Famous French Short Story Writers

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French literature catapulted to prominence during the Renaissance, a period marked by ‘rebirth’ of beliefs, religion, politics and reasoning. More than the novel or the poetry, it was the short story that was extensively written, completely predominant, in the changing face of French culture. The French short story is characterized by a wide range of story-telling techniques, approaches and emotions; sometimes these stories may be full of sentiment, and sometimes they may be told from a disconnected point of view. ‘Dadaism’, ‘Surrealism’ or ‘Existentialism’, whatever it may be, French literature has given the world some of the most famous short story writers of all time—Guy de Maupassant, Alphonse Daudet and Charles Nodier being some of them. Their writings are sometimes romantic and vivid, and at other times more realistic, showing societal concern. Ranging comprehensively from classical styles to more experimental techniques, these famous French short story writers have become recognized worldwide and their works have been translated into various languages. We provide you a collection of biographies of some of the most famous French short story writers. Continue reading to find out more about their life stories, timelines, and some interesting trivia and facts related to them.

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 1 
Albert Camus
(Philosopher & Novelist)
Albert Camus
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Birthdate: November 7, 1913
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Drean, Algeria
Died: January 4, 1960

Albert Camus was a French philosopher and the second-youngest recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature. His philosophical views contributed to the rise of absurdism, a philosophical concept. Also a prolific writer, Albert Camus had an illustrious literary career; most of his philosophical essays and novels are still influential.

 2 
Guy de Maupassant
(French Short Story Writer and Naturalist )
Guy de Maupassant
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Birthdate: August 5, 1850
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Tourville-sur-Arques, France
Died: July 6, 1893

Guy de Maupassant was a French author who wrote 300 short stories during his illustrious career. Widely regarded as the father of the modern short story, Maupassant's stories are characterized by economy of style and depicted human lives in pessimistic terms,

 3 
Honoré de Balzac
(French Novelist and Playwright Known for His Magnum Opus 'La Comédie humaine')
Honoré de Balzac
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Birthdate: May 20, 1799
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tours, France
Died: August 18, 1850

Honoré de Balzac was a French playwright and novelist. Since his works gave a detailed, unfiltered representation of society, Honoré de Balzac is generally considered one of the founders of realism and an important figure in European literature. Renowned for creating multi-faceted characters, Balzac influenced several popular writers like Charles John Huffam Dickens, Émile Zola, Henry James, and Gustave Flaubert.

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 4 
Maurice Leblanc
(French Novelist Known as the Creator of the Fictional Gentleman Thief and Detective ‘Arsène Lupin')
Maurice Leblanc
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Birthdate: December 11, 1864
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rouen, France
Died: November 6, 1941

French author Maurice Leblanc is best known for creating the character Arsène Lupin, who has been part of 60 of Leblanc’s crime stories and novels. He quit his law studies to become an author. Several of his films have been turned into films. He also earned the Légion d'Honneur.

 5 
Alphonse Daudet
(French Novelist Known for His Books ‘Le Petit Chose’ and ‘Fromont jeune et Risler aîné’)
Alphonse Daudet
3
Birthdate: May 13, 1840
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Nîmes, France
Died: December 17, 1897

Alphonse Daudet was a French novelist whose books are still widely read in France. He often collaborated with his wife Julia Daudet, a famous writer, poet, and journalist. Today, several schools and colleges in France are named in his honor.

 6 
Guillaume Apollinaire
(Known for His Poems Without Punctuation)
Guillaume Apollinaire
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Birthdate: August 26, 1880
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rome, Italy
Died: November 9, 1918

French poet Guillaume Apollinaire was a significant figure of the avant-garde movement. It is believed he had coined the terms Cubism, Surrealism, and Orphism. Known for his iconic poem Chanson du mal-aimé, written after being rejected by a lover, he also developed the typography-based concrete poetry in the collection Calligrammes.

 7 
Pierre Loti
(French Naval Officer and Writer Known for His Exotic Novels and Short Stories)
Pierre Loti
3
Birthdate: January 14, 1850
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rochefort, France
Died: June 10, 1923

French naval officer Pierre Loti had traveled to places such as the Middle East as part of his job, and this later helped him pen novels set in exotic locations. His works such as Madame Chrysanthème and Pêcheur d’Islande made him a favorite of critics such as Anatole France.

Margaret of Valois-Angouleme
4
Birthdate: April 11, 1492
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Angoulême, France
Died: December 21, 1549

Margaret of Valois-Angouleme, the wife of Henry II of Navarre, was a significant figure of the French Renaissance, and is also regarded as The First Modern Woman. She patronized artists and was herself an author, with several short stories and a religious poem to her credit.

 9 
Jules Renard
(Author and member of the Académie Goncourt)
Jules Renard
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Birthdate: February 22, 1864
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Châlons-du-Maine, Mayenne, France
Died: May 22, 1910
 10 
Pierre Drieu La Rochelle
(French Novelist, Short Stories Writer and Political Essayist)
Pierre Drieu La Rochelle
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Birthdate: January 3, 1893
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: March 15, 1945

Born into a middle-class French family, Pierre Drieu La Rochelle wished to enter diplomatic service but was forced to interrupt his career when World War I broke out. He later got inspired by Surrealism and penned books such as The Fire Within. He was also an advocate for fascism.

 11 
Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt
(Playwright, Short Story Writer, Novelist and Film Director)
Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt
1
Birthdate: March 28, 1960
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France

French-Belgian playwright and author Éric-Emmanuel Schmitt was born to physical education teachers but surprisingly developed a passion for theater instead of sports. He began his career as a philosophy teacher. His notable works include Oscar and the Lady in Pink and the Molière Award-winning Le Visiteur.

Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam
2
Birthdate: November 7, 1838
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint-Brieuc, France
Died: August 19, 1889

Part of the symbolist movement, French author Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam is best remembered for his drama Axël and his short story collection Cruel Tales. His works often dealt with themes of horror and sadism. He spent all his life in poverty and married his mistress on his deathbed.

 13 
Charles Nodier
(French Author and Librarian Who Introduced a Younger Generation of Romanticists)
Charles Nodier
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Birthdate: April 29, 1780
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Besançon, France
Died: January 27, 1844

French author Charles Nodier inspired the Romantic writers of his time with his focus on gothic themes. As the director of the Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal, he led a group of young writers such as Victor Hugo and Alfred de Musset. His works include The Vampire Lord Ruthwen and The Book Collector.

 14 
Paul Morand
(French Author Whose Short Stories and Novellas Were Lauded for their Style, Wit and Descriptive Power)
Paul Morand
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Birthdate: March 13, 1888
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 24, 1976

Twentieth-century French diplomat Paul Morand was also a celebrated author. In his initial works, such as Closed All Night, he used techniques such as going back and forth in time. His short stories and novels included The Harried Man and Be Quiet. He also penned travel accounts and biographies.

 15 
Marcel Schwob
2
Birthdate: August 23, 1867
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chaville, France
Died: February 26, 1905

French symbolist author Marcel Schwob is best known for his works such as The King In The Gold Mask and Imaginary Lives. His writings exhibit a strong influence of authors such as Edgar Allan Poe. He was also a qualified journalist and had traveled to places such as Asia and Australia.

 16 
Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly
(French Novelist and Short Story Writer)
Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly
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Birthdate: November 2, 1808
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, Normandy, France
Died: April 23, 1889

Known for his masterpieces such as Le Chevalier des Touches and Les Diaboliques, French author Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly was also famous for his outrageous dress sense in spite of his poverty. He specialized in writing dark mystery tales. He had also been a critic at Le Constitutionnel.

 17 
Andrée Chedid
(French Poet and Novelist)
Andrée Chedid
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Birthdate: March 20, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cairo, Egypt
Died: February 6, 2011

Born to Lebanese parents in Egypt, Andrée Chedid initially aspired to become a dancer. At 22, she married a physician in Cairo, and they later moved to Paris. Best known for her internationally renowned novel L'Autre, she has also penned several poems, short stories, and children’s tales.

 18 
Abdourahman Waberi
(Novelist, essayist, poet, academic and short-story writer from Djibouti)
Abdourahman Waberi
1
Birthdate: July 20, 1965
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Djibouti City, Djibouti
 19 
Jules Supervielle
(Franco-Uruguayan Poet Known for His Imagistically-Rich Poetry)
Jules Supervielle
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Birthdate: January 16, 1884
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Montevideo, Uruguay
Died: May 17, 1960

Twentieth-century French-Uruguayan writer Jules Supervielle is remembered for his opposition to surrealism. His poems dealt with humor, and he also experimented with fantasy in his novels. The three-time Nobel Prize nominee had also been named Officier de la Legion d'honneur and the Prince of Poets.