Famous Iranian Intellectuals & Academics

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 1 Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī

Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī
Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: September 5, 0973
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kath, Uzbekistan
Died: December 13, 1048

Apart from being a pioneer of Indology and geodesy, Persian scholar Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī also worked on subjects such as anthropology, math, and ethnography. It is believed he didn’t know his father. He had penned many works, such as the encyclopaedic volume The Chronology of Ancient Nations.

 2 Zoroaster

Famous As: Founder of Zoroastrianism
Birthdate: 0000 BC
Zoroaster, also known as Zarathustra, was an Iranian spiritual leader who founded the religion Zoroastrianism, which challenged the traditional religious ideas of Ancient Persia. There is no record that states the exact period of his existence with certainty. He is said to have authored the Gathas and the Yasna Haptanghaiti.

 3 Omar Khayyam

Omar Khayyam
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 18, 1048
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nishapur, Khorasan, Iran
Died: December 4, 1131

Omar Khayyam was a Persian polymath, mathematician, philosopher, astronomer, and poet. In the field of mathematics, he is best known for his work on the classification and solution of cubic equations. As an astronomer, he designed a solar calendar known as the Jalali calendar. His philosophical attitude towards life had elements of pessimism, nihilism, Epicureanism, and fatalism. 

 4 Al-Ghazālī

Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1058 AD
Birthplace: Ṭūs, Iran
Died: December 19, 1111

 5 Abdul Qadir Gilani

Abdul Qadir Gilani
Famous As: Preacher
Birthdate: March 17, 1078
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Amol, Iran
Died: February 21, 1166

 6 Jabir Ibn Hayyan

Jabir Ibn Hayyan
Famous As: Alchemist
Birthdate: 0721 AD
Birthplace: Tous, Iran
Died: 0815 AD

Eighth-century alchemist and physician Jabir Ibn Hayyan has been credited with too many written works. Experts believe his vast works may not have been written by a single person. The Jabirian corpus, a collection of his works, is known for its "method of the balance" and its focus on chemistry.

 7 Nasir al-Din al-Tusi

Nasir al-Din al-Tusi
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: February 18, 1201
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tous, Iran
Died: June 26, 1274

Persian polymath Nasir al-Din al-Tusi lost his jurist father in childhood and then went around as a scholar, learning subjects such as math and philosophy. He made invaluable contribution to astronomy and later served as a scientific advisor of the Mongols. One of his notable written works was Akhlaq-i Nasiri.

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 8 Al-Tabari

Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: 0839 AD
Birthplace: Āmol, Iran
Died: February 17, 0923

 9 Mazdak

Birthdate: 0000 AD

 10 Attar of Nishapur

Attar of Nishapur
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: 1145 AD
Birthplace: Neyshabur, Iran
Died: March 31, 1221

 11 Fakhr ad-Dīn ar-Rāzī

Fakhr ad-Dīn ar-Rāzī
Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Birthplace: Rayy, Iran
Died: April 5, 1210

 12 Mohammad Khatami

Mohammad Khatami
Famous As: Philosopher, Politician, Librarian, Writer
Birthdate: September 29, 1943
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ardakan

 13 Mulla Sadra

Mulla Sadra
Famous As: philosopher, writer
Birthdate: 1571 AD
Birthplace: Shiraz
Died: 1636 AD

 14 Ali Shariati

Ali Shariati
Famous As: Revolutionary
Birthdate: November 23, 1933
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Kahak, Iran
Died: June 18, 1977

 15 Haji Bektash Veli

Haji Bektash Veli
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1209 AD
Birthplace: Nishapur
Died: 1271 AD

 16 Hussein-Ali Montazeri

Hussein-Ali Montazeri
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: September 22, 1922
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Iran
Died: December 20, 2009

 17 Shahab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi

Shahab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1154 AD
Birthplace: Sohrevard, Iran
Died: 1191 AD

 18 Sibawayh

Famous As: Grammarian
Birthdate: 0760 AD
Birthplace: Beyza, Iran
Died: 0796 AD

 19 Nāṣer-e Khusraw

Nāṣer-e Khusraw
Famous As: Persian author
Birthdate: 1004 AD
Birthplace: Qubādiyān, Iran
Died: 1088 AD

 20 Rashid-al-Din Hamadani

Rashid-al-Din Hamadani
Famous As: Leader
Birthdate: 1247 AD
Birthplace: Hamedan, Iran
Died: July 18, 1318

 21 Abdolkarim Soroush

Abdolkarim Soroush
Famous As: Thinker and Reformer
Birthdate: December 16, 1945
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tehran

Iranian philosopher Abdolkarim Soroush, a former professor of the University of Tehran and the Imam Khomeini International University, has also taught at top-notch institutes such as Harvard and Princeton. Named to Time 100, he believes in a reformist version of Islam, with its core values intact.

 22 Morteza Motahhari

Morteza Motahhari
Famous As: Philosopher, Writer, Akhoond, Theologian
Birthdate: January 31, 1919
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Fariman
Died: May 1, 1979

 23 Al-Zamakhshari

Famous As: Scholar
Birthdate: March 18, 1075
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Khwarazm
Died: June 12, 1144

 24 Mohammad Beheshti

Mohammad Beheshti
Famous As: Jurist
Birthdate: October 24, 1928
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Isfahan, Iran
Died: June 28, 1981

 25 ʿAṭā Malek Joveynī

ʿAṭā Malek Joveynī
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 1226 AD
Birthplace: Greater Khorasan, Iran
Died: March 5, 1283

 26 Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi

Qutb al-Din al-Shirazi
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 27 Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani

Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0897 AD
Birthplace: Isfahan, Iran
Died: December 31, 0967

 28 Mohammad Javad Bahonar

Mohammad Javad Bahonar
Famous As: Theologian
Birthdate: September 5, 1933
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kerman, Iran
Died: August 30, 1981

 29 Mohammad-Taqi Bahar

Mohammad-Taqi Bahar
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 10, 1886
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Mashhad, Iran
Died: April 22, 1951

 30 Baha' al-din al-'Amili

Baha' al-din al-'Amili
Famous As: islamic Scholar
Birthdate: February 18, 1547
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Baalbek, Lebanon
Died: September 1, 1621

 31 Abu Hanifa Dinawari

Abu Hanifa Dinawari
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: 0828 AD
Birthplace: Dinavar District, Iran
Died: 0896 AD

 32 Miskawayh

Famous As: Official
Birthdate: 0932 AD
Birthplace: Shahr-e-Rey, Iran
Died: 1030 AD

 33 Fairuzabadi

Famous As: Lexicographer
Birthdate: 1329 AD
Birthplace: Kazerun, Iran
Died: 1414 AD

 34 Fariborz Raisdana

Fariborz Raisdana
Famous As: Economist
Birthdate: January 19, 1945
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Died: March 16, 2020

 35 Hafiz-i Abru

Hafiz-i Abru
Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Greater Khorasan
Died: May 31, 1430

 36 Al-Sharif al-Jurjani

Al-Sharif al-Jurjani
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: 1339 AD
Birthplace: Gorgan, Iran
Died: 1414 AD

 37 Jalal al-Din al-Dawani

Jalal al-Din al-Dawani
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1426 AD
Birthplace: Dawan, Iran
Died: October 12, 1502

 38 Hadi Sabzavari

Hadi Sabzavari
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 1797 AD
Birthplace: Sabzevar, Iran
Died: 1873 AD

 39 Parvin Ardalan

Parvin Ardalan
Famous As: Women's rights activist
Birthdate: 1967 AD
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran

 40 Al-Hamadānī

Famous As: Mystic
Birthdate: October 22, 1314
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hamadan, Iran
Died: January 18, 1385

 41 Alexander Kasimovich Kazembek

Alexander Kasimovich Kazembek
Famous As: Orientalist
Birthdate: June 22, 1802
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Rasht, Iran
Died: November 27, 1870

 42 Al-Tha'alibi

Famous As: Writer, Philologist
Birthdate: 0961 AD
Birthplace: Neyshabur, Iran
Died: 1038 AD

 43 Shahram Amiri

Shahram Amiri
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: November 8, 1978
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kermanshah, Iran
Died: August 3, 2016