Famous Chilean Writers

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 1 
Pablo Neruda
(Chilean poet)
Pablo Neruda
7
Birthdate: July 12, 1904
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Parral, Chile
Died: September 23, 1973

Chilean poet-diplomat and politician, Pablo Neruda, won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1971. He was a versatile writer and his works include surrealist poems, historical epics, political manifestos, and love poems. He is considered the national poet of Chile. As a politician, he served a term as a senator for the Chilean Communist Party and held several diplomatic positions.

 2 
Isabel Allende
(Chilean-American Author Known for Her Novels: ‘The House of the Spirits’ and ‘City of the Beasts’)
Isabel Allende
10
Birthdate: August 2, 1942
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lima, Peru
Chilean author Isabel Allende is known for her bestselling Spanish-language novels The House of the Spirits and City of the Beasts. The Chilean National Literature Prize-winner explores women’s perspectives and includes magic realism and autobiographical aspects in her works. She has also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
 3 
Víctor Jara
(Chilean Teacher and Theater Director Who Was Tortured and Killed by Dictator Augusto Pinochet’s Men)
Víctor Jara
3
Birthdate: September 28, 1932
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Ignacio, Chile
Died: September 16, 1973

Legendary Chilean folk singer Víctor Jara was eventually gearing up for a career as a priest and later studied theater, eventually switching to music. He pioneered the nueva canción genre of music in the middle of extreme political turmoil. He was tortured and shot dead during dictator Augusto Pinochet’s reign.

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 4 
Roberto Bolaño
(Chilean Writer Best Known for His Award-Winning Novel 'The Savage Detectives')
Roberto Bolaño
4
Birthdate: April 28, 1953
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Santiago, Chile
Died: July 15, 2003

A vagabond who roamed around countries such as Chile, Mexico, and France, author Roberto Bolaño eventually settled in Spain, where he spent his days working odd jobs, such as garbage collection and dishwashing, and wrote at night. He is remembered for his Rómulo Gallegos Prize-winning novel The Savage Detectives.

 5 
Gabriela Mistral
(Chilean poet)
Gabriela Mistral
3
Birthdate: April 7, 1889
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vicuña, Chile
Died: January 10, 1957

Nobel Prize-winning Chilean poet and educator Lucila Godoy Alcayaga was better known by her pseudonym, Gabriela Mistral. The suicide of her first love inspired her poem Dolor. Her diplomatic assignments later took her to places such as Madrid and Lisbon. She is remembered for her emotional verses and her feminism.

 6 
Miguel Serrano
(Chilean Diplomat, Occultist and Nazi Sympathizer Who Wrote Extensively on Esoteric Hitlerism)
Miguel Serrano
3
Birthdate: September 10, 1917
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Santiago
Died: February 28, 2009

Chilean diplomat and Nazi sympathizer Miguel Serrano was also an occultist who practiced kundalini yoga and studied Hinduism. He later became one of the most prominent authors of esoteric Hitlerism, claiming that the Aryan race had originated from extra-terrestrial entities. He was also the Chilean ambassador to countries such as Yugoslavia and India.

 7 
Luis Sepúlveda
(Chilean Author and Communist Militant Who Was Tortured During Augusto Pinochet’s Rule)
Luis Sepúlveda
3
Birthdate: October 4, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ovalle, Chile
Died: April 16, 2020

Chilean author and journalist Luis Sepúlveda started his career leading a student movement under Salvador Allende’s rule. He was tortured and jailed during dictator Augusto Pinochet’s rule, and spent much of his life moving from one country to another. He later penned award-winning novels such as Un viejo que leía novelas de amor.

 8 
Ariel Dorfman
(Celebrated Argentine-Chilean-American Author and Human Rights Activist)
Ariel Dorfman
2
Birthdate: June 6, 1942
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Buenos Aires

Argentine-born Chilean-American author Ariel Dorfman has not just served President Salvador Allende as his cultural advisor but has also taught at the University of Chile. During Augusto Pinochet’s rule, he was exiled to the US. His best-known written work is his play Death and the Maiden. He now teaches at Duke University.

 9 
Andrés Bello
(An Exemplary Figure in the History of Spanish American Culture Noted for His Work as a Naturalist)
Andrés Bello
2
Birthdate: November 29, 1781
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Caracas
Died: October 15, 1865

Regarded as the intellectual father of South America, Venezuelan-Chilean poet Andrés Bello one taught revolutionary leader Simón Bolívar and also inspired the struggle for Venezuelan independence. He established the University of Chile and also penned masterpieces such as Las Silvas Americanas. As a legislator, he inspired the Chilean Civil Code.

 10 
Nicanor Parra
(One of the Most Influential Chilean Poets of the Spanish Language in 20th Century)
Nicanor Parra
2
Birthdate: September 5, 1914
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: San Fabian, Chile
Died: January 23, 2018

One of the greatest Latin American poets in history, Nicanor Parra was often likened to Pablo Neruda. Apart from writing, he spent most of his life teaching theoretical physics at the University of Chile. He was a pioneer of the antipoetry style, which went against traditional styles of poetry.

 11 
Vicente Huidobro
(Chilean Avant-garde Poet Who Pioneered the 'Creacionismo' Literary Movement and Author of 'Altazor')
Vicente Huidobro
2
Birthdate: January 10, 1893
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Santiago, Chile
Died: January 2, 1948

Chilean poet Vicente Huidobro pioneered the avant-garde literary movement known as Creacionismo. His ideas on poetry were formed by his collaborations with poets from France and Spain. He also contributed to the movement Ultraísmo in Spain. He is best known for his masterpieces such as Altazor.

 12 
José Donoso
(Chilean Author Known for His Novels 'Hell Has No Limits' and 'The Obscene Bird of Night')
José Donoso
2
Birthdate: October 5, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Santiago, Chile
Died: December 7, 1996

Chilean author José Donoso is remembered for his contribution to the Latin American new novel. He soared to fame with his novels such as Coronation and Hell Has No Limits and often used dark humor, social satire, and surrealism. He also taught at various institutes and lived in exile during Augusto Pinochet’s rule.

 13 
Antonio Skármeta
(Chilean Novelist Whose Novel 'Burning Patience' Inspired the Oscar-Winning Movie 'The Postman')
Antonio Skármeta
2
Birthdate: November 7, 1940
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Antofagasta, Chile

Chilean novelist and screenwriter Antonio Skármeta is known for his iconic novel Burning Patience, which inspired the Academy Award-winning movie The Postman. Besides writing, he has also taught literature and has served as the Chilean ambassador to Germany. His literary works earned him the Chilean National Prize for Literature.

 14 
María Luisa Bombal
(Chilean Author Known for Her Works on Erotic, Surrealist and Feminist Themes)
María Luisa Bombal
1
Birthdate: June 8, 1910
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Viña del Mar, Chile
Died: May 6, 1980

Born into an affluent family, Chilean author María Luisa Bombal later moved to Paris, where she attended the Sorbonne. She also participated in a literary movement in Argentina and spent 30 years in the US. Her novels portrayed women dissatisfied with their social roles and romantic failures.

 15 
Jorge Edwards
(Chilean Diplomat and Author Best Known for His Memoir 'Persona Non Grata')
Jorge Edwards
1
Birthdate: June 29, 1931
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Santiago, Chile

Chilean diplomat and author Jorge Edwards created ripples with his autobiography Persona non grata, which reflected his experiences as the Chilean ambassador to Cuba. His works earned him the Cervantes Prize and the Chilean National Prize. He has also been the Chilean ambassador to France.

 16 
Volodia Teitelboim
(Chilean Communist Politician and a Prolific Author from the 'Generation of '38')
Volodia Teitelboim
1
Birthdate: March 17, 1916
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Chillán, Chile
Died: January 31, 2008

Award-winning author and Chilean Communist Party intellectual Volodia Teitelboim was a close friend of President Salvador Allende and had also briefly been the senator of Santiago. The Chilean National Prize winner is remembered for his memoirs and belonged to the Chilean artistic literary movement Generation of '38.

 17 
Gonzalo Rojas
(Chilean Avant-garde Poet Who Was Forced into Exile by General Augusto Pinochet)
Gonzalo Rojas
1
Birthdate: December 20, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Lebu, Chile
Died: April 25, 2011

Cervantes Prize- and Chilean National Prize-winning Chilean poet Gonzalo Rojas was initially part of the Surrealist group Mandrágora. A professor, he was forced to go into exile after the 1973 Chilean coup. He later taught in Germany, Mexico, the US, and Spain. He is remembered for works such as La miseria del hombre.

 18 
Alberto Blest Gana
(Chilean Author and Diplomat)
Alberto Blest Gana
1
Birthdate: May 4, 1830
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Chile
Died: November 9, 1920

Widely remembered as the founder of the Chilean social novel, Chilean author Alberto Blest Gana was also a military engineer who taught math in military academies. Known for his masterpieces such as During the Reconquest and The Uprooted, he later also served as the Chilean ambassador to England and France.

 19 
Francisco Coloane
(Chilean Author and Short-story Writer Known for His Books on Nature)
Francisco Coloane
1
Birthdate: July 19, 1910
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Quemchi, Chile
Died: August 5, 2002

Often described as the Jack London of South America, Chilean author Francisco Coloane is remembered for his iconic works such as The Whale's Path and The Heart of the Iceberg. The Chilean National Prize-winning author was also a member of the Communist Party. Many of his works were made into films.

 20 
Mariela Griffor
(Chilean Poet, Editor and Publisher)
Mariela Griffor
0
Birthdate: September 29, 1961
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Concepción

Chilean poet Mariela Griffor mostly writes about her country and experience of being in exile in Sweden and the US. She has penned works such as House and The Psychiatrist, and has also the Wayne State University’s Institute for Creative Writers. She also serves as an honorary consul of Chile in Michigan.

 21 
Eduardo Barrios
(Chilean Writer and Poet)
Eduardo Barrios
1
Birthdate: October 25, 1884
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Valparaíso, Chile
Died: September 13, 1963

Chilean author Eduardo Barrios initially took up several odd jobs, touring across Latin America, and then worked for various publishing houses. In Santiago, he became the public education minister and the director of the National Library. The Chilean National Prize winner is known for works such as Brother Asno.

 22 
Frederick Niven
(Canadian Novelist and First Significant Literary Figure of the Kootenays)
Frederick Niven
0
Birthdate: March 31, 1878
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Valparaíso, Chile
Died: January 30, 1944

Scottish-origin Canadian novelist Frederick Niven was born in Chile and later moved to Scotland with his mother. Starting his career as a journalist in Scotland, he later moved to British Columbia in Canada and penned his historical novel trilogy, The Flying Years, Mine Inheritance, and The Transplanted.

 23 
Sergio Badilla Castillo
(Chilean Poet and Founder of Poetic Transrealism in Contemporary Poetry)
Sergio Badilla Castillo
0
Birthdate: November 30, 1947
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Valparaíso

Chilean poet Sergio Badilla Castillo is largely remembered as the pioneer of transrealism in poetry. Highly influenced by Nordic literature, he also translated quite a few literary works of Swedish, Finnish, and French authors. He led a nomadic life and also served as a journalist and a teacher.

 24 
Pedro de Oña
(First Known Poet Born in Chile Best Known for His Epic Poem ‘Primera parte de Arauco domado’)
Pedro de Oña
0
Birthdate: 1570 AD
Birthplace: Los Confines, Chile
Died: 1643 AD