Egyptian Female Historical Personalities

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 1 
Nefertiti
(Queen of the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt)

Nefertiti
11
Birthdate: 1370 BC
Birthplace: Thebes, Egypt
Died: 1330 BC

A queen of the 18th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt, Nefertiti was the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten. She and her husband reigned during a period marked by great prosperity in Ancient Egyptian history. Some scholars even claim that she reigned independently for some time following her husband’s death though this claim is a matter of debate.

 2 
Hatshepsut
(Pharaoh (1479 -1458 BC))

Hatshepsut
8
Birthdate: 1507 AD
Birthplace: Ancient Egypt
Died: January 16, 1458

Hatshepsut, daughter of Thutmose I, ruled as the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt and was the second female pharaoh, according to records. She was the chief wife of Thutmose II, and ruled jointly with Thutmose III, Thutmose II’s son. She also named herself God's Wife of Amun.

 3 

Maathorneferure
10
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Hattusa, Egypt

Maathorneferure reigned as the queen of ancient Egypt during Ramesses II's rule. As the Great Royal Wife of the pharaoh, Maathorneferure enjoyed a luxurious life and demanded respect from her subjects. However, she was not influential in the court and had very little to contribute to state affairs.

 4 
Ankhesenamun
(Ancient Egyptian Queen, Akhenaten's daughter)

Ankhesenamun
5
Birthdate: 1348 BC
Birthplace: TThebes, Egypt
Died: 1322 BC

Ankhesenamun was an Egyptian queen and wife of Pharaoh Tutankhamun. Unlike other ancient Egyptian queens, Ankhesenamun's life, especially her youth, is well-documented in the ancient paintings and reliefs of the reign of her parents. As the Great Royal Wife of Tutankhamun, Ankhesenamun may have played an important role in his administration.

Fawzia Fuad of Egypt
3
Birthdate: November 5, 1921
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: July 2, 2013

Often compared to actor Hedy Lamarr, for her beauty, Fawzia Fuad, the daughter of Fuad I, was an Egyptian princess who later became the empress of Iran, as Mohammad Reza Shah’s first wife. An unhappy marriage led to her divorce, following which she married diplomat Ismail Chirine.

 6 

Cleopatra Selene II
3
Birthdate: 0040 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0005 AD

Ptolemaic princess Cleopatra Selene II, the only daughter of Queen Cleopatra VII of the Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt, was the Queen of Numidia and Mauretania through her marriage with King Juba II. Considered a leading royal lady of the early Augustan age, Selene had great influence in decisions made by the Mauretania government, particularly those related to trade and construction projects. 

 7 
Tiye
(Daughter of Yuya and Thuya)

Tiye
3
Birthdate: 1398 AD
Birthplace: Ipu, Egypt
Died: 1338 AD
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 8 
Sobekneferu
(Pharaoh)

Sobekneferu
2
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 1802 BC

Sobekneferu reigned as a pharaoh of ancient Egypt during the mid 18th century BC. She belonged to the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom and was the last ruler of the dynasty. One of the few Egyptian women to rule over the ancient civilization, Sobekneferu was also the first female ruler to adopt the full royal titulary.

 9 
Arsinoe IV
(Queen)

Arsinoe IV
2
Birthdate: 0068 BC
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0041 BC

Arsinoe IV reigned as the Queen of Egypt from 48 to 47 BC. She ruled alongside her brother Ptolemy XIII and was among the last surviving members of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Arsinoe IV is best remembered for her role in overseeing the famous siege of Alexandria in 47 BC against her half-sister Cleopatra VII Philopator.

 10 

Cleopatra Selene of Syria
2
Birthdate: 0130 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0069 AD

Cleopatra Selene of Syria served as the Queen consort of Egypt between 115 and 102 BC, during which she was first married to Ptolemy IX and then to Ptolemy X. She later served as the Queen consort of Syria from 102 to 92 BC, thanks to her marriages with Antiochus VIII, Antiochus IX, and Antiochus X.

 11 

Arsinoe II of Egypt
1
Birthdate: 0316 BC
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: June 30, 0270

Arsinoe II of Egypt was a Ptolemaic queen who ruled over the Ptolemaic Kingdom of ancient Egypt from 277 to 270 BC through her marriage to Ptolemy II Philadelphus. Arsinoe was an influential queen and had her own cult and towns dedicated to her. She also played a key role in her husband's success in the First Syrian War.

 12 

Cleopatra I Syra
2
Birthdate: 0205 AD
Birthplace: Seleucid Empire
Died: 0176 AD

Cleopatra I Syra served as the Queen of Ptolemaic Egypt from 193 to 176 BC during which she was married to Ptolemy V Epiphanes, the King of Egypt. When her husband died in 180 BC, Cleopatra I became regent of Egypt and helped her son Ptolemy VI rule the kingdom until her own demise in 176 BC.  

 13 

Berenice IV of Egypt
1
Birthdate: 0077 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0055 AD

The eldest daughter of Egyptian king Ptolemy XII Auletes, Berenice IV, reigned as queen after his father’s exile and mother’s death. However, when Ptolemy was about to be restored, the Alexandrians got Berenice married to Archelaus. Ptolemy killed Berenice and all her followers after his return.

 14 

Hetepheres I
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unkown
Died: 0255 AD

Ancient Egyptian queen of the 4th dynasty, Hetepheres I was married to pharaoh Sneferu, or Soris. She came to be known as the Daughter of God during her father Huni’s reign. She was buried with full honor by her son, Khufu, though her mummy was desecrated by looters, and she was reburied later.

 15 

Berenice I of Egypt
1
Birthdate: 0340 AD
Birthplace: Macedonia
Died: 0268 AD

Berenice I was the 2nd queen of the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty and the wife of Ptolemy I Soter. Her first marriage was to a nobleman named Philip and a fake genealogy was made before her 2nd marriage, since she was of non-royal birth. She was also the mother of pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus.

 16 
Berenice II
(Queen of Cyrenaica and Egypt)

Berenice II
1
Birthdate: 0266 AD
Birthplace: Cyrene, Libya
Died: 0221 AD

Berenice II was co-regent of Ptolemaic Egypt as the wife of the third pharaoh of Egypt's Ptolemaic dynasty, Ptolemy III Euergetes. An influential queen, Berenice participated actively in the political affairs of her kingdom. She was even included in the Ptolemaic state cult and was worshipped as a goddess. The constellation Coma Berenices is named after her.

 17 

Cleopatra Thea
1
Birthdate: 0164 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0121 AD

Cleopatra Thea, a Ptolemaic princess, was the daughter of Greek king Ptolemy VI. She later became a Seleucid queen, through her marriage to Alexander Balas. She later also married Demetrius II Nicator and Antiochus VII Sidetes. She co-ruled with Antiochus VIII Grypus but was forced to commit suicide by him later.

 18 

Cleopatra II
1
Birthdate: 0185 BC
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: 0116 BC

An Egyptian queen of the Ptolemaic dynasty, Cleopatra II was the daughter of Ptolemy V and Cleopatra I. After her parents’ death, she was married off to her own brother, Ptolemy VI Philometor. After Ptolemy VI’s death, she married her younger brother, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II.

 19 
Arsinoe I
(Queen)

Arsinoe I
1
Birthdate: 0305 AD
Birthplace: Macedon, Greece
Died: 0247 AD

Ancient Egyptian queen Arsinoe I was the daughter of the Thracian king Lysimachus and the first wife of pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus, or Ptolemy the Great. In spite of having 3 children with Ptolemy, she couldn’t prevent his marriage to his sister, Arsinoe II, who succeeded in getting Arsinoe banished for conspiracy.

Arsinoe III of Egypt
1
Birthdate: 0246 BC
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: 0204 BC

The daughter of Ptolemy III and Berenice II, Arsinoe III of Egypt was married to her brother, Ptolemy IV, and was the first Ptolemaic queen to have a child with her own brother. She also actively accompanied her brother to his campaign against Antiochus the Great in Palestine.

 21 

Berenice III of Egypt
0
Birthdate: 0114 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: March 31, 0080

Berenice III, also known as Cleopatra Berenice, was the daughter of Cleopatra Selene and Ptolemy IX Soter. She had initially reigned as queen, as the wife of her uncle, Ptolemy X Alexander I. She also ruled as co-regent with her father and then with her half-brother/husband, Ptolemy XI Alexander II.

 22 

Cleopatra V
0
Birthdate: 0095 AD
Birthplace: Egypt
Died: 0057 AD

Cleopatra V served as the Queen of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt. Although it is certain that Cleopatra V was the only attested wife of Ptolemy XII, she remains an enigmatic member of the Ptolemaic dynasty due to the lack of information and the poor body of source material available today.

Cleopatra III of Egypt
0
Birthdate: 0160 BC
Died: 0101 BC

Egyptian queen Cleopatra III initially co-ruled with her husband, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, and her mother, Cleopatra II. While she was betrothed to her uncle, Ptolemy VIII, as an infant, Ptolemy VIII later married her mother instead, and began to rule. He married Cleopatra III much later.