Famous Indian Historical Personalities

India as a nation boasts of a rich and varied heritage that spans several millennia and dates back to the ancient times. The country saw a succession of powerful dynasties and empires for several centuries throughout various geographic areas of the subcontinent and also witnessed the development of spirituality the subcontinent is well known for. The emergence of the likes of Magadha, Mahavira and Gautama Buddha during the fifth and sixth century BCE marked Indian history significantly. The establishment of the Maurya Empire by Chandragupta Maurya who was assisted by Chanakya was another significant historical event. The reign of Mauryan emperor Ashoka lasted for almost four decades before he was succeeded by his grandson Dasharatha. The Mughal invaded India in the 16th century and Babur established the Mughal Empire. Among his descendents, Akbar is credited to have been a great emperor whose reign was instrumental in shaping the modern history of India. The Mughal Empire began to decline after the death of Aurangazeb and India fell under British colonial rule before gaining independence in the mid-20th century. This section provides you information about the life and works of famous Indian historical personalities.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Shivaji

Shivaji
15
Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 19, 1630
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 3, 1680

Shivaji was an Indian warrior-king. He is credited with founding the Maratha Empire, which became a force to reckon with during the 18th century. He is also credited with creating his own navy. Considered one of the most important Indian kings and a hero of the Hindus, Shivaji's life and work have inspired several works of art, including films.

 2 Ashoka

Ashoka
19
Famous As: Indian emperor of the Maurya Dynasty
Birthdate: 0304 BC
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0232 BC
Ashoka the Great of the Maurya Dynasty was the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya and ruled the Indian subcontinent from c. 268 to 232 BCE. Following the death and destruction caused by the Kalinga War, which was part of his expansion plan, he converted to Buddhism and propagated the faith.
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 3 Rani Padmini

Rani Padmini
2
Famous As: Queen of Chittor
Birthdate: 1303 AD
Nationality: Indian
Legendary Indian queen Padmini, or Padmavati, wife of 13th–14th century king Ratan Sen, was the queen of the kingdom of Mewar. Smitten by her beauty, Alauddin Khalji beseiged Chittor Fort to gain her. However, Padmini and the other women of her kingdom immolated themselves to protect their honor.

 4 Sambhaji

Sambhaji
2
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: May 14, 1657
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Indian
Died: March 11, 1689

 5 Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap
0
Famous As: Ruler of Mewar
Birthdate: May 9, 1540
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Indian
Died: January 19, 1597
Maharana Pratap, son of Maharana Udai Singh, ruled the Indian region of Mewar, in modern-day Rajasthan, from 1572 to 1597. Also known as “Mewari Rana,” he is best remembered for his exploits at the Battle of Haldighati, against the Mughal army of Akbar, led by Man Singh I of Amer.

 6 Porus

Porus
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0321 AD

 7 Akbar

Akbar
14
Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: October 14, 1542
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian
Died: October 27, 1605

Akbar, the third Mughal emperor, played an important role in inculcating Persian culture into the Indian subcontinent. Akbar is considered one of the most important rulers of the Mughal Empire, an empire that seeped foreign ideas and culture into medieval India, the effects of which are still visible in modern-day India, especially in the northern parts of the country.

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 8 Maharaja Ranjit Singh

Maharaja Ranjit Singh
0
Famous As: Founder of the Sikh Empire
Birthdate: November 13, 1780
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: June 27, 1839
Maharaja Ranjit Singh, also known as the "Lion of Punjab" and the “Napoleon of the East,” was a Sikh leader who reigned over the northwest Indian subcontinent in the 19th century. He fought valiantly against the Afghans and introduced many modern reforms. His Khalsa Army included people of all religions.

 9 Chandragupta Maurya

Chandragupta Maurya
4
Famous As: Founder of the Maurya Empire
Birthdate: 0340 BC
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0298 BC

Chandragupta Maurya established the Maurya Empire in India. He was mostly advised by philosopher Chanakya. He conquered the Nanda Empire and fought the Seleucid-Mauryan War, too. His reign was marked by religious tolerance, and cultural and economic prosperity. He later relinquished his throne and became a Jain monk.

 10 Prithviraj Chauhan

Prithviraj Chauhan
0
Famous As: Rajput king of the Chauhan dynasty
Birthdate: 1149 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1192 AD

A king from the Chahamana dynasty, Prithviraj Chauhan ruled Sapadalaksha in present-day north-western India. The son of king Someshvara and queen Karpuradevi, he ascended to the throne when he was just a child. As a young man, he became known as a brave warrior and an excellent military commander. Various sources differ on the exact circumstances of his death.

 11 Aurangzeb

Aurangzeb
6
Famous As: Mughal Emperor
Birthdate: November 4, 1618
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: March 3, 1707

Aurangzeb reigned over most part of the Indian subcontinent for 49 years as the sixth Mughal emperor. He helped the Mughal Empire reach its greatest extent and helped India become the biggest manufacturing power and the world's largest economy. He was known for his religious piety and led a very simple life..

 12 Krishnadevaraya

Krishnadevaraya
0
Famous As: Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire
Birthdate: February 16, 1471
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1529 AD
Krishnadevaraya, from the Tuluva Dynasty, was the emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire from 1509 to 1529. Named the Lord of the Kannada empire, he was one of the most influential Hindu kings of the Indian peninsula. An able military general and ruler, he also patronized art and literature.

 13 Razia Sultana

Razia Sultana
2
Famous As: First Female Sultan of Delhi
Birthdate: 1205 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: October 14, 1240

Razia Sultana is known for being the only female Muslim ruler of Delhi. She ruled the Delhi Sultanate in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent from 1236 to 1240. She was the daughter of Mamluk Sultan Shamsuddin Iltutmish. Upon her ascend to the throne, she was challenged by rival nobles, many of whom she defeated.

 14 Guru Gobind Singh

Guru Gobind Singh
0
Famous As: Warrior
Birthdate: December 22, 1666
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: October 7, 1708
Guru Gobind Singh, the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur, became the 10th guru, or spiritual leader, of the Sikhs after his father was killed by Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. He established the concept of the “Five Ks” of Sikhs and formed the Khalsa community. He also finalized the Guru Granth Sahib.

 15 Bindusara

Bindusara
0
Famous As: Second Maurya Emperor
Birthdate: 0320 BC
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0273 BC

Bindusara, son of Chandragupta Maurya, reigned as the second Mauryan emperor of India. He was the father of Ashoka the Great. Not much is known about his life. It is believed that much of the Deccan had been conquered by him, though there is no concrete proof of the same.

 16 Mariam-uz-Zamani

Mariam-uz-Zamani
0
Famous As: Akbar's Third Wife
Birthdate: 1542 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: May 19, 1623

Mariam-uz-Zamani, or Jodha Bai, was the wife of Mughal emperor Akbar. She was a Hindu Rajput princess and the daughter of Raja Bharmal of Amber. Mariam’s marriage to Akbar signified her father’s submission to the Mughal emperor. She was symbolic of the gradual rise of multiculturalism in the Mughal era.

 17 Sher Shah Suri

Sher Shah Suri
2
Famous As: Founder of the Sur Empire in North India
Birthdate: 1486 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: May 22, 1545
Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, the founder of the Suri Empire, established the rupee as the Indian currency. He was initially part of Babur’s Mughal army and then became the governor of Bihar. He is also remembered for developing Humayun's Dina-panah city, reviving Pataliputra, and extending the Grand Trunk Road.

 18 Balaji Baji Rao

Balaji Baji Rao
0
Famous As: Maratha Peshwa
Birthdate: December 8, 1720
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: June 23, 1761

 19 Harshavardhana

Harshavardhana
0
Famous As: Indian emperor
Birthdate: 0590 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0647 AD

 20 Bharata

Bharata
0
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian

 21 Samudragupta

Samudragupta
0
Famous As: Ruler of the Gupta Empire
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0380 AD

 22 Samudra Gupta

Samudra Gupta
0
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0335 AD
Nationality: Indian

 23 Tarabai

Tarabai
0
Famous As: Regent of Maratha Empire
Birthdate: April 14, 1675
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 9, 1761

 24 Kanishka

Kanishka
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0078 AD
Nationality: Indian, Pakistani
Died: 0144 AD

 25 Rana Sanga

Rana Sanga
0
Famous As: Ruler of Mewar
Birthdate: April 12, 1484
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Indian
Died: March 17, 1527

 26 Chandragupta II

Chandragupta II
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0380 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0410 AD

 27 Rajendra Chola I

Rajendra Chola I
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 1014 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1044 AD

 28 Ajatasatru

Ajatasatru
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0492 BC
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0460 BC

 29 Bimbisara

Bimbisara
0
Famous As: King of Magadha
Birthdate: 0558 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0491 AD

 30 Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana

Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana
0
Famous As: Poet
Birthdate: December 17, 1556
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: October 1, 1627

 31 Rajaram Chhatrapati

Rajaram Chhatrapati
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: February 24, 1670
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Indian
Died: March 2, 1700

 32 Janamejaya

Janamejaya
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian

 33 Raja Raja Chola I

Raja Raja Chola I
0
Famous As: Sovereign
Birthdate: 0947 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1015 AD

 34 Varahamihira

Varahamihira
0
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: 0505 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0587 AD

 35 Rani Durgavati

Rani Durgavati
0
Famous As: Queen
Birthdate: October 5, 1524
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian
Died: June 24, 1564

 36 Chandra Gupta I

Chandra Gupta I
0
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0335 AD

 37 Ranjitsinhji

Ranjitsinhji
0
Famous As: Cricketer
Birthdate: September 10, 1872
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 2, 1933

 38 Chand Bibi

Chand Bibi
0
Famous As: Regent and Warrior
Birthdate: 1550 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1599 AD

 39 Śuddhodana

Śuddhodana
0
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian

 40 Maha Maya

Maha Maya
0
Famous As: Gautama Buddha's mother
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian, Nepalese
Died: 0563 AD

 41 Kumbha of Mewar

Kumbha of Mewar
0
Famous As: Ruler of Mewar
Birthdate: 1433 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1468 AD

 42 Mahadaji Shinde

Mahadaji Shinde
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 1727 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 12, 1794

 43 Rani Karnavati

Rani Karnavati
0
Famous As: Rana Sanga's wife, Princess
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: March 8, 1535

 44 Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar

Jayachamarajendra Wadiyar
0
Famous As: Poet, Composer, Philosopher, Philanthropist, Musicologist, Politician
Birthdate: July 18, 1919
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian
Died: September 23, 1974

 45 Harihara I

Harihara I
0
Famous As: Emporer
Birthdate: 1333 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1356 AD

 46 Bharmal

Bharmal
0
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 1491 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: January 27, 1574

 47 Thirumalai Nayak

Thirumalai Nayak
0
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1659 AD

 48 Mihirakula

Mihirakula
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0533 AD

 49 Rani Lakshmibai

Rani Lakshmibai
2
Famous As: Queen of Jhansi State
Birthdate: November 19, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: June 18, 1858

 50 Alauddin Khilji

Alauddin Khilji
4
Famous As: Ruler
Birthdate: 1250 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1316 AD