A landlocked country located along the Himalayan range, Nepal is a mountainous country of South Asia. Address of eight of ten tallest mountains of the world, it has become an important country on the world map in terms of landscape and terrain. Nepal was a constitutional monarchy for the better part of its history. Ruled by the Shah dynasty since 1768, it was only in 2008 that the politics of the country took a detour to set the foundation for a Republic of Nepal to be formed. The topsy-turvy phase of Nepal began in 1996 when the Communist demanded for the takeover of the royal parliamentary system by People’s Republic. The 2001 royal massacre which led to the death of the King Birendra and subsequent enthronement of King Gyanendra saw the last phase of monarchy. With the democracy movement engulfing the entire nation, King Gyanendra finally relinquished all his sovereign powers and Nepal became Republic of Nepal. In the post-monarchial phase, Nepal has witnessed numerous political tensions and power-sharing battles. Governments have toppled and new political mandates have been ordered. Dr Ram Baran Yadav took up as the first President of Nepal. In 2015, he announced a new Constitution of Nepal which has transformed the country into a federally democratic republic. With this segment, find out in detail about famous Nepalese leaders.