Famous German Monarchs & Rulers

Find out more about the greatest German monarchs & rulers, including Frederick The Great, Ferdinand II, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor and Frederick William III of Prussia

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Charlemagne

Charlemagne
39
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor (800-814)
Birthdate: April 2, 0747
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Aachen, Germany
Died: January 28, 0814

Also known as Charles the Great, Charlemagne ruled as the king of the Franks, king of the Lombards, and emperor of the Romans at different time periods. Not surprisingly, he had a major impact during the Early Middle Ages as he went about uniting the majority of central and western Europe, for which he is called the Father of Europe.

 2 Wilhelm II

Wilhelm II
41
Famous As: German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918)
Birthdate: January 27, 1859
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: June 4, 1941

Wilhelm II reigned as the King of Prussia and German emperor from 1888 to 1918. He is credited with promoting scientific innovation and building a blue-water navy, which strengthened Germany’s position as a great power. However, he was also responsible for getting his country involved in World War I, which eventually brought an end to the Hohenzollern dynasty’s rule.

 3 George II of Great Britain

George II of Great Britain
15
Famous As: King of Great Britain & Ireland (1727-1760)
Birthdate: November 10, 1683
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: October 25, 1760
George II was the king of Great Britain from 1727 to 1760. He had negligible control over his country’s policies, as the Parliament took most of the significant decisions back then. His participation in the 1743 Battle of Dettingen made him the last British monarch to fight in a battle.
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 4 Frederick The Great

Frederick The Great
15
Famous As: King of Prussia (1740-1786)
Birthdate: January 24, 1712
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: August 17, 1786
Prussian king Frederick II, also known as Frederick the Great and The Old Fritz, was the longest-reigning Hohenzollern king. He is known for his involvement in the Silesian Wars and the Partitions of Poland. He also supported art and culture, and reformed the judicial system of Prussia.

 5 George I of Great Britain

George I of Great Britain
15
Famous As: King of Great Britain
Birthdate: May 28, 1660
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hanover, Germany
Died: June 11, 1727
George I ruled as the king of Great Britain and Ireland from 1714 to 1727. He also ruled the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1698 to 1727. He was the House of Hanover’s first British monarch. George's reign witnessed the rise of Robert Walpole and the cabinet government. 

 6 Louis The Pious

Louis The Pious
6
Famous As: King of Aquitaine, King of Franks & Co-Emperor (Holy Roman Empire)
Birthdate: April 16, 0778
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chasseneuil-du-Poitou
Died: June 20, 0840
Son of Charlemagne, Louis The Pious, became the king of Aquitaine at age 3. He crowned himself the emperor of the Franks immediately after his father’s death. His reign was riddled with three civil wars, while his death caused another civil war, which finally culminated in the Treaty of Verdun.

 7 Frederick III, German Emperor

Frederick III, German Emperor
6
Famous As: German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888)
Birthdate: October 18, 1831
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: June 15, 1888

Frederick III, German Emperor reigned as the king of Prussia and emperor of the German Empire from 9 March 1888 until his death on 15 June 1888. Although he played key roles during the Austro-Prussian, Second Schleswig, and Franco-Prussian wars, Frederick professed hatred for warfare and was willing to make the German Empire more liberal before his untimely death.

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 8 Leopold I of Belgium

Leopold I of Belgium
6
Famous As: First King of the Belgians (1831-1865)
Birthdate: December 16, 1790
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Coburg, Germany
Died: December 10, 1865
Leopold I, the youngest son of Duke Francis of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was the first king of Belgium and reigned from 1831 to 1865. He fought against Napoleon during the Napoleonic Wars. He rejected the throne of Greece. His reign is known for establishing Belgium's first railway and for its modernization.

 9 Wilhelm I

Wilhelm I
8
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 22, 1797
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: March 9, 1888

 10 Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor
6
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor (1155-1190)
Birthdate: 1122 AD
Birthplace: Haguenau, France
Died: June 17, 1190
Frederick Barbarossa, or Frederick I, reigned as the Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 to 1190. He had been the king of Germany and the king of Burgundy, too, and had earned the name Barbarossa for his red beard. He died while fighting in the Third Crusade in 1190.

 11 Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor (962-973)
Birthdate: November 23, 0912
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wallhausen, Germany
Died: May 7, 0973

Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, known for his ruthlessness, not only united the German empire by crushing all rebellious vassals, but also put an end to the attacks by the Magyars of Hungary. His strategy of making the German bishops feudal lords helped his cause of stabilizing his empire.

 12 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor

Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765)
Birthdate: December 8, 1708
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Nancy, France
Died: August 18, 1765
Married to Maria Theresa, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, was often outshone by his wife. Their marriage was a political step of Maria’s father, Emperor Charles VI. An art connoisseur, Francis was not as much interested in the administrative affairs of his kingdom as he was in the cultural aspects.

 13 Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
5
Famous As: Duke
Birthdate: January 2, 1784
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Coburg, Germany
Died: January 29, 1844

 14 Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor

Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
5
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor (1433-1437)
Birthdate: February 14, 1368
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: December 9, 1437

Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as the king of Hungary and Croatia from 1387 to 1437. He also served as the king of Germany, king of Bohemia, king of Italy, and emperor of the Romans. Sigismund is best remembered for playing a key role in bringing about the Council of Constance, which ended the Papal Schism.   

 15 Ludwig II of Bavaria

Ludwig II of Bavaria
11
Famous As: King of Bavaria from 1864 until his death in 1886
Birthdate: August 25, 1845
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Germany
Died: June 13, 1886

 16 Frederick William I of Prussia

Frederick William I of Prussia
3
Famous As: King of Prussia (1713-1740)
Birthdate: August 14, 1688
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 31, 1740

The Soldier King Frederick William I of Prussia is remembered for transforming his nation into a prosperous state. He was known for his simple lifestyle, as opposed to his father’s kingly excesses. His experience at the War of the Spanish Succession led him to strengthen Prussia militarily, too.

 17 Charles the Fat

Charles the Fat
3
Famous As: Emperor of the Carolingian Empire
Birthdate: June 13, 0839
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Donaueschingen, Germany
Died: January 13, 0888

Charles the Fat reigned as the emperor of the Carolingian Empire between 881 and 887. During the same time period, he also served as the king of West Francia and Aquitaine, king of Italy, and king of East Francia and Alemannia. Although he was considered lethargic, Charles managed to reunite the entire Carolingian Empire after inheriting all of West Francia.

 18 Frederick William III of Prussia

Frederick William III of Prussia
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 3, 1770
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: June 7, 1840

 19 Ernest II

Ernest II
8
Famous As: Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
Birthdate: June 21, 1818
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Coburg, Germany
Died: August 22, 1893

Ernest II, the eldest son of Duke Ernest I, had been the duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. He was quite close to his brother, Prince Albert, consort to England’s Queen Victoria. Best known for his support of the German unification, he was also a skilled composer of operas and an avid sports lover.

 20 George V of Hanover

George V of Hanover
3
Famous As: Last King of Hanover (1851-1866)
Birthdate: May 27, 1819
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: June 12, 1878

Though completely blind since childhood, George V of Hanover, the only son of King Ernest Augustus, exerted his influence by constantly being at conflict with the Hanoverian parliament. His rejected of Prussia’s demands of unarmed neutrality led to Prussia’s invasion of Hanover. He spent his final years in exile.

 21 William I, German Emperor

William I, German Emperor
6
Famous As: King
Birthdate: March 22, 1797
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: March 9, 1888

William I, German Emperor reigned as the king of Prussia from 1861 until his death in 1888. He also reigned as the first German emperor from 1871 to 1888. He is credited with overseeing the unification of Germany and establishing the German Empire. William's reign also witnessed the brilliance of Otto von Bismarck, who served as the former's minister president.

 22 Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Birthdate: November 11, 1050
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Goslar
Died: August 7, 1106

 23 Frederick William II of Prussia

Frederick William II of Prussia
3
Famous As: King of Prussia (1786-1797)
Birthdate: September 25, 1744
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin Palace, Berlin
Died: November 16, 1797

Though he wasn’t a politically experienced ruler, Frederick William II’s reign as the king of Prussia proved to be beneficial for the country in terms of expansion. However, his excesses and his affinity for Protestantism made him unpopular. He patronized art and culture and even played the cello.

 24 Frederick I of Prussia

Frederick I of Prussia
3
Famous As: King of Prussia (1701-1713)
Birthdate: June 11, 1676
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Königsberg, Germany
Died: February 25, 1713

Frederick I of Prussia reigned as the King of Prussia from 1701 until his death in 1713. He crowned himself in 1701 in Königsberg and proclaimed himself King in Prussia. A patron of learning and arts, Frederick I is credited with founding the Academy of Arts in 1696 as well as the Academy of Sciences in 1700.

 25 Frederick William IV of Prussia

Frederick William IV of Prussia
3
Famous As: King of Prussia (1840-1861)
Birthdate: October 15, 1795
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 2, 1861

Frederick William IV of Prussia was the King of Prussia from 1840 until his death in 1861.  He was the eldest son of Frederick William III of Prussia and his wife, Queen Louise. He was a staunch Romanticist and was a patron of several great German artists. He ascended to the throne upon the death of his father in 1840.

 26 Carol I of Romania

Carol I of Romania
3
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: April 20, 1839
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sigmaringen, Germany
Died: October 10, 1914

 27 Edmund the Martyr

Edmund the Martyr
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0841 AD
Birthplace: Nuremberg, Germany
Died: November 28, 0869

 28 Ferdinand I of Bulgaria

Ferdinand I of Bulgaria
4
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: February 26, 1861
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: September 10, 1948

 29 Augustus II the Strong

Augustus II the Strong
3
Famous As: Elector of Saxony
Birthdate: May 12, 1670
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: February 1, 1733

 30 Jean-Christophe, Prince Napoleon

Jean-Christophe, Prince Napoleon
7
Famous As: Prince Napoléon
Birthdate: July 11, 1986
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Raphaël, Var, France

 31 Otto of Greece

Otto of Greece
3
Famous As: King of Greece (1832-1862)
Birthdate: June 1, 1815
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Salzburg, Austria
Died: July 26, 1867

Otto of Greece was a Bavarian prince who reigned as the king of Greece from 1832 to 1862. He was largely unpopular throughout his reign as he failed to resolve Greece's poverty. He was deposed in 1862 and died in exile in 1867.

 32 Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor

Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: August 6, 1697
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brussels
Died: January 20, 1745

 33 Henry I of Germany

Henry I of Germany
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: 0876 AD
Birthplace: Memleben
Died: July 2, 0936

 34 Louis, Prince Napoleon

Louis, Prince Napoleon
4
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: January 23, 1914
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brussels, Kingdom of Belgium
Died: May 3, 1997

 35 Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor

Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: September 21, 1415
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Innsbruck, Austria
Died: August 19, 1493

Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor reigned as the Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 to 1493. He also ruled as the king of the Romans from 1440 until his death in 1493. Although he struggled to make prompt decisions, for which he was mocked during his lifetime, Frederick is now widely regarded as an effective ruler.

 36 Ferdinand I of Romania

Ferdinand I of Romania
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: August 24, 1865
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Sigmaringen, Germany
Died: July 20, 1927

 37 Ludwig III of Bavaria

Ludwig III of Bavaria
3
Famous As: Last King of Bavaria, reigning from 1913 to 1918
Birthdate: January 7, 1845
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: October 18, 1921

 38 Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg

Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg
3
Famous As: Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia
Birthdate: February 16, 1620
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: April 29, 1688

 39 Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: King of Germany
Birthdate: August 11, 1086
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Goslar, Germany
Died: May 23, 1125

 40 Louis II, Prince of Monaco

Louis II, Prince of Monaco
3
Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: July 12, 1870
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Baden, Grand Duchy of Baden
Died: May 9, 1949

 41 Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: monarch, writer, composer
Birthdate: October 31, 1165
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Nijmegen
Died: September 28, 1197

Henry VI of the Hohenstaufen dynasty was the Holy Roman Emperor in the 12th century. He was also the king of Germany and of Sicily, the latter through his marriage to Constance I. He failed in his attempt to make the crown of the Holy Roman Emperor a hereditary monarchy.

 42 Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor

Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor
3
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: May 6, 0973
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Bad Abbach, Germany
Died: July 13, 1024

 43 Otto of Bavaria

Otto of Bavaria
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: April 27, 1848
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Munich Residenz, Munich, Germany
Died: October 11, 1916

 44 Augustus III of Poland

Augustus III of Poland
3
Famous As: King
Birthdate: October 17, 1696
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: October 5, 1763

 45 Cerdic

Cerdic
3
Famous As: King of Wessex
Birthdate: 0467 AD
Birthplace: Germany
Died: 0534 AD

 46 Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: April 1, 1282
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: October 11, 1347

 47 Christian I of Denmark

Christian I of Denmark
3
Famous As: Monarch
Birthdate: January 31, 1426
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Oldenburg, Germany
Died: May 21, 1481

 48 Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor
2
Famous As: Emperor
Birthdate: June 30, 0980
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kessel, Germany
Died: January 23, 1002

 49 Maximilian II of Bavaria

Maximilian II of Bavaria
2
Famous As: King
Birthdate: November 28, 1811
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: March 10, 1864

 50 Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor

Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor
2
Famous As: Former Holy Roman Emperor
Birthdate: 1175 AD
Birthplace: Braunschweig
Died: May 19, 1218