India as a nation boasts of a rich and varied heritage that spans several millennia and dates back to the ancient times. The country saw a succession of powerful dynasties and empires for several centuries throughout various geographic areas of the subcontinent and also witnessed the development of spirituality the subcontinent is well known for. The emergence of the likes of Magadha, Mahavira and Gautama Buddha during the fifth and sixth century BCE marked Indian history significantly. The establishment of the Maurya Empire by Chandragupta Maurya who was assisted by Chanakya was another significant historical event. The reign of Mauryan emperor Ashoka lasted for almost four decades before he was succeeded by his grandson Dasharatha. The Mughal invaded India in the 16th century and Babur established the Mughal Empire. Among his descendents, Akbar is credited to have been a great emperor whose reign was instrumental in shaping the modern history of India. The Mughal Empire began to decline after the death of Aurangazeb and India fell under British colonial rule before gaining independence in the mid-20th century. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Indian historical personalities.