Famous German Revolutionaries

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 1 
Rosa Luxemburg
(Revolutionary Socialist, Marxist Philosopher & Anti-War Activist)
Rosa Luxemburg
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Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: January 15, 1919
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution
 2 
Friedrich Engels
(German Philosopher Who Developed 'Marxism' Together With Karl Max)
Friedrich Engels
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Birthdate: November 28, 1820
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Barmen, Germany
Died: August 5, 1895

Friedrich Engels was a German philosopher, political scientist, and revolutionary socialist. Along with Karl Marx, Engels helped develop Marxism, which has had a profound impact on fields like philosophy and anthropology. Engels is credited with helping Marx publish Das Kapital, a foundational theoretical work in politics, economics, and materialist philosophy. He also co-authored influential political documents like The Communist Manifesto.

 3 
Ulrike Meinhof
(Journalist and founding member of the Red Army Faction (RAF) in West Germany)
Ulrike Meinhof
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Birthdate: October 7, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Oldenburg, Germany
Died: May 9, 1976
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 4 
Karl Liebknecht
(German Socialist and One of the Founders of the 'Communist Party of Germany')
Karl Liebknecht
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Birthdate: August 13, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: January 15, 1919

German socialist radical Karl Liebknecht is best remembered for co-founding the Spartacus League, an underground group that was declared illegal but later led to the formation of the Communist Party of Germany. He was shot to death on the orders of German commander Waldemar Pabst in the 1919 Spartacus Revolt.

 5 
Carl Schurz
(13th United States Secretary of the Interior (1877 - 1881))
Carl Schurz
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Birthdate: March 2, 1829
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Erftstadt, Germany
Died: May 14, 1906

Carl Schurz was a German-born American statesman, reformer, and journalist. After immigrating to the USA during the German revolutions of 1848–49, Schurz became an important member of the Republican Party. He also helped found the Liberal Republican Party which was organized to oppose the reelection of Ulysses S. Grant.  

 6 
Ernst Toller
(Playwright, left-wing politician and revolutionary, known for his Expressionist plays)
Ernst Toller
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Birthdate: December 1, 1893
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Szamocin, Poland
Died: May 22, 1939

German playwright and author Ernst Toller is best remembered for his Expressionist plays and his Marxism. Though he served the German Army initially, he suffered a physical breakdown soon and quit, propagating peace instead. His best-known play, Man and the Masses, was written in prison.

 7 
Tamara Bunke
(Communist revolutionary East German/Cuban spy Journalist)
Tamara Bunke
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Birthdate: November 19, 1937
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: August 31, 1967
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 8 
Otto Hermann Hampel
(Resistance fighter)
Otto Hermann Hampel
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Birthdate: June 21, 1897
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Osiecznica, Poland
Died: April 8, 1943

Along with his wife, Elise Hampel, Otto Hermann Hampel started a new form of protest against Adolf Hitler, using postcards and over 200 hand-written leaflets criticizing him and putting them up at public places. They were eventually beheaded by the Nazis. Their story is depicted in the book Jeder stirbt für sich allein.

 9 
Libertas Schulze-Boysen
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Birthdate: November 20, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 22, 1942

Libertas Schulze-Boysen was a German aristocrat who fought against the Nazi regime. Libertas, who had contact with important people in different strata of society, started documenting the atrocities carried out by the Nazis during the early 1940s. She also played an important role in the formation of the Red Orchestra. Libertas Schulze-Boysen was executed by the Nazis, at the age of 29.

 10 
Friedrich-Werner Graf von der Schulenburg
(Diplomat, Resistance fighter)
Friedrich-Werner Graf von der Schulenburg
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Birthdate: November 20, 1875
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kemberg, Germany
Died: November 10, 1944

Friedrich-Werner Graf von der Schulenburg was a German diplomat who served as an ambassador and consul in several countries before World War I. His position as the German ambassador to the USSR was cut short by the German invasion of the Soviet Union. Schulenburg was accused of being a part of the failed 20 July plot and was executed in 1944.   

 11 
Holger Meins
(Revolutionary, Cinematographer)
Holger Meins
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Birthdate: October 26, 1941
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: November 9, 1974

Holger Meins was a German revolutionary and cinematography student best remembered for his association with the West German far-left militant organization Red Army Faction in the early 1970s. Meins was a prominent member of the faction and was involved in the bomb-making process of the group. Holger Meins was eventually arrested and died in prison during a hunger strike. 

 12 
Elise Hampel
(Resistance fighter)
Elise Hampel
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Birthdate: October 27, 1903
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bismark, Germany
Died: April 8, 1943

Elise Hampel was a German domestic servant best remembered for creating postcards against Hitler's government and leaving them in public places during World War II. Elise and her husband, Otto Hampel, were caught and beheaded in Plötzensee Prison in 1943. Their bravery inspired Hans Fallada to write a novel, which was later adapted into a film named Alone in Berlin. 

 13 
Friedrich Hecker
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Birthdate: September 28, 1811
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Angelbachtal, Germany
Died: March 24, 1881

Friedrich Hecker was a German lawyer, revolutionary, and politician. Hecker was one of the most famous agitators and speakers of the German revolutions of 1848–1849. Like many other Forty-Eighters who left their motherland after the revolutions failed, Friedrich Hecker moved to the United States where he served in the Federal Army during the Civil War.

 14 
Felice Schragenheim
(Resistance fighter)
Felice Schragenheim
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Birthdate: March 9, 1922
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: December 31, 1944

Felice Schragenheim was a German Jewish resistance fighter who fought against the Nazi regime during the Second World War. She is best remembered for her relationship with Lilly Wust; the tragic love story inspired the 1999 German drama film Aimée & Jaguar. Schragenheim was killed at the age of 22, when she was part of a death march from Poland to Germany.

 15 
Ludwig Bamberger
(Economist)
Ludwig Bamberger
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Birthdate: July 22, 1823
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Mainz, Germany
Died: March 14, 1899

A qualified lawyer, Ludwig Bamberger became inspired by radicalism during the Revolutions of 1848 but turned into a moderate liberal during Otto von Bismarck’s reign. He represented the National Liberal Party in the Reichstag. He not only standardized German coinage but also established the Reichsbank and adopted the gold currency.

 16 
Louis of Nassau
(Political leader)
Louis of Nassau
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Birthdate: January 10, 1538
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dillenburg, Germany
Died: April 14, 1574

Louis of Nassau was the younger brother of William the Silent, who played a major role in the Dutch Revolt against the Spanish that led to the famous Eighty Years' War. Louis also played an important role in the revolt and helped the Dutch win the Battle of Heiligerlee against the Spanish army of Friesland.

 17 
Gustav Struve
(Surgeon)
Gustav Struve
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Birthdate: October 11, 1805
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: August 21, 1870

Gustav Struve was an anti-royalist German lawyer, revolutionary, political agitator and author, known for his radical writings. Born as Gustav von Struve, he gave up his title due his democratic fervor and played a leading role in the Baden insurrection of 1848-49. Later, he moved to USA, where he wrote Allgemeine Weltgeschichte and served in the American Civil War.