference of United States. A small agency, it aimed to augment the working of the federal bureaucracy.
  • During Nixon’s regime, he was nominated as one of the ideal candidates for the seat of the Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Legal Counsel. Despite Gerald Ford taking over the office of the President, his nomination continued and was later confirmed by the Senate on August 22, 1974.
  • Post the Watergate scandal, he regularly defended the Ford administration which went into a number of conflicts with the Congress. He backed the assertions of executive privilege against turning over of documents.
  • In 1976, he fought his only case before the Supreme Court, Alfred Dunhill of London, Inc. v. Republic of Cuba, arguing for Dunhill on behalf of the U.S. government. The result of the case went in favour of Dunhill, which eventually resulted in his victory.
  • When Ford lost the presidential elections to newly elected President Jimmy Carter, Scalia took up a post at the American Enterprise Institute for a couple of months. However, it wasn’t long before he returned to academic life, taking up residence at University of Chicago Law School from 1977 to 1982.
  • It was during his time at the University of Chicago that he spent one year as a visiting professor at Stanford Law School. In 1981, he was appointed as the first faculty adviser for the University of Chicago's newly founded Federalist Society
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  • Ronald Reagan’s appointment as the President in 1980 brought good news for Scalia as he desired for a major position in the new administration. After losing the seat of Solicitor General of the United States, he was offered a position at the Chicago-based United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, which he rejected.
  • Eventually, he was appointed to the highly influential United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. The confirmation by the United States Senate was received on August 5 and later on August 17, 1982 he was sworn in for the position.
  • During his tenure at the DC Circuit, he built on a conservative image of himself, winning applause and accolade for his powerful yet witty legal writing. His write-up often sounded critical of the US Supreme Court, whom he was bound to follow as a lower court judge. This brought him to the limelight of the Reagan, who shortlisted his name for a Supreme Court nomination, lest a seat became vacant in future.
  • When Chief Justice Warren Burger retired in 1986, Associate Justice William Rehnquist was appointed to fill up the former’s shoes, which meant a vacancy to fill up for Rehnquist's seat as associate justice. Scalia was chosen as the ideal candidate.
  • He was confirmed for the sea of the Associate Justice of Supreme Court on September 17, 1986, thus becoming the first Italian-American justice. He assumed his new role on September 26, 1986.
  • In the new capacity, he tagged himself as an originalist, interpreting the Constitution of United States as it would have been understood when it was first adopted. This is in stark contrast with the present view according to which the constitution is conceptualized as a living document taking into account the views of the modern-day society.
  • Over the years, he categorically argued about no constitutional right for abortion. However, given the demand of the hour, he stressed that if the people of the country, by and large, desire legalized abortion, the issue should be decided in the legislature and a law should be passed to realize the same.
  • He voted to strike out the laws that implicate distinctions on basis of race, gender and sexual orientation. Furthermore, he argued that laws that make distinctions between genders should be subjected to intermediate scrutiny
  • Under the criminal law, he stated his belief of death penalty being constitutional. Even in cases in which the criminal is under the age of 18, he clearly expressed his opposition against death penalty being unconstitutional.
Personal Life & Legacy
  • He went into the wedlock with Maureen McCarthy, whom he first met when he went on a blind date during his years at Harvard Law School. She was an alumnus of Radcliffe College and obtained a degree in English. The couple has been blessed with nine children, five sons and four daughters.
  • He died in his sleep from a possible heart attack in the early morning of February 13, 2016,

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